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Raymond George Gosling (15 July 1926 – 18 May 2015) was a British scientist who deduced the structure of DNA
DNA
with Maurice Wilkins
Maurice Wilkins
and Rosalind Franklin
Rosalind Franklin
at King's College, London.

Contents

1 Early years 2 Work at King's College London
King's College London
and DNA 3 Work at Guy's Hospital 4 Personal background 5 References and Sources 6 External links

Early years[edit] He was born in 1926 and attended school in Wembley. He studied physics at University College London
University College London
from 1944 to 1947 and became a hospital physicist at the King's Fund and Middlesex Hospital between 1947 and 1949 before joining King's College London
King's College London
as a research student where he eventually received his PhD.[1]

Double helix

William Astbury Oswald Avery Lawrence Bragg Francis Crick Erwin Chargaff Michael Creeth Jerry Donohue Rosalind Franklin Raymond Gosling Frederick Griffith John Masson Gulland Denis Jordan Phoebus Levene Friedrich Miescher Fred Neufeld Sir John Randall Alex Stokes James Watson Maurice Wilkins Herbert Wilson Photo 51

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Work at King's College London
King's College London
and DNA[edit] At King's College London, Gosling worked on X-ray diffraction with Maurice Wilkins,[2] analysing samples of DNA
DNA
which they prepared by hydrating and drawing out into thin filaments and photographing in a hydrogen atmosphere. Gosling was then assigned to Rosalind Franklin
Rosalind Franklin
when she joined King's College in 1951. They worked under the direction of Sir John Randall.[3] Together they produced the first X-ray diffraction photographs of the "form B" paracrystalline arrays of highly hydrated DNA. During the next two years, the pair worked closely together to perfect the technique of x-ray diffraction photography of DNA
DNA
and obtained at the time the sharpest diffraction images of DNA. Gosling made the X-ray diffraction image of DNA
DNA
known as Photograph 51.[4] This work led directly to the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine being awarded to Francis Crick, James D. Watson
James D. Watson
and Maurice Wilkins. Gosling was the co-author with Franklin of one of the three DNA
DNA
double helix papers published in Nature in April 1953.[5] His other King's colleagues included Alex Stokes and Herbert Wilson. Gosling briefly remained at King's College following the completion of his thesis in 1954 before lecturing in physics at Queen's College, University of St Andrews, and at the University of the West Indies.[1] Work at Guy's Hospital[edit] He returned to the UK in 1967 and became Lecturer and Reader at Guy's Hospital Medical School, and Professor and Emeritus Professor in Physics
Physics
Applied to Medicine from 1984. Here he helped develop the underlying basic medical science and technology for haemodynamic doppler ultrasound vascular assessment in the Non Invasive Angiology Group, and set up the clinical Ultrasonic Angiology
Angiology
Unit.[6][7][8][9] Gosling served on numerous committees of the University of London, notably relating to radiological science, and retained an active professional involvement in medical physics almost to the end of his life. Personal background[edit] Gosling was married to his wife Mary; they had four sons, the eldest of whom is the furniture designer Tim Gosling. Raymond Gosling
Raymond Gosling
died at the age of 88 on 18 May 2015.[10] References and Sources[edit]

^ a b "King's College biography". Retrieved 29 November 2006.  ^ Wilkins, M.; Gosling, R.; Seeds, W. (1951). "Physical studies of nucleic acid". Nature. 167 (4254): 759–760. Bibcode:1951Natur.167..759W. doi:10.1038/167759a0. PMID 14833383.  ^ Gosling, R.; Tickle, C.; Running, S. W.; Tandong, Y.; Dinnyes, A.; Osowole, A. A.; Cule, E. (2011). "Seven ages of the PhD". Nature. 472 (7343): 283–286. Bibcode:2011Natur.472..283G. doi:10.1038/472283a.  ^ "Due credit". Nature. 496: 270. 18 April 2013. doi:10.1038/496270a.  ^ Franklin, R. E.; Gosling, R. G. (1953). "Molecular Configuration in Sodium Thymonucleate". Nature. 171 (4356): 740–741. Bibcode:1953Natur.171..740F. doi:10.1038/171740a0. PMID 13054694.  ^ Side, C. D.; Gosling, R. G. (1971). "Non-surgical Assessment of Cardiac Function". Nature. 232 (5309): 335–336. Bibcode:1971Natur.232..335S. doi:10.1038/232335a0. PMID 5094838.  ^ Laogun, A. A.; Gosling, R. G. (1982). "In vivo arterial compliance in man". Clinical Physics
Physics
and Physiological Measurement. 3 (3): 201–212. Bibcode:1982CPPM....3..201L. doi:10.1088/0143-0815/3/3/004. PMID 7140158.  ^ Kontis, S.; Gosling, R. G. (1987). "A computerized method for processing of spectrally analysed Doppler-shifted signals from insonated arteries". Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology. 11 (3): 108–112. doi:10.3109/03091908709018151.  ^ Baskett, J. J.; Lewis, R. R.; Beasley, M. G.; Gosling, R. G. (1990). "Changes in Carotid Artery Compliance with Age". Age and Ageing. 19 (4): 241–246. doi:10.1093/ageing/19.4.241. PMID 2220482.  - Abstract ^ Professor Raymond Gosling

External links[edit]

Detailed interview 2013 in Genome Biology Raymond Gosling
Raymond Gosling
in The King's story Doppler-shifted ultrasound units (1974–1981) jointly developed by Dr.B.A.Coghlan and Prof.R.G.Gosling's Blood Flow Group at the Physics Dept., Guy's Hospital
Guy's Hospital
Medical School, London. These early devices were used for haemodynamic assessment of normal volunteers and assessment of patients with peripheral vascular disease. The work reflects a close and extensive collaboration with Dr.M.G.Taylor.

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DNA
DNA
structure research at King's College London
King's College London
1947–1959

Rosalind Franklin Raymond Gosling John Randall Alexander Stokes Maurice Wilkins Herbe

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