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(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

This is a LIST OF CELTIC TRIBES, listed in order of the Roman province (after Roman conquest) or the general area in which they lived. This geographical distribution of Celtic tribes does not imply that tribes that lived in the same general geographical area were more related. Some tribes' or tribal confederation's names are listed under more than one region because they dwelt in several of the tribes.

CONTENTS

* 1 High Danube-Hercynia

* 1.1 Hercynia * 1.2 Noricum
Noricum
* 1.3 Rhaetia * 1.4 Vindelicia

* 2 Venetia * 3 Liguria
Liguria

* 4 Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia)

* 4.1 Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Cisalpina)

* 4.2 Transalpine Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
Transalpina)

* 4.2.1 Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper ( Aquitania
Aquitania
Propria) * 4.2.2 Belgica
Belgica
* 4.2.3 Celtica * 4.2.4 Narbonensis

* 5 Great Britain (Britannia)

* 5.1 Britain Proper ( Britannia
Britannia
Propria) * 5.2 Caledonia
Caledonia

* 6 Ireland
Ireland
(Hibernia)

* 7 Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
(Hispania)

* 7.1 Citerior Iberia ( Hispania
Hispania
Citerior)

* 7.1.1 Tarraconensis
Tarraconensis

* 7.2 Ulterior Iberia ( Hispania
Hispania
Ulterior)

* 7.2.1 Baetica
Baetica
* 7.2.2 Lusitania
Lusitania

* 8 Middle and Low Danube
Danube

* 8.1 Dacia

* 8.2 Illyricum

* 8.2.1 Pannonia
Pannonia
* 8.2.2 Illyria
Illyria

* 8.3 Moesia * 8.4 Thrace
Thrace
(Thracia)

* 9 Anatolia
Anatolia
(Asia Minor)

* 9.1 Bithynia
Bithynia
* 9.2 Galatia
Galatia
* 9.3 Mysia * 9.4 Phrygia
Phrygia
* 9.5 Unlocated

* 10 See also * 11 Notes * 12 References * 13 External links

HIGH DANUBE-HERCYNIA

Map showing the Roman district (probably not yet a full province by then) of RAETIA ET VINDELICIA, as it stood in AD 14, with some Raeti tribal names

Southern Central Europe
Central Europe
, roughly upper Danube
Danube
river basin and neighboring regions, is hypothesized as the original area of the Celts (Proto- Celts
Celts
), corresponding to the Hallstatt Culture
Hallstatt Culture
. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

HERCYNIA

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Anartes
Anartes
/ Anartoi Celts
Celts
assimilated by Dacians. Areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and modern Northern Hungary
Hungary
, north of the river Tysia/Tibiscus (Tisza). They lived in the east part of the Hercynia Silva (Hercynian Forest).

* Boii
Boii
– a tribal confederation, originally from today's Bohemia (Western Czech Republic
Czech Republic
), dwelt in Hercynia Silva
Hercynia Silva
, north of the Danuvius (Danube), but dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe, to areas of modern Slovakia, Germany
Germany
, Austria
Austria
, Hungary, Northern Italy
Northern Italy
and France
France

* Boii
Boii
tribes of unknown names in the Hercynia Silva
Hercynia Silva
- roughly in today's Bohemia
Bohemia

* Cotini
Cotini
/ Gotini
Gotini
– areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
, west of the Anartes , and areas of Western Hungary, south of Lacus Pelsodis /Pelso (Lake Balaton ). * Lugii
Lugii
– areas of modern southwestern and southern Poland
Poland
; also may have been a Germanic tribe. * Osi/Osii – areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia

* Volcae
Volcae
- a tribal confederation, originally from today's Moravia (Eastern Czech Republic
Czech Republic
), Central and Upper Danube
Danube
basin (Slovakia, Austria, Southern Germany
Germany
), dwelt in Hercynia Silva
Hercynia Silva
, north of the Danuvius (Danube), but dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe (Southern Gaul
Gaul
) and Asia Minor
Asia Minor
/ Anatolia
Anatolia
( Galatia
Galatia
).

* Volcae
Volcae
tribes of unknown names in the Hercynia Silva
Hercynia Silva
- roughly in today's Moravia
Moravia
.

* GAULS (GALLI ) - They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

* Helvetii
Helvetii
– original dwellers of Agri Decumates
Agri Decumates
region, in the western part of Hercynia Silva
Hercynia Silva
, unknown named tribes of the Helvetii tribal confederation, also dwelt to the South and Southwest in Helvetia (modern day Switzerland
Switzerland
). Decumates may have meant "Ten Cantons". * Latobrigi
Latobrigi
/Latovici - uncertain location, maybe to the north or northeast of the Helvetii
Helvetii
in the upper Danube
Danube
(Danubius ) and upper Rhine
Rhine
river basins, original dwellers of Agri Decumates
Agri Decumates
region, in the western part of Hercynia Silva
Hercynia Silva
. * Tulingi
Tulingi
(Tylangii ?) – localisation unclear, possibly Southern Germany, Switzerland
Switzerland
or Austria; also may have been a Germanic tribe.

NORICUM

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Carni Carnic Alps
Carnic Alps
, South Austria
Austria
( Carinthia
Carinthia
/ Kärnten
Kärnten
), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
( Carniola
Carniola
/ Kranjska ) and Northern Friuli
Friuli
/Friûl ( Carnia
Carnia
/ Cjargna ). They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
and not from Gaul ( Gallia
Gallia
). (They were not were not Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
). Also may have been a tribe of the Adriatic Veneti
Adriatic Veneti
.

* Norici
Norici
/ Taurisci
Taurisci
- a tribal confederation

* Alauni - in the middle Aenus river basin (Inn), east of the Aenus in the Eastern Alps
Eastern Alps
, Chiemsee
Chiemsee
and Attersee lakes region. * Ambidravi /Ambidrani - in the upper and middle Dravus (Drau/Drava) river basin in the Eastern Alps
Eastern Alps
and also in the Mur/Mura river basin, today's Carinthia
Carinthia
and Styria
Styria
, Austria. * Ambilici - in the Dravus (Drau/Drava) river basin, east of the Ambidravi /Ambidrani (today's Southeast Austria
Austria
and Northeast Slovenia ). * Ambisontes /Ambisontii - in the Alpes Noricae (East Central Alps ), in the upper Salzach
Salzach
river basin. * Norici
Norici
/Nori - may have been a tribe of the larger Taurisci
Taurisci
tribal federation; in the Eastern Alps
Eastern Alps
and in the Mur/Mura and Schwarza rivers basins and other areas, today's Styria
Styria
and Lower Austria (Austria) south of the Danubius (Danube). * Sevaces - in the low Aenus river basin (Inn), east of the Aenus and south of the Danubius (Danube), roughly in today's Upper Austria
Austria
.

RHAETIA

* RHAETIANS – They lived in Central Alps
Alps
, eastern parts of present-day Switzerland, the Tyrol in Austria, and the Alpine regions of northern Italy. They spoke the Rhaetian language. There is evidence that the non-Celtic (and Pre-Indo-European ) elements (see Tyrsenian languages ) had, by the time of Augustus, been assimilated by the influx of Celtic tribes and had adopted Celtic speech. In addition, the abundance of Celtic toponyms and the complete absence of Etruscan place names in the Rhaetian territory, leads to the conclusion that, by the time of Roman conquest, the Rhaetians were completely Celticized.

* Benlauni - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn
Inn
) in today's North Tirol , Austria, along with the Breuni (may have been older dwellers than the Breuni ), not the same as the Breuni , Pons Aeni (modern Wasserburg ) was their main centre. * Breuni /Brenni /Breones - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn
Inn
) in today's North Tirol , Austria, and Val Bregna and around Brenner Mountain; also may have been an Illyrian tribe and not a Rhaetian one. * Brixenetes /Brixentes /Brixantae - Upper valley of fl. Athesis (r. Adige) in today's South Tirol , Italy, around Bressanone
Bressanone
/ Brixen
Brixen
. * Calucones /Culicones - Calanda (upper valley of fl. Rhenus - r. Rhine) in today's Grisons
Grisons
canton, Switzerland
Switzerland
and Valtellina
Valtellina
, Colico . * Camunni
Camunni
/ Camuni
Camuni
- Val Camonica
Val Camonica
(river Oglio
Oglio
) in today's Brescia Province ( Lombardia
Lombardia
, Italy); also may have been a tribe of the Euganei and not a Rhaetian tribe. * Consuanetae /Cosuanetes /Cotuantii ? - Upper and middle valley of fl. Isarus (r. Isar) (Bavarian Alps
Alps
) in today's Upper Bavaria
Upper Bavaria
, Germany; also may have been a tribe of the Vindelici
Vindelici
(a tribal confederacy), named Cotuantii (if they are the same). * Focunates - Upper valley of fl. Aenus (r. Inn) in today's North Tirol , Austria, neighbours to Genaunes and Breuni . * Genaunes /Genauni - Upper valleys of the fl. Aenus (r. Inn) and the Athesis (Adige) in today's Tirol ( North Tirol and South Tirol ); also may have been an Illyrian tribe and not a Rhaetian one; east of the Lepontii
Lepontii
. * Isarci - Valley of fl. Isarcus (r. Isarco) in today's South Tirol , Italy. * Leponti / Lepontii
Lepontii
/Leipontii/Lepontes - Val Leventina and Val d\'Ossola in today's Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola
Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola
, Piemonte
Piemonte
, Italy; also may not have been a Rhaetian tribe but instead a Gaulish tribe; west of the Genaunes /Genauni . * Medoaci - close to the Meduacum (Brenta) source, Ausugum (Borgo Valsugana ) was their main town. * Mesiales - south of the Lepontii
Lepontii
. * Naunes - in Val di Non , Trento Province . * Querquani - in Quero
Quero
area (today's Belluno Province, Veneto Region). * Runicates /Rucinates /Rucantii ? - Between rivers Isarus ( Isar
Isar
) and Danuvius (Danube), Low Bavaria
Bavaria
; also may have been a tribe of the Vindelici
Vindelici
(a tribal confederation). * Rugusci /Ruigusci /Rucantii ? Upper Engadin
Engadin
(fl. Aenus - r. Inn) in today's Grisons
Grisons
canton, Switzerland. * Suanetes /Suanitae /Sarunetes - Upper Rhenus (Upper Rhine
Rhine
) and Valley of r. Albula in today's Grisons
Grisons
canton, Switzerland. * Tridentini - in the middle Athesis (Adige) river basin. * Trumpilini /Trumplini - Val Trompia in today's Brescia Province
Brescia Province
, Italy; also may have been a tribe of the Euganei and not a Rhaetian tribe. * Vennonetes /Vennones /Vennonienses - Upper valley of fl. Rhenus (r. Rhine) in today's canton of St. Gallen , Switzerland; also may not have been a Rhaetian tribe but instead a tribe of the Vindelici
Vindelici
(a tribal confederation). * Venostes - Vinschgau
Vinschgau
(It. Val Venosta ) (fl. Athesis - r. Adige) in today's South Tirol , Italy.

VINDELICIA

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Vindelici
Vindelici
– a tribal confederation, areas of modern Southern Germany
Germany
( Bavaria
Bavaria
and Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
), in the upper Danube
Danube
basin .

* Brigantii – in the Lacus Brigantinus (Lake Constance) area, Brigantia ( Bregenz
Bregenz
) was the main centre, in the border areas of modern Germany, Austria
Austria
and Switzerland, north of the Vennonetes /Vennones /Vennonienses . * Catenates - South of the Danubius (Danube), in the low Licus (Lech) river area, Augusta Vindelicorum
Augusta Vindelicorum
region (today's Augsburg
Augsburg
), north of the Licates . * Consuanetae /Cosuanetes /Cotuantii ? - Upper and middle valley of fl. Isarus (r. Isar) (Bavarian Alps
Alps
) in today's Upper Bavaria
Upper Bavaria
, Germany. * Estiones - South of the Danubius (Danube), in the Ilargus (Roth) and Riss rivers area, including today's Ulm
Ulm
area (between modern Bavaria
Bavaria
and Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
), Cambodunum (today's Kempten
Kempten
) was one of their towns. * Leuni - in the Isarus (Isar) and Ammer (Amper) river areas, Munich area, Bavaria
Bavaria
. * Licates - in the Licus (Lech) river valley, south of the Catenates . * Runicates /Rucinates /Rucantii ? - Between rivers Isarus (Isar) and Danuvius (Danube), Low Bavaria
Bavaria
. * Vennonetes /Vennones /Vennonienses - Upper valley of fl. Rhenus (r. Rhine) in today's canton of St. Gallen , Switzerland, south of the Brigantii .

VENETIA

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Carni Carnic Alps
Carnic Alps
, South Austria
Austria
( Carinthia
Carinthia
/ Kärnten
Kärnten
), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
( Carniola
Carniola
/ Kranjska ) and Northern Friuli
Friuli
/Friûl ( Carnia
Carnia
/ Cjargna ). They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
(from the High Danube
Danube
Basin) and not from Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
). (They were not were not Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
). Also may have been a tribe of the Adriatic Veneti . * Catubrini - In the Alps
Alps
Southeastern slopes, close to Atesis (Adige) and near Tridentum ( Trento
Trento
), to the Southwest of the Carni . They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
and not from Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
). (They were not Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
).

LIGURIA

* LIGURES – Northern Mediterranean Coast straddling South-east French and North-west Italian coasts, including Northern Tuscany and Corsica. Because of the strong Celtic influences on their language and culture, they were known already in antiquity as Celto- Ligurians
Ligurians
(in Greek Κελτολίγυες, Keltolígues). Very little is known about this language, Ligurian (mainly place names and personal names remain) which is generally believed to have been Celtic or Para-Celtic; (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic).

* Apuani
Apuani
– Eastern Liguria
Liguria
from the Northern Apennines
Apennines
Mountains to the mediterranean coast. * Bagienni (or Vagienni) – (in the area of Bene Vagienna
Bene Vagienna
) * Briniates (or Boactes) – (in the area of Brugnato
Brugnato
) * Deciates – (in modern Provence
Provence
, west of the river Var ) * Friniates – (in the area now called Frignano ) * Garuli – (in the area of Cenisola) * Genuates – (in the area of Genua - Genova
Genova
) * Hercates – * Ilvates (or Iluates) – (if different from the Iriates ) (on the island of Elba
Elba
) * Ingauni – Western Liguria
Liguria
from the Northern Apennines
Apennines
Mountains and Ligurian Alps
Alps
to the mediterranean coast. * Intemelii - Western Liguria
Liguria
from the Ligurian Alps
Alps
to the mediterranean coast, west of the Ingauni , in the Albium Intemelium area (today's Ventimiglia
Ventimiglia
). * Laevi – a ligurian tribe that dwelt in the low river Ticinus (Ticino), according to both Livy
Livy
"> Celtic tribes in orange. Many Roman writers thought the Umbrians to be Celtic as well. Peoples of northern Italy during the 4th to 3rd centuries BC (Celtic tribes in blue).

CISALPINE GAUL ( Gallia
Gallia
Cisalpina), also called Gallia
Gallia
Citerior or Gallia
Gallia
Togata, was the part of Italy continually inhabited by Celts since the 13th century BC. Conquered by the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
in the 220s BC, it was a Roman province
Roman province
from c. 81 BC until 42 BC, when it was merged into Roman Italy . Until that time, it was considered part of Gaul
Gaul
, precisely that part of Gaul
Gaul
on the "hither side of the Alps " (from the perspective of the Romans), as opposed to Transalpine Gaul ("on the far side of the Alps").

* CISALPINE GAULS (Galli Cisalpini ) - Multiple waves of population movements from Central Europe
Central Europe
into Italy. They spoke Cisalpine Gaulish (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type) closely related to Gaulish
Gaulish
or Gallic .

* Seven Gaulish
Gaulish
tribes that according to Livy
Livy
settled in Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
around 600 BC. Led by Bellovesus , they defeated the Etruscans
Etruscans
at the Ticino , settled in Insubria
Insubria
and founded the city of Mediolanum
Mediolanum
, the modern Milan
Milan
.

* Aedui
Aedui
* Ambarri
Ambarri
* Arverni
Arverni
* Aulerci * Bituriges
Bituriges
* Carnutes
Carnutes
* Salyes

* Anani – Western Emilia , Po Valley
Po Valley
, ( Fidentia , Province of Piacenza
Piacenza
) * Anamares – Minor tribe whose precise location along the southern bank of the river Padus in Italy is uncertain * Anares – Middle Po Valley
Po Valley
, Placentia ( Piacenza
Piacenza
, Province of Piacenza
Piacenza
) * Cenomani
Cenomani
– Eastern Lombardy
Lombardy
(Brixia , Cremona
Cremona
). Related to or a branch of the Cenomani
Cenomani
( Aulerci Cenomani
Cenomani
) that lived in Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia ). * Gaesatae – Numbering c. 30,000, they participated in the battle of Telamon * Graioceli /Garocelli – Northwestern Piedmont
Piedmont
in the Graian Alps
Alps
* Insubres – Western Lombardy
Lombardy
( Milan
Milan
) * Libici /Libui – Between the rivers Duria Bautica /Duria Maior (Dora Baltea) and Sesites/Sessites (Sesia). * Lingones
Lingones
– North-eastern Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
( Ferrara
Ferrara
), Po Valley
Po Valley
. Related to or a branch of the Lingones
Lingones
that lived in Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
). * Orobii or Orumbovii – Central Lombardy
Lombardy
( Bergamo
Bergamo
) * Salassi Aosta Valley
Aosta Valley
and Canavese
Canavese
(Northern Piedmont
Piedmont
) (Ivrea ) * Segusini (or Cottii) – Western Piedmont
Piedmont
on Cottian Alps
Alps
(Susa ) * Senones
Senones
– South-eastern Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
( Rimini
Rimini
) and Northern Marche
Marche
( Senigallia
Senigallia
). Related to or a branch of the Senones
Senones
that lived in Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
). * Taurini
Taurini
Piedmont
Piedmont
( Turin
Turin
) * Vertamocorii – Eastern Piedmont
Piedmont
( Novara
Novara
)

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Boii
Boii
– Central Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
( Bologna
Bologna
). They were related to or a branch of the Boii
Boii
, an Eastern Celtic people that came from Bohemia
Bohemia
( Hercynian Forest
Hercynian Forest
- Hercynia Silva
Hercynia Silva
) and not from Gaul
Gaul
(Gallia ) (They were not Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
).

* LEPONTINE CELTS - They seem to have been an older group of Celts that lived in Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
before the Gaulish
Gaulish
Celtic migration. They spoke Lepontic (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language) a Celtic language that seems to precede Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
.

* Lepontii
Lepontii
– Northern Lombardy
Lombardy
, North-eastern Piedmont
Piedmont
and Switzerland
Switzerland
in the Lepontine Alps
Alps
. They were not Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts

* Camunni
Camunni
– in the Valcamonica
Valcamonica
and Valtellina
Valtellina
valleys of the Central Alps
Alps
. A celticized Rhaetic tribe. Some consider them to be Celtic.

TRANSALPINE GAUL (GALLIA TRANSALPINA)

Map of Gaul
Gaul
(58 BC) with important tribes, towns, rivers, etc. The various Gallic peoples before the Roman conquest

Transalpine Gaul
Gaul
, meaning literally " Gaul
Gaul
on the other side of the Alps" or " Gaul
Gaul
across the Alps", is approximately modern Belgium
Belgium
, France, and Switzerland, in what would become the Roman provinces of Gallia
Gallia
Narbonensis , Gallia
Gallia
Celtica (later Lugdunensis and Aquitania
Aquitania
) and Gallia
Gallia
Belgica
Belgica
. The Roman province
Roman province
of Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
) included both Celtic-speaking and non-Celtic-speaking tribes. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. List of peoples of Gaul
Gaul
(with their capitals/major settlements):

Aquitania
Aquitania
Proper ( Aquitania
Aquitania
Propria)

* HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF HISPANIA - They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

* CELTIBERIANS (EASTERN HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF EASTERN HISPANIA ) - They spoke Celtiberian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic type).

* Belendi /Pelendi – Belinum territory ( Belin-Béliet
Belin-Béliet
), in the middle Sigmatis river (in today's Leyre ) river area, south of the Bituriges
Bituriges
Vivisci and the Boii
Boii
Boiates ; they may have been related to the Pellendones
Pellendones
(a Celtiberian tribe), not an Aquitanian tribe.

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language)

* Boii
Boii
- Were a branch of the Boii
Boii
, an Eastern Celtic people that came from Bohemia
Bohemia
(Hercynia Forest - Hercynia Silva
Hercynia Silva
) and were not Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
.

* Boii
Boii
Boiates /Boviates /Boates – La Tête de Buch , probably around Arcachon Bay
Arcachon Bay
and northwest of Landes (departement) , in the Pays de Buch and Pays de Born , may have been a Celtic tribe or a mixed Celtic -Aquitanian tribe.

* GAULS (Galli ) - They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

* Garites – in and around Gariès in the west banks of the river Garumna (Garonne), northwest of Tolosa ( Toulouse
Toulouse
), southwest of Montauban
Montauban
, northwest of the Volcae
Volcae
Tectosages
Tectosages
, but not an Aquitanian tribe * Garumni – along the banks of the high Garumna (Garonne), southwest of the Volcae
Volcae
Tectosages
Tectosages
, and in and around Lugdunum Convenarum , among the Convenae (an Aquitani
Aquitani
tribe or group of tribes), but not an Aquitanian tribe * Senates – in Aquitania
Aquitania
, south of the river Garumna (Garonne), but not an Aquitanian tribe

Belgica

* BELGAE (according to classical authors, see Caesar's De Bello Gallico , they were a different people and spoke a different language from the Gauls
Gauls
and Britons ; they were clearly an Indo-European people and may have spoken a Celtic language, although there is a remote possibility that their language may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European . If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic; see Ancient Belgian language ). They dwelt in Belgica
Belgica
, parts of Britannia
Britannia
, and may have dwelt in parts of Hibernia
Hibernia
and also of Hispania
Hispania
) (large tribal confederation).

* Ambiani
Ambiani
Amiens
Amiens
* Ambivareti * Atrebates
Atrebates
Arras
Arras
* Bellovaci
Bellovaci
Beauvais
Beauvais
* Caleti / Caletes Harfleur
Harfleur
(Caracotinum), later Lillebonne (Juliobona) * Catalauni Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
* Catuslogi * Eburones
Eburones
(mixed Belgae
Belgae
and Germani cisrhenani
Germani cisrhenani
people) * Leuci
Leuci
Toul
Toul
(Tullum Leucorum) * Mediomatrici
Mediomatrici
Metz
Metz
* Meldi – Marne
Marne
(Matrona) – Meaux
Meaux
* Menapii
Menapii
– Cassel * Morini
Morini
Boulogne-sur-Mer
Boulogne-sur-Mer

* Nervii Bavay
Bavay
, Belgae
Belgae
largest tribal confederation.

* Ceutrones
Ceutrones
(Belgae) * Geidumni * Grudii * Levaci * Nervii Proper * Pleumoxii

* Remi
Remi
Reims
Reims
* Silvanectii – Senlis
Senlis
* Suessiones
Suessiones
Soissons
Soissons
( Suessetani may have been related, result of a migration towards south) * Tencteri
Tencteri
Rhine
Rhine
east bank, may have been a Celtic tribe (and not a Germanic one) or a mixed Belgae
Belgae
and Germani
Germani
tribe. * Treveri
Treveri
Trier
Trier
* Usipetes
Usipetes
Rhine
Rhine
east bank, may have been a Celtic tribe (and not a Germanic one) or a mixed Belgae
Belgae
and Germani
Germani
tribe. * Veliocasses /Velicasses /Velocasses – Rouen
Rouen
* Viromandui Noyon
Noyon

Celtica

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Boii
Boii
– Boui near Entrain - They were related to or a branch of the Boii
Boii
, an Eastern Celtic people that came from Bohemia
Bohemia
(Hercynia Forest) and were not Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
.

* GAULS (Galli ) - They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

* Aremorican tribes (Northwestern Gaulish
Gaulish
tribes) - Aremorica / Armorica
Armorica
( Civitates
Civitates
Armoricae)

* Abrincatui * Ambibarii /Ambivarii * Armoricani
Armoricani
/Aremoricii proper * Ambiliates /Ambilatres – Low Liger (Loire) * Baiocasses
Baiocasses
/Boiocasses – Bayeux
Bayeux
* Coriosolites / Curiosolitae
Curiosolitae
Corseul
Corseul
* Lexovii Lisieux
Lisieux
* Namnetes
Namnetes
Nantes
Nantes
* Osismii
Osismii
- Western end of Brittany
Brittany
Peninsula * Redones
Redones
Rennes
Rennes
* Venelli / Unelli Coutances
Coutances
, Contentin Peninsula, in today's Western Normandy
Normandy
region * Veneti – Vannes
Vannes
* Viducasses
Viducasses
/Vadicasses /Vadicassii – Vieux

* Central Gaulish
Gaulish
tribes

* Aedui
Aedui
/ Haedui - Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
largest tribal confederation.

* Aedui
Aedui
/ Haedui proper - Bibracte
Bibracte
* Ambarri
Ambarri
* Ambivareti * Aulerci Brannovices / Brannovii /Blannovii (a southern branch of the Aulerci but within the Aedui
Aedui
tribal confederation) * Bituriges
Bituriges
Cubi – Bourges
Bourges
(an eastern branch of the Bituriges
Bituriges
but within the Aedui
Aedui
tribal confederation) * Mandubii – Alesia * Parisii – Paris
Paris
* Segusiavi
Segusiavi
/ Segobriges
Segobriges
- Lugdunum
Lugdunum
( Lyon
Lyon
), that was to be capital of Gallia
Gallia
Lugdunensis , was in their land * Senones
Senones
Sens
Sens

* Agenisates /Angesinates – Angoumois
Angoumois
* Agnutes – Vendee
Vendee
* Anagnutes * Andecamulenses * Andecavi
Andecavi
/Andes – Angers
Angers
* Antobroges

* Arverni
Arverni
Gergovia
Gergovia
(tribal confederation)

* Arverni
Arverni
proper * Gabali
Gabali

* Arvii * Atacini – Aussière * Atesui

* Aulerci (tribal confederation)

* Aulerci Cenomani
Cenomani
Le Mans
Le Mans
* Aulerci Diablintes
Diablintes
* Aulerci Eburovices
Eburovices
* Aulerci Sagii

* Avantices * Bipedimui /Pimpedunni * Bituriges
Bituriges
Vivisci – Bordeaux
Bordeaux
( Burdigala ) * Cadurci
Cadurci
Cahors
Cahors
* Caeresi * Cambolectres * Carnutes
Carnutes
Autricum
Autricum
( Chartres
Chartres
), Cenabum / Genabum ( Orleans
Orleans
) * Corisopiti * Eleuterii * Elycoces * Epomandui

* Helvetii
Helvetii
La Tène
La Tène
, (tribal confederation).

* Tigurini
Tigurini
Yverdon
Yverdon
* Tougeni * Verbigeni * Unknown named tribe ( Helvetii
Helvetii
Proper?)

* Insubres * Lemovices Limoges
Limoges
* Lingones
Lingones
* Medulli Meduci – Médoc
Médoc
* Nantuates /Nantuatae * Nitiobroges /Nitiobriges * Petrocorii
Petrocorii
Périgueux
Périgueux
* Pictones
Pictones
/ Pictavi
Pictavi
Poitiers
Poitiers
* Raurici
Raurici
/ Rauraci
Rauraci
Kaiseraugst
Kaiseraugst
( Augusta Raurica
Augusta Raurica
) * Reieni * Ruteni
Ruteni
Rodez
Rodez
* Santones
Santones
– Saintes * Seduni – High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Sion (Middle Valais
Valais
, Switzerland) * Sequani
Sequani
Besançon
Besançon
* Tornates /Turnates * Tricasses /Tricassini * Triviatii * Trones * Turones
Turones
/Turoni – Tours
Tours
* Uberi /Viberi – High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Upper Valais
Valais
* Vellavi
Vellavi
/Velaunii – Ruessium * Veragri - High Rhône
Rhône
river valley, Lower Valais
Valais
* Veroduni

Narbonensis

* EASTERN CELTS - spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language)

* Volcae
Volcae
- Were a branch of the Volcae
Volcae
, an Eastern Celtic people that came from Moravia
Moravia
and were not Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
.

* Volcae
Volcae
Arecomici - in today's Languedoc
Languedoc
* Volcae
Volcae
Tectosages
Tectosages
/ Tolosates Toulouse
Toulouse

* GAULS (Galli ) - They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

* Southern Gaulish
Gaulish
tribes

* Adenates – slopes of the Western Alps
Alps
(Maurienne-Modanne) * Adunicates – Andon area

* Albici – Middle and Lower Durance
Durance
river valley (tribal confederation)

* Albienses /Albici Proper * Vordenses * Vulgientes

* Allobroges
Allobroges
/Allobriges – Vienne
Vienne
* Avatici Camargue
Camargue
* Bebryces (Gauls) – in southern Gaul, south of the Volcae Arecomici , close to Narbo
Narbo
( Narbonne
Narbonne
) region. * Bodiontici * Bramovices – Low Tarentaise , Savoy
Savoy
* Briganii – Briançon
Briançon
, High Durance
Durance
river valley * Caturiges Chorges
Chorges
, High Durance
Durance
river valley

* Cavares
Cavares
/ Cavari – North of Low Durance
Durance
, Arausio
Arausio
(Orange ), (tribal confederation)

* Cavares
Cavares
Proper * Meminii

* Ceutrones
Ceutrones
/ Centrones Moûtiers
Moûtiers
* Chalbici – Chablais * Edenates * Esubii / Esuvii / Sesuvii Ubaye Valley
Ubaye Valley
* Gaesatae /Gaesati * Graioceli /Garocelli * Helvii
Helvii
/Elvi * Iconii – Gap * Medulli Vienne
Vienne
* Nemalones * Nemeturii – High Var river valley * Quariates * Salyes / Salluvii (may have been a Celtic tribe or a mixed Celtic -Ligurian tribe) * Segovellauni * Segusini * Sentienes – Senez
Senez
* Tricorii * Veamini * Vergunni – Vinon-sur-Verdon
Vinon-sur-Verdon
* Vertamocori – Vercors * Vesubiani – Vésubie * Vocontii Vaison-la-Romaine
Vaison-la-Romaine
(in modern Provence
Provence
, on the east bank of the Rhône
Rhône
)

* LIGURES - A Celtic related people, closer to the Celts, they spoke ancient Ligurian .

* Deciates - a tribe that dwelt in the region of Antipolis (Antibes ) west of the river Varus (Var). * Elisyces /Helisyces - a tribe that dwelt in the region of Narbo ( Narbonne
Narbonne
) and modern northern Roussillon
Roussillon
. May have been either Iberian or Ligurian or a Ligurian-Iberian tribe. * Euburiates * Oxybii - a Ligurian tribe that dwelt on the Mediterranean coast near Massalia ( Marseille
Marseille
). * Salyes / Salluvii (may have been a Celtic tribe or a mixed Celtic -Ligurian tribe) * Vediantii

* v * t * e

Iron Age
Iron Age
tribes in Gaul
Gaul

BELGICA

* Ambiani
Ambiani
* Aresaces
Aresaces
* Atrebates
Atrebates
* Atuatuci
Atuatuci
* Bellovaci
Bellovaci
* Caeroesi
Caeroesi
* Catalauni * Condrusi
Condrusi
* Eburones
Eburones
* Leuci
Leuci
* Mediomatrici
Mediomatrici
* Menapii
Menapii
* Morini
Morini
* Nervii * Paemani * Remi
Remi
* Segni * Silvanectes * Suessiones
Suessiones
* Toxandri
Toxandri
* Treveri
Treveri
* Vellocasses * Viromandui

CELTICA

* Abrincatui * Aedui
Aedui
* Ambarri
Ambarri
* Andes (Andecavi)
Andes (Andecavi)
* Arverni
Arverni
* Baiocasses
Baiocasses
* Bituriges
Bituriges
Cubi * Cadurci
Cadurci
* Caletes * Carnutes
Carnutes
* Caturiges * Cenomani
Cenomani
* Curiosolitae
Curiosolitae
* Diablintes
Diablintes
* Eburovices
Eburovices
* Esuvii * Gabali
Gabali
* Helvetii
Helvetii
* Lemovici * Lexovii * Lingones
Lingones
* Meldi * Namnetes
Namnetes
* Nitiobriges * Osismii
Osismii
* Parisii * Petrocorii
Petrocorii
* Pictones
Pictones
* Redones
Redones
* Ruteni
Ruteni
* Santones
Santones
* Senones
Senones
* Segusiavi
Segusiavi
* Sequani
Sequani
* Tricasses * Turones
Turones
* Unelli * Vellavi
Vellavi
* Veneti * Viducasses
Viducasses

AQUITANIA

* Ausci
Ausci
* Boii
Boii
* Convenae * Elusates * Lactorates * Sotiates
Sotiates
* Tarbelli
Tarbelli
* Vasates
Vasates
* Vivisci

NARBONENSIS

* Allobroges
Allobroges
* Arecomici * Avatici * Cavares
Cavares
* Caturiges * Ceutrones
Ceutrones
* Deciates * Helvii
Helvii
* Nantuates * Salluvii * Volcae
Volcae
(Arecomici and Tectosages) * Tricastini
Tricastini
* Vocontii

Part of: Celtic tribes in Europe

GREAT BRITAIN (BRITANNIA)

Northern Britain about the year 150 CE Southern Britain about the year 150 CE Wales
Wales
about the year 40 CE See also: Iron Age tribes in Britain
Iron Age tribes in Britain

Britannia
Britannia
was the name Romans
Romans
gave, based on the name of the people: the Britanni . Some closely fit the concept of a tribe but others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

BRITAIN PROPER (BRITANNIA PROPRIA)

* BELGAE ( Wiltshire
Wiltshire
and Hampshire
Hampshire
) (according to classical authors, see Caesar's De Bello Gallico
De Bello Gallico
, they were a different people and spoke a different language (Ancient Belgic ) from the Gauls
Gauls
and Britons ; they were clearly an Indo-European people and may have spoken a Celtic language, although there is a remote possibility that their language may have been Proto-Celtic or Proto-Germanic
Proto-Germanic
; they dwelt in Belgica
Belgica
, parts of Britannia
Britannia
, and may have dwelt in parts of Hibernia
Hibernia
and also of Hispania
Hispania
)

* Atrebates
Atrebates
– an important Belgic tribe of today's Southern England, in Berkshire
Berkshire
. Related to or a branch of the Atrebates
Atrebates
that lived in Gallia
Gallia
Belgica
Belgica
. * Belgae
Belgae
(tribe) – Belgic tribe, in today's England
England
's south coast, Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
, Hampshire
Hampshire
, Wiltshire
Wiltshire
* Catuvellauni
Catuvellauni
( Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
) – Belgic tribe, neighbours of the Iceni
Iceni
, they joined in their rebellion. May have been related to the Catalauni . * Regnenses
Regnenses
/Regni – Belgic tribe, in today's East Hampshire
Hampshire
, Sussex
Sussex
and Surrey
Surrey
* Parisii ( East Riding of Yorkshire
East Riding of Yorkshire
)

* BRITONS (Britanni ) - They spoke Britonic (an Insular Celtic language of the P Celtic type).

* Ancalites (uncertain: speculatively Hampshire
Hampshire
and Wiltshire
Wiltshire
) * Attacotti
Attacotti
(origin uncertain) * Bibroci (mentioned by Caesar, location uncertain but possibly Berkshire
Berkshire
) * Boresti (sometimes Horesti) (In or near Fife
Fife
, Scotland
Scotland
according to Tacitus) * Brigantes
Brigantes
(an important tribe in most of Northern England
England
and in the south-east corner of Ireland
Ireland
) * Cantiaci
Cantiaci
(in present-day Kent
Kent
which preserves the ancient tribal name) * Carvetii
Carvetii
( Cumberland
Cumberland
) * Cassi
Cassi
(mentioned by Caesar, possibly south-east England) * Cateni (north and west of Sutherland
Sutherland
) – they gave the county its Gaelic name Cataibh * Cenimagni (mentioned by Caesar, perhaps the same as the Iceni
Iceni
) * Corieltauvi
Corieltauvi
/ Coritani ( East Midlands
East Midlands
including Leicester
Leicester
) * Corionototae (possibly a tribe) ( Northumberland
Northumberland
) * Cornovii (Midlands) * Damnonii
Damnonii
(Southwestern Scotland) * Deceangli
Deceangli
( Flintshire
Flintshire
, Wales
Wales
) * Demetae
Demetae
( Dyfed
Dyfed
, Wales
Wales
) * Dobunni
Dobunni
( Cotswolds
Cotswolds
and Severn
Severn
valley)

* Dumnonii
Dumnonii
( Devon
Devon
, Cornwall
Cornwall
, Somerset
Somerset
)

* Cornovii (Cornwall) (a sub-tribe, or sept , of the Dumnonii)

* Durotriges
Durotriges
( Dorset
Dorset
, south Somerset
Somerset
, south Wiltshire
Wiltshire
) * Gabrantovices * Gangani ( Llŷn Peninsula
Llŷn Peninsula
, Wales
Wales
) * Iceni
Iceni
( East Anglia
East Anglia
) – under Boudica
Boudica
, they rebelled against Roman rule) * Novantae
Novantae
( Galloway
Galloway
and Carrick ) * Ordovices
Ordovices
( Gwynedd
Gwynedd
, Wales
Wales
) – they waged guerrilla warfare from the north Wales
Wales
hills * Scotti (western portion of Scotland) * Segontiaci (probably south-east England) * Selgovae
Selgovae
( Dumfriesshire
Dumfriesshire
and the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright ) * Setantii
Setantii
(possibly a tribe) ( Lancashire
Lancashire
) * Silures
Silures
(south Wales
Wales
) – resisted the Romans
Romans
in present-day south Wales * Trinovantes
Trinovantes
/ Trinobantes ( Essex
Essex
) – neighbours of the Iceni
Iceni
, they joined in their rebellion * Votadini
Votadini
/ Otadini
Otadini
(north-east England
England
and south-east Scotland) – they later formed Gododdin
Gododdin

CALEDONIA

* PICTS (Picti ) - They were a different people from the Britons , but may have shared common ancestry; If their language, Pictish language, was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). They lived in Caledonia
Caledonia
(today's Northern Scotland ). Caledonian Forest
Caledonian Forest
( Caledonia
Caledonia
Silva ) was in their land. A tribal confederation.

* Caledones / Caledonii (along the Great Glen ) * Carnonacae
Carnonacae
(western Highlands ) * Caereni
Caereni
(far western Highlands ) * Cornovii / Cornavii
Cornavii
(far northern mainland Scotland
Scotland
) (northernmost known Celtic tribe) * Creones
Creones
( Argyll
Argyll
) * Decantae
Decantae
or Ducantae (eastern Ross
Ross
and Black Isle
Black Isle
) * Epidii
Epidii
( Kintyre
Kintyre
and neighboring islands) * Lugi
Lugi
(southern Sutherland
Sutherland
) * Smertae
Smertae
(central Sutherland
Sutherland
) * Taexali
Taexali
(Angus and Grampian ) * Vacomagi
Vacomagi
(in and around the Cairngorms
Cairngorms
) * Venicones
Venicones
( Fife
Fife
and south-west Tayside
Tayside
in Scotland) * Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Orkney Islands
Orkney Islands
(may have been Picts) * Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Shetland Islands
Shetland Islands
(may have been Picts) * Tribe
Tribe
of unknown name in the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
(may have been Picts)

* v * t * e

Iron Age tribes in Britain
Iron Age tribes in Britain

* Atrebates
Atrebates
* Belgae
Belgae
* Brigantes
Brigantes
* Caereni
Caereni
* Caledonii * Cantiaci
Cantiaci
* Carnonacae
Carnonacae
* Carvetii
Carvetii
* Catuvellauni
Catuvellauni
* Coritani * Corionototae * Cornovii (Central) * Cornovii (Northern) * Creones
Creones
* Damnonii
Damnonii
* Decantae
Decantae
* Deceangli
Deceangli
* Demetae
Demetae
* Dobunni
Dobunni
* Dumnonii
Dumnonii
* Durotriges
Durotriges
* Epidii
Epidii
* Gabrantovices * Iceni
Iceni
* Lopocares * Lugi
Lugi
* Novantae
Novantae
* Ordovices
Ordovices
* Parisi * Regnenses
Regnenses
* Selgovae
Selgovae
* Setantii
Setantii
* Silures
Silures
* Smertae
Smertae
* Suessiones
Suessiones
* Taexali
Taexali
* Textoverdi * Trinovantes
Trinovantes
* Vacomagi
Vacomagi
* Venicones
Venicones
* Votadini
Votadini

Part of: Celtic tribes in Europe

IRELAND (HIBERNIA)

The population groups (tribes and tribal confederations) of Ireland
Ireland
(Iouerníā/Hibernia) mentioned in Ptolemy
Ptolemy
's Geographia
Geographia
in a modern interpretation. See also: List of Irish kingdoms
List of Irish kingdoms
and Túath

According to Ptolemy
Ptolemy
's Geography (2nd century AD):

* Autini (Auteinoi) * Brigantes
Brigantes
* Cauci (Kaukoi) * Coriondi (or Koriondoi) * Darini (Darinoi) * Eblani (Eblanioi) * Erdini (Erdinoi) * Gangani (Ganganoi) * Iverni (Iwernoi) * Manapii (Manapioi) * Nagnatae or Magnatae (Nagnatai or Magnatai) * Robogdii (Rhobogdioi) * Usdiae (Ousdiai) * Uterni * Velabri or Vellabori (Wellaboroi) * Vennicnii (Wenniknioi) * Volunti (Woluntioi) – identifiable with the Ulaidh /Uluti

* v * t * e

Ptolemy's Ireland
Ireland

PEOPLES

* Auteini * Brigantes
Brigantes
* Cauci * Coriondi * Darini * Eblani * Erdini * Gangani * Iverni * Manapii * Nagnatae * Robogdii * Uellabori * Uennicnii * Uodiae * Uoluntii

TOWNS

* Dunon * Eblana * Iuernis * Labiros * Makolikon * Manapia * Nagnata * Raiba * Regia * Regia Etera

RIVERS

* Argita * Auoba * Birgos * Buuinda * Dabrona * Dur * Iernos * Libnios * Logia * Modonnos * Oboka * Rauios * Senos * Uidua * Uinderios

PROMONTORIES

* Isamnion * Northern * Robogdion
Robogdion
* Sacron * Southern * Uennicnion

ISLANDS

* Adros * Ebuda * Epidion * Erimnos * Limnos * Malaios * Mona * Monaoida * Rikina

IBERIAN PENINSULA (HISPANIA)

Main language areas, peoples and tribes in Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
c. 300 BC. Territory of the Celtiberi
Celtiberi
, mixed Celtic and Iberian tribes or Celtic tribes influenced by Iberians, with the possible location of the tribes. See also: Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula

The Celts
Celts
in the Iberian peninsula
Iberian peninsula
were traditionally thought of as living on the edge of the Celtic world of the La Tène
La Tène
culture that defined classical Iron Age
Iron Age
Celts. Earlier migrations were Hallstatt in culture and later came La Tène
La Tène
influenced peoples. Celtic or (Indo-European ) Pre-Celtic cultures and populations existed in great numbers and Iberia experienced one of the highest levels of Celtic settlement in all of Europe. They dwelt in northern, central and western regions of Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, but also in several southern regions. The Roman province
Roman province
of Hispania
Hispania
included both Celtic speaking and non-Celtic speaking tribes. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

CITERIOR IBERIA (HISPANIA CITERIOR)

Hispania
Hispania
Citerior ("Nearer Hispania", " Hispania
Hispania
that is Closer", from the perspective of the Romans), was a region of Hispania
Hispania
during the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, roughly occupying the northeastern coast and the Iberus (Ebro) Valley and later the eastern, central, northern and northwestern areas of the Iberian peninsula
Iberian peninsula
in what would become the Tarraconensis
Tarraconensis
Roman province
Roman province
(of what is now Spain
Spain
and northern Portugal
Portugal
).

Tarraconensis

* HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF HISPANIA - They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

* CELTIBERIANS (Eastern Hispano- Celts
Celts
/ Celts
Celts
of Eastern Hispania
Hispania
) – Eastern Iberian meseta (Spain), mountains of the headwaters of the rivers Douro
Douro
, Tagus
Tagus
, Guadiana
Guadiana
(Anas), Júcar
Júcar
, Jalón , Jiloca and Turia , (tribal confederation). Mixed Celtic and Iberian tribes or Celtic tribes influenced by Iberians. Not synonymous of all the Celts that lived in the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
but to a narrower group, the majority of Celtic tribes in the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
were not Celtiberians. They spoke Celtiberian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

* Arevaci * Belli
Belli
* Cratistii
Cratistii
* Lobetani
Lobetani
* Lusones
Lusones
– Western Zaragoza (province)
Zaragoza (province)
, Eastern Guadalajara (Spain). * Olcades
Olcades
* Pellendones
Pellendones
/Cerindones , in high Duero
Duero
river course ( Numantia
Numantia
) and neighboring mountains, may also have been related to the Pelendi /Belendi that dwelt in the middle of the river Sigmatis , today's Leyre . * Titii (Celtiberian)
Titii (Celtiberian)
* Turboletae
Turboletae
/Turboleti * Uraci
Uraci
/Duraci

* WESTERN HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF WESTERN HISPANIA - They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

* Allotriges / Autrigones
Autrigones
– East Burgos
Burgos
(Spain), Northwestern La Rioja (Spain) to the Atlantic Coast

* Astures
Astures
Asturias
Asturias
and northern León (Spain), and east of Trás os Montes (Portugal), (tribal confederation).

* Cismontani

* Amaci * Cabruagenigi * Gigurri * Lancienses * Lougei * Orniaci * Superatii * Susarri / Astures
Astures
Proper * Tiburi * Zoelae – Eastern Trás-os-Montes (Portugal), (Miranda do Douro ).

* Transmontani

* Baedunienses * Brigaentini * Cabarci * Iburri * Luggones /Lungones * Paenii * Paesici * Saelini * Vinciani * Viromenici . Might be related to the Viromandui .

* Bebryaces /Berybraces – unknown location, may have been related to the Bebryces (gauls) or the Berones
Berones
, there is also the possibility that it was an old name of the Celtiberians
Celtiberians
.

* Cantabri
Cantabri
Cantabria
Cantabria
, part of Asturias
Asturias
and part of Castile-Leon (Spain); some consider them not Celtic, may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European as could have been the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones
Vettones
. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). A Tribal confederation.

* Avarigines * Blendii /Plentusii /Plentuisii * Camarici /Tamarici * Concani * Coniaci /Conisci * Moroecani * Noegi * Orgenomesci * Salaeni /Selaeni * Vadinienses * Vellici /Velliques

* Caristii
Caristii
/Carietes – today's West Basque Country , they may have been Celtic (see Late Basquisation ), they were later assimilated by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 6th and 7th centuries CE ; Some consider them not Celtic, may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones
Vettones
could have been. . If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic).

* Carpetani
Carpetani
– Central Iberian meseta (Spain), in the geographical centre of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, in a large part of today's Castilla-La Mancha
Castilla-La Mancha
and Madrid regions. A tribal confederation with 27 identified tribes.

* Aelariques - * Aeturiques - * Arquioci - in Iplacea , roman named Complutum
Complutum
(today's Alcalá de Henares ) region. * Acualiques - * Bocouriques - * Canbarici - in Toletum (Toledo ) region. * Contucianci - in Segobriga region. * Dagencii - * Doviliques - * Duitiques - * Duniques - * Elguismiques - * Langioci - * Longeidoci - * Maganiques - * Malugeniques - * Manuciques - * Maureici - * Mesici - * Metturici - * Moenicci - * Obisodiques - in Toletum (Toledo ) region * Pilonicori - * Solici - * Tirtaliques - in Segobriga region. * Uloques - * Venatioques -

* Gallaecians or Callaici
Callaici
Gallaecia
Gallaecia
( Spain
Spain
were a different people from the Oretani
Oretani
. * Plentauri – Northwestern La Rioja (Spain). * Turmodigi
Turmodigi
or Turmogi - Central Burgos
Burgos
.

* Vaccaei
Vaccaei
– North Central Iberian meseta (Spain), middle Duero river basin. A tribal confederation. Ptolemy
Ptolemy
mentions 20 vaccaean Civitates
Civitates
(that also had the meaning of tribes)

* Cauci (Vaccaei) – in Cauca ( Coca, Segovia )

* Varduli
Varduli
– today's East Basque Country , they may have been Celtic (see Late Basquisation ), they were later assimilated by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 6th and 7th centuries CE ; Some consider them not Celtic, may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones
Vettones
could have been. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). .

* BELGAE ? - They spoke Ancient Belgian language.

* Suessetani - Far North Western Aragon
Aragon
and Far South Eastern Navarra
Navarra
(Spain), between the rivers Gallicus (Gállego ) and Low Aragon
Aragon
, and between the river Ebro
Ebro
and Sierra de Santo Domingo mountains. Alba (Arba) river basin (a tributary of the Ebro
Ebro
) was in the centre of their territory that also included the Bardenas Reales
Bardenas Reales
. Corbio was their capital. They were North of the Celtiberians
Celtiberians
, South of the Iacetani and the Vascones
Vascones
, West of the Galli (tribe). They were later conquered by the Vascones
Vascones
in the 2nd Century B.C. that were allies of the Romans
Romans
. Could have been related to the Suessiones
Suessiones
(a tribe of the Belgae
Belgae
). * Berones
Berones
– La Rioja (Spain). Could have been related to the Eburones
Eburones
. * Oretani
Oretani
? – northeastern Andalusia
Andalusia
, northwest Múrcia and southern fringes of La Mancha
La Mancha
, (Spain), mountains of the headwaters of the Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
(ancient river Baetis); Some consider them not Celtic (see Germani
Germani
(Oretania) ).

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language)

* Volcae
Volcae

* Volciani – may have been a tribe related to the Volcae
Volcae
and not to the Hispano-Celts/Iberian Celts
Celts
(i.e. the Celts
Celts
of the Iberian Peninsula ). Located north of the river Iberus (Ebro), but not very precisely.

* GAULS (Galli ) – Some gaulish tribes may have migrated towards south and crossed the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
(by the north, the central or the south areas of the mountains) in a second or a third Celtic wave to the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
. These tribes were different from the Hispano-Celtic/Iberian Celtic tribes. They spoke Gaulish
Gaulish
(a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the P Celtic type).

* Galli (tribe) – along Gallicus (Gállego ) river banks, see place names (toponyms) like Forum Gallorum, Gallur , a different tribe from the Suessetani ; may have been a tribe related to the Galli ( Gauls
Gauls
) and not to the Hispano-Celts/Iberian Celts.

ULTERIOR IBERIA (HISPANIA ULTERIOR)

Hispania
Hispania
Ulterior ("Further Hispania", " Hispania
Hispania
that is Beyond", from the perspective of the Romans) was a region of Hispania
Hispania
during the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, roughly located in what would become the provinces of Baetica
Baetica
(that included the Baetis , Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
, valley of modern Spain) and extending to all of Lusitania
Lusitania
(modern south and central Portugal, Extremadura
Extremadura
and a small part of Salamanca
Salamanca
province ).

Baetica

* HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF HISPANIA - They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

* WESTERN HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF WESTERN HISPANIA - They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

* Celtici
Celtici
of Arunda ( Ronda
Ronda
) – in south Turdetania, later Baetica Roman province, (in today's western Málaga Province ), Andalucia region (southernmost known Celtic tribe).

* Turduli
Turduli
Guadiana
Guadiana
valley (Portugal) and Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain); may have been related to Lusitanians
Lusitanians
, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani
Turdetani
.

* Turduli
Turduli
Baetici/ Turduli
Turduli
Baetures - Baeturia/Baeturia Turdulorum (ancient northern region of Baetica
Baetica
Province), south and east of the river Anas (Guadiana) and northern slope of Marianus Mons (Sierra Morena), Southern Extremadura
Extremadura
region, Badajoz Province , Portugal Southeastern corner, East Beja District , Alentejo
Alentejo
region.

* TURDETANIANS – Today's Western Andalucia
Andalucia
( Hispania
Hispania
Baetica
Baetica
), Baetis ( Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
) river valley and basin, Marianus Mons (Sierra Morena), some consider them Celtic., may have been Pre-Celtic Indo-European people as the Lusitani
Lusitani
and Vettones
Vettones
. If their language, called Turdetanian or Tartessian , was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). Also may have been a non-Indo-European people related to the Iberians
Iberians
, but not the same people. A tribal confederation but with a much more centralized power, may have formed an early form of Kingdom or a Proto-civilisation (see Tartessos
Tartessos
)

* Cilbiceni – approximately in today's Cádiz Province * Elbisini /Eloesti /Olbisini – in today's Huelva Province
Huelva Province
* Etmanei – in the middle area of Baetis ( Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
) river course and surrounding region, approximately in today's Córdoba Province * Gletes /Galetes /Ileates – in Marianus Mons ( Sierra Morena
Sierra Morena
), approximately in today's northern areas of the provinces of Huelva , Seville and Córdoba * Turdetani
Turdetani
/Tartessii Proper – in the low course of 'the river 'Baetis ( Guadalquivir
Guadalquivir
) and surrounding region, approximately in today's Seville Province
Seville Province

Lusitania

* HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF HISPANIA - They lived in large parts of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, in the Northern, Central and Western regions (more than half of the peninsula's territory).

* WESTERN HISPANO-CELTS /CELTS OF WESTERN HISPANIA - They spoke Gallaecian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language of the Q Celtic
Q Celtic
type).

* Celtici
Celtici
Portugal
Portugal
south of the Tagus
Tagus
and north of Guadiana (Anas), Alentejo
Alentejo
and Algarve
Algarve
(Portugal), western Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain), (tribal confederation).

* Cempsi * Conii
Conii
– according to some scholars, Conii
Conii
and Cynetes
Cynetes
were two different peoples or tribes and the names were not two different names of the same people or tribe; in this case, the Conii
Conii
may have dwelt along the northern banks of the middle Anas (Guadiana) river, in today's western Extremadura
Extremadura
region of Spain, and were a Celtici
Celtici
tribe wrongly confused with the Cynetes
Cynetes
of Cyneticum ( Algarve
Algarve
) that dwelt from the west banks of the Low river Anas (Guadiana) further to the south (the celticization of the Cynetes
Cynetes
by the Celtici
Celtici
confused the distinction between the two peoples or tribes). * Mirobrigenses * Sefes /Saefes

* Cynetes
Cynetes
– Cyneticum (today's Algarve
Algarve
region) and Low Alentejo (Portugal); originally probably Tartessians or similar, later celtized by the Celtici
Celtici
; according to some scholars, Cynetes
Cynetes
and Conii
Conii
were two different peoples or tribes .

* Turduli
Turduli
Guadiana
Guadiana
valley (Portugal) and Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain); may have been related to Lusitanians
Lusitanians
, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani
Turdetani
.

* Turduli
Turduli
Bardili – Setubal Peninsula (Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians
Lusitanians
, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani
Turdetani
. * Turduli
Turduli
Oppidani – Estremadura (Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians
Lusitanians
, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani
Turdetani
. * Turduli
Turduli
Veteres – Southern Douro
Douro
banks, between Douro
Douro
and Vouga River , Aveiro District
Aveiro District
, (Portugal); may have been related to Lusitanians
Lusitanians
, Callaeci
Callaeci
or Turdetani
Turdetani
.

* LUSITANIANS -VETTONES

* Lusitanians
Lusitanians
( Lusitani
Lusitani
/Bellitani ) – Portugal
Portugal
south of the Duoro and north of the Tagus
Tagus
, and northwestern Extremadura
Extremadura
(Spain). They spoke Lusitanian that is a clearly Indo-European language but the filiation as a Celtic language is not surely proven (although many tribal names and place names, toponyms, are Celtic). Attempts to classify the language have also pointed at an Italic origin. Hence Lusitanian language
Lusitanian language
may have been a Para-Celtic Indo-European branch like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). The Lusitanians
Lusitanians
have also been identified as being a pre-Celtic Indo-European speaking culture of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
closely related to the neighbouring Vettones
Vettones
tribal confederation. However, under their controversial theory of Celtic originating in Iberia, John T Koch and Barry Cunliffe have proposed a para-Celtic identity for the Lusitanian language
Lusitanian language
and culture or that they spoke an archaic Proto-Celtic language and were Proto-Celtic in ethnicity.

* Arabrigenses * Aravi * Coelarni /Colarni * Interamnienses

* Lancienses

* Lancienses Oppidani * Lancienses Transcudani * Ocelenses Lancienses

* Meidubrigenses * Paesuri
Paesuri
Douro
Douro
and Vouga (Portugal). * Palanti

* Tangi

* Elbocori * Igaeditani * Tapori / Tapoli – river Tagus
Tagus
, around the border area of Portugal
Portugal
and Spain.

* Talures * Veaminicori

* Other Lusitanian tribes? (According to some scholars, these tribes were Lusitanians
Lusitanians
and not Vettones
Vettones
)

* Calontienses * Caluri * Coerenses

* Vettones
Vettones
– Ávila and Salamanca
Salamanca
(Spain), may have been a Pre-Celtic Indo-European people, closely related to the Lusitani
Lusitani
. If their language was not Celtic it may have been Para-Celtic like Ligurian (i.e. an Indo-European language branch not Celtic but more closely related to Celtic). A tribal confederation.

* Bletonesii – Bletisama (today's Ledesma ) was their main centre, Salamanca
Salamanca
Province , Spain.

* Other Vettonian tribes? (According to some scholars, these tribes were Lusitanians
Lusitanians
and not Vettones
Vettones
)

* Calontienses * Caluri * Coerenses

MIDDLE AND LOW DANUBE

DACIA

See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia
List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia

Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Anartes
Anartes
/Anartii / Anartoi - Celts
Celts
assimilated by Dacians Areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and modern Northern Hungary, north of the river Tysia/Tibiscus (Tisza), north of the Teuriscii . * Bastarnae
Bastarnae
, Celtic or Germanic , and according to Livy
Livy
"the bravest nation on earth" * Boii
Boii
* Eravisci
Eravisci
* Teuriscii - A branch of the Celtic Taurisci
Taurisci
(originally from Noricum
Noricum
) in the Tysia/Tibiscus (Tisza) river basin south of the Anartes
Anartes
/Anartii / Anartoi . Celts
Celts
assimilated by Dacians

ILLYRICUM

Ancient tribes in the middle Danube
Danube
river basin around 1st C. BCE Central and northern Illyrian tribes
Illyrian tribes
and neighbouring Celtic tribes to the North and Northwest during the Roman period.

Pannonia

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Arabiates - areas of modern Western Hungary
Hungary
and eastern Austria, west of the river Danubius (Danube). * Belgites - areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube).

* Boii
Boii
– a tribal confederation, originally from today's Bohemia (Western Czech Republic
Czech Republic
), dwelt in Hercynia Silva
Hercynia Silva
, north of the river Danuvius (Danube), but dispersed through migrations to other regions of Europe, to areas of modern Slovakia, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Northern Italy
Northern Italy
and France
France

* Pannonian Boii
Boii
- in Pannonia
Pannonia
, today's Western Hungary.

* Carni Carnic Alps
Carnic Alps
, South Austria
Austria
( Carinthia
Carinthia
/ Kärnten
Kärnten
), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
( Carniola
Carniola
/ Kranjska ) and Northern Friuli
Friuli
/Friûl ( Carnia
Carnia
). They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
and not from Gaul
Gaul
( Gallia
Gallia
). (They were not were not Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
). Also may have been a tribe of the Adriatic Veneti
Adriatic Veneti
. * Cornacates
Cornacates
- areas of modern Western Hungary, west of river Danubius (Danube). * Cotini
Cotini
– areas of modern Slovakia
Slovakia
and Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). * Eravisci
Eravisci
/Aravisci – areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube), Aquincum
Aquincum
(modern Budapest
Budapest
) was in their territory. * Hercuniates /Hercuniatae - areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). * Latobici /Latovici - not the same tribe as the Latobrigi
Latobrigi
but could be related, areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). * Scordisci
Scordisci
– areas of modern Serbia
Serbia
, Croatia
Croatia
, Austria, Romania , west of the river Danubius (Danube). * Serrapilli - areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). * Serretes
Serretes
- areas of modern Western Hungary, west of the river Danubius (Danube). * Varciani – areas of modern Slovenia
Slovenia
, Croatia
Croatia
.

Illyria

See also: List of ancient tribes in Illyria
List of ancient tribes in Illyria
and Celticization

Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes. Tribes in Illyricum and environs during AD 6 showing the extent of Celtic influence Tribes in Thrace before the Roman period.

This list includes tribes parts of which migrated to Illyria
Illyria
.

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Arabiates * Belgites * Boii
Boii
* Breuci
Breuci
* Carni Carnic Alps
Carnic Alps
, South Austria
Austria
( Carinthia
Carinthia
/ Kärnten
Kärnten
), Western Slovenia
Slovenia
( Carniola
Carniola
/ Kranjska ) and Northern Friuli
Friuli
/Friûl ( Carnia
Carnia
/ Cjargna ). They came from Central Europe
Central Europe
and not from Gaul ( Gallia
Gallia
). (They were not were not Cisalpine Gaulish
Gaulish
Celts
Celts
). Also may have been a tribe of the Adriatic Veneti
Adriatic Veneti
. * Celegeri * Celengeri * Cornacates
Cornacates
* Hercuniates

* Iapodes
Iapodes
/ Japodes
Japodes

* Posenoi , a community of the Iapodes
Iapodes

* Latobici ,

* Scordisci
Scordisci

* Dindari or Dindarii (Greek Δινδάριοι), a tribe that was a branch of the Scordisci.

* Serrapilli * Serretes
Serretes
* Tricornenses
Tricornenses
* Varciani

MOESIA

See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia
List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia

Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Scordisci
Scordisci
* Serdi
Serdi

THRACE (THRACIA)

See also: List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia
List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia

Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

* EASTERN CELTS - They spoke Eastern Celtic or Noric (a Continental Celtic language).

* Gauls
Gauls
of Tylis
Tylis
( Gauls
Gauls
- Galli, as a generic word for Celts
Celts
not necessarily a Gaulish
Gaulish
Celtic tribe)

ANATOLIA (ASIA MINOR)

In the 3rd century BC, Gauls
Gauls
(a generic word for Celts
Celts
) immigrated from Thrace
Thrace
into the highlands of central Anatolia
Anatolia
(modern Turkey
Turkey
), that was called Galatia
Galatia
after that. These people, called Galatians , were eventually Hellenized
Hellenized
, but retained many of their own traditions. Some closely fit the concept of a tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.

BITHYNIA

* EASTERN CELTS

* GALATIANS - They spoke Galatian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language).

* Territory of Gaezatorix , between Bithynia
Bithynia
and Galatia
Galatia
at modern Bolu
Bolu
(unknown tribe)

GALATIA

* EASTERN CELTS

* GALATIANS - They spoke Galatian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language).

* Tectosages
Tectosages
, in Galatia
Galatia
* Tolistobogii
Tolistobogii
, in Galatia * Trocmii , in Galatia
Galatia
(easternmost known Celtic tribe)

MYSIA

* EASTERN CELTS

* GALATIANS - They spoke Galatian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language).

* Aigosages , between Troy
Troy
and Cyzicus
Cyzicus
* Daguteni , in modern Marmara region around Orhaneli

PHRYGIA

* EASTERN CELTS

* GALATIANS - They spoke Galatian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language).

* Trocnades , in Phrygia
Phrygia
around modern Sivrihisar
Sivrihisar
* Inovanteni , east of the Trocnades * Okondiani , between Phrygia
Phrygia
and Galatia
Galatia
northeast of modern Akşehir Gölü

UNLOCATED

* EASTERN CELTS

* GALATIANS - They spoke Galatian (a Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic
language).

* Rigosages , unlocated

SEE ALSO

* The summary table on Celtic tribes (in French) * Celticization * Late Basquisation * Illyrians
Illyrians
* Thracians
Thracians
* Britannia
Britannia
* Caledonia
Caledonia
* Hibernia
Hibernia
* Scotia
Scotia
* Hispania
Hispania

* Iberia

* Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula

NOTES

* ^ A B C Ioana A. Oltean, Dacia: Landscape, Colonization and Romanization, ISBN 0-415-41252-8 , 2007, p. 47. * ^ A B C Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 224–225. ISBN 1-85109-440-7 , ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0 . * ^ The Osi's categorization as Celtic is disputed; see Osi ; also may have been a Dacian or Germanic tribe. * ^ Alfoldi (1974) 24-5 * ^ Cowles Prichard, James (1841). Researches Into the Physical History of Mankind: 3, Volume 1. Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper. p. 240. * ^ Baldi, Philip (2002). The Foundations of Latin. Walter de Gruyter. p. 112. * ^ Kruta, Venceslas (1991). The Celts. Thames and Hudson. p. 54. * ^ Kruta, Venceslas (1991). The Celts. Thames and Hudson. p. 55. * ^ (Liv. v. 35; Plin. iii. 17. s. 21.) * ^ Percivaldi, Elena (2003). I Celti: una civiltà europea. Giunti Editore. p. 82. * ^ Leonelli, Valentina. La necropoli delle Acciaierie di Terni: contributi per una edizione critica (Cestres ed.). p. 33. * ^ Farinacci, Manlio. Carsulae svelata e Terni sotterranea. Associazione Culturale UMRU - Terni. * ^ von Hefner, Joseph (1837). Geographie des Transalpinischen Galliens. Munich. * ^ Venceslas Kruta: La grande storia dei celti. La nascita, l'affermazione e la decadenza, Newton & Compton, 2003, ISBN 88-8289-851-2 , ISBN 978-88-8289-851-9 * ^ Long, George (1866). Decline of the Roman republic: Volume 2. London. * ^ Snith, William George (1854). Dictionary of Greek and Roman geography: Vol.1. Boston. * ^ Titus, Livius. Ab Urbe Condita
Ab Urbe Condita
. p. 5,34. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ Plutarch
Plutarch
, Marcellus, chapters 6-7 * ^ Markey, Thomas (2008). Shared Symbolics, Genre Diffusion, Token Perception and Late Literacy in North-Western Europe. NOWELE. * ^ A B Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 198–200. ISBN 1-85109-440-7 , ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0 . * ^ A B Mountain, Harry. (1997). The Celtic Encyclopedia p.225 ISBN 1-58112-890-8 (v. 1) * ^ The Encyclopedia of Ireland, B. Lalor and F. McCourt editors, © 2003 New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 1089 ISBN 0-300-09442-6 , noting that Ulaidh was the original tribal designation of the Uluti, who are identifiable as the Voluntii of the Ptolomey map and who occupied, at start, all of the historic province of Ulster. * ^ http://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=1404299 * ^ Ptolemy, Geographia, II, 5, 6 * ^ Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 198–200. ISBN 1-85109-440-7 , ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0 . ^ Jump up to: a b Koch, John T. (2006). Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia (illustrated ed.). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. pp. 224–225. ISBN 1-85109-440-7 , ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0 . * ^ A B C D E Jorge de Alarcão, “Novas perspectivas sobre os Lusitanos (e outros mundos)”, in Revista portuguesa de Arqueologia, vol. IV, n° 2, 2001, p. 312 e segs. * ^ Indoeuropeos y no Indoeuropeos en la Hispania
Hispania
Prerromana, Salamanca: Universidad, 2000 * ^ Adrian Goldsworthy, How Rome Fell: Death of a Superpower, ISBN 0-300-13719-2 , 2009, p. 105: "... who had moved to the Hungarian Plain. Another tribe, the Bastarnae, may or may not have been Germanic. ..." * ^ Christopher Webber and Angus McBride, The Thracians
Thracians
700 BC-AD 46 (Men-at-Arms), ISBN 1-84176-329-2 , 2001, p. 12: "... never got near the main body of Roman infantry. The Bastarnae
Bastarnae
(either Celts
Celts
or Germans, and `the bravest nation on earth' – Livy
Livy
..." * ^ A B Ion Grumeza, Dacia: Land of Transylvania, Cornerstone of Ancient Eastern Europe, ISBN 0-7618-4465-1 , 2009, p. 51: "In a short time the Dacians imposed their conditions on the Anerati, Boii, Eravisci, Pannoni, Scordisci," * ^ Andrea Faber, Körpergräber des 1.-3. Jahrhunderts in der römischen Welt: internationales Kolloquium, Frankfurt am Main, 19.-20. November 2004, ISBN 3-88270-501-9 , p. 144. * ^ Géza Alföldy, Noricum, Tome 3 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1974, p. 69. * ^ A. Mocsy and S. Frere, Pannonia
Pannonia
and Upper Moesia. A History of the Middle Danube
Danube
Provinces of the Roman Empire. p. 14. * ^ Pannonia. A History of the Middle Danube
Danube
Provinces of the Roman Empire. p. 14. * ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , p. 217. * ^ Velika Dautova-Ruševljan and Miroslav Vujović, Rimska vojska u Sremu, 2006, p. 131: "extended as far as Ruma whence continued the territory of another community named after the Celtic tribe of Cornacates" * ^ John T. Koch, Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia, ISBN 1-85109-440-7 , 2006, p. 907. * ^ Charles Anthon, A Classical Dictionary: Containing The Principal Proper Names Mentioned In Ancient Authors, Part One, 2005, p. 539: "... Tor, " elevated," " a mountain. (Strabo, 293)"; "the Iapodes
Iapodes
(Strabo, 313), a Gallo-Illyrian race occupying the valleys of ..." * ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , p. 79: "along with the evidence of name formulae, a Venetic element among the Japodes. A group of names identified by Alföldy as of Celtic origin: Ammida, Andes, Iaritus, Matera, Maxa," * ^ J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, Tome 2 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1969, pp. 154 and 482. * ^ A B J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , p. 81: "In Roman Pannonia
Pannonia
the Latobici and Varciani who dwelt east of the Venetic Catari in the upper Sava valley were Celtic but the Colapiani of ..." * ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci
Scordisci
in the early third century" * ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , page 217,"... with high mountains, Siculotae (24), Glintidiones (44) and Scirtari, who dwelt along the border with Macedonia. In northeast Bosnia the Dindari are located by the record of one of their chiefs (principes) in the Drina valley" * ^ Population and economy of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia, 2002, ISBN 1-84171-440-2 , p. 24: "the Dindari were a branch of the Scordisci" * ^ Dubravka Balen-Letunič, 40 godina arheoloških istraživanja u sjeverozapadnoj Hrvatskoj, 1986, p. 52: "and the Celtic Serretes" * ^ Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott , The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69, 1996, p. 580: "... 580 I3h. DANUBIAN AND BALKAN PROVINCES Tricornenses of Tricornium (Ritopek) replaced the Celegeri, the Picensii of Pincum ..." * ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 , p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci
Scordisci
in the early third century BC ..." * ^ John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, and N. G. L. Hammond, The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 3, Part 2: The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC, ISBN 0-521-22717-8 , 1992, p. 600: "In the place of the vanished Treres and Tilataei we find the Serdi for whom there is no evidence before the first century BC. It has for long been supposed on convincing linguistic and archeological grounds that this tribe was of Celtic origin" * ^ Dio Cassius, Earnest Cary, and Herbert B. Foster, Dio Cassius: Roman History, Vol. IX, Books 71–80 (Loeb Classical Library, No. 177), 1927, Index: "... 9, 337, 353 Seras, philosopher, condemned to death, 8. 361 Serdi, Thracian tribe defeated by M. Crassus, 6. 73 Seretium,"" * ^ Frank W. Walbank , Polybius, Rome and the Hellenistic World: Essays and Reflections, ISBN 0-521-81208-9 , 2002, p. 116: "... in A7P 60 (1939) 452 8, is not Antigonus Doson but barbarians from the mainland (either Thracians
Thracians
or Gauls
Gauls
from Tylis) (cf. Rostovizef and Welles (1940) 207-8, Rostovizef (1941) 111, 1645), nor has that inscription anything to do with the Cavan expedition. On ..." * ^ William M. Ramsay, Historical Commentary on Galatians, 1997, p. 302: "... these adaptable Celts
Celts
were Hellenized
Hellenized
early. The term Gallograecia, compared with Themistius' (p. 360) Γαλατία ..." * ^ Roger D. Woodard, The Ancient Languages of Asia Minor, 2008, p. 72: "... The Phrygian elite (like the Galatian) was quickly Hellenized linguistically; the Phrygian tongue was devalued and found refuge only ..." * ^ A B C D E F G H I J Prifysgol Cymru, University of Wales, A Detailed Map of Celtic Settlements in Galatia, Celtic Names and La Tène Material in Anatolia, the Eastern Balkans, and the Pontic Steppes.

REFERENCES

* Alberro, Manuel and Arnold, Bettina (eds.), e-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies, Volume 6: The Celts
Celts
in the Iberian Peninsula, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee, Center for Celtic Studies, 2005. * Haywood, John. (2001). Atlas of the Celtic World. London: Thames ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Celts
Celts

Ancient Celts
Celts
Celtic studies
Celtic studies

PEOPLES

* Names * GAELS * BRITONS * PICTS * GAULS * IBERIAN CELTS * GALATIANS

PLACES

* Gaelic Ireland
Ireland
* Dálriata / Alba * Iron Age
Iron Age
Britain / Roman Britain
Roman Britain
/ Sub- Roman Britain
Roman Britain
* Dumnonia
Dumnonia
* Iron Age
Iron Age
Gaul
Gaul
/ Roman Gaul
Gaul
/ Brittany
Brittany
* Gallaecia
Gallaecia
* Britonia
Britonia
* Brigantia (ancient region)
Brigantia (ancient region)
* Cisalpine Gaul
Gaul
* Balkans * Transylvania * Galatia
Galatia

RELIGION

* Polytheism * Christianity * Animism

MYTHOLOGY

* Irish * Scottish * Welsh * British * Breton * Cornish

SOCIETY

* Calendar * Law * Warfare ( Gaelic warfare
Gaelic warfare
) * Coinage

ART

* Insular * Pictish * Brooches * Carnyx
Carnyx
* High cross
High cross
* Interlace * Knotwork * Mazes * Triple spiral
Triple spiral
* Taranis
Taranis

Modern Celts
Celts
Celtic Revival
Celtic Revival

* Modern Celtic nations
Celtic nations
* Pan-Celticism
Pan-Celticism
( Celtic Congress
Celtic Congress
* Celtic League
Celtic League
) * Music (Rock )

* Neopaganism

* Reconstructionist * Celtic Wicca * Neo-Druidism
Neo-Druidism

LANGUAGES

* Italo-Celtic
Italo-Celtic
* Proto-Celtic

* Insular Celtic

* Brythonic * Goidelic

* Continental Celtic
Continental Celtic

* Celtiberian * Gaulish
Gaulish
* Galatian * Gallaecian * Lepontic * Noric

FESTIVALS

* Samhain
Samhain
/ Calan Gaeaf
Calan Gaeaf
* Imbolc