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RANCHI (/ˈrɑːntʃi/ pronunciation (help ·info )) is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
, and now it is the most populous city of the state. Ranchi
Ranchi
was the centre of the Jharkhand movement, which called for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar
Bihar
, northern Orissa , western West Bengal
West Bengal
and the eastern area of what is present-day Chhattisgarh . The Jharkhand
Jharkhand
state was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving out the Bihar
Bihar
divisions of Chota Nagpur
Nagpur
and Santhal Parganas
Santhal Parganas
.

The name Ranchi
Ranchi
is derived from the previous name of the Oraon village at the same site, Archi. "Archi" derives from the Oraon word for bamboo grove or stave. According to legend, after an altercation with a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit with his bamboo stave. The spirit shouted archi, archi, archi and vanished. Archi became Rachi, which became Ranchi. One of the historically significant neighbourhoods of Rachi is Doranda (duran "दुरङ" means song and daah "दअः" means water in the Mundari language ). Doranda lies between the Hinoo (Bhusur) 85.33 near to the Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Cancer
. Its municipal area is 175.12 km2 (67.61 sq mi), and its average elevation is 651 m above sea level .

Ranchi
Ranchi
is located in the southern part of the Chota Nagpur plateau
Chota Nagpur plateau
, which is the eastern section of the Deccan plateau.

Ranchi
Ranchi
has a hilly topography and its dense tropical forests a combination that produces a relatively moderate climate compared to the rest of the state. However, due to the uncontrolled deforestation, and development of the city, the average temperature has increased.

CLIMATE

RANCHI

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

17 24 10 21 26 13 25 32 17 22 36 21 62 37 23 249 33 24 337 30 23 319 29 22 247 29 22 77 29 19 11 27 14 12 24 10

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Source: IMD

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

0.7 74 50 0.8 79 55 1 89 62 0.9 96 70 2.4 98 74 9.8 92 74 13 86 73 13 85 72 9.7 85 71 3 84 66 0.4 80 57 0.5 75 50

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Although Ranchi
Ranchi
has a humid subtropical climate , its location and the forests surrounding it combine to produce the unusually pleasant climate for which it's known. Summer temperatures range from 20 °C to 42 degrees, winter temperatures from 0 °C to 25 degrees. December and January are the coolest months, with temperatures dipping to the freezing point in some areas. The annual rainfall is about 1430 mm (56.34 inches). From June to September the rainfall is about 1,100 mm. The Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification
subtype for this climate is "Cwa "(Humid Subtropical Climate).

CLIMATE DATA FOR RANCHI

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 23.6 (74.5) 26.3 (79.3) 31.5 (88.7) 35.6 (96.1) 36.8 (98.2) 33.4 (92.1) 29.8 (85.6) 29.2 (84.6) 29.4 (84.9) 28.9 (84) 26.5 (79.7) 24.0 (75.2) 29.3 (84.7)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 9.8 (49.6) 12.6 (54.7) 16.8 (62.2) 21.2 (70.2) 23.3 (73.9) 23.5 (74.3) 22.7 (72.9) 22.4 (72.3) 21.8 (71.2) 18.6 (65.5) 13.6 (56.5) 9.9 (49.8) 18.0 (64.4)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 16.7 (0.657) 21.2 (0.835) 25.0 (0.984) 21.8 (0.858) 61.7 (2.429) 249.4 (9.819) 336.6 (13.252) 319.1 (12.563) 247.3 (9.736) 76.6 (3.016) 10.8 (0.425) 11.6 (0.457) 1,397.7 (55.028)

Source: IMD

DEMOGRAPHICS

As of 2011 India
India
census, Ranchi
Ranchi
municipal corporation has a population of 1,120,374, making it the 46th largest urban city in India. Males constitute 51.3% of the population and females 48.7%. Ranchi
Ranchi
city has an average literacy rate of 87.68% (census 2011).

The city witnessed a sudden surge in population after the declaration of the new state of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
in 2000. Owing to the rising employment opportunities and opening of numerous regional and state level offices, banks, and FMCG companies, the city witnessed a rapid influx of employment seeking migrants. As per a study done by ASSOCHAM in late 2010, Ranchi
Ranchi
was one of the highest employment generating Tier-III cities in India
India
with a share of 16.8%, followed by Mangalore and Mysore
Mysore
.

TRANSPORTATION

AIRWAYS

Ranchi
Ranchi
airport new integrated terminal

Night View of Terminal at Birsa Munda Airport , Ranchi
Ranchi
.

Birsa Munda Airport (IXR) of Ranchi
Ranchi
has direct flights from Patna
Patna
, Kolkata
Kolkata
, Delhi
Delhi
, Mumbai
Mumbai
, Bangalore
Bangalore
. Few major airlines like Air India, GoAir, Indigo and airasia serve this purpose. Plans are underway to connect Ranchi
Ranchi
directly with cities like Chennai
Chennai
and Hyderabad
Hyderabad
directly. A new domestic terminal is now ready which is spread over 19,676 square metres of land furnished with imported equipment, and has the capacity to handle 500 domestic passengers.

In addition, a state-of-the-art domestic cargo complex at Birsa Munda Airport was inaugurated by Chief Minister Raghubar Das with a daily capacity of 50 MT, catering to 14 flights that operate in and out of Ranchi
Ranchi
now.

RAILWAYS

Ranchi
Ranchi
junction at night

Ranchi Railway Station is well connected with direct trains from Delhi
Delhi
, Kolkata
Kolkata
, Mumbai
Mumbai
, Chennai
Chennai
and other major cities. It consists of six platforms with all standard necessities. It is also well connected to Ranchi Airport and Bus Terminals. The Ranchi
Ranchi
Railway station cater to 36 halting trains, 27 originating trains and 27 terminating trains.

RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS

* ICAR RCER RC Ranchi
Ranchi
ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region (ICAR RCER) Research Centre, Ranchi * Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums
Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums
(IINRG), Namkum] * Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Gharkhatanga

EDUCATION

HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Further information: List of Universities and Colleges in Ranchi IIM Ranchi
Ranchi
XISS, Ranchi
Ranchi

* Central University of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
(CUJ), Ranchi. * Ranchi University (RU), Ranchi * Birla Institute of Technology (BIT), Mesra * Indian Institute of Management Ranchi , IIM-R * Institute of Management Studies, Ranchi IMS,RU * National University of Study and Research in Law , Ranchi
Ranchi
( NUSRL ) * National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology
National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology
(NIFFT) * Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) * Xavier Institute of Social Service
Xavier Institute of Social Service
(XISS) * Birsa Agricultural University * Sai Nath University , Ranchi * Amity university
Amity university
Ranchi * Chotanagpur Law College * Cambridge Institute of Technology , Ranchi.

PUBLIC LIBRARIES

* The International Library "> Hundru Fall.

Ranchi
Ranchi
is a great place to visit due to several tourist attractions located in and around in close proximity. Sita fall. Jagannathpur Temple

* Rock garden and Kanke Dam (Gonda hills): Gonda Hill and Rock Garden is situated at a distance of about 4 km from Ranchi
Ranchi
town on Ranchi
Ranchi
Kanke Road. Rock Garden is carved out of the rocks of Gonda Hill and resembles its design to rock garden of Jaipur. At the base of the Hill is Kanke Dam. * Hundru Falls
Hundru Falls
: It is 45 km from Ranchi
Ranchi
on Ranchi-Purulia Road. Here, the Subarnarekha river falls from a height of 320 ft (98 m). * Jonha Falls : Jonha Falls is also known as Gautamdhara, is around 40 km from Ranchi. It is approachable by both Road and train. The fall can be admired by descending around 500 steps. There is a tourist rest house which contains Lord Buddha
Buddha
temple. The river Kanchi flows nearby. * Panchghagh Falls : Panchghagh falls is on Ranchi-Chakradharpur Road about 6 km from Khunti. This fall consists of five streams formed in a row due to the breaking up of the Banai river which falls from a good height. * Dassam Falls
Dassam Falls
: Dassam falls is 34 km from Ranchi
Ranchi
on Ranchi-Tata Road near a village called Taimara. Here, the Kachni river falls from an altitude of 144 ft (44 m). It is also known as Dassam Gagh. * Hirni Falls : Another waterfall amidst forests about 70 km from Ranchi. * Nakshatra Van : Nakshatra Van is situated in the heart of the city. It is divided into various sections. There is a big circle in the centre of the park which is divided into arcs. * Jharkhand
Jharkhand
War Memorial * Crocodile Breeding Centre, Muta , Ormajhi : About 60 km from the Ranchi, on NH-20 near Sikidri lines this breeding place for the Crocodiles. It has been recognized as Mini Zoo by the Zoo Authority of India
India
* Jagannathpur Temple : It is 10 km apart from Ranchi
Ranchi
town Jagannathpur temple was built in 1691 having resemblance with architectural style of Puri temple. Thakur Ani Nath Shahdeo, of Barkagarh Jagannathpur built the temple.

PEOPLE FROM RANCHI

Cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni is from Ranchi
Ranchi

* Rajesh Chauhan , former Indian cricketer, was born in Ranchi
Ranchi
* Mahendra Singh Dhoni , Most successful former Indian Cricket team Captain * Carl Haeberlin , German physician, was born in Ranchi * Deepika Kumari , International Level Archer * Peter Mansfield , British journalist and historian, was born in Ranchi * Kariya Munda , Former Deputy Speaker of the 15th Lok Sabha and current Member of Parliament * Vinay Pathak
Vinay Pathak
, actor schooled at Vikas Vidyalaya in Ranchi * Pat Reid
Pat Reid
MBE MC , escapee from Colditz Castle
Colditz Castle
, was born in Ranchi * Telesphore Toppo , Cardinal-Archbishop of Ranchi
Ranchi
in the Roman Catholic Church. * Tapen Sen , Former Judge Calcutta High Court
Calcutta High Court
, Punjab padding:0.4em 2em">

* Jharkhand
Jharkhand
portal

REFERENCES

* ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014. * ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014. * ^ " Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Movement". Country Studies. Retrieved 2009-05-07. * ^ Cultural Configuration of Ranchi, Lalita Prasad Vidyarthi, Rajendra Behari Lal, India. Planning Commission. Research Programmes Committee, 1969, pg 306. * ^ Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society Of Bengal, Volume 4, No. 11, 1927, "The Etymology of Ranchi", pg 601. * ^ Kaye's and Malleson's history of the Indian mutiny of 1857–8, Volume 4, By Sir John William Kaye, George Bruce Malleson, W.H. Allen, 1889, pg 95. * ^ "Only 98 cities instead of 100 announced: All questions answered about the smart cities project". Firstpost. 2015-08-28. Retrieved 2017-03-14. * ^ "Sultry weather likely to continue in city, for now - Times of India". Retrieved 2016-06-24. * ^ "Ranchi, India
India
Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification
(Weatherbase)". * ^ "Census of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. * ^ " Ranchi
Ranchi
District Population Census 2011, Jharkhand
Jharkhand
literacy sex ratio and density". * ^ Assocham report, 2010 Archived 14 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ India, Press Trust of India
India
(February 10, 2017). "Ranchi- Hyderabad
Hyderabad
& Ranchi- Chennai
Chennai
flight soon: Sinha". www.india.com.

* ^ " Ranchi
Ranchi
ready with state-of-the-art airport". The Times Of India. 2012-04-04. * ^ Bisoee, Animesh (11 February 2017). "Summit push with cargo hub". Telegraph India
India
– via telegraphindia.com. * ^ Jain, Rahul Kr. "RNC/ Ranchi Junction Station - 64 Train Departures SER/South Eastern Zone - Railway Enquiry". * ^ "IINRG". Retrieved 4 July 2014. * ^ "Sports". * ^ "Sania and Shoaib in Ranchi". * ^ " Ranchi
Ranchi
franchise becomes third team in Hockey India
India
League". The Times Of India. 2012-09-14. * ^ " Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Tourism Major Destinations and Attraction How to Reach". Travel News India. 2016-08-07. Retrieved 2017-02-24. * ^ "Crocodile Breeding Centre, Muta". Tripadvisor. Retrieved 2016-08-08. * ^ " Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Wildlife - Crocodile". * ^ "Rajesh Chauhan". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 January 2015.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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