HOME
The Info List - Ravensburg



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

RAVENSBURG is a town in Upper Swabia in Southern Germany
Germany
, capital of the district of Ravensburg
Ravensburg
, Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
.

Ravensburg
Ravensburg
was first mentioned in 1088. In the Middle Ages, it was an Imperial Free City and an important trading centre. The "Great Ravensburg
Ravensburg
Trading Society" (Große Ravensburger Handelsgesellschaft) owned shops and trading companies all over Europe.

The historic town centre is still very much intact, including three town gates and over 10 towers of the medieval fortification. "The all-white Mehlsack ( Flour Sacks ) is a tower marking the Altstadt’s southern edge. A steep staircase leads up to the Veitsburg, a quaint baroque castle."

The town's most popular festival is the "Rutenfest " in mid year.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 20th century

* 2 Economy and infrastructure

* 2.1 Transportation * 2.2 Local businesses * 2.3 Media

* 3 International relations * 4 Notable people * 5 Sport * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

Ravensburg
Ravensburg
was first mentioned in writing in 1088. It was founded by the Welfs , a Frankish dynasty in Swabia who became later Dukes of Bavaria
Bavaria
and Saxony
Saxony
and who made the castle of Ravensburg
Ravensburg
their ancestral seat.

By a contract of inheritance, in 1191 the Hohenstaufen Frederick Barbarossa acquired the ownership of Ravensburg
Ravensburg
from Welf VI , Duke
Duke
of Spoleto and uncle of both Frederick Barbarossa and Henry the Lion
Henry the Lion
.

Mixed Imperial City of Ravensburg

Paritätische Reichsstadt Ravensburg

Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire

1276–1803

CAPITAL Ravensburg

GOVERNMENT Republic
Republic

HISTORICAL ERA Middle Ages
Middle Ages

• City founded before 1088

• Gained Reichsfreiheit 1276

• Mediatised to Bavaria
Bavaria
1803

• Acquired by Württemberg
Württemberg
1810

PRECEDED BY SUCCEEDED BY

Duchy of Spoleto
Duchy of Spoleto

Electorate of Bavaria
Bavaria

With the death of Conradin
Conradin
1268 in Naples the Hohenstaufen line became extinct. Their former estates became imperial property of the Holy Roman Empire . Like many other cities in Swabia , at the end of the 13th century Ravensburg
Ravensburg
became an Imperial Free City in 1276. Ravensburg
Ravensburg
landscape showing local landmarks: 23. Weinberge with Torkeln; 24. St. Christina; 25. Veitsburg; 26. Ravensburg
Ravensburg
with Mehlsack. Most of the hillsides are shown covered with vineyards. From Kloster Weißenau (stylized print by Johann Mathias Steidlin, 1734).

The "Great Ravensburg
Ravensburg
Trading Society" (Große Ravensburger Handelsgesellschaft) was founded at Ravensburg
Ravensburg
and Konstanz
Konstanz
around 1380 by the merchant families of Humpis (from Ravensburg), Mötteli (from Buchhorn, modern-day Friedrichshafen
Friedrichshafen
) and Muntprat (from Constance). At first, the society mostly dealt in the production of linen and fustian . With the opening of one of the first paper mills north of the Alps
Alps
in 1402 in Ravensburg, paper became another commodity. The Ravensburg
Ravensburg
stores also sold oriental spices, Mediterranean wines and Bohemian ores. After the liquidation of the Great Ravensburg
Ravensburg
Trading Society in 1530, Ravensburg
Ravensburg
stagnated economically. The Thirty Years\' War caused a grave decline of the population. Swedish troops destroyed the old castle, now named "Veitsburg" after the St. Veit chapel at the castle grounds.

Following the Reformation a "paritetic" government emerged, meaning an equal distribution of public offices between the Catholic and Protestant confession. The city council was one half each Protestant and Catholic. For some time there was even a Catholic and a Protestant mayor at the same time, and the both confessions celebrated the village fair, the "Rutenfest", apart from each other. This system was approved at the end of the Thirty Years\' War in the Peace of Westphalia (1648) which named four "Paritetic Imperial Cities" (German : Paritätische Reichsstädte): Augsburg
Augsburg
, Biberach , Dinkelsbühl and Ravensburg.

In 1803 the Immerwährende Reichstag passed the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , a bill which included the secularisation and mediatisation of many German states — the first meaning the confiscation of the estates belonging to the church, the second the incorporation of the imperial estates and Imperial Free Cities into larger regional states. As a result, Ravensburg
Ravensburg
first became a Bavarian exclave within Württemberg
Württemberg
. After a swap of estates between Bavaria
Bavaria
and Württemberg
Württemberg
it was incorporated in the Kingdom of Württemberg
Kingdom of Württemberg
in 1810.

Since Ravensburg
Ravensburg
was impoverished and depopulated after the Thirty Years\' War , only a few new buildings were raised during the 18th and the early 19th century. The benefit of this economic stagnation was the conservation of a widely intact medieval city with nearly all towers and gates of the historic fortification.

20TH CENTURY

During World War II
World War II
Ravensburg
Ravensburg
was strategically of no relevance. Ravensburg
Ravensburg
did not harbor any noteworthy arms industry (unlike nearby Friedrichshafen
Friedrichshafen
with its large aircraft industry), but was home to a big aid supplies center belonging to the Swiss Red Cross ; so no air raid destroyed the historic city center.

In the 1970s, Ravensburg
Ravensburg
increased in population and territory by the incorporation of smaller communities like Eschach, Schmalegg and Taldorf. Ravensburg
Ravensburg
University of Cooperative Education was established in the town in 1978.

In the 1980s, the Old Town was renovated and all transit traffic was banned from the city center. Ravensburg, Blaserturm (trumpeter's tower), Waaghaus (weighing house ) and Rathaus (town hall)

ECONOMY AND INFRASTRUCTURE

Ravensburg
Ravensburg
is a thriving shopping town in the wealthy region of Upper Swabia. Unemployment is relatively low. The nearest large cities are Munich
Munich
, Stuttgart
Stuttgart
and Zurich
Zurich
, approximately a two-hour drive away each. Ulm
Ulm
, Konstanz
Konstanz
and Bregenz are each less than a one-hour drive away.

Ravensburg
Ravensburg
is part of an urban agglomeration that also comprises Weingarten (Württemberg) and several suburbs. Ravensburg, Weingarten, and Friedrichshafen
Friedrichshafen
(on the shores of Lake Constance ) share the functionality of a Oberzentrum (that is, the highest-ranked centre in the system of spatial planning and development in Baden-Württemberg).

TRANSPORTATION

Ravensburg
Ravensburg
is located at a crossing of the federal roads (national highways) B30 , B31 and B32 . A by-pass highway around Ravensburg
Ravensburg
and Weingarten was completed recently. The regional airport is situated at Friedrichshafen, about 15 km south of Ravensburg. The nearest national motor-ways are the A7 and A8 (approach at Ulm
Ulm
) and the A96 (approach at Lindau
Lindau
or Wangen im Allgäu ).

In 1847, the railway station of Ravensbug was put in operation, part of the so-called "Swabian Railroad" from Stuttgart
Stuttgart
to Friedrichshafen , the oldest railroad of Württemberg
Württemberg
and well known in all of Germany by the folk-style song Auf de Schwäb’sche Eisenbahne (de).

LOCAL BUSINESSES

Mechanical engineering has traditionally been the main type of industry in the region. Based on the demand of the paper and textile industries (now widely reduced) and a long tradition of flour, paper and other mills many engineering factories arose at the end of the 19th century. Today the primary engineering firms in Ravensburg
Ravensburg
are the left-overs of the former Escher-Wyss AG (a subsidiary of the Swiss Sulzer AG) which are now subsidiaries of the Austrian "Andritz Hydro".

Ravensburger AG , whose headquarters are located in the town, is a company internationally known for board games, jigsaw puzzles and children's books.

The pastry factory de:Tekrum (Theodor Krumm GmbH & Co. KG) is another company with an internationally-known brand name. Since January 2005 it has been a wholly owned subsidiary to Griesson–de Beukelaer .

Other large industrial companies include:

* Vetter Pharma, a manufacturer of pre-filled injection systems * Omira, one of the largest dairies in southern Germany * the tool factory Hawera Probst (a subsidiary of Robert Bosch), the worldwide market leader in hammer drill bits * the component supplier EBZ Engineering Bausch ">

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Franz Joachim Beich
Franz Joachim Beich
(1744)

* Henry the Lion
Henry the Lion
born 1129/1130 or 1133/35, died 1195 Duke
Duke
of Saxony and Bavaria, allegedly born on the Ravensburg
Ravensburg
*