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www.ranchi.nic.in www.ranchimunicipal.com

Ranchi
Ranchi
(/ˈrɑːntʃi/  pronunciation (help·info)) is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand, and is the 3rd most populous city of the state. Ranchi
Ranchi
was the centre of the Jharkhand
Jharkhand
movement,[3] which called for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, western West Bengal
West Bengal
and the eastern area of what is present-day Chhattisgarh. The Jharkhand
Jharkhand
state was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving out the Bihar
Bihar
divisions of Chota Nagpur
Nagpur
and Santhal Parganas. The name Ranchi
Ranchi
is derived from the previous name of the Oraon
Oraon
village at the same site, Archi.[4] "Archi" derives from the Oraon
Oraon
word for bamboo grove or stave. According to legend, after an altercation with a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit with his bamboo stave. The spirit shouted archi, archi, archi and vanished. Archi became Rachi, which became Ranchi.[5] One of the historically significant neighbourhoods of Rachi is Doranda (duran "दुरङ" means song and daah "दअः" means water in the Mundari language). Doranda lies between the Hinoo (Bhusur) & Harmoo Rivers, where the civil station, treasury and church established by the British Raj
British Raj
were destroyed by rebel forces during the Sepoy Mutiny.[6] Ranchi
Ranchi
has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.[7] Ranchi
Ranchi
is well known for being the hometown of former Indian cricket captain MS Dhoni.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Climate 3 Demographics 4 Transportation

4.1 Airways 4.2 Railways 4.3 Ranchi
Ranchi
Metro 4.4 Roads

5 Research institutions 6 Education

6.1 Higher educational institutions

7 Public libraries 8 Sports

8.1 Sports teams 8.2 Stadiums in Ranchi

9 Points of Interest 10 Media

10.1 Radio 10.2 Internet service providers

11 People from Ranchi 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Geography Ranchi
Ranchi
lies at 23°22′N 85°20′E / 23.36°N 85.33°E / 23.36; 85.33 near to the Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Cancer
. Its municipal area is 175.12 km2 (67.61 sq mi), and its average elevation is 651 m above sea level.

Ranchi
Ranchi
is surrounded by lush agriculturally fertile land.

Ranchi
Ranchi
is located in the southern part of the Chota Nagpur
Nagpur
plateau, which is the eastern section of the Deccan plateau. Ranchi
Ranchi
has a hilly topography and its dense tropical forests a combination that produces a relatively moderate climate compared to the rest of the state. However, due to the uncontrolled deforestation, and development of the city, the average temperature has increased.[8] Climate Although Ranchi
Ranchi
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Climate Classification: Cwa), its location and the forests surrounding it combine to produce the unusually pleasant climate for which it's known. Summer temperatures range from 20 °C to 42 degrees, winter temperatures from 0 °C to 25 degrees. December and January are the coolest months, with temperatures dipping to the freezing point in some areas. The annual rainfall is about 1430 mm (56.34 inches). From June to September the rainfall is about 1,100 mm.[9]

Climate data for Ranchi

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 23.6 (74.5) 26.3 (79.3) 31.5 (88.7) 35.6 (96.1) 36.8 (98.2) 33.4 (92.1) 29.8 (85.6) 29.2 (84.6) 29.4 (84.9) 28.9 (84) 26.5 (79.7) 24.0 (75.2) 29.3 (84.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) 16.7 (62.1) 19.5 (67.1) 24.2 (75.6) 28.4 (83.1) 30.1 (86.2) 28.5 (83.3) 26.3 (79.3) 25.8 (78.4) 25.6 (78.1) 23.4 (74.1) 20.1 (68.2) 17.0 (62.6) 23.8 (74.84)

Average low °C (°F) 9.8 (49.6) 12.6 (54.7) 16.8 (62.2) 21.2 (70.2) 23.3 (73.9) 23.5 (74.3) 22.7 (72.9) 22.4 (72.3) 21.8 (71.2) 18.6 (65.5) 13.6 (56.5) 9.9 (49.8) 18.0 (64.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 16.7 (0.657) 21.2 (0.835) 25.0 (0.984) 21.8 (0.858) 61.7 (2.429) 249.4 (9.819) 336.6 (13.252) 319.1 (12.563) 247.3 (9.736) 76.6 (3.016) 10.8 (0.425) 11.6 (0.457) 1,397.7 (55.028)

Source: IMD

Demographics As of 2011[update] India
India
census,[10] Ranchi
Ranchi
municipal corporation has a population of 1,120,374,[11] making it the 46th largest urban city in India. Males constitute 51.3% of the population and females 48.7%. Ranchi
Ranchi
city has an average literacy rate of 87.68% (census 2011). The city witnessed a sudden surge in population after the declaration of the new state of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
in 2000. Owing to the rising employment opportunities and opening of numerous regional and state level offices, banks, and FMCG companies, the city witnessed a rapid influx of employment seeking migrants. As per a study done by ASSOCHAM in late 2010, Ranchi
Ranchi
was one of the highest employment generating Tier-III cities in India
India
with a share of 16.8%, followed by Mangalore and Mysore.[12] Transportation Airways

Night View of Terminal at Ranchi Airport
Ranchi Airport
(IXR).

Birsa Munda Airport
Birsa Munda Airport
(IXR) of Ranchi
Ranchi
has direct flights from Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Patna, Hyderabad, Bhubaneswar. Few major airlines like Air India, GoAir, Indigo and Air Asia serve this purpose. Plans are underway to connect Ranchi
Ranchi
directly with cities like Chennai
Chennai
and Ahemadabad directly.[13] The new domestic terminal, now operational 24 hours, is spread over 19,676 square metres of land furnished with imported equipment, and has the capacity to handle 500 domestic passengers.[14] In addition, a state-of-the-art domestic cargo complex at Birsa Munda Airport was inaugurated by Chief Minister Raghubar Das with a daily capacity of 50 MT, catering to 14 flights that operate in and out of Ranchi
Ranchi
now.[15] Railways Ranchi Railway Station
Ranchi Railway Station
is well connected with direct trains from Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai
Chennai
and other major cities. It consists of six platforms with all standard necessities. It is also well connected to Ranchi Airport
Ranchi Airport
and Bus Terminals. The Ranchi
Ranchi
Railway station cater to 36 halting trains, 27 originating trains and 27 terminating trains.[16] Ranchi
Ranchi
Metro Ranchi Metro is rapid transit rail currently under construction and is scheduled to begin operations by 2019.[17] Roads Ranchi
Ranchi
is well linked to other major cities by a series of National Highway Roads.[18]

National Highway 33 National Highway 39 National Highway 20 National Highway 43 National Highway 320

Research institutions

ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region (ICAR RCER) Research Centre, Ranchi Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums
Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums
(IINRG), Namkum][19] Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Gharkhatanga

Education

Birla Institute of Technology
Birla Institute of Technology
is based in the city

XISS, Ranchi

Higher educational institutions Further information: List of Universities and Colleges in Ranchi

Central University of Jharkhand Ranchi
Ranchi
University Birla Institute of Technology Indian Institute of Management Ranchi Institute of Management Studies, Ranchi Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Rai University National University of Study and Research in Law National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences Xavier Institute of Social Service Birsa Agricultural University Sai Nath University Amity University, Jharkhand

Public libraries

The International Library & Cultural Centre

Sports Ranchi
Ranchi
is centre for numerous sports activities, including cricket, hockey, football, and many others.[20] The 34th National Games were successfully held in Ranchi
Ranchi
in February 2011.

Ranchi Rhinos
Ranchi Rhinos
field hockey team is based in the city

JSCA Cricket Stadium Entrance

An International Cricket stadium with an indoor stadium and a practice ground has been constructed. So far, this stadium has hosted three One day International matches and one T20 International match. Apart from that, this stadium has hosted two IPL 6
IPL 6
matches for Kolkata
Kolkata
Knight Riders, three champions league 2013 matches and Celebrity Cricket League Matches for Bhojpuri Dabanggs. A tennis academy, which was inaugurated by Sania Mirza
Sania Mirza
and Shoaib Malik, also runs besides the cricket stadium.[21] The Ranchi
Ranchi
franchise for Hockey India
India
League was bought by Patel-Uniexcel Group and the team named Ranchi
Ranchi
Rhinos.[22] Sports teams

Ranchi
Ranchi
Rays Ranchi
Ranchi
Rhinos

Stadiums in Ranchi

Jaipal Singh Stadium JSCA International Cricket Stadium Birsa Munda Hockey Stadium Birsa Munda Athletics Stadium Birsa Munda Football Stadium

Points of Interest

Asian Black Bear
Asian Black Bear
at Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Zoo
Zoo
in Ranchi

Bengal Tiger
Bengal Tiger
at Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Zoo

Bhagawan Birsa Biological Park also known as Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Zoo
Zoo
is wildlife zoo spread over 104 hectares that features numerous animals including Asian Black Bear, Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Lions, Indian Peacock, Indian Elephant among others.[23]

Media Radio Ranchi
Ranchi
has the following FM radio stations: (Listed in increasing order of frequency)

Radio City: 91.9 FM Big FM: 92.7 FM AIR FM Rainbow 100.5 FM Vividh Bharati (All India
India
Radio): 103.3 FM. Radio Dhamaal 106.4 FM

Internet service providers

BSNL Broadband Airtel Broadband RailWire

People from Ranchi

Cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Mahendra Singh Dhoni
is from Ranchi

Rajesh Chauhan, former Indian cricketer, was born in Ranchi[24] Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Most successful former Indian Cricket team Captain Carl Haeberlin, German physician, was born in Ranchi Deepika Kumari, International Level Archer Peter Mansfield, British journalist and historian, was born in Ranchi Kariya Munda, Former Deputy Speaker of the 15th Lok Sabha and current Member of Parliament Vinay Pathak, actor schooled at Vikas Vidyalaya in Ranchi Pat Reid
Pat Reid
MBE MC, escapee from Colditz Castle, was born in Ranchi Telesphore Toppo, Cardinal-Archbishop of Ranchi
Ranchi
in the Roman Catholic Church. Tapen Sen, Former Judge Calcutta High Court, Punjab & Haryana High Court and Jharkhand
Jharkhand
High Court.

See also

List of cities in Jharkhand 1967 Ranchi- Hatia
Hatia
riots Ranchi
Ranchi
Junction

Jharkhand
Jharkhand
portal

References

^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014.  ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014.  ^ " Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Movement". Country Studies. Retrieved 2009-05-07. [dead link] ^ Cultural Configuration of Ranchi, Lalita Prasad Vidyarthi, Rajendra Behari Lal, India. Planning Commission. Research Programmes Committee, 1969, pg 306. ^ Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society Of Bengal, Volume 4, No. 11, 1927, "The Etymology of Ranchi", pg 601. ^ Kaye's and Malleson's history of the Indian mutiny of 1857–8, Volume 4, By Sir John William Kaye, George Bruce Malleson, W.H. Allen, 1889, pg 95. ^ "Only 98 cities instead of 100 announced: All questions answered about the smart cities project". Firstpost. 2015-08-28. Retrieved 2017-03-14.  ^ "Sultry weather likely to continue in city, for now - Times of India". Retrieved 2016-06-24.  ^ "Ranchi, India
India
Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification
(Weatherbase)".  ^ "Census of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ " Ranchi
Ranchi
District Population Census 2011, Jharkhand
Jharkhand
literacy sex ratio and density".  ^ Assocham report, 2010 Archived 14 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ India, Press Trust of India
India
(February 10, 2017). "Ranchi-Hyderabad & Ranchi- Chennai
Chennai
flight soon: Sinha". www.india.com.  ^ " Ranchi
Ranchi
ready with state-of-the-art airport". The Times Of India. 2012-04-04.  ^ Bisoee, Animesh (11 February 2017). "Summit push with cargo hub". Telegraph India
India
– via telegraphindia.com.  ^ Jain, Rahul Kr. "RNC/ Ranchi Junction
Ranchi Junction
Station - 64 Train Departures SER/South Eastern Zone - Railway Enquiry".  ^ Ranchi
Ranchi
to get its first Metro ride in 2019 ^ All major highways linking Ranchi
Ranchi
to come under patrol ^ "IINRG". Retrieved 4 July 2014.  ^ "Sports".  ^ "Sania and Shoaib in Ranchi".  ^ " Ranchi
Ranchi
franchise becomes third team in Hockey India
India
League". The Times Of India. 2012-09-14.  ^ " Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Zoo
Zoo
Authority".  ^ "Rajesh Chauhan". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ranchi.

Website of the District Administration Ranchi
Ranchi
Land Records

Places adjacent to Ranchi

Daltonganj, Varanasi, Allahabad, Kanpur, New Delhi Gaya, Patna, Gorakhpur, Kathmandu Bokaro, Dhanbad, Durgapur, Siliguri, Guwahati

Bhopal, Indore, Pune, Mumbai, Ahmedabad

Ranchi

Kolkata, Dhaka, Aizawl, Guwahati

Raipur, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Solapur, Goa Rourkela, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Chennai, Bangalore Jamshedpur, Kharagpur, Bay of Bengal

v t e

State and Union Territory capitals of India

Agartala Aizawl Amaravati
Amaravati
(de facto) Bangalore Bhopal Bhubaneswar Chandigarh Chennai Daman Dehradun
Dehradun
(interim) New Delhi Dispur Gandhinagar Gangtok Hyderabad Imphal Itanagar Jaipur Jammu
Jammu
(in winter) Kavaratti Kohima Kolkata Lucknow Mumbai Panaji Patna Pondicherry Port Blair Raipur Ranchi Shillong Shimla Silvassa Srinagar
Srinagar
(in summer) Thiruvananthapuram

v t e

Million-plus agglomerations in India

North

Chandigarh Delhi Haryana: Faridabad Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir: Srinagar Punjab: Ludhiana Amritsar Rajasthan: Jaipur Jodhpur Kota

Central

Chhattisgarh: Raipur Bhilai Madhya Pradesh: Indore Bhopal Jabalpur Gwalior Uttar Pradesh: Kanpur Lucknow Ghaziabad Agra Varanasi Meerut Allahabad

Eastern

Bihar: Patna Jharkhand: Jamshedpur Dhanbad Ranchi West Bengal: Kolkata Asansol

Western

Gujarat: Ahmedabad Surat Vadodara Rajkot Maharashtra: Mumbai Pune Nagpur Nashik Vasai-Virar Aurangabad

Southern

Andhra Pradesh: Visakhapatnam Vijayawada Karnataka: Bangalore Kerala: Kochi Kozhikode Thrissur Malappuram Thiruvananthapuram Kannur Kollam Tamil Nadu: Chennai Coimbatore Madurai Tiruchirappalli Telangana: Hyderabad

v t e

Cities and towns in South Chotanagpur division

Gumla
Gumla
district

Gumla

Khunti
Khunti
district

Govindpur Road Khunti

Lohardaga
Lohardaga
district

Lohardaga

Ranchi
Ranchi
district

Bundu Ginjo Thakurgaon Hatia Hutup Kanke Khelari Muri Ormanjhi Rampur Ranchi Tati

Simdega
Simdega
district

Simdega

Related topics

South Chotanagpur Division topics

Cities and towns in other Divisions

North Chotanagpur Kolhan Palamu Santhal Parganas

v t e

Indian State of Jharkhand

Capital: Ranchi

Topics

History Government Geography Education People Tourism Highest point

Divisions

Kolhan North Chotanagpur Palamu Santhal Pargana South Chotanagpur

Districts and divisions

Palamu Division

Garhwa Palamu Latehar

North Chotanagpur Division

Chatra Hazaribagh Giridih Koderma Dhanbad Bokaro Ramgarh

South Chotanagpur Division

Ranchi Lohardaga Gumla Simdega Khunti

Kolhan Division

West Singhbhum Seraikela Kharsawan East Singhbhum

Santhal Pargana Division

Deoghar Jamtara Dumka Godda Pakur Sahebganj

Major cities

Jamshedpur Dhanbad Ranchi Bokaro Hazaribagh Deoghar Chaibasa Medininagar Dumka

Authority control

.