Rashid Lucman (1924 - 1984) was a Filipino
legislator and founder of the Bangsamoro Liberation Organization
(BMLO), a Moro separatist group in Mindanao.
In 1971, he joined Senator Mamintal Tamano, Congressman Ali Dimaporo,
Congressman Salipada Pendatun, University of the
of Arts and Sciences Dean Cesar Adib Majul, Delegate Ahmad Alonto,
Datu Mama Sinsuat, and Mayor Aminkadra Abubakar to form
the Islamic Directorate of the Philippines. The Libyan government of
Muammar Gaddafi donated funds to the Directorate to purchase land in
Quezon City for the construction of a mosque.
In 1972, with the declaration of martial law by President Ferdinand
Marcos, Lucman fled to the Middle East. In 1983, he helped Benigno
Aquino, Jr. return to the country from Boston, circumventing an order
Malacañang Palace forbidding Aquino the issuance of a passport.
Lucman obtained a passport for Aquino with the alias "Marciál
Bonifacio" (taken from martial law and Fort Bonifacio, where Aquino
was once detained).
After Lucman's death the following year, the Bangsamoro Liberation
Organization became defunct, marking the end of the leadership of
traditional Muslim elites over the Moro independence movements.
Masonic Lodge was established under the name of Sultan Haroun
Al-Rashid M. Lucman Memorial Lodge No. 406 in 2013 and operating under
the jurisdiction of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Free and
Accepted Masons of the Philippines.
^ Fallon, Joseph E. (August 1989). "Igorot and Moro National
Reemergence". Fourth World Journal. 2 (1). Archived from the original
on 2007-08-18. Retrieved 2007-09-05.
^ a b Santos, Soliman M., Jr. (2005). "Evolution of the armed conflict
on the Moro front" (PDF). Philippine Human Development Report. Human
Development Network Foundation. Retrieved 2007-09-05.
^ "ISLAMIC DIRECTORATE OF THE PHILIPPINES, MANUEL F. PEREA and
SECURITIES & EXCHANGE COMMISSION, petitioners, vs. COURT OF
APPEALS and IGLESIA NI CRISTO, respondents". First Division, Supreme
Court, Manila, Republic of the Philippines. 14 May 1997. Retrieved
^ Aquino, Corazon C. (21 August 2003). "The last time I saw Ninoy".