Ras Hafun
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Ras Hafun ( so, Ras Xaafuun, ar, رأس حـافـون, it, Capo Hafun), also known as Cape Hafun, is a in the northeastern region of . Jutting out into the , it constitutes the point in . The area is situated near the headland. It is joined to the mainland at the town of , by a long, in width, and above . The fishing town of is located on the promontory, east of the sand spit. Ras Hafun and its line of latitude separate the to its north, from the Somali Sea to its south.


History


Antiquity and Middle Ages

Ras Hafun is home to numerous ancient structures and ruins. The is believed to be the location of the old trade emporium of . The latter is mentioned in the anonymous ', written in the first century . Opone is described therein as a busy port city, strategically located on the that spanned the length of the 's rim. Merchants from as far afield as and passed through the settlement. As early as 50 CE, the area was well known as a center for the trade, along with the barter of s and other s, , exotic s and . In the 1970s, a Somali-British archaeological expedition in Hafun and other parts of northern Somalia, led by , recovered numerous examples of historical and structures, including ancient coins, , buildings, s, s, walled , s and . Many of the finds were of pre-ic origin and associated with city-states and trading centers described in ancient documents. The site, in particular, was suggested by Chittick to correspond with the ''Periplus "". Some of the smaller artefacts that the company found were subsequently deposited for preservation at the . A later expedition in Hafun, led by an archaeological team with the , excavated ian, Roman and pottery. In the 1980s, the also recovered pre-Islamic - ceramics from the peninsula, which were dated to the first century BCE and the second through fifth centuries CE.Paul J. J. Sinclair
"Archaeology in Eastern Africa: An Overview of Current Chronological Issues", ''Journal of African History''
32 (1991), p. 181
Archaeological excavations at the western Hafun site have yielded from ancient kingdoms in the , , and , as well as some sherds of possible derivation from the . Among this ware is a late lamp fragment, glazed sherds, and ''lagynos'' wares. Smith and Wright have dated the finds to sometime between the 1st century BCE and the early first century CE. Additionally, some ceramics affiliated with green glazed ware from on the i littoral have also been found in the area. These pieces have been dated to between the 1st century BC and the 5th century BCE. Hafun is also home to an ancient . Similar historical structured areas exist in various other parts of the country.


Early modern and present

During the pre- period, Hafun was governed by the (Migiurtinia) and was the seat of the polity's capital, . It later formed a part of , when the area was known as ''Dante''. In December 2004, Hafun was struck by a caused by the . It was the on the continent, and the only location west of the where the waves pulled away from the shore before rushing in. In November 2020, Hafun was struck directly by as a Category 2 equivalent cyclone or a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm in Indian Ocean scale with windspeeds of 165 kmph and 140 kmph. This remains the strongest cyclone to hit the and the nation of since reliable records began.


See also

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References


External links

{{commons category, Hafun
Hafun News AgencyRas Hafun, Somalia - geodata
Headlands of Somalia