HOME
The Info List - Regional Railways


--- Advertisement ---



Regional Railways
Regional Railways
was one of the three passenger sectors of British Rail created in 1982 that existed until 1997, two years after privatisation. The sector was originally called Provincial. Regional Railways
Regional Railways
was the most subsidised (per passenger km) of the three sectors. Upon formation, its costs were four times its revenue.[1] The sector was broken up into eight franchises during the privatisation of British Rail, and ceased to exist on 31 March 1997.

Contents

1 Formation 2 Services 3 Development of new rolling stock

3.1 Pacers 3.2 Sprinters 3.3 Electrification

4 Rolling Stock 5 Livery 6 Split for privatisation 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Formation[edit] Upon sectorisation in 1982, three passenger sectors were created: InterCity, operating principal express services; London & South East (renamed Network SouthEast
Network SouthEast
in 1986) operating commuter services in the London area; and Provincial (renamed Regional Railways
Regional Railways
in 1989) responsible for all other passenger services.[1] In the metropolitan counties, local services were managed by the Passenger Transport Executives. Services[edit] Regional Railways
Regional Railways
inherited a diverse range of routes, comprising both express and local services. Expresses mainly ran to non-principal destinations or on less popular routes, such as Birmingham or Liverpool to Norwich, or Liverpool to Scarborough, and were chiefly operated by older locomotives and second-hand InterCity coaches. Later these services were operated by Sprinter units – mainly Class 158s on express services. There were also the internal Scottish Region local services and expresses, the latter including the Edinburgh- Glasgow
Glasgow
push-pull service.[1] Local services ran on both main lines and branch lines, and were often operated by first generation diesel multiple units dating back to the 1950s. Longer distance trains were often formed of older coaches and locomotives of Class 31, Class 40 and Class 45 which were of similar vintage. Development of new rolling stock[edit] In the early 1980s, large numbers of diesel multiple unit (DMU) and locomotive-hauled coaches were found to contain asbestos. Removing this would be a considerable cost and generating no extra revenue, which, coupled with the increasingly unreliabile old locomotives and DMUs prompted BR to look for a new generation of diesel multiple units.

Regional Railway branding on a first generation DMU, number 122100

The prototype Class 210s, in service on a trial basis since 1981, were considered too expensive to be put into production, so BR looked elsewhere for new designs.[1] Pacers[edit] The first, Pacers, used bus technology from the Leyland National, in classes numbered in the 14X range. Not long after introduction to service, large numbers of them suffered from a number of technical problems, particularly with their gearboxes. In Cornwall
Cornwall
it was found that their long wheelbase caused intolerable squealing noises and high tyre wear on tight curves, and they quickly had to be replaced by the old DMUs.[1] The solution lay elsewhere, although after much modification, the Pacers eventually proved themselves in traffic. Sprinters[edit]

150001 at St Pancras after a publicity run, 1985

BR needed something midway between the Pacers and the Class 210s. In 1984/1985, two experimental DMU designs were put into service: the British Rail
British Rail
Engineering Limited built Class 150 and Metro-Cammell built Class 151.[2] Both of these used hydraulic transmission and were less bus-like than the Pacers. After trials, the Class 150 was selected for production, entering service from 1987. Reliability was much improved by the new units, with depot visits being reduced from two or three times a week to fortnightly.[1] The late 1980s and early 1990s also saw the development of secondary express services that complemented the mainline Intercity routes. Class 155 and Class 156 Sprinters were developed to replace locomotive-hauled trains on these services, their interiors being designed with longer distance journeys in mind. Key Scottish and Trans-Pennine routes were upgraded with new Class 158 Express Sprinters, while a network of 'Alphaline' services was introduced elsewhere in the country. By the end of the 1980s, passenger numbers had increased and costs had been reduced to two-and-a-half times revenue.[1] Electrification[edit] The British Rail
British Rail
Class 323 electric multiple units were built by Hunslet Transportation Projects between January 1992 and September 1995, although mock-ups and prototypes were built and tested in 1990 and 1991. Forty-three 3-car units were built for inner-suburban services in and around Birmingham and Manchester, including the Cross-City Line in the Birmingham area and services to the new Manchester Airport railway station. Rolling Stock[edit]

Class Image Number Power Carriages Notes Class Group Name

British Rail
British Rail
Class 31

Diesel Locomotive N/A

British Rail
British Rail
Class 37

Diesel Locomotive N/A

British Rail
British Rail
Class 47

Diesel Locomotive N/A

British Rail
British Rail
Class 101

Diesel Multiple Unit (DMU) 2, 3 or 4

British Rail
British Rail
Class 117

DMU 3

British Rail
British Rail
Class 121

DMU 1

Bubblecar

British Rail
British Rail
Class 122

DMU 1

Bubblecar

British Rail
British Rail
Class 142

96 DMU 2

Pacers

British Rail
British Rail
Class 143

25 DMU 2

Pacers

British Rail
British Rail
Class 150

137 DMU 2 or 3

Sprinter

British Rail
British Rail
Class 151

2 DMU 3 Both scrapped Sprinter

British Rail
British Rail
Class 153

70 DMU 1

Sprinter

British Rail
British Rail
Class 154

1 DMU 2 A converted class 150, converted back to a class 150. Sprinter

British Rail
British Rail
Class 155

47 DMU 2

Sprinter

British Rail
British Rail
Class 156

114 DMU 2

Sprinter

British Rail
British Rail
Class 158

182 DMU 2 or 3

Sprinter

British Rail
British Rail
Class 304

45 EMU 4

British Rail
British Rail
Class 323

43 EMU 3

British Railways Mark 1

Coach 1

Livery[edit]

A picture of both a green preserved and a blue and white BR regional railways Mark 1 carriages in Crewe during 2000

From 1986, Provincial adopted a version of the prototype Class 150 livery: "aircraft" blue over white, with a light blue stripe at waist level.[3] All new units, plus a few existing ones, such as selected Class 304 EMUs, received it. Some units and coaches received the livery with either "ScotRail" or "Trans-Pennine" branding. The Class 158s, introduced in 1989, appeared in "Express" livery: dark grey window surrounds over light grey, with light and dark blue stripes at waist level. This colour scheme was also applied to some Class 156 units around privatisation. The final British railway vehicle to carry Regional Railways
Regional Railways
livery was a Class 153, which was repainted in July 2008 into East Midlands Trains livery. However, the Class 158 units operated by State Railway of Thailand carried Regional Railways
Regional Railways
livery until they were refurbished in 2011.

A Class 158 operated by State Railway of Thailand which is painted in Regional Railways
Regional Railways
livery

Split for privatisation[edit] As part of the process of privatisation between 1994 and 1997, Regional Railways
Regional Railways
was split into several different shadow train operating units, which later became independent train operating companies:[4]

A Central Trains
Central Trains
Class 156 DMU at Coventry in 2000. It is still in the old BR livery, but has a Central Trains
Central Trains
name tag on it.

A First North Western
First North Western
Class 156 at Romiley Junction station, near Manchester, in the year 2001. It is in its former Regional Railways North West livery.

Train Operating Unit Routes

Anglia Railways Routes in East Anglia
East Anglia
(combined with InterCity services in the region).

Cardiff Railway Company Urban 'Valley Lines' services around Cardiff, previously integrated within the South Wales
Wales
and West division.

Central Trains Regional Railways' Central division, minus the services transferred to Anglia Railways
Anglia Railways
and the Oxford to Worcester service. Covered the English Midlands and Mid Wales.

Merseyrail Electrics The network of electrified routes centred on Liverpool.

North West Regional Railways Routes in England's North West and in North Wales.

Regional Railways
Regional Railways
North East Routes in the North East of England.

ScotRail The vast majority of services within Scotland.

South Wales
Wales
& West Railway A wide network of services centred on South Wales
Wales
and the South West.

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g Thomas, David St John; Whitehouse, Patrick (1990). BR in the Eighties. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-9854-7.  ^ Morrison, Brian; et al. (1986). Motive Power Annual 1987. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1635-6.  ^ Fox, Peter (1988). Locomotives and Coaching Stock 1989. Platform 5. ISBN 0-906579-93-7.  ^ Knight, Steven, ed. (1997). "A comprehensive guide to Britain's new railway". Peterborough: EMAP Apex Publications. ISSN 1368-437X. 

Further reading[edit]

Pettitt, Gordon; Comfort, Nick (2015). The Regional Railways
Regional Railways
Story. OPC. ISBN 9780860936633. OCLC 921239163. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Regional Railways.

v t e

British Rail

History

1955 Modernisation Plan Beeching cuts Serpell Report Privatisation of British Rail Accidents

Legislation

Transport Act 1947 Transport Act 1962 Railways Act 1993 Transport Act 2000

Management

British Transport Commission British Railways Board BRB (Residuary) Limited

Regions

Eastern London Midland North Eastern Scottish Southern Western

Services, sectors and subsidiaries

Passenger

InterCity Network NorthWest Network SouthEast Regional Railways ScotRail

Freight

Railfreight Rail Express Systems Railfreight
Railfreight
Distribution

Speedlink Freightliner

Trainload Freight Red Star Parcels

Other

British Rail
British Rail
Engineering British Rail
British Rail
Research Division British Rail
British Rail
Telecommunications British Transport Hotels Sealink Travellers Fare

Media and Publicity

Blue Pullman Killing Time Age of the Train Railnews The wrong type of snow

See also Cat

.