Ravensburg is a town in
Upper Swabia in Southern Germany, capital of
the district of Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg.
Ravensburg was first mentioned in 1088. In the Middle Ages, it was an
Imperial Free City
Imperial Free City and an important trading centre. The "Great
Ravensburg Trading Society" (Große
owned shops and trading companies all over Europe.
The historic town centre is still very much intact, including three
town gates and over 10 towers of the medieval fortification. "The
all-white Mehlsack (Flour Sacks) is a tower marking the Altstadt’s
southern edge. A steep staircase leads up to the Veitsburg, a quaint
The town's most popular festival is the "Rutenfest" in mid year.
1.1 20th century
2 Economy and infrastructure
2.2 Local businesses
3 International relations
4 Notable people
7 External links
Ravensburg was first mentioned in writing in 1088. It was founded by
the Welfs, a Frankish dynasty in
Swabia who became later Dukes of
Saxony and who made the castle of
By a contract of inheritance, in 1191 the
Barbarossa acquired the ownership of
Ravensburg from Welf VI,
Spoleto and uncle of both
Frederick Barbarossa and Henry the Lion.
Mixed Imperial City of Ravensburg
Paritätische Reichsstadt Ravensburg
Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Mediatised to Bavaria
Acquired by Württemberg
Duchy of Spoleto
Electorate of Bavaria
With the death of
Conradin 1268 in
Hohenstaufen line became
extinct. Their former estates became imperial property of the Holy
Roman Empire. Like many other cities in Swabia, at the end of the 13th
Ravensburg became an
Imperial Free City
Imperial Free City in 1276.
Ravensburg landscape showing local landmarks: 23. Weinberge with
Torkeln; 24. St. Christina; 25. Veitsburg; 26.
Mehlsack. Most of the hillsides are shown covered with vineyards. From
Kloster Weißenau (stylized print by Johann Mathias Steidlin, 1734).
Ravensburg Trading Society" (Große Ravensburger
Handelsgesellschaft) was founded at
1380 by the merchant families of Humpis (from Ravensburg), Mötteli
(from Buchhorn, modern-day Friedrichshafen) and Muntprat (from
Constance). At first, the society mostly dealt in the production of
linen and fustian. With the opening of one of the first paper mills
north of the
Alps in 1402 in Ravensburg, paper became another
Ravensburg stores also sold oriental spices,
Mediterranean wines and Bohemian ores. After the liquidation of the
Ravensburg Trading Society in 1530,
Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War caused a grave decline of the
population. Swedish troops destroyed the old castle, now named
"Veitsburg" after the St. Veit chapel at the castle grounds.
Following the Reformation a "paritetic" government emerged, meaning an
equal distribution of public offices between the Catholic and
Protestant confession. The city council was one half each Protestant
and Catholic. For some time there was even a Catholic and a Protestant
mayor at the same time, and the both confessions celebrated the
village fair, the "Rutenfest", apart from each other. This system was
approved at the end of the
Thirty Years' War
Thirty Years' War in the Peace of
Westphalia (1648) which named four "Paritetic Imperial Cities"
(German: Paritätische Reichsstädte): Augsburg, Biberach,
Dinkelsbühl and Ravensburg.
In 1803 the Immerwährende Reichstag passed the
Reichsdeputationshauptschluss, a bill which included the
secularisation and mediatisation of many German states — the first
meaning the confiscation of the estates belonging to the church, the
second the incorporation of the imperial estates and Imperial Free
Cities into larger regional states. As a result,
became a Bavarian exclave within Württemberg. After a swap of estates
Württemberg it was incorporated in the Kingdom of
Württemberg in 1810.
Ravensburg was impoverished and depopulated after the Thirty
Years' War, only a few new buildings were raised during the 18th and
the early 19th century. The benefit of this economic stagnation was
the conservation of a widely intact medieval city with nearly all
towers and gates of the historic fortification.
World War II
World War II
Ravensburg was strategically of no relevance.
Ravensburg did not harbor any noteworthy arms industry (unlike nearby
Friedrichshafen with its large aircraft industry), but was home to a
major aid supplies center belonging to the Swiss Red Cross. The
historic city center was not damaged by air raids.
In the 1970s,
Ravensburg increased in population and territory by the
incorporation of smaller communities like Eschach, Schmalegg and
Ravensburg University of Cooperative Education was
established in the town in 1978.
In the 1980s, the Old Town was renovated and all transit traffic was
banned from the city center.
Ravensburg, Blaserturm (trumpeter's tower), Waaghaus (weighing house)
and Rathaus (town hall)
Economy and infrastructure
Ravensburg is a thriving shopping town in the wealthy region of Upper
Swabia. Unemployment is relatively low. The nearest large cities are
Stuttgart and Zurich, approximately a two-hour drive away
Bregenz are each less than a one-hour drive
Ravensburg is part of an urban agglomeration that also comprises
Weingarten (Württemberg) and several suburbs. Ravensburg, Weingarten,
Friedrichshafen (on the shores of Lake Constance) share the
functionality of a Oberzentrum (that is, the highest-ranked centre in
the system of spatial planning and development in Baden-Württemberg).
Ravensburg is located at a crossing of the federal roads (national
highways) B30, B31 and B32. A by-pass highway around
Weingarten was completed recently. The regional airport is situated at
Friedrichshafen, about 15 km south of Ravensburg. The nearest
national motor-ways are the A7 and A8 (approach at Ulm) and the A96
Lindau or Wangen im Allgäu).
In 1847, the railway station of Ravensbug was put in operation, part
of the so-called "Swabian Railroad" from
Stuttgart to Friedrichshafen,
the oldest railroad of
Württemberg and well known in all of Germany
by the folk-style song Auf de Schwäb’sche Eisenbahne (de).
Mechanical engineering has traditionally been the main type of
industry in the region. Based on the demand of the paper and textile
industries (now widely reduced) and a long tradition of flour, paper
and other mills many engineering factories arose at the end of the
19th century. Today the primary engineering firms in
the left-overs of the former
Escher-Wyss AG (a subsidiary of the Swiss
Sulzer AG) which are now subsidiaries of the Austrian "Andritz Hydro".
Ravensburger AG, whose headquarters are located in the town, is a
company internationally known for board games, jigsaw puzzles and
The pastry factory de:Tekrum (Theodor Krumm GmbH & Co. KG) is
another company with an internationally-known brand name. Since
January 2005 it has been a wholly owned subsidiary to Griesson–de
Other large industrial companies include:
Vetter Pharma, a manufacturer of pre-filled injection systems
Omira, one of the largest dairies in southern Germany
the tool factory Hawera Probst (a subsidiary of Robert Bosch), the
worldwide market leader in hammer drill bits
the component supplier EBZ Engineering Bausch & Ziege (formerly
Nothelfer, a subsidiary of ThyssenKrupp Automotive)
the packaging manufacturer "Coveris Rigid"(formerly Autobar Packaging)
two suppliers of solar power systems, Pro Solar Solarstrom and pro
The local newspaper is the Schwäbische Zeitung.
The radio companies Radio 7 and Südwestrundfunk run broadcasting
studios at Ravensburg. In
Horgenzell near Ravensburg, the
Horgenzell transmitter transmitted
Deutschlandfunk on the
medium wave frequency 756 kHz.
Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Ravensburg is twinned with:
Rhondda Cynon Taff
Franz Joachim Beich
Franz Joachim Beich (1744)
Henry the Lion
Henry the Lion born 1129/1130 or 1133/35, died 1195
Bavaria, allegedly born on the
Henry the Lion
Henry the Lion (1129/1131-1195), born at
Ladislaus Sunthaym (born around 1440-died 1512/1513), historian and
Hans Buchner (also Joannes Buchner, Hans von Constanz) (1483–1538),
organist and composer
Joannes Susenbrotus (1484/85-1542/43), humanist, taught in Ravensburg
Franz Joachim Beich
Franz Joachim Beich (1666–1748), painter
August Natterer (1868-1933), art brut artist
Karl Erb (1877–1958), German tenor
Angelika Buck (born 1950) and Erich Buck, (born 1949) figure skaters
Klaus Schwab (born 1938), German economist, founder of the World
Theo Seiler (born 1949), ophthalmologist and physicist
Andreas Gestrich (born 1952) historian and director of the German
Historical Institute in London
Ömer Toprak, (born 1989), Turkish footballer
Gregor Amann (born 1962), politician (SPD), Member of Bundestag
Kai Diekmann (born 1964), journalist and chief editor of the
Stefanie Dimmeler (born 1967), biologist and biochemist, Leibniz Prize
Kofi Ansuhenne (born 1973), boy group singer ("Bed & Breakfast")
Simon Henzler (born 1976), football player and coach
Daniel Unger (born 1978), triathlet,
Christoph Meschenmoser, (born 1983), cyclist
Susanne Fellner (born 1985), ice hockey player
Rahman Soyudogru (born 1989), footballer
Emanuel Buchmann (born 1992), cyclist
Patrick Abt (born 1993), footballer
The town's association football club FV Ravensburg, formed in 1893,
has played in the Oberliga
Baden-Württemberg on three occasions from
1978 to 1983, from 1998 to 2000 and again since 2003.
From 2006 to 2010,
Ravensburg hosted the Air Canada Cup or MLP Nations
Cup, an international women's ice hockey tournament.
^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und
Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016".
Statistisches Bundesamt (in German).
^ Lonely Planet.
^ Über Ort und Zeitpunkt der Geburt Heinrichs des Löwen haben wir
nur wenige genaue Nachrichten. Er selbst hat gesagt, daß er in
Schwaben geboren sei (‚se de Suevia oriundum’), ob aber auf der
Ravensburg bleibt ungewiss.(About the place and the date of his birth,
we have only little information. He said that he was born in Swabia,
whether it was on the Ravensburg, is uncertain), In: Joachim Ehlers:
Heinrich der Löwe. Biographie. Siedler, München 2008,
ISBN 978-3-88680-787-1. (Rezension) (Standardwerk), S. 47
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ravensburg.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ravensburg.
Official website (in German)
More images of Ravensburg[permanent dead link]
Swabian League (1488–1534) of the Holy Roman Empire
St George's Shield (Gesellschaft von Sanktjörgenschild)
Swabian Circle (1500–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire
St. George's in Isny
Königsegg and Aulendorf
Mindelheim / Schwabegg
Rothenfels and Stauffen
Stühlingen and Hohenhöwen
Tettnang / Langenargen
Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower
Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon
Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral
Rhenish · Unencircled
Free imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire
Weißenburg in Bayern
Free Imperial Cities as of 1648
Lost imperial immediacy or no longer part of the
Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire by
Weißenburg in ElsaßD
D Member of the Décapole
H Member of the Hanseatic League
S Member or associate of the Swiss Confederacy
Towns and municipalities in
Isny im Allgäu
Leutkirch im Allgäu
Wangen im Allgäu