The Info List - Regina Coeli

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The REGINA CæLI or REGINA CœLI (" Queen of Heaven
Queen of Heaven
", pronounced in Ecclesiastical Latin
Ecclesiastical Latin
) is an ancient Latin Marian Hymn of the Christian Church.

It is one of the four seasonal Marian antiphons of the Blessed Virgin Mary , prescribed to be sung or recited in the Liturgy of the Hours
Liturgy of the Hours
at the conclusion of the last of the hours to be prayed in common that day, typically night prayer ( Compline or Vespers
). Any one of these four or of other suitable antiphons may now be sung at any time of the liturgical year. The Regina Coeli
Regina Coeli
is sung or recited in place of the Angelus
during the Easter season , from Holy Saturday
Holy Saturday
until Pentecost .


* 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Settings * 4 Latin text

* 5 English text

* 5.1 Alternative translation

* 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links


As with many Roman Catholic prayers, it takes its name from its incipit or first word(s). The Latin word coelum, meaning "heaven" (whence the English word celestial), was a common medieval and early modern spelling of caelum, which was the only form in Classical Latin. In medieval Latin, ae and oe were both pronounced ; the form was also influenced by an extremely dubious etymology from Greek koilos, "hollow".


While the authorship of the Regina Caeli is unknown, the hymn has been traced back to the 12th century. It was in Franciscan
use, after Compline, in the first half of the following century. According to Catholic Tradition St Gregory the Great heard angels chanting the first three lines one Easter
morning in Rome, while following barefoot in a great religious procession of the icon of the Virgin painted by Luke the Evangelist
Luke the Evangelist
. He was thereupon inspired to add the fourth line.


There are plainsong melodies (a simple and an ornate form) associated with Regina Caeli, the official or "typical" melody being found in the Vatican Antiphonary, 1911, p. 126. The antiphonal strophes of Regina Caeli were often set by polyphonic composers of the 16th century. Lully 's motet "Regina coeli, laetare" was written in 1684. There are three settings by the young Mozart (K.108, K.127, and K.276), and one by Brahms (Op. 37 #3).

The Marian anthems run the gamut of mediaeval literary styles, from the classical hexameters of the Alma Redemptoris Mater
Alma Redemptoris Mater
through the richly-rhymed accentual rhythm and regular strophes of the Ave Regina Caelorum, the irregular syntonic strophe of the Regina Caeli, to the sonorous prose rhythms with rhyming closes of the Salve Regina. "In the 16th century, the antiphons of our Lady were employed to replace the little office at all the hours." (Baudot, The Roman Breviary, 1909, p. 71).

In Anglican churches, the alternate translation (see below ) is in metre , and is usually sung to the hymn tune known as Easter Hymn, " Christ the Lord is Risen Today " or the hymn tune "Ave Virgo Virginum" (Hail Virgin of virgins).


Notation ℣. Regina cæli, lætare, alleluia: ℟. Quia quem meruisti portare, alleluia, ℣. Resurrexit, sicut dixit, alleluia, ℟. Ora pro nobis Deum, alleluia. ℣. Gaude et lætare, Virgo Maria, alleluia. ℟. Quia surrexit Dominus vere, alleluia. ℣. Oremus: Deus, qui per resurrectionem Filii tui, Domini nostri Iesu Christi, mundum lætificare dignatus es: præsta, quæsumus, ut per eius Genitricem Virginem Mariam, perpetuæ capiamus gaudia vitæ. Per eundem Christum Dominum nostrum. ℟. Amen.

* Gregorian Chant
Gregorian Chant


Part of a series on the

Mariology of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church

Virgo by Josef Moroder-Lusenberg


* Prayers * Antiphons * Hymns to Mary
Hymns to Mary
* Devotional practices


* Angelus
* Fátima Prayers * Flos Carmeli * Hail Mary
Hail Mary
* Hail Mary
Hail Mary
of Gold * Immaculata prayer * Magnificat
* Mary, Mother of Grace * Mary Our Queen * Memorare * Sub tuum praesidium
Sub tuum praesidium


* Alma Redemptoris Mater
Alma Redemptoris Mater
* Ave Maris Stella
Ave Maris Stella
* Ave Regina Caelorum * Salve Regina
Salve Regina

Hymns to Mary
Hymns to Mary

* Hail Queen of Heaven, the Ocean Star * Immaculate Mary * Lo, How a Rose E\'er Blooming * O Sanctissima * Regina Coeli * Stabat Mater

Devotional practices

* Acts of Reparation * Consecration to Mary * First Saturdays * Rosary
* Seven Joys of the Virgin * Seven Sorrows of Mary * Three Hail Marys
Three Hail Marys
* Litany
of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Blessed Virgin Mary

Catholicism portal

* v * t * e

A literal translation (note: ℣ stands for Versicle and ℟ stands for Response ): ℣. Queen of Heaven, rejoice, alleluia: ℟. The Son whom you merited to bear, alleluia. ℣. Has risen, as He said, alleluia. ℟. Pray for us to God, alleluia. ℣. Rejoice and be glad, O Virgin Mary, alleluia. ℟. For the Lord has truly risen, alleluia. ℣. Let us pray: O God, who through the resurrection of your Son Jesus Christ gave rejoicing to the world grant, we pray, that through his Mother, the Virgin Mary, we may obtain the joys of everlasting life. Through Christ our Lord. ℟. Amen.


℣. Joy to thee, O Queen of Heaven. Alleluia! ℟. He whom Thou wast meet to bear. Alleluia! ℣. As He promised hath arisen. Alleluia! ℟. Pour for us to God thy prayer. Alleluia! ℣. Rejoice and be glad, O Virgin Mary, alleluia. ℟. For the Lord is risen indeed, alleluia. ℣. Let us pray: O God, who through the resurrection of Thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ didst vouchsafe to give joy to the world: grant, we beseech thee, that through His Mother, the Virgin Mary, we may obtain the joys of everlasting life. Through Christ our Lord. ℟. Amen.


* The Glories of Mary
The Glories of Mary
* Queen of Heaven
Queen of Heaven
* Angelus


* ^ Frisk, M. Jean. “Antiphons: Regina Coeli.” All About Mary. International Marian Research Institute, University of Dayton


* This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). " Regina Coeli
Regina Coeli
(Queen of Heaven)". Catholic Encyclopedia
Catholic Encyclopedia
. New York: Robert Appleton.


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