Ranchi (/ˈrɑːntʃi/ pronunciation (help·info)) is the
capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand, and is the 3rd most populous
city of the state.
Ranchi was the centre of the
which called for a separate state for the tribal regions of South
Bihar, northern Orissa, western
West Bengal and the eastern area of
what is present-day Chhattisgarh. The
Jharkhand state was formed on 15
November 2000 by carving out the
Bihar divisions of Chota
Ranchi is derived from the previous name of the
at the same site, Archi. "Archi" derives from the
Oraon word for
bamboo grove or stave. According to legend, after an altercation with
a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit with his bamboo stave. The spirit
shouted archi, archi, archi and vanished. Archi became Rachi, which
became Ranchi. One of the historically significant neighbourhoods
of Rachi is Doranda (duran "दुरङ" means song and daah
"दअः" means water in the Mundari language). Doranda lies between
the Hinoo (Bhusur) & Harmoo Rivers, where the civil station,
treasury and church established by the
British Raj were destroyed by
rebel forces during the Sepoy Mutiny.
Ranchi has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be
developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart
Ranchi is well known for being the hometown of
former Indian cricket captain MS Dhoni.
5 Research institutions
6.1 Higher educational institutions
7 Public libraries
8.1 Sports teams
8.2 Stadiums in Ranchi
9 Points of Interest
10.2 Internet service providers
11 People from Ranchi
12 See also
14 External links
Ranchi lies at 23°22′N 85°20′E / 23.36°N 85.33°E /
23.36; 85.33 near to the
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Cancer . Its municipal area is
175.12 km2 (67.61 sq mi), and its average elevation is
651 m above sea level.
Ranchi is surrounded by lush agriculturally fertile land.
Ranchi is located in the southern part of the Chota
which is the eastern section of the Deccan plateau.
Ranchi has a hilly topography and its dense tropical forests a
combination that produces a relatively moderate climate compared to
the rest of the state. However, due to the uncontrolled deforestation,
and development of the city, the average temperature has increased.
Ranchi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Climate
Classification: Cwa), its location and the forests surrounding it
combine to produce the unusually pleasant climate for which it's
known. Summer temperatures range from 20 °C to 42 degrees,
winter temperatures from 0 °C to 25 degrees. December and
January are the coolest months, with temperatures dipping to the
freezing point in some areas. The annual rainfall is about
1430 mm (56.34 inches). From June to September the rainfall
is about 1,100 mm.
Climate data for Ranchi
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
As of 2011[update]
Ranchi municipal corporation has
a population of 1,120,374, making it the 46th largest urban city
in India. Males constitute 51.3% of the population and females 48.7%.
Ranchi city has an average literacy rate of 87.68% (census 2011).
The city witnessed a sudden surge in population after the declaration
of the new state of
Jharkhand in 2000. Owing to the rising employment
opportunities and opening of numerous regional and state level
offices, banks, and FMCG companies, the city witnessed a rapid influx
of employment seeking migrants. As per a study done by
Ranchi was one of the highest employment generating
Tier-III cities in
India with a share of 16.8%, followed by Mangalore
Night View of Terminal at
Ranchi Airport (IXR).
Birsa Munda Airport
Birsa Munda Airport (IXR) of
Ranchi has direct flights from Kolkata,
Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Patna, Hyderabad, Bhubaneswar. Few major
airlines like Air India, GoAir, Indigo and Air Asia serve this
purpose. Plans are underway to connect
Ranchi directly with cities
Chennai and Ahemadabad directly. The new domestic terminal,
now operational 24 hours, is spread over 19,676 square metres of land
furnished with imported equipment, and has the capacity to handle 500
In addition, a state-of-the-art domestic cargo complex at Birsa Munda
Airport was inaugurated by Chief Minister Raghubar Das with a daily
capacity of 50 MT, catering to 14 flights that operate in and out of
Ranchi Railway Station
Ranchi Railway Station is well connected with direct trains from
Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai,
Chennai and other major cities. It consists of
six platforms with all standard necessities. It is also well connected
Ranchi Airport and Bus Terminals. The
Ranchi Railway station cater
to 36 halting trains, 27 originating trains and 27 terminating
Ranchi Metro is rapid transit rail currently under construction and is
scheduled to begin operations by 2019.
Ranchi is well linked to other major cities by a series of National
National Highway 33
National Highway 39
National Highway 20
National Highway 43
National Highway 320
ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region (ICAR RCER) Research Centre,
Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums
Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums (IINRG), Namkum]
Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Gharkhatanga
Birla Institute of Technology
Birla Institute of Technology is based in the city
Higher educational institutions
Further information: List of Universities and Colleges in Ranchi
Central University of Jharkhand
Birla Institute of Technology
Indian Institute of Management Ranchi
Institute of Management Studies, Ranchi
Jharkhand Rai University
National University of Study and Research in Law
National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology
Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences
Xavier Institute of Social Service
Birsa Agricultural University
Sai Nath University
Amity University, Jharkhand
The International Library & Cultural Centre
Ranchi is centre for numerous sports activities, including cricket,
hockey, football, and many others. The 34th National Games were
successfully held in
Ranchi in February 2011.
Ranchi Rhinos field hockey team is based in the city
JSCA Cricket Stadium Entrance
An International Cricket stadium with an indoor stadium and a practice
ground has been constructed. So far, this stadium has hosted three One
day International matches and one T20 International match. Apart from
that, this stadium has hosted two
IPL 6 matches for
Riders, three champions league 2013 matches and Celebrity Cricket
League Matches for Bhojpuri Dabanggs. A tennis academy, which was
Sania Mirza and Shoaib Malik, also runs besides the
Ranchi franchise for Hockey
India League was bought by
Patel-Uniexcel Group and the team named
Stadiums in Ranchi
Jaipal Singh Stadium
JSCA International Cricket Stadium
Birsa Munda Hockey Stadium
Birsa Munda Athletics Stadium
Birsa Munda Football Stadium
Points of Interest
Asian Black Bear
Asian Black Bear at
Zoo in Ranchi
Bengal Tiger at
Bhagawan Birsa Biological Park also known as
Zoo is wildlife
zoo spread over 104 hectares that features numerous animals including
Asian Black Bear, Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Lions, Indian Peacock, Indian
Elephant among others.
Ranchi has the following FM radio stations: (Listed in increasing
order of frequency)
Radio City: 91.9 FM
Big FM: 92.7 FM
AIR FM Rainbow 100.5 FM
Vividh Bharati (All
India Radio): 103.3 FM.
Radio Dhamaal 106.4 FM
Internet service providers
People from Ranchi
Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Mahendra Singh Dhoni is from Ranchi
Rajesh Chauhan, former Indian cricketer, was born in Ranchi
Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Most successful former Indian Cricket team
Carl Haeberlin, German physician, was born in Ranchi
Deepika Kumari, International Level Archer
Peter Mansfield, British journalist and historian, was born in Ranchi
Kariya Munda, Former Deputy Speaker of the 15th Lok Sabha and current
Member of Parliament
Vinay Pathak, actor schooled at Vikas Vidyalaya in Ranchi
Pat Reid MBE MC, escapee from Colditz Castle, was born in Ranchi
Telesphore Toppo, Cardinal-Archbishop of
Ranchi in the Roman Catholic
Tapen Sen, Former Judge Calcutta High Court, Punjab & Haryana High
Jharkhand High Court.
List of cities in Jharkhand
^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). The
Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June
^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above"
(PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner,
India. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
Jharkhand Movement". Country Studies. Retrieved
2009-05-07. [dead link]
^ Cultural Configuration of Ranchi, Lalita Prasad Vidyarthi, Rajendra
Behari Lal, India. Planning Commission. Research Programmes Committee,
1969, pg 306.
^ Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society Of Bengal, Volume 4,
No. 11, 1927, "The Etymology of Ranchi", pg 601.
^ Kaye's and Malleson's history of the Indian mutiny of 1857–8,
Volume 4, By Sir John William Kaye, George Bruce Malleson, W.H. Allen,
1889, pg 95.
^ "Only 98 cities instead of 100 announced: All questions answered
about the smart cities project". Firstpost. 2015-08-28. Retrieved
^ "Sultry weather likely to continue in city, for now - Times of
India". Retrieved 2016-06-24.
Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)".
^ "Census of
India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities,
villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
Ranchi District Population Census 2011,
Jharkhand literacy sex
ratio and density".
^ Assocham report, 2010 Archived 14 January 2012 at the Wayback
^ India, Press Trust of
India (February 10, 2017). "Ranchi-Hyderabad
Chennai flight soon: Sinha". www.india.com.
Ranchi ready with state-of-the-art airport". The Times Of India.
^ Bisoee, Animesh (11 February 2017). "Summit push with cargo hub".
India – via telegraphindia.com.
^ Jain, Rahul Kr. "RNC/
Ranchi Junction Station - 64 Train Departures
SER/South Eastern Zone - Railway Enquiry".
Ranchi to get its first Metro ride in 2019
^ All major highways linking
Ranchi to come under patrol
^ "IINRG". Retrieved 4 July 2014.
^ "Sania and Shoaib in Ranchi".
Ranchi franchise becomes third team in Hockey
India League". The
Times Of India. 2012-09-14.
^ "Rajesh Chauhan". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ranchi.
Website of the District Administration
Ranchi Land Records
Places adjacent to Ranchi
Daltonganj, Varanasi, Allahabad, Kanpur, New Delhi
Gaya, Patna, Gorakhpur, Kathmandu
Bokaro, Dhanbad, Durgapur, Siliguri, Guwahati
Bhopal, Indore, Pune, Mumbai, Ahmedabad
Kolkata, Dhaka, Aizawl, Guwahati
Raipur, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Solapur, Goa
Rourkela, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Chennai, Bangalore
Jamshedpur, Kharagpur, Bay of Bengal
State and Union Territory capitals of India
Amaravati (de facto)
Jammu (in winter)
Srinagar (in summer)
Million-plus agglomerations in India
Jammu and Kashmir: Srinagar
Madhya Pradesh: Indore
Uttar Pradesh: Kanpur
West Bengal: Kolkata
Andhra Pradesh: Visakhapatnam
Tamil Nadu: Chennai
Cities and towns in South Chotanagpur division
South Chotanagpur Division topics
Cities and towns
in other Divisions
Indian State of Jharkhand
Districts and divisions
North Chotanagpur Division
South Chotanagpur Division
Santhal Pargana Division