Raphael of Brooklyn
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Raphael of Brooklyn ( ar, قديس رافائيل من بروكلين), born Rufāʾīl Hawāwīnī (Raphael Hawaweeny; ar, رفائيل هواويني; November 20, 1860 – February 27, 1915), was bishop of the
Russian Orthodox Church , native_name_lang = ru , image = Moscow July 2011-7a.jpg , imagewidth = , alt = , caption = Cathedral of Christ the Saviour The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour ( rus, Храм Хри ...

Russian Orthodox Church
, auxiliary bishop of
Brooklyn Brooklyn () is a borough A borough is an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unit,Article 3(1). country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar te ...

Brooklyn
, vicar of the Northern-American diocese, and head of the Antiochian Levantine Christian mission. He was the first Orthodox Christian bishop consecrated on American soil.


Life

He was born in modern-day Lebanon to Damascene
Syrian Syrians ( ar, سُورِيُّون, ''Sūriyyūn''), also known as the Syrian people ( ar, الشَّعْب السُّورِيّ, : eş''-Şa‘b es-Sūrī''; syr, ܣܘܪܝܝܢ), are the majority inhabitants of and share common ine roots. The ...
parents of the Antiochian Orthodox faith who had come to Beirut fleeing a
massacre A massacre refers to the killing of multiple individuals and is usually considered to be morally unacceptable, especially when perpetrated by a group of political actors against defenseless victims. The word is a loan of a French term for "bu ...
of
Christians Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life and Teachings of Jesus, teachings of Jes ...

Christians
in
Damascus )), is an adjective which means "spacious". , motto = , image_flag = Flag of Damascus.svg , image_seal = Emblem of Damascus.svg , seal_type = Seal , m ...

Damascus
. He was first educated at the Damascus
Patriarchal Patriarchy is a social system In sociology, social system is the patterned network of relationships constituting a coherent whole that exist between individuals, groups, and institutions. It is the formal Social structure, structure of role ...
School that had become the leading
Greek Orthodox The name Greek Orthodox Church ( Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἐκκλησία, ''Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía'', ), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox ...
institution of higher learning in the Levant under the leadership of
Joseph of Damascus Joseph of Damascus (May 15, 1793 – July 10, 1860), born Joseph George Haddad Firzli ( ar, جوزيف جورج حداد الفرزلي), was an Orthodox Christian priest A priest is a religious leader authorized to perform the Sacred ...
. He furthered his study of Christian theology at the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, Patriarchal Halki seminary in Constantinople, and at the Theological Academy in Kiev, Russian Empire (now Ukraine). Father Raphael was sent to New York City in 1895 by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia to administer the local Orthodox Christian community which then included mainly Russian people, Russian, Greek, and Levantine immigrants. In 1904, he became the first Eastern Orthodox Church, Orthodox bishop to be consecrated in North America; the consecration was performed in New York City by Archbishop Tikhon of Moscow, Tikhon (Bellavin) and Bishop Innocent (Pustynsky). He served as Bishop of Brooklyn, New York, Brooklyn until his death. During the course of his ministry as an auxiliary bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church in America, Raphael founded the present-day cathedral of the Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America, Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America, established thirty parishes and assisted in the founding of St. Tikhon's Orthodox Monastery. Bishop Raphael founded the official magazine of the Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese, ''The Word'', in 1905 in Arabic (الكلمة).


Glorification and honors

Bishop Raphael was originally buried in New York City, New York until August of 1988, when his relics were translated to the Antiochian Village Camp in Ligonier, Pennsylvania, on property of the Antiochian Archdiocese, along with several other bishops and clergy. Raphael was Glorification#Eastern Orthodox Church, glorified by the Holy Synod of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) in its March 2000 session. He is commemorated by the OCA on February 27, the anniversary of his death and by the Antiochian Orthodox Church on the first Saturday of November near the Synaxis of the Archangels Michael, Gabriel, Raphael and all the bodiless powers of heaven. In 2015, the Antiochian Archdiocese, OCA and ROCOR celebrated the 100th Anniversary of the dormition of St. Raphael.


See also

* Saint Nicholas Russian Orthodox Cathedral, New York


References


“Christian Church to be Filled by a Damascus Preacher”
(''The New York Times'', Sept 15, 1895)


External links


Raphael of Brooklyn
from OrthodoxWiki {{DEFAULTSORT:Raphael Of Brooklyn 1860 births 1915 deaths 20th-century Christian saints 20th-century Eastern Orthodox bishops American saints of the Eastern Orthodox Church American people of Syrian descent Emigrants from the Russian Empire to the United States Members of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch Greek Orthodox Christians from Lebanon Religious leaders from Beirut Russian saints of the Eastern Orthodox Church Syrian Christian saints Theological School of Halki alumni Emigrants from the Ottoman Empire to the Russian Empire Syrian expatriates in Lebanon