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The Info List - Redistribution Of Seats Act 1885


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THE REDISTRIBUTION OF SEATS ACT 1885 (48 and the landed classes dominated the powerful Lords , who retained until 1911 power to veto legislation. Would-be Prime Ministers from that date would by convention need to be from the House of Commons, otherwise they would likely see votes of no confidence as the government's political leader for failure to steer winning manifesto legislation through the remaining vetoing House of Parliament. Reflecting a growing educated, urban population, the last Prime Minister in the Lords left office in 1902 in favour of an elected representative.

There was a growing radicalisation of political parties, which also became more professionally organised. Immediate expansion of the working class electorate caused the number of ' Lib/Lab ' MPs to rise from 2 in 1874 to 13 in 1885. The Act's new seats saw a 1% single-party swing to the Conservatives and so a gain of only 10 seats and a similar gain of 11 seats by Independent Liberals , the latter often slightly more radical (redistributive) than both mainstream parties who may have been assisted by the broader electorates.

The sudden balance of power of seats held by the Irish Parliamentary Party was also connected with the Act. The IPP were often labelled particularly by the media and Conservatives as 'Parnellites '. This saw Gladstone make Home Rule his touchstone but, in so doing, distance his party from the legislative control of the Conservative peers who wielded equal or greater power, a change spurned on by the legitimacy of the Commons and a rise in the left caused by the Act. Opposition among Liberals was also growing to Home Rule. Conservatives could only form an overall majority from this date in the House of Lords
House of Lords
until the Parliament Act 1911
Parliament Act 1911
which finally ended the constitutional equal power of the House of Lords.

132 small boroughs were merged with their surrounding county constituency, which had previously returned two members. These new single-member constituencies, particularly the most enlarged boroughs, assisted the Conservative party, which took a position of national strength and unity in opposing Chamberlain 's radicalism (but also patriotism) in favour of education reform and opposing Gladstone's Home Rule "crusade" in favour of budgetary concessions and support for unionist Irish businesses. The Liberal Party won the 1885 General Election .

Under the single-member, single-choice system, bipartisan cooperation of two locally returned MPs was no longer possible, so it became easy to win votes by countering "weakness" and "division" from the line of a party leader which proved a flaw in the broad church of the Liberal Party until the formation of the final splinter group of 1931 . Opposing political parties depicted Gladstone's resolute position on Home Rule, notably his failed first and second Irish Home Rule
Irish Home Rule
bills in 1886 and 1893 as the root cause of Liberal Party disintegration. This opposition by many incumbent Liberals and defeat in the House of Lords led to electoral landslide victories for the Conservative party in 1886 and 1895 to break the deadlock.

REDISTRIBUTED SEATS: ENGLAND

BEDFORDSHIRE

Representation decreased from 4 to 3 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bedford (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP Bedford (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bedfordshire (undivided) (two MPs) Split into two divisions Northern or Biggleswade Division (one MP)

Southern or Luton Division (one MP)

BERKSHIRE

Representation decreased from 8 to 5 MPs ‡ The Borough of Abingdon was partly in Oxfordshire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Abingdon ‡ (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Reading (two MPs) Boundaries widened, representation reduced to one MP. Reading (one MP)

Wallingford (one MP) Abolished.

Windsor (one MP) No change Windsor (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Berkshire (undivided) (three MPs) Split into three divisions. The abolished boroughs of Abingdon and Wallingford were included in the Abingdon Division. Northern or Abingdon Division (one MP)

Southern or Newbury Division (one MP)

Eastern or Wokingham Division (one MP)

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE

Representation decreased from 8 to 3 MPs ‡ The Borough of Great Marlow was partly in Berkshire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Aylesbury (two MPs) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Buckingham (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Chipping Wycombe (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name ("Wycombe") to a county division.

Great Marlow ‡ (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Buckinghamshire (undivided) (three MPs) Split into three divisions. The Aylesbury Division absorbed the abolished boroughs of Aylesbury and Great Marlow.

The Buckingham Division absorbed Buckingham and the Wycombe Division absorbed Chipping Wycombe. Mid or Aylesbury Division (one MP)

Northern or Buckingham Division (one MP)

Southern or Wycombe Division (one MP)

CAMBRIDGESHIRE

Representation decreased from 5 to 4 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Cambridge (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP Cambridge (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Cambridgeshire (undivided) (three MPs) Split into three divisions. Western or Chesterton Division (one MP)

Eastern or Newmarket Division (one MP)

Northern or Wisbech Division (one MP)

CHESHIRE

Representation decreased from 14 to 13 MPs

‡ The Boroughs of Stalybridge and Stockport were partly in Lancashire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Birkenhead (one MP) No change Birkenhead (one MP)

Chester (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP Chester (one MP)

Macclesfield (two MPs) Disenfranchised for corruption Gave name to county division.

Stalybridge ‡ (one MP) Boundaries extended Stalybridge (one MP)

Stockport ‡ (two MPs) No change Stockport (two MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

East Division (Two MPs) Divided into 8 divisions:

* The East Division formed the basis of the new Macclesfield Division * The Mid Division was divided into the new Altrincham, Hyde and Knutsford Divisions (with parts going to the Crewe, Macclesfield and Northwich Divisions) * The South Division was divided into the new Eddisbury and Wirral Divisions (with parts going to the Crewe Division and the Northwich Division).

Altrincham Division (one MP)

Crewe Division (one MP)

Mid Division (Two MPs) Eddisbury Division (one MP)

Hyde Division (one MP)

Knutsford Division (one MP)

West Division (Two MPs) Macclesfield Division (one MP)

Northwich Division (one MP)

Wirral Division (one MP)

CORNWALL

Representation decreased from 13 to 7 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bodmin (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Helston (one MP) Abolished.

Launceston (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Liskeard (one MP) Abolished.

Penryn and Falmouth (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP Penryn and Falmouth (one MP)

St Ives (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Truro (two MPs) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Eastern Division (two MPs) Divided into 6 Divisions.

* The Eastern Division was divided into the new North-Eastern and South-Eastern Divisions (with part going to the Mid Division) * The Western Division was divided into the new North-Western, Truro and Western Divisions (with part going to the Mid Division)

Mid or St Austell Division (one MP)

North-Eastern or Launceston Division (one MP)

North-Western or Camborne Division (one MP)

Western Division (two MPs) South-Eastern or Bodmin Division (one MP)

Truro Division (one MP)

Western or St Ives Division (one MP)

CUMBERLAND

Representation decreased from 8 to 6 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Carlisle (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Carlisle (one MP)

Cockermouth (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Whitehaven (one MP) No change Whitehaven (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Eastern Division (two MPs) Reorganised into four divisions, absorbed abolished Borough of Cockermouth. Cockermouth Division (one MP)

Egremont (or Western) Division (one MP)

Western Division (two MPs) Eskdale (or Northern) Division (one MP)

Penrith (or Mid) Division (one MP)

DERBYSHIRE

Representation increased from 8 to 9 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Derby (two MPs) Boundaries extended. Derby (two MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

East Division (two MPs) Reorganised into seven divisions. Chesterfield Division (one MP)

Mid Division (one MP)

North Division (two MPs) North-Eastern Division (one MP)

Southern Division (one MP)

South Division (two MPs) Western Division (one MP)

High Peak Division (one MP)

Ilkeston Division (one MP)

DEVON

Representation decreased from 17 to 13 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Barnstaple (two MPs) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Devonport (two MPs) No change Devonport (two MPs)

Exeter (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Exeter (one MP)

Plymouth (two MPs) No change Plymouth (two MPs)

Tavistock (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Tiverton (two MPs) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

East Division (two MPs) Reorganised into eight divisions, absorbed abolished boroughs of Barnstaple, Tavistock and Tiverton. Eastern or Honiton Division (one MP)

Mid or Ashburton Division (one MP)

Northern or South Molton Division (one MP)

North Division (two MPs) North-Eastern or Tiverton Division (one MP)

North-Western or Barnstaple Division (one MP)

South Division (two MPs) Torquay Division (one MP)

Southern or Totnes Division (one MP)

Western or Tavistock Division (one MP)

DORSET

Representation decreased from 10 to 4 MPs ‡ The Borough of Shaftesbury was partly in Wiltshire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bridport (one MP) Abolished.

Dorchester (one MP) Abolished.

Poole (one MP) Abolished.

Shaftesbury ‡ (one MP) Abolished.

Wareham (one MP) Abolished.

Weymouth and Melcombe Regis (two MPs) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Dorset (undivided) (three MPs) Split into four divisions, absorbing the six abolished boroughs. Eastern Division (one MP)

Northern Division (one MP)

Southern Division (one MP)

Western Division (one MP)

DURHAM

Representation increased from 13 to 16 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Darlington (one MP) Boundaries widened. Darlington (one MP)

Durham City (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Durham City (one MP)

Gateshead (one MP) No change Gateshead (one MP)

Hartlepool (one MP) No change Hartlepool (one MP)

South Shields (one MP) No change South Shields (one MP)

Stockton (one MP) No change Stockton (one MP)

Sunderland (two MPs) No change Sunderland (two MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (two MPs) Reorganised into eight divisions Barnard Castle Division (one MP)

Bishop Auckland Division (one MP)

Chester Le Street Division (one MP)

Houghton Le Spring Division (one MP)

Southern Division (two MPs) Jarrow Division (one MP)

Mid Division (one MP)

North-Western Division (one MP)

South-Eastern Division (one MP)

ESSEX

Representation increased from 10 to 11 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Colchester (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Colchester (one MP)

Harwich (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Maldon (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Formed part of South Division of county New parliamentary borough of West Ham, divided into two single-member divisions West Ham, North Division (one MP)

West Ham, South Division (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

East Division (two MPs) Reorganised into eight divisions. Part of former South Division constituted as parliamentary borough of West Ham. Eastern or Maldon Division (one MP)

Mid or Chelmsford Division (one MP)

South Division (two MPs) Northern or Saffron Walden Division (one MP)

North-Eastern or Harwich Division (one MP)

Southern or Romford Division (one MP)

West Division (two MPs) South-Eastern Division (one MP)

South-Western or Walthamstow Division (one MP)

Western or Epping Division (one MP)

GLOUCESTERSHIRE

Representation decreased from 13 to 11 MPs ‡ The Borough of Bristol was partly in Somerset

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bristol ‡ (two MPs) Boundaries of parliamentary borough extended to include St George , Horfield
Horfield
, and Stapleton , and part of Bedminster . Divided into four single-member divisions. Bristol, East Division (one MP)

Bristol, North Division (one MP)

Bristol, South Division (one MP)

Bristol, West Division (one MP)

Cheltenham (one MP) Boundaries extended to include Charlton Kings
Charlton Kings
Cheltenham (one MP)

Cirencester (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Gloucester (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Gloucester (one MP)

Stroud (two MPs) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Tewkesbury (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Eastern Division (two MPs) Reorganised into five divisions, absorbing boroughs of Stroud and Tewkesbury. Part of former Western Division included in parliamentary borough of Bristol. Eastern or Cirencester Division (one MP)

Forest of Dean Division (one MP)

Mid or Stroud Division (one MP)

Western Division (two MPs) Northern or Tewkesbury Division (one MP)

Southern or Thornbury Division (one MP)

HAMPSHIRE AND ISLE OF WIGHT

Representation decreased from 16 to 12 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Andover (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Christchurch (one MP) No change Christchurch (one MP)

Lymington (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Newport (Isle of Wight) (one MP) Abolished. Area included in Isle of Wight division.

Petersfield (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Portsmouth (two MPs) No change Portsmouth (two MPs)

Southampton (two MPs) Boundaries widened to include Millbrook , Bitterne and St. Mary Extra areas Southampton (two MPs)

Winchester (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Winchester (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (two MPs) Reorganised into five single-member divisions, absorbing parliamentary boroughs of Andover, Lymington and Petersfield. Eastern or Petersfield Division (one MP)

New Forest Division (one MP)

Northern or Basingstoke Division (one MP)

Southern Division (two MPs) Southern or Fareham Division (one MP)

Western or Andover Division (one MP)

Isle of Wight Division (one MP) Absorbed the parliamentary borough of Newport. Isle of Wight Division (one MP)

HEREFORDSHIRE

Representation decreased from 6 to 3 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Hereford (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Hereford (one MP)

Leominster (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Herefordshire (undivided) (three MPs) Split into two divisions, absorbed parliamentary borough of Leominster. Leominster or Northern Division (one MP)

Ross or Southern Division (one MP)

HERTFORDSHIRE

Representation remained at 4 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Hertford (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Hertfordshire (undivided) (three MPs) Split into four divisions, absorbed parliamentary borough of Hertford. Eastern or Hertford Division

Mid or St Albans Division

Northern or Hitchin Division

Western or Watford Division

HUNTINGDONSHIRE

Representation decreased from 3 to 2 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Huntingdon (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Huntingdonshire (undivided) (two MPs) Split into two divisions, absorbed parliamentary borough of Huntingdon. Northern or Ramsey Division

Southern or Huntingdon Division

KENT

Representation decreased from 21 to 19 MPs † Formed part of "The Metropolis" of London

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Canterbury (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Canterbury (one MP)

Chatham (one MP) No change Chatham (one MP)

Dover (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Dover (one MP)

Gravesend (one MP) No change Gravesend (one MP)

Greenwich (two MPs)† Boundaries altered, with areas transferred to create new boroughs of Deptford and Woolwich, each represented by one MP. Greenwich (one MP)†

Deptford (one MP)†

Woolwich (one MP)†

Hythe (one MP) No change Hythe (one MP)

Formed part of West Division of county New parliamentary borough Lewisham (one MP)†

Maidstone (two MPs) Boundaries altered. Representation reduced to one MP. Maidstone (one MP)

Rochester (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Rochester (one MP)

Sandwich (two MPs) Disenfranchised for corruption

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Eastern Division (two MPs) Reorganised into eight single-member divisions, absorbing parliamentary borough of Sandwich Southern or Ashford Division (one MP)

North-Western or Dartford Division (one MP)

North-Eastern or Faversham Division (one MP)

Mid Kent (two MPs) Isle of Thanet Division (one MP)

Mid or Medway Division (one MP)

Eastern or St Augustine\'s Division (one MP)

Kent West (two MPs) Western or Sevenoaks Division (one MP)

South Western or Tunbridge Division (one MP)

LANCASHIRE

Representation increased from 32 to 57 MPs ‡ The Borough of Warrington was partly in Cheshire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Ashton-under-Lyne (one MP) Boundaries extended to include the local government district of Hurst. Ashton-under-Lyne (one MP)

Formed from part of North Division of county New parliamentary borough Barrow-in-Furness (one MP)

Blackburn (two MPs) Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough . Blackburn (two MPs)

Bolton (two MPs) Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough. Bolton (two MPs)

Burnley (one MP) No change Burnley (one MP)

Bury (one MP) Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough . Bury (one MP)

Clitheroe (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Liverpool (three MPs) Boundaries of parliamentary borough extended to include entirety of Toxteth Park and parts of Walton-on-the-Hill , Wavertree , and West Derby . Divided into nine single-member divisions. Abercromby Division (one MP)

East Toxteth Division (one MP)

Everton Division (one MP)

Exchange Division (one MP)

Kirkdale Division (one MP)

Scotland Division (one MP)

Walton Division (one MP)

West Derby Division (one MP)

West Toxteth Division (one MP)

Manchester (three MPs) Boundaries of parliamentary borough extended to include the local government districts of Moss Side
Moss Side
and Rusholme and a detached part of the parish of Gorton . Divided into six single-member divisions. East Division (one MP)

North Division (one MP)

North East Division (one MP)

North West Division (one MP)

South Division (one MP)

South West (one MP)

Oldham (two MPs) Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough. Oldham (two MPs)

Preston (two MPs) Boundaries changed to comprise entire municipal borough of Preston, (with extended boundaries due to come into effect on 1 June 1889), and the local government district of Fulwood . Preston (two MPs)

Rochdale (one MP) No change Rochdale (one MP)

Formed from part of South West Division of county New parliamentary borough St Helens (one MP)

Salford (two MPs) Divided into three single-member divisions. North Division (one MP)

South Division (one MP)

West Division (one MP)

Warrington ‡ (one MP) No change Warrington ‡ (one MP)

Wigan (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Wigan (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

North Division (two MPs) Divided into four single-member divisions, part constituted as new parliamentary borough of Barrow-in-Furness.

Blackpool Division (one MP)

Chorley Division (one MP)

Lancaster Division (one MP)

North Lonsdale Division (one MP)

North-East Division (two MPs) Absorbed former parliamentary borough of Clitheroe, divided into four single-member divisions. Accrington Division (one MP)

Clitheroe Division (one MP)

Darwen Division (one MP)

Rossendale Division (one MP)

South-East Division (two MPs) Divided into eight single-member divisions. Eccles Division (one MP)

Gorton Division (one MP)

Heywood Division (one MP)

Middleton Division (one MP)

Prestwich Division (one MP)

Radcliffe cum Farnworth Division (one MP)

Stretford Division (one MP)

Westhoughton Division (one MP)

South-West Division (two MPs) Divided into seven single-member divisions, part constituted as new parliamentary borough of St Helens. Bootle Division (one MP)

Ince Division (one MP)

Leigh Division (one MP)

Newton Division (one MP)

Ormskirk Division (one MP)

Southport Division (one MP)

Widnes Division (one MP)

LEICESTERSHIRE

Representation remained at 6 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Leicester (two MPs) No change Leicester (two MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (two MPs) Divided into four single-member divisions. Eastern (or Melton) Division (one MP)

Mid (or Loughborough) Division (one MP)

Southern Division (two MPs) Southern (or Harborough) Division (one MP)

Western (or Bosworth) Division (one MP)

LINCOLNSHIRE

Representation decreased from 14 to 11 MPs ‡ The Borough of Stamford was partly in Northamptonshire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Boston (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Boundaries simplified. Boston (one MP)

Grantham (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Grantham (one MP)

Great Grimsby (one MP) No change Great Grimsby (one MP)

Lincoln (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Boundaries extended to include Bracebridge . Lincoln (one MP)

Stamford ‡ (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Lincolnshire Mid (two MPs) Divided into seven single-member divisions. North Lindsey (or Brigg) Division (one MP)

West Lindsey (or Gainsborough) Division (one MP)

Lincolnshire North (two MPs) South Lindsey (or Horncastle) Division) (one MP)

East Lindsey (or Louth) Division (one MP)

Lincolnshire South (two MPs)

North Kesteven (or Sleaford) Division (one MP)

Holland (or Spalding) Division (one MP)

South Kesteven (or Stamford) Division (one MP)

MIDDLESEX

Representation increased from 18 to 47 MPs † Formed part of "The Metropolis" of London

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Chelsea (two MPs)† Divided into four parliamentary boroughs, three of which returned 1 MP each, and one (Kensington) was itself divided into two single-member divisions. Chelsea (one MP)†

Fulham (one MP)†

Hammersmith (one MP)†

Kensington, North Division (one MP)†

Kensington, South Division (one MP)†

City of London (four MPs)† Representation reduced to two MPs City of London (two MPs)†

Finsbury (two MPs)† Divided into two parliamentary boroughs: Finsbury, consisting of 3 single-member divisions; and Islington divided into 4 single-member divisions. Finsbury, Central Division (one MP)†

Finsbury, East Division (one MP)†

Finsbury, Holborn Division (one MP)†

Islington, East Division (one MP)†

Islington, North Division (one MP)†

Islington, South Division (one MP)†

Islington, West Division (one MP)†

Hackney (two MPs)† Divided into three parliamentary boroughs: Bethnal Green (divided into 2 one-member divisions), Hackney (divided into 3 one-member divisions) and Shoreditch (divided into 2 one-member divisions) Bethnal Green, North East Division (one MP)†

Bethnal Green, South West Division (one MP)†

Hackney, Central Division (one MP)†

Hackney, North Division (one MP)†

Hackney, South Division (one MP)†

Shoreditch, Haggerston Division (one MP)†

Shoreditch, Hoxton Division (one MP)†

Created from part of parliamentary county New parliamentary borough of Hampstead Hampstead (one MP)†

Marylebone (two MPs)† Divided into three parliamentary boroughs: Marylebone (divided into 2 divisions), Paddington (2 divisions) and St Pancras (4 divisions). Marylebone, East Division (one MP)†

Marylebone, West Division (one MP)†

Paddington, North Division (one MP)†

Paddington, South Division (one MP)†

St Pancras, East Division (one MP)†

St Pancras, North Division (one MP)†

St Pancras, South Division (one MP)†

St Pancras, West Division (one MP)†

Tower Hamlets (two MPs)† Divided into 7 single-member divisions. Bow and Bromley (one MP)†

Limehouse Division (one MP)†

Mile End Division (one MP)†

Poplar Division (one MP)†

St George Division (one MP)†

Stepney Division (one MP)†

Whitechapel Division (one MP)†

Westminster
Westminster
(two MPs)† Divided into three parliamentary boroughs, each returning one MP. Westminster
Westminster
(one MP)†

St George, Hanover Square (one MP)†

Strand (one MP)†

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Middlesex (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into seven single-member divisions, part constituted as new parliamentary borough of Hampstead. Brentford Division (one MP)

Ealing Division (one MP)

Enfield Division (one MP)

Harrow Division (one MP)

Hornsey Division (one MP)

Tottenham Division (one MP)

Uxbridge Division (one MP)

NORFOLK

Representation unchanged (10 MPs) ‡ The Borough of Great Yarmouth was partly in Suffolk

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

King\'s Lynn (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough. King\'s Lynn (one MP)

Norwich (two MPs) No change Norwich (two MPs)

Formed from part of North Division of the county New parliamentary borough of Great Yarmouth Great Yarmouth ‡ (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

North Division (two MPs) Reorganised into six single-member divisions, part constituted as new parliamentary borough of Great Yarmouth. Eastern Division (one MP)

Mid Division (one MP)

South Division (two MPs) North Division (one MP)

North West Division (one MP)

West Division (two MPs) South Division (one MP)

South West Division (one MP)

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE

Representation decreased from 8 to 7 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Peterborough (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Peterborough (one MP)

Northampton (two MPs) No change Northampton (two MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (two MPs) Reorganised into four single-member divisions. Eastern Division (one MP)

Mid Division (one MP)

Southern Division (two MPs) Northern Division (one MP)

Southern Division (one MP)

NORTHUMBERLAND

Representation decreased from 10 to 8 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Berwick-upon-Tweed (two MPs) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Morpeth (one MP) No change Morpeth (one MP)

Newcastle-upon-Tyne (two MPs) No change Newcastle-upon-Tyne (two MPs)

Tynemouth and North Shields (one MP) Renamed Tynemouth (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (two MPs) Reorganised into four single-member divisions. Berwick-upon-Tweed Division (one MP)

Hexham Division (one MP)

Southern Division (two MPs) Tyneside Division (one MP)

Wansbeck Division (one MP)

NOTTINGHAMSHIRE

Representation decreased from 10 to 7 MPs ‡ The Borough of East Retford was partly in the West Riding of Yorkshire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

East Retford ‡ (two MPs) Abolished

Newark (two MPs) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Nottingham (two MPs) Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough. Divided into three single-member divisions. East Division (one MP)

South Division (one MP)

West Division (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (two MPs) Reorganised into four single-member divisions, absorbed parliamentary boroughs of East Retford and Newark. Bassetlaw Division (one MP)

Mansfield Division (one MP)

Southern Division (two MPs) Newark Division (one MP)

Rushcliffe Division (one MP)

OXFORDSHIRE

Representation decreased from 7 to 4 MPs ‡ The Borough of Banbury was partly in Northamptonshire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Banbury ‡ (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Oxford (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Oxford (one MP)

Woodstock (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Oxfordshire (undivided) (three MPs) Divided into three single-member divisions, absorbing parliamentary boroughs of Banbury and Woodstock. Northern or Banbury Division (one MP)

Mid or Woodstock Division (one MP)

Southern or Henley Division (one MP)

RUTLAND

Representation reduced from 2 MPs to 1

PARLIAMENTARY COUNTY

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Rutland (undivided) (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP Rutland (one MP)

SHROPSHIRE

Representation decreased from 10 to 5 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bridgnorth (one MP) Abolished.

Ludlow (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Shrewsbury (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP Shrewsbury (one MP)

Wenlock (two MPs) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (two MPs) Reorganised as four single-member divisions, absorbing abolished parliamentary boroughs of Brignorth, Ludlow and Wenlock. Mid or Wellington Division (one MP)

Northern or Newport Division (one MP)

Southern Division (two MPs) Southern or Ludlow Division (one MP)

Western or Oswestry Division (one MP)

SOMERSET

Representation decreased from 11 to 10 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bath (two MPs) No change Bath (two MPs)

Frome (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Taunton (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Taunton (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

East Division (two MPs) Reorganised as seven single-member divisions. Bridgwater Division (one MP)

Eastern Division (one MP)

Mid Division (two MPs) Frome Division (one MP)

Northern Division (one MP)

Western Division (two MPs) Southern Division (one MP)

Wells Division (one MP)

Western or Wellington Division (one MP)

STAFFORDSHIRE

Representation decreased from 19 to 17 MPs ‡ The Borough of Tamworth was partly in Warwickshire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Lichfield (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Newcastle-under-Lyme (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough, Tunstall local government district and part of the parish of Wolstanton . Newcastle-under-Lyme (one MP)

Stafford (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough. Stafford (one MP)

Stoke-upon-Trent (two MPs) Divided into two new parliamentary boroughs. Stoke upon Trent (one MP)

Hanley (one MP)

Tamworth ‡ (two MPs) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division of Warwickshire.

Walsall (one MP) No change Walsall (one MP)

Wednesbury (one MP) Divided into two new parliamentary boroughs. Wednesbury (one MP)

West Bromwich (one MP)

Wolverhampton (two MPs) Divided into three single-member divisions. East Division (one MP)

South Division (one MP)

West Division (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

East Division (two MPs) Reorganised into seven single-member divisions. Burton Division (one MP)

Handsworth Division (one MP)

North Division (two MPs) Kingswinford Division (one MP)

Leek Division (one MP)

West Division (two MPs) Lichfield Division (one MP)

North-Western Division (one MP)

Western Division (one MP)

SUFFOLK

Representation decreased from 9 to 8 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bury St Edmunds (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Bury St Edmunds (one MP)

Eye (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Ipswich (two MPs) No change Ipswich (two MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Eastern Division of Suffolk (two MPs) Reorganised into five single-member divisions, absorbing parliamentary borough of Eye. Northern or Lowestoft Division (one MP)

North-Eastern or Eye Division (one MP)

North-Western or Stowmarket Division (one MP)

Western Division of Suffolk (two MPs) South or Sudbury Division (one MP)

South-Eastern or Woodbridge Division (one MP)

SURREY

Representation increased from 11 to 22 MPs † Formed part of "The Metropolis" of London

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Created from parts of the Eastern and Mid Divisions of parliamentary county New parliamentary borough of Battersea
Battersea
and Clapham
Clapham
formed from the parish of Battersea
Battersea
from Mid Division and the parish of Clapham
Clapham
from Eastern Division. Divided into two single-member divisions. Battersea
Battersea
and Clapham, Battersea
Battersea
Division (one MP)†

Battersea
Battersea
and Clapham, Clapham
Clapham
Division (one MP)†

Created from part of Eastern Division of parliamentary county New parliamentary borough of Croydon Croydon (one MP)

Guildford (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Lambeth (two MPs)† Reconstituted as three new parliamentary boroughs: Camberwell (incorporating Dulwich
Dulwich
from the Eastern Division of county), Lambeth and Newington. The three boroughs were divided into nine single-member divisions. Camberwell, Dulwich
Dulwich
Division (one MP)†

Camberwell, North Division (one MP)†

Camberwell, Peckham Division (one MP)†

Lambeth, Brixton Division (one MP)†

Lambeth, Kennington Division (one MP)†

Lambeth, North Division (one MP)†

Lambeth, Norwood Division (one MP)†

Newington, Walworth Division (one MP)†

Newington, West Division (one MP)†

Southwark (two MPs)† Representation increased to three members; divided into three single-member divisions. Southwark, Bermondsey Division (one MP)†

Southwark, Rotherhithe Division (one MP)†

Southwark, West Division (one MP)†

Created from parts of the Eastern and Mid Divisions of parliamentary county New parliamentary borough of Wandsworth Wandsworth (one MP)†

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Eastern Division (two MPs) Reorganised into six single-member divisions. Kingston Division (one MP)

Mid or Epsom Division (one MP)

Mid Division (two MPs) North-Eastern or Wimbledon Division (one MP)

North-Western or Chertsey Division (one MP)

Western Division (two MPs) South-Eastern or Reigate Division (one MP)

South-Western or Guildford Division (one MP)

SUSSEX

Representation decreased from 15 to 9 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Brighton (two MPs) No change Brighton (two MPs)

Chichester (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Hastings (two MPs) Boundaries altered. Representation reduced to 1 MP. Hastings (one MP)

Horsham (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Lewes (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Midhurst (one MP) Abolished.

New Shoreham (two MPs) Abolished.

Rye (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Eastern Division (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary boroughs of Chichester, Horsham, Lewes, Midhurst, New Shoreham and Rye. Reorganised into six single-member divisions. Eastern or Rye Division (one MP)

Mid or Lewes Division (one MP)

Northern or East Grinstead Division (one MP)

Western Division (two MPs) North-Western or Horsham Division (one MP)

Southern or Eastbourne Division (one MP)

South-Western or Chichester Division (one MP)

WARWICKSHIRE

Representation increased from 11 to 14 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Created from part of Northern Division of parliamentary county New parliamentary borough of Aston Manor Aston Manor (one MP)

Birmingham (three MPs) Boundaries of parliamentary borough extended to include local government districts of Balsall Heath , Harborne
Harborne
, and Saltley
Saltley
, and the hamlet of Little Bromwich . Representation increased to seven MPs, divided into seven single-member divisions. Birmingham, Bordesley Division (one MP)

Birmingham, Central Division (one MP)

Birmingham, East Division (one MP)

Birmingham, Edgbaston Division (one MP)

Birmingham, North Division (one MP)

Birmingham, South Division (one MP)

Birmingham, West Division (one MP)

Coventry (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Coventry (one MP)

Warwick (two MPs) Parliamentary Borough of Warwick extended to include the municipal borough of Royal Leamington Spa
Royal Leamington Spa
and the local government districts of Milverton and Lillington . Representation reduced to one MP. Warwick and Leamington (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (two MPs) Reorganised into four single-member divisions. Northern or Tamworth Division (one MP)

North-Eastern or Nuneaton Division (one MP)

Southern Division (two MPs) South-Eastern or Rugby Division (one MP)

South Western or Stratford on Avon Division (one MP)

WESTMORLAND

Representation decreased from 3 to 2 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Kendal (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Westmorland (undivided) (two MPs) Reorganised into two single-member divisions, absorbing abolished parliamentary borough of Kendal. Northern or Appleby Division (one MP)

Southern or Kendal Division (one MP)

WILTSHIRE

Representation decreased from 15 to 6 MPs ‡ The Borough of Cricklade was partly in Gloucestershire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Calne (one MP) Abolished.

Chippenham (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Cricklade ‡ (two MPs) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Devizes (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Malmesbury (one MP) Abolished.

Marlborough (one MP) Abolished.

Salisbury (two MPs) Boundaries extended to include entire parish of Fisherton Anger , part of the parish of Milford . Representation reduced to one MP. Salisbury (one MP)

Westbury (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Wilton (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (two MPs) Reorganised as five single-member divisions, absorbing the abolished parliamentary boroughs of Calne, Chippenham, Cricklade, Devizes, Malmesbury, Marlborough, Westbury and Wilton. Eastern or Devizes Division (one MP)

Northern or Cricklade Division (one MP)

North-Western or Chippenham Division (one MP)

Southern Division (two MPs) Southern or Wilton Division (one MP)

Western or Westbury Division (one MP)

WORCESTERSHIRE

Representation decreased from 11 to 8 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bewdley (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Droitwich (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Dudley (one MP) No change Dudley (one MP)

Evesham (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Kidderminster (one MP) No change Kidderminster (one MP)

Worcester (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Worcester (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Eastern Division (two MPs) Reorganised as five single-member divisions, absorbing the abolished parliamentary boroughs of Bewdley, Droitwich and Evesham. Eastern Division (one MP)

Mid or Droitwich Division (one MP)

Northern Division (one MP

Western Division (two MPs) Southern or Evesham Division (one MP)

Western or Bewdley Division (one MP)

YORKSHIRE

Representation increased from 38 to 52 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bradford (two MPs) Boundaries widened to include entire municipal borough. Representation increased to three MPs, divided into three single-member divisions. Bradford, Central Division (one MP)

Bradford, East Division (one MP)

Bradford, West Division (one MP)

Dewsbury (one MP) No change Dewsbury (one MP)

Halifax (two MPs) No change Halifax (two MPs)

Huddersfield (one MP) No change Huddersfield (one MP)

Kingston upon Hull (two MPs) Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough. Representation increased to three MPs, divided into three single-member divisions. Kingston-upon-Hull, Central Division (one MP)

Kingston-upon-Hull, East Division (one MP)

Kingston-upon-Hull, West Division (one MP)

Knaresborough (one MP) Abolished

Leeds (three MPs) Representation increased to five MPs, divided into five single-member divisions. Leeds, Central Division (one MP)

Leeds, East Division (one MP)

Leeds, North Division (one MP)

Leeds, South Division (one MP)

Leeds, West Division (one MP)

Malton (one MP) Abolished Gave its name (with Thirsk) to a county division.

Middlesbrough (one MP) Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough. Middlesbrough (one MP)

Northallerton (one MP) Abolished

Pontefract (two MPs) Representation reduced to one member. Pontefract (one MP)

Richmond (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Ripon (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

Scarborough (two MPs) Representation reduced to one member. Scarborough (one MP)

Sheffield (two MPs) Representation increased to five members. Divided into five single-member divisions. Sheffield, Attercliffe Division (one MP)

Sheffield, Brightside Division (one MP)

Sheffield, Central Division (one MP)

Sheffield, Ecclesall Division (one MP)

Sheffield, Hallam Division (one MP)

Thirsk (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name (with Malton) to a county division.

Wakefield (one MP) Boundaries extended to include the Belle Vue area of the parish of Sandal Magna . Wakefield (one MP)

Whitby (one MP) Abolished. Gave its name to a county division.

York (two MPs) Boundaries extended to include entire municipal borough. York (two MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

East Riding Division (two MPs) Divided into three single-member divisions. Buckrose Division (one MP)

Holderness Division (one MP)

Howdenshire Division (one MP)

North Riding Division (two MPs) Divided into four single-member divisions, absorbing abolished parliamentary boroughs of Malton, Northallerton, Richmond, Thirsk and Whitby. Cleveland Division (one MP)

Richmond Division (one MP)

Thirsk and Malton Division (one MP)

Whitby Division (one MP)

Eastern Division of the West Riding (two MPs) Divided into six single-member divisions, absorbing the abolished parliamentary boroughs of Knaresborough and Ripon. Barkston Ash Division (one MP)

Osgoldcross Division (one MP)

Otley Division (one MP)

Pudsey Division (one MP)

Ripon Division (one MP)

Spen Valley Division (one MP)

Northern Division of the West Riding (two MPs) Divided into five single-member divisions. Elland Division (one MP)

Keighley Division (one MP)

Shipley Division (one MP)

Skipton Division (one MP)

Sowerby Division (one MP)

Southern Division of the West Riding (two MPs) Divided into eight single-member divisions. Barnsley Division (one MP)

Colne Valley Division (one MP)

Doncaster Division (one MP)

Hallamshire Division (one MP)

Holmfirth Division (one MP)

Morley Division (one MP)

Normanton Division (one MP)

Rotherham Division (one MP)

UNIVERSITIES

University representation was not altered by the act.

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Cambridge University (two MPs) No change Cambridge University (two MPs)

London University (one MP) No change London University (one MP)

Oxford University (two MPs) No change Oxford University (two MPs)

REDISTRIBUTED SEATS: WALES

ANGLESEY

Representation decreased from 2 to 1 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Beaumaris district of Boroughs

( Amlwch , Beaumaris , Holyhead
Holyhead
and Llangefni ) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Anglesey (undivided) (one MP) Absorbed Beaumaris District of Boroughs Anglesey (undivided) (one MP)

BRECONSHIRE

Representation decreased from 2 to 1 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Brecon (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Breconshire (undivided) (one MP) Absorbed abolished parliamentary borough of Brecon. Breconshire (undivided) (one MP)

CARDIGANSHIRE

Representation decreased from 2 to 1 MPs ‡ The Borough of Cardigan was partly in Pembrokeshire, the Boroughs of Adpar and Lampeter
Lampeter
were partly in Carmarthenshire

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Cardigan District of Boroughs ‡ (one MP)

(Cardigan , Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
, Lampeter
Lampeter
and Adpar ) Abolished

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Cardiganshire (undivided) (one MP) Absorbed abolished Cardigan District of Boroughs. Cardiganshire (undivided) (one MP)

CARMARTHENSHIRE

Representation unchanged (3 MPs)

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Boroughs (one MP)

( Carmarthen
Carmarthen
and Llanelly ) No change Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Boroughs (one MP)

( Carmarthen
Carmarthen
and Llanelly )

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Carmarthenshire (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. Eastern Division (one MP)

Western Division (one MP)

CARNARVONSHIRE

Representation increased from 2 to 3 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Carnarvon District of Boroughs (one MP)

(Carnarvon , Bangor , Conway , Criccieth
Criccieth
, Nevin , and Pwllheli
Pwllheli
) No change Carnarvon District of Boroughs (one MP)

(Carnarvon , Bangor , Conway , Criccieth
Criccieth
, Nevin , and Pwllheli
Pwllheli
)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Carnarvonshire (undivided) (one MP) Divided into two single-member divisions. The Northern or Arfon Division (one MP)

The Southern or Eifion Division (one MP)

DENBIGHSHIRE

Representation unchanged (3 MPs)

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Denbigh
Denbigh
Boroughs (one MP)

( Denbigh
Denbigh
, Holt , Ruthin
Ruthin
, and Wrexham
Wrexham
) No change Denbigh
Denbigh
Boroughs (one MP)

( Denbigh
Denbigh
, Holt , Ruthin
Ruthin
, and Wrexham
Wrexham
)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Denbighshire (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. Eastern Division (one MP)

Western Division (one MP)

FLINTSHIRE

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Flint Boroughs (one MP)

( Caergwrle
Caergwrle
, Caerwys
Caerwys
, Flint , Holywell , Mold , Overton , Rhuddlan and St Asaph
St Asaph
) No change Flint Boroughs (one MP)

( Caergwrle
Caergwrle
, Caerwys
Caerwys
, Flint , Holywell , Mold , Overton , Rhuddlan and St Asaph
St Asaph
)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Flintshire (undivided) (one MP) No change Flintshire (undivided) (one MP)

GLAMORGANSHIRE

Representation increased from 6 to 10 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Cardiff
Cardiff
District of Boroughs (one MP)

( Cardiff
Cardiff
, Cowbridge
Cowbridge
and Llantrisant ) Parliamentary Borough of Cardiff
Cardiff
extended to include entire municipal borough . Cardiff
Cardiff
District of Boroughs (one MP)

( Cardiff
Cardiff
, Cowbridge
Cowbridge
and Llantrisant )

Merthyr Tydfil (two MPs) No change Merthyr Tydfil (two MPs)

Swansea
Swansea
District of Boroughs (one MP)

( Aberavon , Kenfig , Loughor , Neath
Neath
and Swansea
Swansea
) Reconstituted as Parliamentary Borough of Swansea
Swansea
without alteration of boundaries. Representation increased to two MPs. Divided into two single-member divisions. Swansea, District (one MP)

( Aberavon , Kenfig , Loughor , Neath
Neath
and suburban areas of Swansea)

Swansea, Town (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Glamorganshire (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into five single-member divisions. Eastern Division (one MP)

Mid Division (one MP)

Rhondda Division (one MP)

Southern Division (one MP)

Western or Gower District (one MP)

MERIONETHSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Merionethshire (undivided) (one MP) No change Merionethshire (undivided) (one MP)

MONMOUTHSHIRE

Representation increased from 3 to 4 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Monmouth
Monmouth
Boroughs (one MP)

( Monmouth
Monmouth
, Newport and Usk
Usk
) Parliamentary Borough of Newport extended to include entire municipal borough . Monmouth
Monmouth
Boroughs (one MP)

( Monmouth
Monmouth
, Newport and Usk
Usk
)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Monmouthshire (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into three single-member divisions. Northern Division (one MP)

Southern Division (one MP)

Western Division (one MP)

MONTGOMERYSHIRE

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Montgomery District of Boroughs (one MP)

( Llanfyllin , Llanidloes , Machynlleth
Machynlleth
, Montgomery , Newtown , and Welshpool
Welshpool
) No change Montgomery District of Boroughs (one MP)

( Llanfyllin , Llanidloes , Machynlleth
Machynlleth
, Montgomery , Newtown , and Welshpool
Welshpool
)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Montgomeryshire (undivided) (one MP) No change Montgomeryshire (undivided) (one MP)

PEMBROKESHIRE

Representation decreased from 3 to 2 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Pembroke District of Boroughs (one MP)

(Pembroke , Milford , Tenby
Tenby
and Wiston ) Districts of parliamentary boroughs of Pembroke and Haverfordwest merged. Pembroke and Haverfordwest District of Boroughs (one MP)

( Fishguard
Fishguard
, Haverfordwest , Pembroke , Milford , Narberth , St David\'s , Tenby
Tenby
and Wiston )

Haverfordwest District of Boroughs (one MP)

( Fishguard
Fishguard
, Haverfordwest , Narberth and St David\'s )

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Pembrokeshire No change Pembrokeshire

RADNORSHIRE

Representation decreased from 2 to 1 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Radnor District of Boroughs (one MP)

( Cefnllys
Cefnllys
, Knighton , Knucklas , New Radnor , Presteigne
Presteigne
and Rhayader
Rhayader
) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Radnorshire (undivided) (one MP) Absorbed abolished parliamentary boroughs. Radnorshire (undivided) (one MP)

REDISTRIBUTED SEATS: SCOTLAND

BURGHS AND DISTRICTS OF BURGHS

BURGHS AND DISTRICTS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Aberdeen (one MP) Representation of parliamentary burgh increased to two seats. Divided into two single-member divisions. Aberdeen, North Division (one MP)

Aberdeen, South Division (one MP)

Ayr
Ayr
District of Burghs (one MP) No change.

Comprised five parliamentary burghs: Ayr
Ayr
and Irvine in Ayrshire, and Campbeltown , Inverary and Oban in Argyllshire. Ayr
Ayr
District of Burghs (one MP)

Dundee (two MPs) No change. Dundee (two MPs)

Dumfries
Dumfries
District of Burghs (one MP) No change.

Comprised five parliamentary burghs: Annan Lochmaben and Sanquhar in Dumfriesshire, Dumfries
Dumfries
in Dumfriesshire and Kirkcudbrightshire, Kirkcudbright in Kirkcudbrightshire. Dumfries
Dumfries
District of Burghs (one MP)

Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(two MPs) Boundaries widened to include entire municipal burgh . Representation of parliamentary burgh increased to four seats. Divided into four single-member divisions. Edinburgh, Central Division (one MP)

Edinburgh, East Division (one MP)

Edinburgh, South Division (one MP)

Edinburgh, West Division (one MP)

Elgin District of Burghs (one MP) No change.

Comprised five parliamentary burghs: Inverurie , Kintore and Peterhead in Aberdeenshire, Banff and Cullen in Banffshire, and Elgin in Elginshire. Elgin District of Burghs (one MP)

Falkirk
Falkirk
District of Burghs (one MP) Comprised five parliamentary burghs: Airdrie , Hamilton and Lanark
Lanark
in Lanarkshire, Linlithgow
Linlithgow
in Linlithgowshire and Falkirk
Falkirk
in Stirlingshire.

Boundaries widened to include entire municipal burgh of Hamilton. Falkirk
Falkirk
District of Burghs (one MP)

Glasgow (three MPs) Boundaries widened to include entire municipal burgh . Representation of parliamentary burgh increased to seven seats. Divided into seven single-member divisions. Glasgow, Blackfriars and Hutchesontown Division (one MP)

Glasgow, Bridgeton Division (one MP)

Glasgow, Camlachie Division (one MP)

Glasgow, Central Division (one MP)

Glasgow, College Division (one MP)

Glasgow, St. Rollox Division (one MP)

Glasgow, Tradeston Division (one MP)

Greenock (one MP) Boundaries extended to include entire municipal burgh . Greenock (one MP)

Haddington District of Burghs (one MP) Abolished. The five parliamentary burghs that comprised the district were each merged into their respective parliamentary counties: Lauder
Lauder
into Berwickshire ; Dunbar
Dunbar
, Haddington ,and North Berwick into Haddingtonshire ; and Jedburgh into Roxburghshire .

Hawick
Hawick
District of Burghs (one MP) Comprised three parliamentary burghs: Hawick
Hawick
in Roxburghshire and Galashiels and Selkirk in Selkirkshire.

Boundaries extended to include entire municipal burgh of Hawick. Hawick
Hawick
District of Burghs (one MP)

Inverness
Inverness
District of Burghs (one MP) No change

Comprised four parliamentary burghs: Forres
Forres
in Elginshire, Inverness in Inverness-shire, Nairn
Nairn
in Nairnshire and Fortrose in Ross and Cromarty. Inverness
Inverness
District of Burghs (one MP)

Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
District of Burghs (one MP) Comprised five burghs: Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
in Ayrshire; Dumbarton
Dumbarton
in Dumbartonshire ; Rutherglen in Lanarkshire and Renfrew
Renfrew
and Port Glasgow in Renfrewshire. Boundaries of parliamentary burghs of Kilmarnock, Port Glasgow and Renfrew
Renfrew
extended to include entire municipal burghs. Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
District of Burghs (one MP)

Kirkcaldy District of Burghs (one MP) Comprised four burghs in Fife: Kirkcaldy , Burntisland , Dysart , Kinghorn Extended to include entire municipal burgh of Kirkcaldy. Kirkcaldy District of Burghs (one MP)

Leith
Leith
District of Burghs (one MP) No change

Comprised three burghs in the County of Edinburgh
Edinburgh
: Leith
Leith
, Musselburgh and Portobello . Leith
Leith
District of Burghs (one MP)

Montrose District of Burghs (one MP) No change

Comprised five burghs: Arbroath
Arbroath
, Brechin , Forfar and Inverbervie in Forfarshire and Montrose in Kincardineshire . Montrose District of Burghs (one MP)

Paisley (one MP) Boundaries widened to include entire municipal burgh . Paisley (one MP)

Perth City (one MP) Boundaries widened to include entire municipal burgh . Perth City (one MP)

St Andrews
St Andrews
District of Burghs (one MP) No change

Comprised seven burghs in Fife
Fife
: Anstruther Easter , Anstruther Wester , Crail
Crail
, Cupar
Cupar
, Kilrenny , Pittenweem
Pittenweem
and St Andrews
St Andrews
. St Andrews District of Burghs (one MP)

Stirling
Stirling
District of Burghs (one MP) No change

Comprised five burghs: Dunfermline
Dunfermline
and Inverkeithing in Fife
Fife
; Queensferry in Linlithgowshire ; Culross
Culross
in Perthshire and Stirling
Stirling
in Stirlingshire. Stirling
Stirling
District of Burghs (one MP)

Wick District of Burghs (one MP) No change

Comprised six burghs: Wick in Caithness; Kirkwall
Kirkwall
in Orkney; Cromarty , Dingwall and Tain
Tain
in Ross and Cromarty; Dornoch
Dornoch
in Sutherland. Wick District of Burghs (one MP)

Wigtown District of Burghs (one MP) Abolished The four constituent burghs were merged into the parliamentary counties of Kirkcudbrightshire ( New Galloway ) and Wigtownshire ( Stranraer
Stranraer
, Whithorn
Whithorn
and Wigtown ).

ABERDEENSHIRE

Representation unchanged (2 MPs) See also the parliamentary burgh of Aberdeen and the Elgin District of Burghs which included Peterhead.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Eastern Division (one MP) No change. Eastern Division (one MP)

Western Division (one MP) No change. Western Division (one MP)

ARGYLLSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burghs in the county formed part of the Ayr District.

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Argyllshire (undivided) (one MP) No change. Argyllshire (undivided) (one MP)

AYRSHIRE

Representation unchanged (2 MPs) The parliamentary burghs in the county formed parts of Ayr
Ayr
and Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
Districts.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (one MP) No change Northern Division (one MP)

Southern Division (one MP) No change Southern Division (one MP)

BANFFSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burghs in the county formed part of the Elgin District.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Banffshire (undivided) (one MP) No change Banffshire (undivided) (one MP)

BERWICKSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Berwickshire (undivided) (one MP) Absorbed the abolished parliamentary burgh of Lauder
Lauder
, previously part of the Haddington District of Burghs . Berwickshire (undivided) (one MP)

BUTESHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Buteshire (undivided) (one MP) No change Buteshire (undivided) (one MP)

CAITHNESS

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burgh in the county formed part of the Wick District

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Caithness (undivided) (one MP) No change Caithness (undivided) (one MP)

CLACKMANNANSHIRE AND KINROSS-SHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire (undivided) (one MP) No change

The constituency consisted of the combined parliamentary counties of Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire , and also included the parishes of Tulliallan, Culross
Culross
and Muckhart in Perthshire , the Perthshire portions of the parishes of Logie and Fossaway, and the Stirlingshire part of the parish of Alva . Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire (undivided) (one MP)

DUMFRIESSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burghs in the county formed part of the Dumfries District

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Dumfriesshire (undivided) (one MP) No change Dumfriesshire (undivided) (one MP)

DUMBARTONSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burgh of Dumbarton
Dumbarton
formed part of Kilmarnock District

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Dumbartonshire (undivided) (one MP) No change Dumbartonshire (undivided) (one MP)

COUNTY OF EDINBURGH

Representation unchanged (1 MP) See also the parliamentary burgh of Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and the Leith
Leith
District of Burghs.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

County of Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(undivided) (one MP) No change County of Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(undivided) (one MP)

ELGINSHIRE AND NAIRNSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burgh of Elgin formed part of Elgin District; the burghs of Forres
Forres
and Nairn
Nairn
were part of Inverness
Inverness
District.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Elginshire and Nairnshire (undivided) (one MP) No change. The constituency consisted of the combined parliamentary counties of Elginshire and Nairnshire . Elginshire and Nairnshire (undivided) (one MP)

FIFE

Representation increased from 1 to 2 MPs The 13 parliamentary burghs in the county formed the Kirkcaldy District, the St Andrews
St Andrews
District and part of the Stirling
Stirling
District.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Fife
Fife
(undivided) (one MP) Divided into two single-member divisions. Fife, Eastern Division (one MP)

Fife, Western Division (one MP)

FORFARSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) See also the parliamentary burgh of Dundee and the Montrose District of Burghs.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Forfarshire (one MP) No Change Forfarshire (one MP)

HADDINGTONSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Haddingtonshire (undivided) (one MP) Absorbed the abolished parliamentary burghs of Haddington , Dunbar , and North Berwick
North Berwick
formerly part of the Haddington District of Burghs

Haddingtonshire (undivided) (one MP)

INVERNESS-SHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burgh of Inverness
Inverness
formed part of the Inverness District of Burghs.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Inverness-shire (undivided) (one MP) No change Inverness-shire (undivided) (one MP)

KINCARDINESHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burgh of Montrose formed part of the Montrose District of Burghs.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Kincardineshire (undivided) (one MP) No change Kincardineshire (undivided) (one MP)

KIRKCUDBRIGHTSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burgh of Kirkcudbright and the burgh of Dumfries (partly in the county) formed part of Dumfries
Dumfries
District.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Kirkcudbrightshire (undivided) (one MP) No change. Kirkcudbrightshire (undivided) (one MP)

LANARKSHIRE

Representation increased from 2 to 6 MPs See also the parliamentary burgh of Glasgow, the Falkirk
Falkirk
District of Burghs which included three Lanarkshire burghs and the Kilmarnock District of Burghs which included the burgh of Rutherglen.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Northern Division (one MP) Reorganised as six single-member divisions. Govan Division (one MP)

Mid Division (one MP)

North Eastern Division (one MP)

Southern Division (one MP) North Western Division (one MP)

Partick Division (one MP)

Southern Division (one MP)

LINLITHGOWSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burgh of Linlithgow
Linlithgow
formed part of Fakirk District and the burgh of Queensferry formed part of Stirling
Stirling
District.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Linlithgowshire (undivided) (one MP) No change Linlithgowshire (undivided) (one MP)

ORKNEY AND SHETLAND

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burgh of Kirkwall
Kirkwall
formed part of Wick District.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Orkney and Shetland (undivided) (one MP) No change Orkney and Shetland (undivided) (one MP)

PEEBLESSHIRE AND SELKIRKSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burghs of Galashiels and Selkirk formed part of the Hawick
Hawick
District

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Peeblesshire and Selkirkshire (undivided) (one MP) No change. The constituency consisted of the combined parliamentary counties of Peeblesshire and Selkirkshire. Peeblesshire and Selkirkshire (undivided) (one MP)

PERTHSHIRE

Representation increased from 1 to 2 MPs See also the parliamentary burghs of Perth City and Culross
Culross
(part of Stirling
Stirling
District). Detached parts of the county formed part of the Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire constituency.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Perthshire (undivided) (one MP) Divided into two single-member divisions. Perthshire, Eastern Division (one MP)

Perthshire, Western Division (one MP)

RENFREWSHIRE

Representation increased from 1 to 2 MPs See also the parliamentary burghs of Greenock and Paisley; and two burghs in the Kilmarnock
Kilmarnock
District: Port Glasgow and Renfrew. Part of the parliamentary burgh of Glasgow was in Renfrewshire.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Renfrewshire (undivded) (one MP) Divided into two single-member divisions. Renfrewshire, Eastern Division (one MP)

Renfrewshire, Western Division (one MP)

ROSS AND CROMARTY

Representation unchanged (1 MP) Parliamentary burghs of Cromarty, Dingwall and Tain
Tain
formed part of the Dingwall District; the burgh of Fortrose was part of the Inverness District.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Ross and Cromarty
Cromarty
(undivided) (one MP) Comprised the combined counties of Ross-shire and Cromarty. Ross and Cromarty
Cromarty
(undivided) (one MP)

ROXBURGHSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) Parliamentary burgh of Hawick
Hawick
formed part of the Hawick
Hawick
District.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Roxburghshire (undivided) (one MP) Absorbed the abolished parliamentary burgh of Jedburgh , previously part of the Haddington District of Burghs . Roxburghshire (undivided) (one MP)

STIRLINGSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP) Parliamentary burgh of Falkirk
Falkirk
formed part of the Falkirk
Falkirk
District; burgh of Stirling
Stirling
was part of Stirling
Stirling
District. The Stirlingshire portion of the parish of Alva formed of the Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire constituency.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Stirlingshire (undivided) (one MP) No change Stirlingshire (undivided) (one MP)

SUTHERLAND

Representation unchanged (1 MP) The parliamentary burgh of Dornoch
Dornoch
formed part of the Wick District.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Sutherland (undivided) (one MP) No change Sutherland (undivided) (one MP)

WIGTOWNSHIRE

Representation unchanged (1 MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Wigtownshire (undivided) (one MP) Absorbed abolished parliamentary burghs of Stranraer
Stranraer
, Whithorn
Whithorn
and Wigtown , previously part of Wigtown District of Burghs . Wigtownshire (undivided) (one MP)

UNIVERSITIES

Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and St Andrews
St Andrews
Universities (one MP) No change. Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and St Andrews
St Andrews
Universities (one MP)

Glasgow and Aberdeen Universities (one MP) No change Glasgow and Aberdeen Universities (one MP)

REDISTRIBUTED SEATS: IRELAND

ANTRIM

Representation increased from 6 to 8 MPs ‡ The parliamentary boroughs of Belfast and Lisburn were partly in County Down

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Carrickfergus (one MP) Abolished.

Belfast ‡ (two MPs) Enlarged to include parts of the parishes of Holywood and Newtownbreda in County Down; and part of the parish of Shankill in County Antrim. Representation increased to four members, divided into four single-member divisions. Belfast, East Division (one MP)

Belfast, North Division (one MP)

Belfast, South Division (one MP)

Belfast, West Division (one MP)

Lisburn ‡ (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Antrim (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into four single-member divisions, absorbing abolished parliamentary borough of Lisburn. East Antrim (one MP)

Mid Antrim (one MP)

North Antrim (one MP)

South Antrim (one MP)

ARMAGH

Representation unchanged (3 MPs)

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Armagh (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Armagh County (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into three single-member divisions, absorbing abolished parliamentary borough of Armagh. Mid Armagh (one MP)

North Armagh (one MP)

South Armagh (one MP)

CARLOW

Representation decreased from 3 MPs to 1. ‡ Part of the borough of Carlow was in Queen's County

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Carlow ‡ (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Carlow County (undivided) (two MPs) Representation reduced to one member, absorbed abolished parliamentary borough of Carlow. Carlow County (one MP)

CAVAN

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Cavan (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. East Cavan (one MP)

West Cavan (one MP)

CLARE

Representation decreased from 3 to 2 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Ennis ‡ (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Clare (undivided) (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary borough of Ennis. Divided into two single-member divisions. East Clare (one MP)

West Clare (one MP)

CORK

Representation increased from 8 to 9 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Bandon (one MP) Abolished

Cork (two MPs) No change Cork (two MPs)

Kinsale (one MP) Abolished

Mallow (one MP) Abolished

Youghal (one MP) Abolished

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

County Cork (undivided) (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary boroughs of Bandon, Kinsale, Mallow and Youghal. Divided into seven single-member divisions. East Cork (one MP)

Mid Cork (one MP)

North Cork (one MP)

North East Cork (one MP)

South Cork (one MP)

South East Cork (one MP)

West Cork (one MP)

DONEGAL

Representation increased from 2 to 4 MPs

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Donegal (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into four single-member divisions. East Donegal (one MP)

North Donegal (one MP)

South Donegal (one MP)

West Donegal (one MP)

DOWN

Representation increased from 4 to 5 MPs ‡ The Borough of Newry was partly in County Armagh.

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Downpatrick (one MP) Abolished.

Newry ‡ (one MP) No change Newry ‡ (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Down (undivided) (two MPs) Absorbed parliamentary borough of Downpatrick. Divided into for single-member divisions. East Down (one MP)

North Down (one MP)

South Down (one MP)

West Down (one MP)

DUBLIN

Representation increased from 4 to 6 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Dublin (two MPs) Representation increased to four members. Divided into four single-member divisions. Dublin, College Green Division (one MP)

Dublin, Harbour Division (one MP)

Dublin, St Patrick\'s Division (one MP)

Dublin, St Stephen\'s Green Division (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Dublin County (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. North Dublin (one MP)

South Dublin (one MP)

FERMANAGH

Representation reduced from 3 to 2 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Enniskillen (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Fermanagh (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. North Fermanagh (one MP)

South Fermanagh (one MP)

GALWAY

Representation increased from 4 to 5 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Galway Borough (two MPs) Representation reduced to one MP. Galway Borough (one MP)

Galway County (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into four single-member divisions. County of Galway, Connemara (one MP)

East Galway (one MP)

North Galway (one MP)

South Galway (one MP)

KERRY

Representation increased from 3 to 4 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Tralee (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Kerry (undivided) (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary borough of Tralee. Divided into four single-member divisions. East Kerry (one MP)

North Kerry (one MP)

South Kerry (one MP)

West Kerry (one MP)

KILDARE

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Kildare (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. North Kildare (one MP)

South Kildare (one MP)

KILKENNY

Representation unchanged (3 MPs)

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Kilkenny City (one MP) No change Kilkenny City (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

County Kilkenny (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. North Kilkenny (one MP)

South Kilkenny (one MP)

KING\'S COUNTY

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

King\'s County (undivided ) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. King\'s County, Tullamore (one MP)

King\'s County, Birr (one MP)

LEITRIM

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Leitrim (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. North Leitrim (one MP)

South Leitrim (one MP)

LIMERICK

Representation reduced from 4 to 3 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Limerick City (two MPs) Representation reduce to one MP. Limerick City (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Limerick County (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. East Limerick (one MP)

West Limerick (one MP)

DERRY

Representation reduced from 4 to 3 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Coleraine (one MP) Abolished.

Londonderry City (one MP) No change Londonderry City (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Londonderry County (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary borough of Coleraine. Divided into two single-member divisions. North Londonderry (one MP)

South Londonderry (one MP)

LONGFORD

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Longford (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. North Longford (one MP)

South Longford (one MP)

LOUTH

Representation reduced from 4 to 2 MPs ‡ The parliamentary borough of Drogheda lay partly in County Meath.

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Drogheda ‡ (one MP) Abolished.

Dundalk (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Louth County (undivided) (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary boroughs of Drogheda and Dundalk. Divided into two single-member divisions. North Louth (one MP)

South Louth (one MP)

MAYO

Representation increased from 2 to 4 MPs

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Mayo (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into four single-member divisions. East Mayo (one MP)

North Mayo (one MP)

South Mayo (one MP)

West Mayo (one MP)

MEATH

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Meath (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. North Meath (one MP)

South Meath (one MP)

MONAGHAN

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Monaghan (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. North Monaghan (one MP)

South Monaghann (one MP)

QUEEN\'S COUNTY

Representation reduced from 3 MPs to 2. ‡ The parliamentary borough of Portarlington was partly in King's County

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Portarlington (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Queen\'s County (undivided) (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary borough of Portarlington. Divided into two single-member divisions. Queen\'s County, Leix (one MP)

Queen\'s County, Ossory (one MP)

ROSCOMMON

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Roscommon (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. North Roscommon (one MP)

South Roscommon (one MP)

SLIGO

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Sligo County (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. North Sligo (one MP)

South Sligo (one MP)

TIPPERARY

Representation increased from 3 MPs to 4. ‡ The parliamentary borough of Clonmel was partly in County Waterford

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Clonmel ‡ (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Tipperary (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into four single-member divisions. East Tipperary (one MP)

Mid Tipperary (one MP)

North Tipperary (one MP)

South Tipperary (one MP)

TYRONE

Representation increased from 3 MPs to 4.

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Dungannon (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Tyrone (undivided) (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary borough of Dungannon. Divided into four single-member divisions. East Tyrone (one MP)

Mid Tyrone (one MP)

North Tyrone (one MP)

South Tyrone (one MP)

WATERFORD

Representation reduced from 5 to 3 MPs

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Dungarvan (one MP) Abolished.

Waterford City (two MPs) Representation reduced to one member. Waterford City (one MP)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Waterford County (undivided) (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary borough of Dungarvan. Divided into two single-member divisions. East Waterford (one MP)

West Waterford (one MP)

WESTMEATH

Representation reduced from 3 to 2 MPs ‡ The parliamentary borough of Athlone was partly in County Roscommon.

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Athlone ‡ (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Westmeath (undivided) (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary borough of Athlone. Divided into two single-member divisions. North Westmeath (one MP)

South Westmeath (one MP)

WEXFORD

Representation reduced from 4 to 2 MPs ‡ The parliamentary borough of New Ross was partly in County Kilkenny.

BOROUGHS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

New Ross ‡ (one MP) Abolished.

Wexford Borough (one MP) Abolished.

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Wexford County (undivided) (two MPs) Absorbed abolished parliamentary boroughs of New Ross and Wexford. Divided into two single-member divisions. North Wexford (one MP)

South Wexford (one MP)

WICKLOW

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

COUNTY DIVISIONS

BEFORE 1885 CHANGE AFTER 1885

Wicklow (undivided) (two MPs) Divided into two single-member divisions. East Wicklow (one MP)

West Wicklow (one MP)

UNIVERSITY OF DUBLIN

Representation unchanged (2 MPs)

Dublin University (two MPs) No change. Dublin University (two MPs)

SEE ALSO

* The Parliamentary Franchise in the United Kingdom 1885-1918

EXTERNAL LINK - TEXT AS ORIGINALLY ENACTED

* Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, 48 & 49 Vict. C. 23

REFERENCES

* Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society . ISBN 0-901050-67-9 . * Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society . ISBN 0-86193-127-0 .

* ^ A B C D Lowell, A Lawrence (1912). The Government Of England. 1. London: Macmillan. p. 199. * ^ Little, Tony. "Gladstone\'s second government". Liberal Democrat History Group. Retrieved 9 August 2011. * ^ A B C D E Adelman, Paul. "House of Lords: The Peers Versus the People". History Today. 35 (2). * ^ A B C D E McLean, Iain (2001). Rational choice and British politics: an analysis of rhetoric and manipulation from Peel to Blair. Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press
. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-19-829529-7 . * ^ A B C "The Boundary Commission". The Times
The Times
. 3 December 1884. p. 12. * ^ A B C D E "Editorial". The Times
The Times
. 2 December 1884. p. 9. * ^ "Liberal Meeting at the Foreign Office". The Times
The Times
. 2 December 1884. p. 10. * ^ "Second Reading". Hansard 1803-2005. Parliament of the United Kingdom . 4 December 1884. Retrieved 10 August 2011. * ^ A B "House of Commons Debates 13 April 1885 vol 296 cc1500-69". Parliament of the United Kingdom. 13 April 1885. Retrieved 14 June 2011. * ^ A B Searle, G R (2005). A new England?: peace and war, 1886-1918. The new Oxford history of England. Oxford University Press . p. 138. ISBN 978-0-19-928440-5 . * ^ A B Youngs (1979) p. 711 * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Schedule 2: Boroughs to lose one member * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Schedule 7: Counties at Large. Number of Members and Names and Contents of Divisions. * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 712-713 * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ BA BB BC BD BE BF BG BH BI BJ BK BL BM BN BO BP BQ BR BS BT BU BV BW BX BY BZ CA CB CC CD CE CF CG CH CI CJ CK CL CM CN CO CP CQ CR CS CT CU CV CW CX CY CZ DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Schedule 1, Part 1. Boroughs to cease as such. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Schedule 5. Contents and Boundaries of Boroughs with altered Boundaries * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 714-715 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) p. 716 * ^ A B C Youngs (1991) pp. 801-804 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 717-718 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 805-806 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 807-809 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 720-722 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 723-724 * ^ A B C Youngs (1991) pp. 810-812 * ^ A B C Youngs (1979) pp. 725-728 * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Schedule 4, New Boroughs * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z AA AB Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Schedule 6, Divisions of Boroughs * ^ A B C Youngs (1979) pp. 729-731 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 732-734 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 813-814 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 735-736 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) p. 737 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 738-741 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 815-821 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 822-823 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 824-827 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 748-750 * ^ Representation of the People Act 1885, section 4 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 751-754 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 828-829 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 830-832 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 833-834 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 755-756 * ^ Youngs (1991) p.835 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 836-837 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 757-760 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 838-840 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 761-763 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 764-766 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 767-769 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) pp. 841-843 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) p. 844 * ^ A B Youngs (1979) pp. 770-772 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) p. 845-847 * ^ A B Youngs (1991) p. 848-857 * ^ A B "Redistribution (HC Deb 10 March 1885 vol 295 cc639-751)". Hansard 1803-2005. Parliament of the United Kingdom . 10 March 1885. Retrieved 3 November 2011. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M "Table V. The parliamentary districts of burghs and of counties". Census 1891. Population report, Scotland. Vol. I. Edinburgh
Edinburgh
: HMSO . 1891. pp. 171–177. * ^ A B C Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832 c.65 sch.B. Combined Counties * ^ Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868 c.48 s.10 * ^ Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868 c.48 s.9 * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY Robert Henry Mair, ed. (1886). Debrett\'s House of Commons and The Judicial Bench. London: Dean & Son. pp. 165–244.

* v * t * e

Electoral reform in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom

REFORM ACTS

PARLIAMENTARY

* England and Wales, 1832 * Scotland, 1832 * Ireland, 1832 * England and Wales, 1867 * Scotland, 1868 * Ireland, 1868

MUNICIPAL

* Scotland, 1833 * England and Wales, 1835 * Ireland, 1840

Representation of the People Acts

* 1884 * 1918 * 1928 * 1948 * 1949 * 1969 * 1981 * 1983 * 1985 * 1989 * 1990 * 1991 * 1993 * 2000

OTHER RELATED ACTS

* Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 * Parliamentary Elections Act 1868 * Ballot Act 1872 * Corrupt and Illegal Practices Prevention Act 1883 * Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 * House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949 * Parliamentary Constituencies Act 1986 * Registration of Political Parties Act 1998 * European Parliamentary Elections Act 1999 * Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 * Electoral Administration Act 2006 * Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011 * Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 * Electoral Registration and Administration Act 2013

RELATED TOPICS

* Unreformed House of Commons
Unreformed House of Commons
* Chartism * Reform Club
Reform Club
* Carlton Club * Rotten and pocket boroughs

* Women\'s suffrage

* Wales

* United Kingdom Alternative Vote referendum, 2011

* v * t * e

United Kingdom legislation

PRE-PARLIAMENTARY LEGISLATION

* List of English statutes * Charter of Liberties * Magna Carta
Magna Carta

Acts of Parliament by states preceding the Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain

* Acts of the Parliament of England

* to 1483 * 1485–1601 * 1603–1641 * Interregnum (1642–1660) * 1660–1699 * 1700–1706

* Acts of the Parliament of Scotland

Acts of Parliament of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain

* 1707–1719 * 1720–1739 * 1740–1759 * 1760–1779 * 1780–1800

ACTS OF THE PARLIAMENT OF IRELAND

* to 1700 * 1701–1800

Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Ireland
and the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
Ireland

* 1801–1819 * 1820–1839 * 1840–1859 * 1860–1879 * 1880–1899 * 1900–1919 * 1920–1939 * 1940–1959 * 1960–1979 * 1980–1999 * 2000 to date * Halsbury\'s Statutes * Legislation.gov.uk * Short titles

CHURCH OF ENGLAND MEASURES

* List * Church of England
Church of England
Assembly (Powers) Act 1919

LEGISLATION OF DEVOLVED INSTITUTIONS

* Acts of the Scottish Parliament

* List

* Acts and Measures of the National Assembly for Wales

* List

* Acts of the Northern Ireland
Ireland
Assembly * Acts of the Parliament of Northern Ireland
Ireland
* Orders in Council for Northern Ireland
Ireland

ORDERS-IN-COUNCIL

* Order in Council

SECONDARY LEGISLATION

* United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Statutory Instruments * Scottish Statutory Instruments * Acts of Sederunt * Acts of Adjournal

LEGISLATION RELATING TO THE EUROPEAN UNION

* 1972 to date

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