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The Regina Cæli or Regina Cœli ("Queen of Heaven", pronounced [reˈdʒina ˈtʃeli] in Ecclesiastical Latin) is an ancient Latin Marian Hymn of the Christian Church. It is one of the four seasonal Marian antiphons
Marian antiphons
of the Blessed Virgin Mary, prescribed to be sung or recited in the Liturgy of the Hours
Liturgy of the Hours
at the conclusion of the last of the hours to be prayed in common that day, typically night prayer ( Compline or Vespers). Any one of these four or of other suitable antiphons may now be sung at any time of the liturgical year. The Regina Coeli
Regina Coeli
is sung or recited in place of the Angelus
Angelus
during the Easter
Easter
season, from Easter Sunday
Easter Sunday
until Pentecost.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Settings 4 Latin text 5 English text

5.1 Alternative translation

6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

Etymology[edit] As with many Roman Catholic prayers, it takes its name from its incipit or first word(s). The Latin word coelum, meaning "heaven" (whence the English word celestial), was a common medieval and early modern spelling of caelum, which was the only form in Classical Latin. In medieval Latin, ae and oe were both pronounced [eː]; the form was also influenced by an extremely dubious etymology from Greek koilos, "hollow". History[edit] While the authorship of the Regina Caeli is unknown, the hymn has been traced back to the 12th century. It was in Franciscan
Franciscan
use, after Compline, in the first half of the following century. According to Catholic Tradition St Gregory the Great heard angels chanting the first three lines one Easter
Easter
morning in Rome, while following barefoot in a great religious procession of the icon of the Virgin painted by Luke the Evangelist. He was thereupon inspired to add the fourth line.[1] Settings[edit] There are plainsong melodies (a simple and an ornate form) associated with Regina Caeli, the official or "typical" melody being found in the Vatican Antiphonary, 1911, p. 126. The antiphonal strophes of Regina Caeli were often set by polyphonic composers of the 16th century. Lully's motet "Regina coeli, laetare" was written in 1684. There are three settings by the young Mozart (K.108, K.127, and K.276), and one by Brahms (Op. 37 #3). The Marian anthems run the gamut of mediaeval literary styles, from the classical hexameters of the Alma Redemptoris Mater
Alma Redemptoris Mater
through the richly-rhymed accentual rhythm and regular strophes of the Ave Regina Caelorum, the irregular syntonic strophe of the Regina Caeli, to the sonorous prose rhythms with rhyming closes of the Salve Regina. "In the 16th century, the antiphons of our Lady were employed to replace the little office at all the hours." (Baudot, The Roman Breviary, 1909, p. 71). In Anglican churches, the alternate translation (see below) is in 7.7.7.7 metre, and is usually sung to the hymn tune known as Easter Hymn, "Christ the Lord is Risen Today" or the hymn tune "Ave Virgo Virginum" (Hail Virgin of virgins). Latin text[edit]

Notation

℣. Regina cæli, lætare, alleluia: ℟. Quia quem meruisti portare, alleluia, ℣. Resurrexit, sicut dixit, alleluia, ℟. Ora pro nobis Deum, alleluia. ℣. Gaude et lætare, Virgo Maria, alleluia. ℟. Quia surrexit Dominus vere, alleluia.

℣. Oremus: Deus, qui per resurrectionem Filii tui, Domini nostri Iesu Christi, mundum lætificare dignatus es: præsta, quæsumus, ut per eius Genitricem Virginem Mariam, perpetuæ capiamus gaudia vitæ. Per eumdem Christum Dominum nostrum. ℟. Amen.

Gregorian Chant
Gregorian Chant
Audio

English text[edit]

Part of a series on the

Mariology of the Catholic Church

The Immaculate Conception, by Murillo

Overview

Prayers Antiphons Hymns to Mary Devotional practices

Prayers

Angelus Fátima Prayers Flos Carmeli Hail Mary Hail Mary
Hail Mary
of Gold Immaculata prayer Magnificat Mary, Mother of Grace Mary Our Queen Memorare Sub tuum praesidium

Antiphons

Alma Redemptoris Mater Ave Maris Stella Ave Regina Caelorum Salve Regina

Hymns to Mary

Hail Queen of Heaven, the Ocean Star Immaculate Mary Lo, How a Rose E'er Blooming O Sanctissima Regina Coeli Stabat Mater

Devotional practices

Acts of Reparation Consecration to Mary First Saturdays Rosary Seven Joys of the Virgin Seven Sorrows of Mary Three Hail Marys Litany
Litany
of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Catholicism portal

v t e

A literal translation (note: ℣ stands for Versicle and ℟ stands for Response):

℣. Queen of Heaven, rejoice, alleluia: ℟. The Son whom you merited to bear, alleluia. ℣. Has risen, as He said, alleluia. ℟. Pray for us to God, alleluia.

℣. Rejoice and be glad, O Virgin Mary, alleluia. ℟. For the Lord has truly risen, alleluia.

℣. Let us pray: O God, who through the resurrection of your Son Jesus Christ gave rejoicing to the world grant, we pray, that through his Mother, the Virgin Mary, we may obtain the joys of everlasting life. Through Christ our Lord. ℟. Amen.

Alternative translation[edit]

℣. Joy to thee, O Queen of Heaven. Alleluia! ℟. He whom Thou wast meet to bear. Alleluia! ℣. As He promised hath arisen. Alleluia! ℟. Pour for us to God thy prayer. Alleluia!

℣. Rejoice and be glad, O Virgin Mary, alleluia. ℟. For the Lord is risen indeed, alleluia.

℣. Let us pray: O God, who through the resurrection of Thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ didst vouchsafe to give joy to the world: grant, we beseech thee, that through His Mother, the Virgin Mary, we may obtain the joys of everlasting life. Through Christ our Lord. ℟. Amen.

See also[edit]

The Glories of Mary Queen of Heaven Angelus

Notes[edit]

^ Frisk, M. Jean. “Antiphons: Regina Coeli.” All About Mary. International Marian Research Institute, University of Dayton

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Regina Coeli (Queen of Heaven)". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Regina Coeli.

Catholic Encyclopedia: Regina Coeli
Regina Coeli
(Queen of Heaven) The International Marian Research Institute at the University of Dayton The Marian Library at the University of Dayton

v t e

Prayers of the Catholic Church

Prayers of the Mass

Agnus Dei Confiteor Creeds

Apostles' Creed Athanasian Creed Nicene Creed

Gloria in excelsis Deo Gloria Patri Kyrie
Kyrie
Eleison Pater Noster Sanctus Signum Crucis

Marian prayers

Alma Redemptoris Mater Angelus Ave Maria Ave Maris Stella Ave Regina Caelorum Fatima Prayer Litany

Loreto

Magnificat Maria Mater Gratiae Memorare Regina Coeli Rosary Salve Regina Sub Tuum Praesidium Three Hail Marys

Other prayers

Act of Contrition Adoro te devote Angele Dei Anima Christi Ave Verum Corpus Benedictus Chaplets Come, Holy Spirit Jesus Prayer

Mental prayer

Laudes Divinae Litanies

Litany
Litany
of the Saints

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51: Miserere mei 130: De Profundis

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