Rau peoples
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Laoz (
ZhuangZhuang may refer to: *Zhuang people (or Bouxcuengh people), ethnic group in China *Zhuang languages *Zhuang logogram *Zhuang Zhou, ancient Chinese philosopher *Zhuang (surname) (庄/莊), a Chinese surname {{disambiguation Language and nationality ...
: ), Liao (
Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in . It is the world's , with a of more than 1.4 billion. China spans five geographical and 14 different count ...
: 僚人) or Lao peoples ( lo, ລາວລຸ່ມ),However, whether Lao belongs to the Lao group or Tai peoples, Tày group is disputed. is an ethnic cluster covering Zhuang people, Zhuang, Buyei, Tay people, Tay–Nung people, Nùng and other Northern Tai language-speaking peoples. These peoples are inclined to call themselves as lao which means "person" or "venerable person".


List


Li people

The Li people, Li reside primarily, if not completely, within the Hainan, Hainan Province of China.


Kra peoples

The Kra peoples are clustered in the Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Hunan and Hainan provinces of China, as well as the Hà Giang Province, Hà Giang, Cao Bằng Province, Cao Bằng, Lào Cai Province, Lào Cai and Sơn La Province, Sơn La provinces of Vietnam.


Kam–Sui peoples

The Kam–Sui peoples are clustered in China as well as neighboring portions of Northern Laos and Vietnam.


Saek people

The center of the Saek people, Saek population is the Mekong, Mekong River in Central Laos. A smaller Saek community makes its home in the Isan region of Northeast Thailand, near the border with Laos.


Biao people

The Biao people are clustered in the Guangdong, Guangdong Province of China.Biao at Ethnologue
/ref>


Lakkia people

The Lakkia language, Lakkia are an ethnic group clustered in the Guangxi, Guangxi Province of China and neighboring portions of Vietnam, whose members are of Yao people, Yao descent, but speak a Tai–Kadai language called ''Lakkia''.Lakkia on Ethnologue
/ref> These Yao were likely in an area dominated by Tai speakers and assimilated an early Tai–Kadai language (possibly the language of the ancestors of the Biao people).


Lingao people

The Lingao people are an ethnic group clustered in the Hainan, Hainan Province of China who speak a Tai–Kadai language called ''Lincheng''.Lingao on Ethnologue
/ref> They are categorized as Han Chinese under China's system of ethnic classification.


Population in China

In Southern China, people speaking Kam–Tai (Zhuang–Dong) languages are mainly found in Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Hunan, Guangdong and Hainan. According to statistics from the fourth census taken in China in 1990, the total population of these groups amounted to 23,262,000. Their distribution is as follows: Zhuang people, Zhuang is the largest of these languages and also the largest ethnic minority in China, with a population of 15,489,630. The Zhuang live mainly in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province. In addition, there are some Zhuang scattered throughout Lianshan Zhuang–Yao Autonomous County in Guangdong Province, Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture in Guizhou Province and Jianghua Yao Autonomous County in Hunan Province (Zhao Jia 1994). The Buyi people are mostly found in the south and southwest of Guizhou Province, where there are two autonomous prefectures and three autonomous counties designated for the Buyi and the Miao. There are also Buyi living in the suburban areas of Guiyang (the capital of Guizhou Province), Liupanshui District, Luoping County, Luoping and Maguan County, Maguan counties of Yunnan Province and Ningnan County of Sichuan, Sichuan Province. According to statistics collected in 1990, the total number of Buyi is 2,545,059 (Zhou Guomao et al. 1994). Although the Chinese regard them as a group separate from the Zhuang, a commonly held belief among the Buyi is that they are, indeed, Zhuang. The Kam (Dong people, Dong) have a population of 2,514,014, found mainly in counties such as Liping County, Liping, Rongjiang County, Rongjiang, Congjiang County, Congjiang, Jingping, Sanshui District, Sanshui, Tianzhu, Jianhe County, Jianhe, Zhenyuan County, Guizhou, Zhenyuan, Chengong of Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, Yuping, Jiangkou of Tongren, Tongren Prefecture in Guizhou Province, Xinhuang, Tongdao, Chengbu, Zhijiang, Jingxian, Huitong and Shining, etc. in Hunan Province; Sanjiang, Longsheng, Rongshui in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Enshi Xuan'en, Xianfeng in Hubei Province (Yang Quan et al. 1994). Hlai people, Hlai (Li), with a population of 1,110,900, is found mainly in the following counties and districts in Hainan Province: Ledong Li Autonomous County, Ledong, Dongfang, Hainan, Dongfang, Baisha Li Autonomous County, Baisha, Lingshui Li Autonomous County, Lingshui, Changjiang Li Autonomous County, Changjiang, Baoting Li and Miao Autonomous County, Baoting, Qiongzhong Li and Miao Autonomous County, Qiongzhong, Sanya and Tongzha. A few are also scattered throughout Wanning, Tunchang County, Tunchang, Chengmai County, Chengmai and Ding'an County, Ding'an (Wen Mingying 1994). Mulao people, Mulam (Mulao) have a population of 159,328, 80% of which lives in Luocheng Mulao Autonomous County in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The rest are scattered throughout Xincheng, Yishan, Liucheng, Du'an huanjiang, Hechi, Rongshui and Rong'an, etc. in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Qin Xiaohang 1994) The Maonan people have a population of 71,968, mainly living in Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County in Guangxi Autonomous Region, while the rest are scattered throughout Hechi Nandan, Yishan and Du'an, etc. in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Che Rushan 1994). In the early 1990s, about thirty thousand T'en (Then language, Yanghuang) people in Pingtang, Huishui, Dushan in Guizhou Province identified themselves as ethnic Maonan (Zhang Min 1991). Lin'gao, according to statistics from the early 1980s, there are about 500,000 speakers of the Lin'gao language. They live in Lin'gao, Qiongshan District, Qiongshan, Chengmai, Hainan, Chengmai, Danzhou, Danxian counties and the suburban districts of Haikou, Haikou city in Hainan Province, but at this stage have not been recognized as an individual ethnic group (Ni Dabai 1990).


See also

* Tày people * Lao people * Tai peoples * Tai–Kadai-speaking peoples


References


External links


僚人概况
{{Ethnic groups in China Ethnic groups in China