HOME
The Info List - Record Producer



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i)

A RECORD PRODUCER or TRACK PRODUCER or MUSIC PRODUCER oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music , which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album . A producer has many roles during the recording process. The roles of a producer vary. They may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements.

A producer may also:

* Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos * Co-write. * Propose changes to the song arrangements, and * Coach the singers and musicians in the studio

The producer typically supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage. The producer may perform these roles himself, or help select the engineer, and provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may also pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record companies' budget.

CONTENTS

* 1 Function * 2 History * 3 Equipment and technology

* 4 Studio application

* 4.1 Tracking * 4.2 Post-production

* 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 Further reading

FUNCTION

A _record producer_ or _music producer_ has a very broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music . A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, selecting songs or session musicians , proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, and supervising the entire process through audio mixing (recorded music) and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers also often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules, contracts, and negotiations. In the 2010s, the recording industry has two kinds of producers with different roles: EXECUTIVE PRODUCER and MUSIC PRODUCER. Executive producers oversee project finances while music producers oversee the creative process of recording songs or albums.

In most cases the music producer is also a competent arranger, composer, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer often selects or gives suggestions to the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools and creates a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, which is in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer. The producer will also liaise with the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording, whereas the executive producer keeps an eye on the overall project's marketability.

Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music , the designation is actually _music director._ The music producer's job is to create, shape, and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will typically develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate.

HISTORY

_ This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (April 2016)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_

At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live.

The role of producers changed progressively over the 1950s and 1960s due to technological developments. The development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song (lead vocals, backup vocals, rhythm section instrument accompaniment , solos and orchestral parts) had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio and the performance had to be recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline , drums, and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, and then the vocals and solos could be added later, using as many "takes" (or attempts) as it took. As well, for a song that used 20 instruments, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, and then a horn section could be brought in a week later to add horn shots and punches, and then a string section could be brought in a week after that.

While this facilitated the recording process and allow multiple takes, the multitrack recording had another profound effect on music production: it enabled producers and audio engineers to create new sounds that would be impossible to do in a live performance style ordering. Examples include the psychedelic rock sound effects of the 1960s, e.g. playing back the sound of recorded instruments backward changing the tape to produce unique sound effects. During the same period, the instruments of popular music began to shift from the acoustic instruments of traditional music (piano , upright bass bass, acoustic guitar ) to electric piano , electronic organ , synthesizer , electric bass and electric guitar . These new instruments were electric or electronic, and thus they used instrument amplifiers and speaker enclosures (speaker cabinets) to create sound.

Electric and electronic instruments and amplifiers enabled performers and producers to change the tone and sound of instruments to produce unique electric sounds that would be impossible to achieve with acoustic instruments and live performers, such as having a singer do her own backup vocals or having a guitarist play 15 layers of backing parts to her own solo.

New technologies like multitracking changed the goal of recording: A producer could blend together multiple takes and edit together different sections to create the desired sound. For example, in jazz fusion Bandleader-composer Miles Davis
Miles Davis
' album _ Bitches Brew _, the producer cut and edited sections together from extensive improvisation sessions. Phil Spector producing Modern Folk Quartet , 1966

Producers like Phil Spector and George Martin were soon creating recordings that were, in practical terms, almost impossible to realize in live performance. Producers became creative figures in the studio. Other examples of such engineers includes Joe Meek , Teo Macero , Brian Wilson
Brian Wilson
, and Biddu . Brian Wilson
Brian Wilson
at a mixing board in Brother Studios
Brother Studios
, 1976

Another related phenomenon in the 1960s was the emergence of the performer-producer. As pop acts like The Beatles, The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
, The Beach Boys and The Kinks gained expertise in studio recording techniques, many of these groups eventually took over as (frequently uncredited) producers of their own work. Many recordings by acts such as The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
, The Kinks and The Who
The Who
are officially credited to their various producers at the time, but a number of these performers have since asserted that many of their recordings in this period were, either wholly self-produced (e.g. The Rolling Stones' Decca recordings) or collaborations between the group and their recording engineer (e.g. The Small Faces' Immediate recordings, which were made with Olympic Studios
Olympic Studios
engineer Glyn Johns ).

The Beach Boys are probably the best example of the trend of artists becoming producers – within two years of the band's commercial breakthrough, group leader Brian Wilson
Brian Wilson
had taken over from his father Murry, and he was the sole producer of all their recordings between 1963 and 1967. Alongside The Beatles and Martin, Wilson also pioneered many production innovations – by 1964 he had developed Spector's techniques to a new level of sophistication, using multiple studios and multiple "takes" of instrumental and vocal components to capture the best possible combinations of sound and performance, and then using tape editing extensively to assemble a perfect composite performance from these elements.

At the end of the 20th century, digital recording and producing tools, then widespread availability of relatively affordable computers with music software made music producing more accessible.

EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY

Mixing console.

There are numerous technologies utilized by record producers. In modern-day recordings, recording and mixing tasks are commonly centralized within computers using Digital Audio Workstations such as Pro Tools , Logic Pro , Ableton , Cubase , and FL Studio , which all are often used with third party virtual studio technology plugins . Logic Pro and Pro Tools are considered the industry standard DAWs . However, there is also the main mixer, outboard effects gear, MIDI controllers, and the recording device itself.

While most music production is done using sophisticated software, some musicians and producers prefer the minutiae of older analog technology. Professor Albin Zak claims that the increased automation of both newer processes and newer instruments reduces the level of control and manipulation available to musicians and producers.

STUDIO APPLICATION

Production has changed drastically over the years with advancing technology. Where the producer's role has changed, they have always been seen as a jack of all trades , as their duties require a broad knowledge of the recording process.

TRACKING

Tracking is the act of recording audio to a DAW (Digital Audio Workstation) or in some cases to tape. Even though digital technologies have widely supplanted the use of tape in studios, the older term "track" is still used in the 2010s. Tracking audio is primarily the role of the audio engineer . Producers work side by side with the artists while they play or sing their part and coach them on how to perform it and how to get the best technical accuracy (e.g., intonation). In some cases, the producer will even sing a backup vocal or play an instrument.

POST-PRODUCTION

SEE ALSO

* Business and economics portal * Music
Music
portal

* Audio engineering * Electronic music
Electronic music
* Hip hop production * Music
Music
executive * Musician
Musician

NOTES

* ^ Similarly, although The Beatles' productions were credited to George Martin throughout their recording career, many sources now attest that Lennon and McCartney in particular had an increasing influence on the production process as the group's career progressed, and especially after the band retired from touring in 1966. In an extreme example of this, Martin actually went on a two-week vacation as The Beatles were recording _The White Album
Album
_; production of several completed tracks on the album were credited to The Beatles on internal paperwork at Abbey Road Studios, although the released LP gave sole production credit to Martin.

REFERENCES

* ^ "What does a music producer do, anyway ? – Production Advice". _productionadvice.co.uk_. Retrieved 2017-01-09. * ^ "What Does a Music
Music
Producer Do?". _Recording Connection Audio Institute_. 2013-05-20. Retrieved 2017-01-09. * ^ Weissman, Richard: Understanding the Music
Music
Business "." (2016) Retrieved 9 June. 2017. * ^ Yuval Gerstein The role of the music producer - A short historical overview * ^ "Game Changer Beats Trap Beats and Type Beats Home Page - Game Changer Beats". _Game Changer Beats_. Retrieved 2017-07-11. * ^ Kot, Greg (2016-03-10). "What does a record producer do?". BBC. Retrieved 2016-01-09. * ^ "Digital Audio Workstations" (PDF). _Center for Computer Research in Music
Music
and Acoustics_. Stanford University. Retrieved 2016-05-15. * ^ "Which DAW is the Industry Standard?". _Agenda Red_. Retrieved 2016-05-15. * ^ Joseph, Kiesha (Feb 11, 2016). "AUDIO RECORDING SOFTWARE: AVID PRO TOOLS VS APPLE LOGIC PRO X". _F.I.R.S.T. INSTITUTE BLOG_. first.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-15. * ^ Zak,Albin J., I.,II. (2002). Reviews: "strange sounds: Music, technology, and culture," by timothy D. taylor. Current Musicology, , 159-180. * ^ Pras, Amandine, Caroline Cance, and Catherine Guastavino. "Record Producers' Best Practices For Artistic Direction—From Light Coaching To Deeper Collaboration With Musicians." Journal of New Music Research 42.4 (2013): 381-95. Academic Search Premier. Web. 7 Sept. 2015.

FURTHER READING

* Gibson, David and Maestro Curtis . "The Art of Producing". 1st. Ed. USA. ArtistPro Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-931140-44-8 * Burgess, Richard James. _The Art of Music
Music
Production_. 3rd Ed. UK. Music
Music
Sales, 2005. ISBN 1-84449-431-4 * Edmondson, Jacqueline, ed. (2013). _ Music
Music
in American Life: An Encyclopedia of the Songs, Styles, Stars, and Stories that Shaped our Culture_. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-39348-8 . * Hewitt, Michael. _ Music
Music
Theory for Computer Musicians_. 1st Ed. USA. Cengage Learning, 2008. ISBN 1598635034 * Gronow, Pekka and Ilpo Saunio (1998). _An International History of the Recording Industry_. Cited in Moorefield (2005). * Moorefield, Virgil (2005). _The Producer as Composer: Shaping the Sounds of Popular Music_. * Olsen, Eric et al. (1999). _The Encyclopedia of Record Producers._ ISBN 978-0-8230-7607-9 * Zak, Albin. _The Poetics of Rock: Cutting Tracks, Making Records._ Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.

* v * t * e

Music
Music
industry

COMPANIES

MUSIC PUBLISHERS

* BMG Rights Management * EMI Music
Music
Publishing * Imagem * Music
Music
catalog * Sony/ATV Music
Music
Publishing * Universal Music
Music
Publishing Group * Warner/Chappell Music
Music

RECORD LABELS

* _MAJOR _: Sony Music
Music
* Universal Music
Music
Group * Warner Music
Music
Group * _INDEPENDENT _: Independent UK record labels

RETAILERS

* Amazon.com * Fnac * HMV
HMV
* Online music stores (iTunes Store ) * Trans World Entertainment * Virgin Megastores

LIVE PERFORMANCE

* CTS Eventim * Live Nation * LiveStyle * Ticketmaster

GENRES

* Avant-garde * Blues
Blues
* Contemporary Rborder-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Album
Album
cover design * Artists and repertoire (A">PRODUCTION

* Arrangement
Arrangement
* Composer
Composer
* Conductor * Disc jockey
Disc jockey
* Hip hop producer * Horn section * Record producer * Recording artist * Rhythm section * Orchestrator * Session musician

* Singer
Singer

* Backup singer * Ghost singer * Vocal coach

* Songwriter

* Ghostwriter

* Sound engineer

Release formats

* Album
Album
* Extended play (EP)/Mini album * Maxi single * Single * Gramophone record * Eight-track * Compact cassette
Compact cassette
* CD * DVD
DVD
* Streaming media * Broadcasting
Broadcasting

AWARDS

WORLD

* World Music
Music
Awards

AFRICA

* South African Music
Music
Awards (RSA) * Channel O Music
Music
Video Awards (RSA) * Nigeria Entertainment Awards (NGR) * The Headies (NGR)

AMERICAS

* Grammy Awards (US) * Billboard Music
Music
Awards (US) * Billboard Latin Music
Music
Awards (US) * American Music
Music
Awards (US) * iHeartRadio Music
Music
Awards (US) * Juno Awards
Juno Awards
(Canada) * Latin Grammy Awards (US) * Lo Nuestro Awards (US) * MTV
MTV
Video Music
Music
Awards (US) * BET Awards (US) * Soul Train Music
Music
Awards (US) * TEC Awards (US) * iHeartRadio Much Music
Music
Video Awards (CAN) * Juno Awards
Juno Awards
(CAN) * MTV
MTV
Video Music
Music
Brazil (BRA)

Asia and Oceania

* ABU Song
Song
Festivals (AS) * ARIA Music
Music
Awards (AUS) * Awit Awards (PHL) * Golden Disc Awards (S. KOR) * Golden Melody Awards (TW) * Japan Record Awards * Japan Gold Disc Awards * New Zealand Music
Music
Awards (NZ) * Anugerah Juara Lagu (MAS) * Anugerah Industri Muzik (MAS) * Anugerah Musik Indonesia (INA) * Dahsyatnya Awards (INA) * SCTV Awards (INA) * Anugerah Planet Muzik (SIN, MAS, BRU, INA)

EUROPE

* Eurovision Song
Song
Contest (EU) * Europe Music
Music
Awards (EU) * Junior Eurovision Song
Song
Contest (EU) * Brit Awards (UK) * Mercury Prize (UK) * MOBO Awards
MOBO Awards
(UK) * Kerrang! Awards (UK) * Classic Brit Awards (UK) * Gramophone Award (UK) * Echo Awards (GER) * Victoires de la Musique (FRA) * Grand Prix du Disque (FRA) * NRJ Music
Music
Awards (FRA) * Diapason d\'Or (FRA) * Sanremo Music
Music
Festival Awards (ITA) * Wind Music
Music
Awards (ITA) * MTV
MTV
Italian Music
Music
Awards * Edison Awards (NLD) * Grammis
Grammis
Awards (SWE) * Melodifestivalen (SWE) * Premio Nacional de Música (SPA) * Dansk Melodi Grand Prix (DNK) * Melodi Grand Prix (NOR) * Meteor Music
Music
Awards (IRL) * Choice Music
Music
Prize (IRL) * Russian Music
Music
Awards (RUS) * ZAI Awards / Aurel Awards (SK) * Anděl Awards (CZ) * BBC Music
Music
Awards (UK)

CHARTS

* ARIA Charts * _Billboard_ Hot 100 * Brasil Hot 100 Airplay * Canadian Hot 100 * Gaon Music
Music
Chart * Irish Singles Chart * Italian Singles Chart * GfK Entertainment Charts * Entertainment Monitoring Africa * Oricon Charts * New Zealand Singles Chart * SNEP Singles Chart * Sverigetopplistan * UK Singles Chart

Sales certifications

* ARIA * BPI * Music
Music
Canada * FIMI * PROMUSICAE * RIAA * SNEP

PUBLICATIONS

* _Billboard_ * _ HitQuarters _ * _ Hot Press _ * _ Kerrang! _ * _Mojo_ * _ Musica e dischi _ * _ NME _ * _Q_ * _ Rolling Stone _ * _ Smash Hits _ * _Top of the Pops_

TELEVISION

CHANNELS

* CMT * TheCoolTV * Fuse * Heartland * Juice * MTV
MTV
* MTV2 * Tr3s * Much Music
Music
* The Music
Music
Factory * Viva * VH1 * The Country Network

SERIES

* _Idols _ * _ Popstars _ * _ Star Academy
Star Academy
_ * _The Voice _ * _ The X Factor
The X Factor
_ * _Rising Star _

OTHER

* Album-equivalent unit * A-side and B-side * Backmasking
Backmasking
* Christian music industry * Hidden track * Grammy Museum
Grammy Museum
* Music
Music
video * White label * Women in music

* CATEGORY * COMMONS

* v * t * e

Music
Music
production

TECHNIQUES

ENGINEERING

* Audio filter * Audio mastering * Audio mixing * Critical distance * Effects loop

* Effects unit

* Talk
Talk
box * Wah-wah pedal

* Diffusion * Microphone
Microphone
* Overdubbing * Ping-ponging * Punch in/out * Sound recording * Tape loop

Signal processing

* Pitch shift * Auto-Tune * Chorus effect
Chorus effect
* Compression * Delay effect (STEED ) * Distortion * Double tracking (ADT ) * Ducking * Equalization * Exciter effect * Farkle effect * Flanging * Octave effect * Noise gate * Phaser * Pumping * Reverberation * Reverse echo

FORMULAS

* Hip hop production * Overproduction * Wall of Sound * Xenochrony

PIONEERS

* Brian Eno * Bruce Fairbairn * Trevor Horn * Quincy Jones * Robert John "Mutt" Lange * Jeff Lynne * George Martin * Joe Meek * Les Paul
Les Paul
* Lee "Scratch" Perry * Sam Phillips
Sam Phillips
* Conny Plank * Rick Rubin * Todd Rundgren * Phil Spector * Bill Szymczyk * Tony Visconti * Brian Wilson
Brian Wilson
* Tom Wilson

Roles and professions

* Arranger * Audio engineer * Backup band * Bandleader * Composer
Composer
* Conductor * DJ * Ghostwriters in music * Horn section * Orchestrator * Record producer * Rhythm section * Session musician

* Singer
Singer

* Backup singer * Ghost singer

* Songwriter * String section * Vocal coach

OTHER

* Loudness war
Loudness war
* Mashup (music) * Music
Music
technology (electric) * Music
Music
technology (electronic and digital) * Recording studio as musical instrument * Remix
Remix

* v * t * e

Music
Music

History of music
History of music
and Classical history

* Prehistoric * Ancient

* Religious

* Biblical

* Secular

CLASSICAL /ART MUSIC

* Medieval * Renaissance * Baroque * Classical period * Romantic * Impressionist * 20th century * Contemporary * 21st century

VERNACULAR MUSIC

* Blues
Blues
* Circus music * Country music
Country music
* Jazz
Jazz
* Folk music * Popular music * Hip hop music * Pop music * Progressive music * Psychedelic music

* Rock music

* Heavy metal * Punk rock * Alternative

* Soul music

* Performance * Ensembles

* Band (rock and pop)

* Backup band * All-female band * Rhythm section

* Big band
Big band
* Choir
Choir
* Concert band * Conducting
Conducting
* Disc jockey
Disc jockey
* Musician
Musician
* Orchestra
Orchestra

* Singing
Singing

* Lead vocalist * Backing vocalist

* Theory * Composition

* Form * Genre * Notation * Composer
Composer
* Improvisation * Songwriter * Lyrics * Song
Song

EDUCATION AND STUDY

* Bachelor of Music
Music
* Master of Music
Music
* Doctor of Musical Arts * PhD * Music
Music
education * Music
Music
history

* Music
Music
psychology

* Cultural aspects

* Musicology * Ethnomusicology * Ecomusicology

PRODUCTION

* Single

* A-side and B-side * Extended play

* Album
Album

* Compilation * Live * Remix
Remix

* Audio engineer * Record label * Record producer * Sampling * Music
Music
technology (electric) * Music
Music
technology (electronic and digital) * Sound recording and reproduction * Cover * Remix
Remix

Cultural and regional genres

* African

* Central * East * North * Southern * West

* Asian

* Central * East * Middle-Eastern * South * Southeast

* European

* Central * Eastern * Northern * Southeastern * Southern * Western

* Latin American

* Central American * South American

* North American

* Caribbean

* Oceanian

* Melanesian * Micronesian * Polynesian

BY SOVEREIGN STATE

* Afghanistan * Albania * Algeria * Andorra * Angola * Antigua and Barbuda * Argentina * Armenia * Australia * Austria * Azerbaijan * Bahamas * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Barbados * Belarus * Belgium * Belize * Benin * Bhutan * Bolivia * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Botswana * Brazil * Brunei * Bulgaria * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cambodia * Cameroon * Canada * Cape Verde * Central African Republic * Chad * Chile * China * Colombia * Comoros * Costa Rica * Croatia * Cuba * Cyprus * Czech Republic * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Denmark
Denmark
* Djibouti * Dominica * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Ecuador * Egypt * El Salvador * Equatorial Guinea * Eritrea * Estonia * Ethiopia * Federated States of Micronesia * Fiji * Finland * France * Gabon * Gambia * Georgia * Germany * Ghana * Greece * Grenada * Guatemala * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Guyana * Haiti * Honduras * Hungary * Iceland * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Ireland * Israel * Italy * Ivory Coast * Jamaica * Japan * Jordan * Kazakhstan * Kenya * Kiribati * Kosovo * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Latvia * Lebanon * Lesotho * Liberia * Libya * Liechtenstein * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Madagascar * Malawi * Malaysia * Maldives * Mali * Malta * Marshall Islands * Mauritania * Mauritius * Mexico * Moldova * Monaco * Mongolia * Montenegro * Morocco * Mozambique * Myanmar * Namibia * Nauru * Nepal * Netherlands * New Zealand * Nicaragua * Niger * Nigeria * North Korea * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * Palau * Palestine * Panama * Papua New Guinea * Paraguay * Peru * Philippines * Poland * Portugal * Qatar * Republic of Macedonia * Republic of the Congo * Romania * Russia * Rwanda * Saint Kitts and Nevis * Saint Lucia * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * Samoa * San Marino * Saudi Arabia * Senegal * Serbia * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Singapore * Slovakia * Slovenia * Solomon Islands * Somalia * South Africa * South Korea * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Suriname * Swaziland * Sweden * Switzerland * Syria * São Tomé and Príncipe * Taiwan * Tajikistan * Tanzania * Thailand * Togo * Tonga * Trinidad and Tobago * Tunisia * Turkey * Turkmenistan * Tuvalu * Uganda * Ukraine * United Arab Emirates * United Kingdom * United States * Uruguay * Uzbekistan * Vanuatu * Vatican City * Venezuela * Vietnam * Western Sahara * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabwe

LISTS

* Index * Outline * Terminology * Instruments * Musical forms by era * Cultural and regional genres * Popular music genres * Albums * Songs * Jazz
Jazz
and popular music glossary * Audio

RELATED ARTICLES

* Album-equivalent unit * Music
Music
and politics * Music
Music
festival * Music
Music
therapy * Musical instrument
Musical instrument
* Women in music

* Category
Category
* Portal
Portal
* WikiProject

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Record_producer additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About * Disclaimers * Contact * Developers * Cookie statement * Mobile view

* *

Links: ------

.