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Reggane
Reggane
(from Berber "Argan"; Arabic: رقان‎) is a town and commune, and the capital of Reggane
Reggane
District, in Adrar Province, central Algeria. Reggane
Reggane
lies in the Sahara
Sahara
Desert near an oasis. According to the 2008 census it has a population of 20,402,[1] up from 14,179 in 1998,[2] with an annual growth rate of 3.8%.[1] Berber tribes and people live in and around Reggane.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Transportation 5 Education 6 Localities 7 See also 8 External links 9 References

History[edit] To the east of Reggane
Reggane
there was until 1965 a rocket launching site where numerous civilian and military ballistic rockets were launched. France began its nuclear testing program in the vicinity of Reggane, conducting four such tests during the Algerian War
Algerian War
in 1960 and 1961, before independence.[3] Geography[edit] The town of Reggane
Reggane
and its neighbouring villages lie next to the southernmost oasis of the Tuat
Tuat
region, which stretches northward to Adrar. The Tidikelt region, a plain with isolated oases, lies to the east, including towns such as In Salah, In Ghar, Aoulef
Aoulef
and Tit. To the west is the sandy Erg Chech
Erg Chech
desert, while to the south lies the vast barren plain of the Tanezrouft. Climate[edit] Reggane
Reggane
has a hot desert climate ( Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
BWh), with long, extremely hot summers and short, very warm winters. The climate is torrid and almost rainless. Daytime temperatures are known to consistently approach 50 °C (122 °F) in summer and nighttime temperatures routinely remain above 30 °C (86 °F). Average annual rainfall is extremely low, with only 10 mm (0.39 in). The sky is always clear throughout the year and the sunshine reigns supreme. The area in the heart of the Algerian Desert bounded by Adrar - Reggane
Reggane
- In Salah
In Salah
is nicknamed the "triangle of fire" by local inhabitants due to the extreme heat that bakes the region from May to September.[4] Reggane
Reggane
is obviously among the hottest spots worldwide.

Climate data for Reggane
Reggane
Airport

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 22.6 (72.7) 25.2 (77.4) 31.9 (89.4) 36.4 (97.5) 40.2 (104.4) 44.1 (111.4) 46.9 (116.4) 45.5 (113.9) 42.3 (108.1) 35.8 (96.4) 28.7 (83.7) 24.9 (76.8) 35.59 (96.06)

Daily mean °C (°F) 16.0 (60.8) 18.2 (64.8) 23.1 (73.6) 27.9 (82.2) 32.2 (90) 36.4 (97.5) 39.8 (103.6) 38.4 (101.1) 35.5 (95.9) 29.2 (84.6) 22.0 (71.6) 17.8 (64) 28.34 (83.01)

Average low °C (°F) 9.4 (48.9) 11.3 (52.3) 15.9 (60.6) 20.6 (69.1) 24.8 (76.6) 29.0 (84.2) 32.8 (91) 31.6 (88.9) 28.7 (83.7) 22.5 (72.5) 15.3 (59.5) 11.2 (52.2) 21.1 (70)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.4 (0.055) 1.1 (0.043) 1.2 (0.047) 1.6 (0.063) 0.5 (0.02) 0.1 (0.004) 0.0 (0) 0.5 (0.02) 0.2 (0.008) 1.2 (0.047) 0.5 (0.02) 1.8 (0.071) 10.1 (0.398)

Source: Global climatology for Reggane, Algeria
Algeria
(2000 - 2015)[5]

Transportation[edit] Reggane
Reggane
is the last town on the Tanezrouft
Tanezrouft
track heading south across the Sahara
Sahara
Desert to Mali. Customs and police inspection here are mandatory before crossing the Sahara
Sahara
Desert. The Tanezrouft
Tanezrouft
track is the southern part of Algeria's N6 national highway, which connects to Adrar to the north and Bordj Badji Mokhtar
Bordj Badji Mokhtar
to the south. Another highway, the N52, leads through the Tidikelt region to Aoulef
Aoulef
and eventually In Salah. The town is served by Reggane
Reggane
Airport,[6] located about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the town. Education[edit] 6.0% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 15.6% has completed secondary education.[7] The overall literacy rate is 75.9%, and is 85.0% among males and 66.3% among females.[8] Localities[edit] As of 1984, the commune was composed of 11 localities:[9]

Bahou El Mestour Zaouit Lahchef Anzeglouf Aït Massaoud En Nefis Timadanine Taarabt Tinoufel Djedida Tinoufel Elgadima Zaouit Reggani Taourirt Berriche

See also[edit]

Gerboise Bleue
Gerboise Bleue
- France's first nuclear bomb, tested at Reggane

External links[edit]

Reggane
Reggane
Chronology and Launch Log Description of Reggane
Reggane
and the Tanezrouft
Tanezrouft
Track (in French)

References[edit]

^ a b "Population: Wilaya d'Adrar" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  ^ " Algeria
Algeria
Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 8 March 2013.  ^ http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/nuclear/tests/FR-ntests1.html ^ http://www.3emegroupedetransport.com/Regganesouffredechaleur.htm ^ "Global climatology for Reggane, Algeria
Algeria
(2000 - 2015)". Retrieved 31 May 2013.  ^ " Reggane
Reggane
Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence" (PDF) (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'Adrar" (PDF) (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1472. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  Check date values in: archive-date= (help)

Neighbouring towns and cities

Places adjacent to Reggane

Béchar Sali En Nefis Adrar Ghardaïa El Goléa
El Goléa
(Ghardaïa)

Tindouf Bou Bernous
Bou Bernous
(Tindouf)

Reggane

Taourirt Aoulef

Taoudenni
Taoudenni
(Mali) Bordj Badji Mokhtar Arak (Tamanrasset Tamanrasset

v t e

Adrar Province

Capital: Adrar

Districts

Adrar Aougrout Aoulef Bordj Badji Mokhtar Charouine Fenoughil Reggane T'Sabit Timimoun Tinerkouk Zaouiet Kounta

Communes

Adrar Akabli Aougrout Aoulef Bordj Badji Mokhtar Bouda Charouine Deldoul Fenoughil In Zghmir Ksar Kaddour Metarfa Ouled Ahmed Timmi Ouled Aissa Ouled Said Reggane Sali Sebaa Talmine Tamentit Tamest Timokten Timiaouine Timimoun Tinerkouk Tit Tsabit Zaouiet Kounta

v t e

Spaceports

Active spaceports

North America

United States government: USAF

Cape Canaveral / ER Vandenberg / WR

NASA

Kennedy Wallops

United States private launches

Camden Corn Ranch Kodiak MARS Mojave Spaceport
Spaceport
America

South America

Brazil: FAB / AEB

Alcântara Barreira do Inferno

Europe: ESA / France: CNES

Guiana / Kourou

Asia

China: CNSA

Jiuquan Taiyuan Wenchang Xichang

India: ISRO

Satish Dhawan Thumba

Indonesia: LAPAN

Pameungpeuk

Iran: ISA

Semnan

Israel: ISA

Palmachim

Japan: JAXA

Tanegashima Uchinoura Ryori

Kazakhstan / Russia: Roscosmos
Roscosmos
/ VKS

Baikonur

VKS

Sary Shagan

North Korea: NADA

Sohae

South Korea: KARI

Naro

Pakistan: SUPARCO

Sonmiani Tilla

Russia: Roscosmos

Vostochny

VKS

Dombarovsky / Yasny

Europe

Norway: NSC

Andøya SvalRak

Russia: VKS

Kapustin Yar Plesetsk

Sweden: SSC

Esrange

Oceania

Australia: RAAF

Woomera

New Zealand: Rocket
Rocket
Lab

Mahia Peninsula

Marshall Islands / USA: DoD

Reagan Test Site, Kwajalein

International waters

Russia: Sea Launch

Proposed

Indonesia: LAPAN

Morotai

Sweden: Spaceport
Spaceport
Sweden (Kiruna) USA: Airport extensions

Cecil, Florida Clinton-Sherman, Oklahoma Ellington, Texas Midland, Texas

SpaceX

Boca Chica

Canada Maritime Launch Services (Canso)

Historical

Algeria: / France Hammaguir Reggane Australia: Carnarvon Canada: Churchill Hall Beach Resolute Bay China: Guangde Nanhui Nazi Germany: Greifswalder Oie Peenemünde Nazi Germany / Poland: Blizna Tuchola Forest Greece: Koroni India: Balasore Italy: Salto di Quirra Japan: Akita Nii-jima Obachi Kenya / Italy: Broglio, Malindi North Korea: Tonghae Soviet Union / Russia: Kheysa Okhotsk Svobodny Spain: El Arenosillo Sweden: Kronogård USA:

.