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Ravensburg
Ravensburg
is a town in Upper Swabia
Upper Swabia
in Southern Germany, capital of the district of Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg. Ravensburg
Ravensburg
was first mentioned in 1088. In the Middle Ages, it was an Imperial Free City
Imperial Free City
and an important trading centre. The "Great Ravensburg
Ravensburg
Trading Society" (Große Ravensburger
Ravensburger
Handelsgesellschaft) owned shops and trading companies all over Europe. The historic town centre is still very much intact, including three town gates and over 10 towers of the medieval fortification. "The all-white Mehlsack (Flour Sacks) is a tower marking the Altstadt’s southern edge. A steep staircase leads up to the Veitsburg, a quaint baroque castle."[2] The town's most popular festival is the "Rutenfest" in mid year.

Contents

1 History

1.1 20th century

2 Economy and infrastructure

2.1 Transportation 2.2 Local businesses 2.3 Media

3 International relations 4 Notable people 5 Sport 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Ravensburg
Ravensburg
was first mentioned in writing in 1088. It was founded by the Welfs, a Frankish dynasty in Swabia
Swabia
who became later Dukes of Bavaria
Bavaria
and Saxony
Saxony
and who made the castle of Ravensburg
Ravensburg
their ancestral seat. By a contract of inheritance, in 1191 the Hohenstaufen
Hohenstaufen
Frederick Barbarossa acquired the ownership of Ravensburg
Ravensburg
from Welf VI, Duke
Duke
of Spoleto and uncle of both Frederick Barbarossa
Frederick Barbarossa
and Henry the Lion.

Mixed Imperial City of Ravensburg

Paritätische Reichsstadt Ravensburg

Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City
of the Holy Roman Empire

1276–1803

Capital Ravensburg

Government Republic

Historical era Middle Ages

 •  City founded before 1088

 •  Gained Reichsfreiheit 1276

 •  Mediatised to Bavaria 1803

 •  Acquired by Württemberg 1810

Preceded by Succeeded by

Duchy of Spoleto

Electorate of Bavaria

With the death of Conradin
Conradin
1268 in Naples
Naples
the Hohenstaufen
Hohenstaufen
line became extinct. Their former estates became imperial property of the Holy Roman Empire. Like many other cities in Swabia, at the end of the 13th century Ravensburg
Ravensburg
became an Imperial Free City
Imperial Free City
in 1276.

Ravensburg
Ravensburg
landscape showing local landmarks: 23. Weinberge with Torkeln; 24. St. Christina; 25. Veitsburg; 26. Ravensburg
Ravensburg
with Mehlsack. Most of the hillsides are shown covered with vineyards. From Kloster Weißenau (stylized print by Johann Mathias Steidlin, 1734).

The "Great Ravensburg
Ravensburg
Trading Society" (Große Ravensburger Handelsgesellschaft) was founded at Ravensburg
Ravensburg
and Konstanz
Konstanz
around 1380 by the merchant families of Humpis (from Ravensburg), Mötteli (from Buchhorn, modern-day Friedrichshafen) and Muntprat (from Constance). At first, the society mostly dealt in the production of linen and fustian. With the opening of one of the first paper mills north of the Alps
Alps
in 1402 in Ravensburg, paper became another commodity. The Ravensburg
Ravensburg
stores also sold oriental spices, Mediterranean wines and Bohemian ores. After the liquidation of the Great Ravensburg
Ravensburg
Trading Society in 1530, Ravensburg
Ravensburg
stagnated economically. The Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War
caused a grave decline of the population. Swedish troops destroyed the old castle, now named "Veitsburg" after the St. Veit chapel at the castle grounds. Following the Reformation a "paritetic" government emerged, meaning an equal distribution of public offices between the Catholic and Protestant confession. The city council was one half each Protestant and Catholic. For some time there was even a Catholic and a Protestant mayor at the same time, and the both confessions celebrated the village fair, the "Rutenfest", apart from each other. This system was approved at the end of the Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War
in the Peace of Westphalia (1648) which named four "Paritetic Imperial Cities" (German: Paritätische Reichsstädte): Augsburg, Biberach, Dinkelsbühl
Dinkelsbühl
and Ravensburg. In 1803 the Immerwährende Reichstag passed the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss, a bill which included the secularisation and mediatisation of many German states — the first meaning the confiscation of the estates belonging to the church, the second the incorporation of the imperial estates and Imperial Free Cities into larger regional states. As a result, Ravensburg
Ravensburg
first became a Bavarian exclave within Württemberg. After a swap of estates between Bavaria
Bavaria
and Württemberg
Württemberg
it was incorporated in the Kingdom of Württemberg
Württemberg
in 1810. Since Ravensburg
Ravensburg
was impoverished and depopulated after the Thirty Years' War, only a few new buildings were raised during the 18th and the early 19th century. The benefit of this economic stagnation was the conservation of a widely intact medieval city with nearly all towers and gates of the historic fortification. 20th century[edit] During World War II
World War II
Ravensburg
Ravensburg
was strategically of no relevance. Ravensburg
Ravensburg
did not harbor any noteworthy arms industry (unlike nearby Friedrichshafen
Friedrichshafen
with its large aircraft industry), but was home to a major aid supplies center belonging to the Swiss Red Cross. The historic city center was not damaged by air raids. In the 1970s, Ravensburg
Ravensburg
increased in population and territory by the incorporation of smaller communities like Eschach, Schmalegg and Taldorf. Ravensburg
Ravensburg
University of Cooperative Education was established in the town in 1978. In the 1980s, the Old Town was renovated and all transit traffic was banned from the city center.

Ravensburg, Blaserturm (trumpeter's tower), Waaghaus (weighing house) and Rathaus (town hall)

Economy and infrastructure[edit] Ravensburg
Ravensburg
is a thriving shopping town in the wealthy region of Upper Swabia. Unemployment is relatively low. The nearest large cities are Munich, Stuttgart
Stuttgart
and Zurich, approximately a two-hour drive away each. Ulm, Konstanz
Konstanz
and Bregenz
Bregenz
are each less than a one-hour drive away. Ravensburg
Ravensburg
is part of an urban agglomeration that also comprises Weingarten (Württemberg)
Weingarten (Württemberg)
and several suburbs. Ravensburg, Weingarten, and Friedrichshafen
Friedrichshafen
(on the shores of Lake Constance) share the functionality of a Oberzentrum (that is, the highest-ranked centre in the system of spatial planning and development in Baden-Württemberg). Transportation[edit] Ravensburg
Ravensburg
is located at a crossing of the federal roads (national highways) B30, B31 and B32. A by-pass highway around Ravensburg
Ravensburg
and Weingarten was completed recently. The regional airport is situated at Friedrichshafen, about 15 km south of Ravensburg. The nearest national motor-ways are the A7 and A8 (approach at Ulm) and the A96 (approach at Lindau
Lindau
or Wangen im Allgäu). In 1847, the railway station of Ravensbug was put in operation, part of the so-called "Swabian Railroad" from Stuttgart
Stuttgart
to Friedrichshafen, the oldest railroad of Württemberg
Württemberg
and well known in all of Germany by the folk-style song Auf de Schwäb’sche Eisenbahne (de). Local businesses[edit] Mechanical engineering has traditionally been the main type of industry in the region. Based on the demand of the paper and textile industries (now widely reduced) and a long tradition of flour, paper and other mills many engineering factories arose at the end of the 19th century. Today the primary engineering firms in Ravensburg
Ravensburg
are the left-overs of the former Escher-Wyss AG
Escher-Wyss AG
(a subsidiary of the Swiss Sulzer AG) which are now subsidiaries of the Austrian "Andritz Hydro". Ravensburger
Ravensburger
AG, whose headquarters are located in the town, is a company internationally known for board games, jigsaw puzzles and children's books. The pastry factory de:Tekrum (Theodor Krumm GmbH & Co. KG) is another company with an internationally-known brand name. Since January 2005 it has been a wholly owned subsidiary to Griesson–de Beukelaer. Other large industrial companies include:

Vetter Pharma, a manufacturer of pre-filled injection systems Omira, one of the largest dairies in southern Germany the tool factory Hawera Probst (a subsidiary of Robert Bosch), the worldwide market leader in hammer drill bits the component supplier EBZ Engineering Bausch & Ziege (formerly Nothelfer, a subsidiary of ThyssenKrupp Automotive) the packaging manufacturer "Coveris Rigid"(formerly Autobar Packaging) two suppliers of solar power systems, Pro Solar Solarstrom and pro solar Energietechnik

Media[edit] The local newspaper is the Schwäbische Zeitung. The radio companies Radio 7 and Südwestrundfunk run broadcasting studios at Ravensburg. In Horgenzell
Horgenzell
near Ravensburg, the Ravensburg- Horgenzell
Horgenzell
transmitter transmitted Deutschlandfunk
Deutschlandfunk
on the medium wave frequency 756 kHz. International relations[edit] Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Ravensburg
Ravensburg
is twinned with:

City Region Country

Brest Brest Voblast  Belarus

Coswig  Saxony  Germany

Montélimar Drôme  France

Rivoli  Piedmont  Italy

Varaždin Varaždin
Varaždin
County  Croatia

Aberdare Rhondda Cynon Taff  Wales

Notable people[edit]

Franz Joachim Beich
Franz Joachim Beich
(1744)

Henry the Lion
Henry the Lion
born 1129/1130 or 1133/35, died 1195 Duke
Duke
of Saxony
Saxony
and Bavaria, allegedly born on the Ravensburg
Ravensburg
[3] Henry the Lion
Henry the Lion
(1129/1131-1195), born at Ravensburg
Ravensburg
castle Ladislaus Sunthaym
Ladislaus Sunthaym
(born around 1440-died 1512/1513), historian and geographer Hans Buchner
Hans Buchner
(also Joannes Buchner, Hans von Constanz) (1483–1538), organist and composer Joannes Susenbrotus
Joannes Susenbrotus
(1484/85-1542/43), humanist, taught in Ravensburg Franz Joachim Beich
Franz Joachim Beich
(1666–1748), painter August Natterer
August Natterer
(1868-1933), art brut artist Karl Erb
Karl Erb
(1877–1958), German tenor Angelika Buck (born 1950) and Erich Buck, (born 1949) figure skaters Klaus Schwab
Klaus Schwab
(born 1938), German economist, founder of the World Economic Forum Theo Seiler
Theo Seiler
(born 1949), ophthalmologist and physicist Andreas Gestrich (born 1952) historian and director of the German Historical Institute in London Ömer Toprak, (born 1989), Turkish footballer Gregor Amann (born 1962), politician (SPD), Member of Bundestag 2005-2009 Kai Diekmann
Kai Diekmann
(born 1964), journalist and chief editor of the Bild-Zeitung Stefanie Dimmeler (born 1967), biologist and biochemist, Leibniz Prize Winner Kofi Ansuhenne (born 1973), boy group singer ("Bed & Breakfast") Simon Henzler (born 1976), football player and coach Daniel Unger
Daniel Unger
(born 1978), triathlet, Christoph Meschenmoser, (born 1983), cyclist Susanne Fellner (born 1985), ice hockey player Rahman Soyudogru (born 1989), footballer Emanuel Buchmann
Emanuel Buchmann
(born 1992), cyclist Patrick Abt (born 1993), footballer

Sport[edit] The town's association football club FV Ravensburg, formed in 1893, has played in the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
on three occasions from 1978 to 1983, from 1998 to 2000 and again since 2003. From 2006 to 2010, Ravensburg
Ravensburg
hosted the Air Canada Cup or MLP Nations Cup, an international women's ice hockey tournament. References[edit]

^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt
Statistisches Bundesamt
(in German). 2016.  ^ Lonely Planet. ^ Über Ort und Zeitpunkt der Geburt Heinrichs des Löwen haben wir nur wenige genaue Nachrichten. Er selbst hat gesagt, daß er in Schwaben geboren sei (‚se de Suevia oriundum’), ob aber auf der Ravensburg
Ravensburg
bleibt ungewiss.(About the place and the date of his birth, we have only little information. He said that he was born in Swabia, whether it was on the Ravensburg, is uncertain), In: Joachim Ehlers: Heinrich der Löwe. Biographie. Siedler, München 2008, ISBN 978-3-88680-787-1. (Rezension) (Standardwerk), S. 47

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ravensburg.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ravensburg.

Official website (in German) Rutenfest Blaserturm.de More images of Ravensburg[permanent dead link]

v t e

Swabian League
Swabian League
(1488–1534) of the  Holy Roman Empire

Imperial cities

Aalen Augsburg Biberach Bopfingen Dinkelsbühl Donauwörth Esslingen Giengen Heilbronn Isny Kaufbeuren Kempten Leutkirch Lindau Memmingen Nördlingen Pfullendorf Ravensburg Reutlingen Schwäbisch Gmünd Schwäbisch Hall Überlingen Ulm Wangen Weil Wimpfen

Nobility

St George's Shield (Gesellschaft von Sanktjörgenschild)

Territories

Brandenburg-Ansbach Baden Bavaria Bayreuth Palatinate Hesse Mainz Trier Württemberg

v t e

Swabian Circle
Swabian Circle
(1500–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire

Ecclesiastical

Augsburg Constance Ellwangen Kempten Lindau

Secular

Baden Buchau Heiligenberg Hohenzollern-Hechingen Klettgau Liechtenstein Tengen Waldburg

Scheer Trauchburg Waldsee Wolfegg Wurzach Zeil

Württemberg

Prelates

Baindt Buchau Elchingen Gengenbach Gutenzell Heggbach Irsee Kaisheim Mainau Marchtal Neresheim Ochsenhausen Petershausen Roggenburg Rot Rottenmünster Salmanweiler St. George's in Isny Schussenried Söflingen Ursberg Weingarten Weißenau Wettenhausen Zwiefalten

Counts Lords

Altshausen Baar Bondorf Eberstein Eglingen Eglofs Fugger

Jakob Johann Markus

Gundelfingen Gutenstein Hausen Heiligenberg Hohenems Hohengeroldseck Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Justingen Kinzigerthal Königsegg and Aulendorf Lustenau Meßkirch Mindelheim
Mindelheim
/ Schwabegg Oberdischingen Öttingen

Baldern Öttingen Wallerstein

Rechberg Rothenfels and Stauffen Stühlingen
Stühlingen
and Hohenhöwen Tettnang
Tettnang
/ Langenargen Thannhausen Wiesensteig

Cities

Aalen Augsburg Biberach Bopfingen Buchau Buchhorn Dinkelsbühl Eßlingen Gengenbach Giengen Heilbronn Isny Kaufbeuren Kempten Leutkirch Lindau Memmingen Nördlingen Offenburg Pfullendorf Ravensburg Reutlingen Rottweil Schwäbisch Gmünd Schwäbisch Hall Überlingen Ulm Wangen Weil Wimpfen Zell

Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral Rhenish     ·     Unencircled territories

v t e

Free imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire

By 1792

Aachen Aalen Augsburg Biberach Bopfingen BremenH Buchau Buchhorn CologneH Dinkelsbühl DortmundH Eßlingen Frankfurt Friedberg Gengenbach Giengen GoslarH HamburgH Heilbronn Isny Kaufbeuren Kempten Kessenich Leutkirch Lindau LübeckH Memmingen Mühlhausen MülhausenD, S Nordhausen Nördlingen Nuremberg Offenburg Pfullendorf Ravensburg Regensburg Reutlingen Rothenburg RottweilS Schwäbisch Gmünd Schwäbisch Hall Schweinfurt Speyer Überlingen Ulm Wangen Weil Weißenburg in Bayern Wetzlar Wimpfen Windsheim Worms Zell

Free Imperial Cities as of 1648

Lost imperial immediacy or no longer part of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
by 1792

BaselS BernS Besançon Brakel Cambrai Diessenhofen Donauwörth Duisburg Düren Gelnhausen HagenauD Herford KaysersbergD KolmarD Konstanz LandauD Lemgo LucerneS Mainz Metz MunsterD ObernaiD Pfeddersheim Rheinfelden RosheimD St. GallenS Sarrebourg SchaffhausenS Schmalkalden SchlettstadtD SoestH SolothurnS Straßburg Toul TurckheimD Verden Verdun Warburg Weißenburg in ElsaßD ZürichS

D Member of the Décapole H Member of the Hanseatic League S Member or associate of the Swiss Confederacy

v t e

Towns and municipalities in Ravensburg
Ravensburg
(district)

Achberg Aichstetten Aitrach Altshausen Amtzell Argenbühl Aulendorf Bad Waldsee Bad Wurzach Baienfurt Baindt Berg Bergatreute Bodnegg Boms Ebenweiler Ebersbach-Musbach Eichstegen Fleischwangen Fronreute Grünkraut Guggenhausen Horgenzell Hoßkirch Isny im Allgäu Kißlegg Königseggwald Leutkirch im Allgäu Ravensburg Riedhausen Schlier Unterwaldhausen Vogt Waldburg Wangen im Allgäu Weingarten Wilhelmsdorf Wolfegg Wolpertswende

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 312801057 LCCN: n81033290 GND: 4048634-5 BNF: cb11969093

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