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Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
(Rāyalasīma) is a geographic region in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It comprises four southern districts of the state namely, Anantapur, Chittoor, Kadapa
Kadapa
and Kurnool.[2][3] As of 2011[update] census of India, the region with four districts had a population of 15,184,908 and covers an area of 67,526 km2 (26,072 sq mi).[4]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Post independence

3 Geography 4 Economy 5 Culture

5.1 Literature 5.2 Music and actors

6 Landmarks

6.1 Religious destinations

7 Education

7.1 Universities 7.2 Medical colleges 7.3 Central institutions 7.4 Deemed universities 7.5 Polytechnic Colleges

8 Infrastructure

8.1 Roadways 8.2 Railways 8.3 Airports 8.4 Power

9 Politics

9.1 Sri Baghpact

10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Etymology[edit] Nizam of Hyderabad
Nizam of Hyderabad
ceded the districts of this region to Britishers and hence, they were referred as Ceded districts. In 1928, a strong dislike was expressed from the leaders in the Andhra Mahasabha, held at Nandyal. The region got its name as Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
with a proposal from Chilukuri Narayana Rao and was accepted.[5] History[edit] During the British era, the Nizam of Hyderabad
Nizam of Hyderabad
ceded this area to the British, and hence was called Ceded Districts. Independence, it was renamed as Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
as 'seema' was an administrative territorial entity of the Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
Empire similar to today's districts. Post independence[edit] Main articles: Andhra State
Andhra State
and Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Reorganisation Act, 2014 The four districts of the region were part of the Madras Presidency until 1953.[6] From 1953–1956, the region was a part of Andhra State and in 1956, the Telangana
Telangana
region was merged with Andhra State
Andhra State
to form Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
State.[7] On 2 February 1970, three taluks from Kurnool i.e., Markapur, Cumbum and Giddalur
Giddalur
were merged along with some other taluks of Nellore district
Nellore district
and Guntur district
Guntur district
to form Prakasam district. In February 2014, the Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Reorganisation Act, 2014 bill was passed by the Parliament of India
India
for the formation of Telangana
Telangana
state comprising ten districts. Hyderabad
Hyderabad
will remain as a joint capital for 10 years for both Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
and Telangana.[8] The new state of Telangana
Telangana
came into existence on 2 June 2014 after approval from the President of India.[9] The formation of a new state named Telangana from Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
is not considered an amendment to the Constitution of India
India
per article 3 and 4 of that document.[10] Geography[edit] Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
region is located in the southern region of the state of Andhra Pradesh. The region borders the state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
to the south, Karnataka
Karnataka
to the west and Telangana
Telangana
to the north.[11] Economy[edit] Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
is rich in minerals – Asbestos, Barytes, China clay, Calcite, Dolomite, Diamonds, Green Quartz, Iron ore, Lime stone and Silica sand. It also has rich forest wealth like the rare Red sandalwood. The Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
area is prone to drought. In 2015, locals complained about a neglect of several projects to alleviate this, particularly in the areas of irrigation.[12] Culture[edit]

Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
along with other aspirational states in the country

Literature[edit] Telugu culture reached its zenith during the Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
rule under Sri Krishnadevaraya. Amongst Ashta Diggajas, Allasani Peddana, Dhoorjati, Nandi Timmana, Maadayyagari Mallana and Ayyalaraju Rama Bhadrudu are from this region. Poets like Vemana, Sri Potuluri Virabrahmendra Swami from Kadapa district
Kadapa district
played a great role in educating the common people through their literary works. It is also written by most experts (per Kandukuri Viresalingam etc.) until the 1930s that Pothana, who penned Andhra Mahabhagavatham, actually belonged to Ontimitta
Ontimitta
village of Kadapa
Kadapa
District. Indian philosopher and spiritual teacher Jiddu Krishnamurti
Jiddu Krishnamurti
and Cattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy – an essayist, poet and educationist are from this region. Yogi Vemana is also a notable poet. Annamayya
Annamayya
is from Kadapa
Kadapa
District who got settled in Tirupati of Chittor District and composed many songs in praise of Sri Venkateshwara Swamy is of Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
period and is one of the most famous Carnatic composer in the history of Telugu Literature. Music and actors[edit] There are many notable actors in film industry such as, Chitturu Nagayya, Kadiri
Kadiri
Venkata Reddy, Pasupuleti Kannamba, Basavaraju Venkata Padmanabha Rao, Chadalavada Kutumba Rao etc. Musicians and poets include, Annamayya, Rallapalli Anantha Krishna Sharma, Vellaala Subbamma etc. Annamayya
Annamayya
is a spiritual guru, who wrote songs on Lord Venkateswara, Sri Potuluri Virabrahmendra Swami, Ganapathi Sachchidananda, Satya Sai baba is a spiritual and religious savant, Jiddu Krishnamurtie. Landmarks[edit]

View from Horsley hills

Gandikota
Gandikota
is one of the oldest fort dating back to 1123. Belum Caves are the second largest cave in Indian sub-continent and the longest caves in plains of Indian Subcontinent. It is located at Belum Village of Kurnool
Kurnool
District. Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary
Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary
is the only Sanctuary in the world which provides home for a bird called Jerdon's courser. Gurramkonda, Chandragiri, Horsley Hills, Kuppam
Kuppam
and Talakona
Talakona
of Chittoor
Chittoor
district. Thimmama Marrimanu, world's largest banyan tree, covering 5.2 acres (21,000 m2) and 550 years old. It holds a Guinness record. It is situated Near Kadiri, 120 kilometres from Anantapur.[citation needed]

sri venkateshwara swamy temple

Religious destinations[edit] Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
has many important places of pilgrimage. Tirumala Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Temple, abode of Lord Venkateswara
Venkateswara
is the richest and the most visited place of worship in the world. The other being Srisailam, Ahobilam, Srikalahasti, Kanipakam, Kadiri, Rayadurgam, Penna Ahobilam, Mahanandi, Mantralayam, Puttaparthi, Yaganti, Lepakshi, Ontimitta, Bramhamgarimatham
Bramhamgarimatham
etc. Shahi jamia masjid
Shahi jamia masjid
in Adoni
Adoni
is one of the oldest construction in South India, built around 1662 AD by Siddi Masood Khan,[13] Ameen Peer Dargah, a famous Sufi Shrine in India. Education[edit] Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
Region has good number of universities, medical colleges, central premiere institutions and deemed universities. Universities[edit]

Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
University Sri Krishna Devaraya University Yogi Vemana University Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
University Dravidian University Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam JNTU Anantapur JNTUA College of Engineering, Pulivendula YSR Engineering College of YVU, Proddatur Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Idupulapaya.

Medical colleges[edit]

Sri Venkateswara
Venkateswara
Institute of Medical Sciences Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Kadapa Kurnool
Kurnool
Medical College Government Medical College, Anantapur College of Veterinary Sciences, Proddatur.

Central institutions[edit]

Indian Institute of Technology, Tirupati Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Tirupati Indian Institute of Information Technology Design and Manufacturing, Kurnool Indian Institute of Information Technology, Sri City.

Deemed universities[edit]

Sri Sathya Sai University Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth.

Polytechnic Colleges[edit]

Government Polytechnic Hindupur

govt.polytchnic college proddatur, Kadapa
Kadapa
district. Infrastructure[edit] Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
Region is well connected by roads, railways, and airports. Being located away from sea this region doesn't contain sea port. Roadways[edit]

Pulivendula- Kadapa
Kadapa
4 lane road near pulivendula

The road network in region consists of many National Highways such as, NH 40, NH 42, NH 44, NH 140, NH 167, NH 340, NH 67, NH 69, NH 71, NH 716. Railways[edit] Main article: Guntakal
Guntakal
railway division

Kadapa
Kadapa
Railway Station Premises

The rail connectivity is getting better with the projects allocated or being part of the region such as, Nandyal-Yerraguntla, Nadikudi–Srikalahasti, Kadapa-Banglore sections are the under development projects which forms a part of the region.[14] Most of the region falls under the jurisdiction of Guntakal railway division
Guntakal railway division
of South Central Railway
South Central Railway
zone. Airports[edit]

Air India
India
and Jet Airways
Jet Airways
at Tirupati Airport

Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
region has air connectivity with three airports Tirupati Airport, Puttaparthi
Puttaparthi
Airport and Kadapa
Kadapa
Airport Power[edit]

Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
Thermal Power Station

Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
Region has Thermal as well solar power plants. Rayalaseema Thermal Power Station is located in Kadapa district
Kadapa district
and Andhra Pradesh government recently sanctioned solar power parks in Rayalaseema districts[15] with a capacity of 4000MW's.Today the state of Andhra Pradesh stood No.1 position in solar power generation with an installed capacity of 1868 MW[16] In India
India
and also offers world's largest solar power park of 1000 MW is also located in Andhra Pradesh. Politics[edit] Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, Damodaram Sanjivayya, Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy, N. Chandrababu Naidu, Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy
Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy
and N.Kiran Kumar Reddy are the people who served as Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, hail from the Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
region of the state, with N. Chandrababu Naidu being the incumbent. The region saw as many as 6 chief ministers for the state.[17] Sri Baghpact[edit] Based on Sri Bagh Pact signed on 15 November 1937, Kurnool
Kurnool
was made as the capital of the new state after the division of Andhra state
Andhra state
from the Madras state.[18][19] As per the second State Resolution Commission, capital was shifted to Hyderabad
Hyderabad
upon the formation of Andhra Pradesh.[20] See also[edit]

Coastal Andhra Uttarandhra

References[edit]

^ " Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Fact Sheet". mapsofindia.com.  ^ Jammanna, Akepogu; Sudhakar, Pasala (2016). Dalits' Struggle for Social Justice in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
(1956-2008): From Relays to Vacuum Tubes. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 156. ISBN 9781443844963. Retrieved 12 July 2017.  ^ Rajeev, M (11 October 2015). " Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
in a state of discontent". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015.  ^ "Population of AP districts(2011)" (PDF). ap.gov.in. p. 14. Retrieved 25 May 2014.  ^ Correspondent, Special. "The birth of Rayalaseema". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 June 2017.  ^ "The Indian Express – Google News Archive Search". google.com.  ^ "The Indian Express – Google News Archive Search". google.com.  ^ "The Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Reorganisation Act, 2014" (PDF). India
India
Code Legislative Department. Ministry of Law and Justice. 1 March 2014. p. 2. Retrieved 14 July 2015.  ^ " Telangana
Telangana
state formation gazette". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 14 May 2014.  ^ "Constitution of India
India
Sub-section". 4 March 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.  ^ " Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
– end of an era". Business Standard. Hyderabad. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ Rajeev, M. " Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
in a state of discontent".  ^ http://www.indiahotelreview.com/travel-guide/mantralayam/getaways-around-mantralyam-adoni-91-598.htm ^ Rangarajan), (Reporting by A.D. "Proper rail connectivity still a far cry in Rayalaseema". The Hindu. Retrieved 26 May 2017.  ^ "AP Solar Corpn sanctions 4,000 MW power parks". 22 December 2015.  ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/with-kurnool-solar-park-state-takes-a-giant-leap/article18289685.ece ^ "Telangana.com – Committed For Development Telangana..." telangana.com.  ^ Raju, P. Yenadi (2003). Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
during colonial times : a study un indian nationalism. New Dehli: Northern Book Centre. p. 214. ISBN 978-81-7211-139-7. Retrieved 3 September 2015.  ^ "APonline – History and Culture – History-Post-Independence Era". aponline.gov.in.  ^ "Revive Sri Bagh pact, demands vedika". Hyderabad. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 

External links[edit] Media related to Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

State of Andhra Pradesh

Capital: Amaravati
Amaravati
(de facto), Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(de jure)

Topics

Cinema Cuisine Culture Demographics Economy Education Elections Geography Government Highest point History Language Politics Sports People Transport Tourism

Regions

Coastal Andhra Rayalaseema

Districts

Anantapur Chittoor East Godavari Guntur Kadapa Kurnool Krishna Prakasam Nellore Srikakulam Visakhapatnam Vizianagaram West Godavari

Million-plus cities

Visakhapatnam Vijayawada

Cities (population over 1 lakh)

Adoni Anantapur Bhimavaram Chilakaluripet Chittoor Dharmavaram Eluru Gudivada Guntakal Guntur Hindupur Kadapa Kakinada Kurnool Machilipatnam Madanapalle Nandyal Narasaraopet Nellore Ongole Proddatur Rajahmundry Srikakulam Tadepalligudem Tadpatri Tenali Tirupati Vijayawada Visakhapatnam Vizianagaram

Tourism

Dams Forts Lakes National Parks Hindu Temples Churches Wildlife Sanctuaries Waterfalls

Related lists

List of cities in Andhra Pradesh List of mandals in Andhra Pradesh List of urban local bodies in Andhra Pradesh List of revenue divisions in Andhra Pradesh List of urban agglomerations in Andhra Pradesh

Portal: Andhra Pradesh

v t e

Proposed states and territories of India

Proposed states

Awadh
Awadh
(Uttar Pradesh) Baghelkhand
Baghelkhand
(Uttar Pradesh/Madhya Pradesh) Bhojpur (Uttar Pradesh/Bihar) Bodoland
Bodoland
(Assam) Bundelkhand
Bundelkhand
(Uttar Pradesh/Madhya Pradesh) Chola Nadu
Chola Nadu
(Tamil Nadu) Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
(Andhra Pradesh) Delhi Dimaraji
Dimaraji
(Assam/Nagaland) Dogradesh (Jammu and Kashmir) Garoland (Meghalaya) Gird (Madhya Pradesh) Gondwana (Madhya Pradesh/Chhattisgarh/Odisha) Gorkhaland
Gorkhaland
(West Bengal) Harit Pradesh
Harit Pradesh
(Uttar Pradesh) Kalyana Karnataka
Karnataka
(Karnataka) Kamtapur
Kamtapur
(West Bengal) Kashmir (Jammu and Kashmir) Khandesh
Khandesh
(Maharashtra) Kodagu (Karnataka) Kongu Nadu
Kongu Nadu
(Tamil Nadu) Konkan
Konkan
(Maharashtra/Goa/Karnataka) Kosal (Odisha) Kutch
Kutch
(Gujarat) Mahakoshal
Mahakoshal
(Madhya Pradesh) Malwa
Malwa
(Madhya Pradesh) Male Nadu
Male Nadu
(Karnataka) Marathwada
Marathwada
(Maharashtra) Maru Pradesh (Rajasthan) Mithila (Bihar) Nagalim
Nagalim
(Nagaland/Assam/Arunachal Pradesh) Pandya Nadu
Pandya Nadu
(Tamil Nadu) Panun Kashmir
Panun Kashmir
(Jammu and Kashmir) Puducherry Purvanchal
Purvanchal
(Uttar Pradesh) Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
(Andhra Pradesh) Saurashtra (Gujarat) Seemanchal (Bihar) Tipraland
Tipraland
(Tripura) Tulu Nadu
Tulu Nadu
(Karnataka/Kerala) Vidarbha
Vidarbha
(Maharashtra) Vindhya Pradesh
Vindhya Pradesh
(Madhya Pradesh) Uttarandhra
Uttarandhra
(Andhra Pradesh)

Proposed territories

Karaikal (Puducherry) Karbi Anglong
Karbi Anglong
(Assam) Ladakh
Ladakh
(Jammu and Kashmir)

Current states and

.

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