HOME
The Info List - Razavi Khorasan


--- Advertisement ---



Razavi Khorasan Province
Khorasan Province
(Persian: استان خراسان رضوی‎, Ostâne Xorâsâne Razavi) is a province located in northeastern Iran. Mashhad
Mashhad
is the center and capital of the province. Other cities are Quchan, Dargaz, Chenaran, Sarakhs, Fariman, Torbat-e Heydarieh, Torbat-e Jam, Taybad, Khaf, Roshtkhar, Kashmar, Bardaskan, Nishapur, Sabzevar, Gonabad, Kalat. The counties of Razavi Khorasan Province are Khalilabad County, Mahvelat County, Chenaran
Chenaran
County, Dargaz
Dargaz
County, Kalat County, Quchan
Quchan
County, Mashhad
Mashhad
County, Sarakhs County, Nishapur
Nishapur
County, Firuzeh
Firuzeh
County, Khoshab County, Jowayin County, Joghatai
Joghatai
County, Davarzan
Davarzan
County, Sabzevar
Sabzevar
County, Bardaskan County, Bajestan
Bajestan
County, Kashmar
Kashmar
County, Gonabad
Gonabad
County, Khaf County, Roshtkhar
Roshtkhar
County, Taybad
Taybad
County, Bakharz
Bakharz
County, Zaveh County, Fariman County, Torbat-e Jam
Torbat-e Jam
County, Torbat-e Heydarieh
Torbat-e Heydarieh
County & Torqabeh and Shandiz
Shandiz
County. Razavi Khorasan is one of the three provinces that were created after the division of Khorasan Province
Khorasan Province
in 2004. In 2014 it was placed in Region 5[2] with Mashhad
Mashhad
as the location of the region's secretariat. The Greater Khorasan
Greater Khorasan
has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties and governments in its territory throughout history. Various tribes of the Arabs, Turks, Kurds,[3] Turkemen and Mongols brought changes to the region time and time again. Ancient geographers of Iran
Iran
divided Iran
Iran
("Ēranshahr") into eight segments of which the most flourishing and largest was the territory of Greater Khorasan. Esfarayen, among other cities of the province, was one of the focal points for residence of the Aryan tribes after entering Iran. The Parthian empire was based near Merv
Merv
in Khorasan for many years. During the Sassanid
Sassanid
dynasty the province was governed by a Spahbod (Lieutenant General) called "Padgošban" and four margraves, each commander of one of the four parts of the province. Khorasan was divided into four parts during the Muslim conquest of Persia, each section being named after the four largest cities, Nishapur, Merv, Herat, and Balkh. In the year 651, the army of Islamic Arabs invaded Khorasan. The territory remained in the hands of the Abbasid
Abbasid
clan until 820, followed by the rule of the Iranian Taherid clan in the year 896 and the Samanid
Samanid
dynasty in 900. Mahmud of Ghazni
Mahmud of Ghazni
conquered Khorasan in 994, and Tuğrul
Tuğrul
in the year 1037. In 1507, Khorasan was occupied by Uzbek tribes. After the death of Nader Shah
Nader Shah
in 1747, it was occupied by the Afghan Durrani Empire centered in Qandahar. During the Qajar period, Britain supported the Afghans to protect their East India Company. Herat
Herat
was thus separated from Persia, and Nasser-al-Din Shah
Nasser-al-Din Shah
was unable to defeat the British to take back Herat. Finally, the Paris Treaty was concluded in 1903 and Iran
Iran
was compelled not to challenge the British for Herat
Herat
and other parts of what is today Afghanistan. Finally Khorasan was divided into two parts: the eastern part, which was the most densely populated region came under British occupation, and the other western section remained part of Iran. Khorasan was the largest province of Iran
Iran
until it was divided into three provinces on September 29, 2004. The provinces approved by the parliament of Iran
Iran
(on May 18, 2004) and the Council of Guardians
Council of Guardians
(on May 29, 2004) were Razavi Khorasan, North Khorasan, and South Khorasan.

Tomb of Ferdowsi

Contents

1 Archaeological sites

1.1 Kohandezh hills 1.2 Shadiyakh

2 Khorasan today

2.1 Attractions 2.2 Colleges and universities

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Archaeological sites[edit] Among the archeological sites discovered in this province: Kohandezh hills[edit] Excavations conducted by an American team between 1935 and 1940 in Nishapur
Nishapur
discovered museum-worthy objects, which were shared with the government of the Shah. The Metropolitan Museum of Art's publications document its own Nishapur
Nishapur
ceramics from those excavations. For half a century after 1945 the site of Nishapur
Nishapur
was ransacked to feed the international market demand for early Islamic works of art. Nowadays, the Kohandezh hills reveal the remains from those excavations. Shadiyakh[edit] Shadiyakh was an important palace in old Nishapur
Nishapur
up to the 7th century, and became more important and populated after that. The palace was completely ruined in the 13th century. It was the home of notables such as Farid al-Din Attar, whose tomb is found in Shadiyakh. Khorasan today[edit] The major ethnic group in this region are Persians, there are other sizeable communities such as Kurds, Khorasani Turks
Khorasani Turks
and Turkmens. There is also an Afghan community in the province due to the influx of Afghan refugees
Afghan refugees
coming from Afghanistan
Afghanistan
in recent years. Attractions[edit]

Tomb of Attar in Nishapur.

Ali abad Tower in Bardaskan.

This province contains many historical and natural attractions, such as mineral water springs, small lakes, recreational areas, caves and protected regions, and various hiking areas. Besides these, Khorasan encompasses numerous religious buildings and places of pilgrimage, including the shrine of Imam Reza, Goharshad mosque and many other mausoleums and Imamzadehs which attract visitors to this province. The Cultural Heritage of Iran
Iran
lists 1179 sites of historical and cultural significance in all three provinces of Khorasan. Some of the popular attractions of Razavi Khorasan are:

Tus, where Ferdowsi, the Persian language's most important poet, is buried Nishapur, where Farid al-Din Attar, Omar Khayyám, and Kamal-ol-molk are buried Goharshad mosque
Goharshad mosque
and the vast shrine-complex of Imam Reza
Imam Reza
that forms the heart of Mashhad Khaneh Khorshid Shandiz
Shandiz
and Torghabeh (famous for their riverside restaurants) Tomb of Nadir Shah
Shah
Afshar in central Mashhad Akhangan (Akhanjan) tower, north of Tus Haruniyeh dome in Tus, where the famous mystic Imam Mohammad Ghazali is buried Tus citadel Bazangan lake, in Sarakhs
Sarakhs
district Kooh Sangi, a notable hill in Mashhad Band-e-Golestan (Golestan dam) Jaghargh Zoshk, a country village west of Mashhad Kang, a scenic stepped village Noghondar Kardeh Dam Vakilabad and Mellat parks in Mashhad Zari, Hendelabad, Mozdooran, Moghan and Kardeh caves. Robat Sharaf (a relatively grand caravanserai ruin in Sarakhs district) Tomb of Khajeh Abasalt, Khajeh Morad, Ravi (famous Iranian gnostics) and mausoleum of Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi Yahya and Khajeh Rabi mausoleum at the northern edge of Mashhad
Mashhad
city Sabz (green) dome in a roundabout in Mashhad

Colleges and universities[edit]

Ferdowsi
Ferdowsi
University of Mashhad
Mashhad
(website) Mashhad
Mashhad
University of Medical Sciences Islamic Azad University of Mashhad Sabzevar
Sabzevar
University of Medical Sciences Hakim-e Sabzevari University of Sabzevar Islamic Azad University of Bardaskan Islamic Azad University of Torbat e Jam Islamic Azad University of Sabzevar Islamic Azad University of Neishabur Islamic Azad University of Ghoochan Islamic Azad University of Torbat Heidariyeh Comprehensive University of Applied and Practical Sciences, Khorasan Imam Reza
Imam Reza
University Bahar Institute of Higher Education Sadjad University of Technology Asrar Institute of Higher Education Payame Noor University of Mashhad Payame Noor University of Bardaskan Gonabad
Gonabad
University of Medical Sciences Islamic Azad University of Gonabad Sport Sciences Research Institute of Iran

See also[edit]

Khorasan Greater Khorasan South Khorasan North Khorasan History of Iran

References[edit]

^ Selected Findings of National Population and Housing Census 2011 ^ "همشهری آنلاین-استان‌های کشور به ۵ منطقه تقسیم شدند (Provinces were divided into 5 regions)". Hamshahri Online (in Persian). 22 June 2014 (1 Tir 1393, Jalaali). Archived from the original on 23 June 2014.  Check date values in: date= (help) ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Razavi Khorasan Province.

The text of the law for division of Khorasan into three provinces (in Persian) Cultural Heritage Foundation of Khorasan /Razavi Khorasan Province
Khorasan Province
cooprative office /Razavi Khorasan Province
Khorasan Province
cooprative office (in Persian) Razavi Khorasan Province
Khorasan Province
Department of Education (in Persian) Imam Reza
Imam Reza
Shrine Official website Mashad Mayor's Office Central Library of Astan Quds Razavi Official website

Places adjacent to Razavi Khorasan Province

North Khorasan
North Khorasan
Province

Ahal Province,  Turkmenistan

Semnan Province

Razavi Khorasan Province

Yazd Province South Khorasan Province Herat
Herat
Province,  Afghanistan

v t e

Razavi Khorasan Province

Capital

Mashhad

Counties and cities

Bajestan
Bajestan
County

Bajestan Yunesi

Bakharz
Bakharz
County

Bakharz

Bardaskan
Bardaskan
County

Bardaskan Anabad Shahrabad

Chenaran
Chenaran
County

Chenaran

Dargaz
Dargaz
County

Dargaz Chapeshlu Lotfabad Now Khandan

Davarzan
Davarzan
County

Davarzan

Fariman
Fariman
County

Fariman Farhadgerd Qalandarabad Sefid Sang

Firuzeh
Firuzeh
County

Firuzeh Hemmatabad

Gonabad
Gonabad
County

Gonabad Bidokht Kakhk

Joghatai
Joghatai
County

Joghatai

Jowayin County

Neqab

Kalat County

Kalat Shahr-e Zow

Kashmar
Kashmar
County

Kashmar Rivash

Khalilabad County

Khalilabad Kondor

Khoshab County

Soltanabad

Khvaf
Khvaf
County

Khvaf Nashtifan Qasemabad Salami Sangan

Mahvelat County

Feyzabad Shadmehr

Mashhad
Mashhad
County

Mashhad Malekabad Razaviyeh

Nishapur
Nishapur
County

Nishapur Chekneh Darrud Kharv Eshqabad Qadamgah

Quchan
Quchan
County

Quchan Bajgiran

Rashtkhvar
Rashtkhvar
County

Rashtkhvar Jangal

Sabzevar
Sabzevar
County

Sabzevar Rud Ab Sheshtomad

Sarakhs
Sarakhs
County

Sarakhs Mazdavand

Taybad
Taybad
County

Taybad Kariz Mashhad
Mashhad
Rizeh

Torbat-e Heydarieh
Torbat-e Heydarieh
County

Torbat-e Heydarieh Bayg Kadkan Robat-e Sang

Torbat-e Jam
Torbat-e Jam
County

Torbat-e Jam Nasrabad Nilshahr Salehabad

Torqabeh
Torqabeh
and Shandiz
Shandiz
County

Torqabeh Shandiz

Zaveh County

Dowlatabad

Landmarks

Imam Reza
Imam Reza
shrine Goharshad Mosque Tus citadel Kooh Sangi Akhlamad Mount Binalud Zist-e Khavar Kian Center Azar Barzin Mehr fire temple,Sabzevar Tomb of Ferdowsi
Ferdowsi
in Tus Haruniyeh Dome in Tus Tomb of Farid ad-Din Attar,Nishapur Kohandezh, Nishapur Tomb of Omar Khayyám, Nishapur

populated places

List of cities, towns and villages in Razavi Khorasan Province

v t e

Provinces of Iran

Alborz Ardabil Bushehr Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari East Azerbaijan Isfahan Fars Gilan Golestan Hamadan Hormozgan Ilam Kerman Kermanshah Khuzestan Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Kurdistan Lorestan Markazi Mazandaran North Khorasan Qazvin Qom Razavi Khorasan Semnan Sistan and Baluchestan South Khorasan Tehran West Azerbaijan Yazd Zanjan

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 12146634352641930954

.