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The Red River Delta (Vietnamese: Đồng Bằng Sông Hồng, or Châu Thổ Sông Hồng) is the flat low-lying plain formed by the Red River and its distributaries merging with the Thái Binh River in northern Vietnam. The delta has the smallest area but highest population and population density of all regions. The region measuring some 15,000 square km is well protected by a network of dikes. It is an agriculturally rich area and densely populated. Most of the land is devoted to rice cultivation.[1] Eight provinces together with two municipalities, the capital Hanoi and the port Haiphong
Haiphong
form the delta. It has a population of almost 19 million. The Red River Delta is the cradle of the Vietnamese nation. Water puppetry originated in the rice paddies here. The region was bombed by United States
United States
warplanes during the Vietnam War. The region was designated as the Red River Delta Biosphere Reserve
Red River Delta Biosphere Reserve
as part of UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme
Man and the Biosphere Programme
in 2004.[2]

Contents

1 Provinces 2 Geography 3 Delta economy 4 See also 5 Notes and references

Provinces[edit]

Statistics of the Red River Delta

Province- Level Division Capital Population (2011)[3] Area (km²) Population density (/km²)[3]

Bắc Ninh Bắc Ninh 1,060,300 823.1 km² 1,289

Hà Nam Phủ Lý 786,900 859.7 km² 914

Hải Dương Hải Dương 1,718,900 1,652.8 km² 1,038

Hưng Yên Hưng Yên 1,150,400 923.5 km² 1,242

Nam Định Nam Định 1,833,500 1,650.8 km² 1,110

Ninh Bình Ninh Bình 906,900 1,392.4 km² 652

Thái Bình Thái Bình 1,786,000 1,546.5 km² 1,138

Vĩnh Phúc Vĩnh Yên 1,014,600 1,373.2 km² 821

Hanoi
Hanoi
(municipality) 6,699,600 3328.9 km² 2,013

Haiphong
Haiphong
(municipality) 1,878,500 1,520.7 km² 1,233

Total 18,835,600 14,965.7 km² 1,258

Quảng Ninh Province
Quảng Ninh Province
is sometimes included as a province of the Red River Delta. Alternatively, it is seen as part of the Northeast region. Hà Tây Province was merged into Hanoi
Hanoi
in 2008.[4]

Geography[edit] Spanning some 150 km in width, the Red River Delta is located in the western coastal zone of the Gulf of Tonkin. The Red River is the second largest river in Vietnam
Vietnam
and one of the five largest rivers on the East Asia coast. Its catchment covers parts of China and Vietnam and its water and sediment discharges greatly influence the hydrology in the Gulf of Tonkin. Delta economy[edit] By the rich natural resources and favorable natural conditions, the delta has become an area of active economic development and high population density. In 2003, of the 78 million people in Vietnam, almost a third (24 million) live in the Red River basin, including over 17 million people in the delta itself. There are many large industrial zones in the Red River delta clustering in Viet Tri, Hanoi, Haiphong
Haiphong
and Nam Dinh. Agriculturally the Red River Delta is the second most important rice-producing area in Vietnam, accounting for 20% of the national crop. Additionally the delta region hosts other important economic activities such as fisheries, aquaculture, land reclamation for agriculture, harbor construction, mangrove forestry, etc. With these developmental pressures the estuarine environment and ecosystem face degradation due to threats of pollution, over-fishing and aquaculture destroying natural habitats. The socio-economic development in the delta is also affected by seasonal storms, flooding, coastal erosion, silting, salt water intrusion, etc. See: Tran Duc Thanh, 2003. Researches in estuarine environment and ecosystem of red river: An overview on activities and results. Marine Resources and Environment. T.X: 34-53. Publishing House Science and Technology.Hanoi.[5] See also[edit]

Red River Delta coalfield

Notes and references[edit]

^ Whitfield, D. Historical and Cultural Dictionary of Vietnam. Metuchen, New Jersey: The Scarecrow Press, 1976 ^ " Red River Delta United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". www.unesco.org. Retrieved 2016-06-27.  ^ a b General Statistics Office (2012): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam
Vietnam
2011. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi ^ VnExpress - Địa giới Hà Nội
Hà Nội
chính thức mở rộng từ 1/8 - Dia gioi Ha Noi chinh thuc mo rong tu 1/8 ^ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258993253_Researches_in_estuarine_environment_and_ecosystem_of_Red_River_An_overview_on_activities_and_results

http://www.academia.edu/7225727/Towards_an_environmental_history_of_the_eastern_Red_River_Delta_Vietnam_c.900-1400

v t e

Subdivisions of Vietnam

Regions

Northwest Northeast Red River Delta North Central Coast South Central Coast Central Highlands Southeast Mekong Delta

Municipalities

Cần Thơ Đà Nẵng Hải Phòng Hà Nội Hồ Chí Minh City

Provinces

An Giang Bắc Giang Bắc Kạn Bạc Liêu Bắc Ninh Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Bến Tre Bình Định Bình Dương Bình Phước Bình Thuận Cà Mau Cao Bằng Đắk Lắk Đắk Nông Điện Biên Đồng Nai Đồng Tháp Gia Lai Hà Giang Hà Nam Hà Tĩnh Hải Dương Hòa Bình Hậu Giang Hưng Yên Khánh Hòa Kiên Giang Kon Tum Lai Châu Lâm Đồng Lạng Sơn Lào Cai Long An Nam Định Nghệ An Ninh Bình Ninh Thuận Phú Thọ Phú Yên Quảng Bình Quảng Nam Quảng Ngãi Quảng Ninh Quảng Trị Sóc Trăng Sơn La Tây Ninh Thái Bình Thái Nguyên Thanh Hóa Thừa Thiên-Huế Tiền Giang Trà Vinh Tuyên Quang Vĩnh Long Vĩnh Phúc Yên Bái

District level subdivisions Commune level subdivisions List of cities

Coordinates: 21°02′N 105°51′E / 21.033°N 105.850°E

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