RANCHI (/ˈrɑːntʃi/ pronunciation (help ·info )) is the
capital of the Indian state of
Jharkhand , and now it is the most
populous city of the state.
Ranchi was the centre of the Jharkhand
movement, which called for a separate state for the tribal regions of
Bihar , northern Orissa , western
West Bengal and the eastern
area of what is present-day
Chhattisgarh . The
Jharkhand state was
formed on 15 November 2000 by carving out the
Bihar divisions of Chota
Santhal Parganas .
Ranchi is derived from the previous name of the Oraon
village at the same site, Archi. "Archi" derives from the
for bamboo grove or stave. According to legend, after an altercation
with a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit with his bamboo stave. The
spirit shouted archi, archi, archi and vanished. Archi became Rachi,
which became Ranchi. One of the historically significant
neighbourhoods of Rachi is Doranda (duran "दुरङ" means song
and daah "दअः" means water in the
Mundari language ). Doranda
lies between the Hinoo (Bhusur) 85.33 near to the
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Cancer .
Its municipal area is 175.12 km2 (67.61 sq mi), and its average
elevation is 651 m above sea level .
Ranchi is located in the southern part of the
Chota Nagpur plateau ,
which is the eastern section of the Deccan plateau.
Ranchi has a hilly topography and its dense tropical forests a
combination that produces a relatively moderate climate compared to
the rest of the state. However, due to the uncontrolled deforestation,
and development of the city, the average temperature has increased.
CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )
17 24 10
21 26 13
25 32 17
22 36 21
62 37 23
249 33 24
337 30 23
319 29 22
247 29 22
77 29 19
11 27 14
12 24 10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
0.7 74 50
0.8 79 55
1 89 62
0.9 96 70
2.4 98 74
9.8 92 74
13 86 73
13 85 72
9.7 85 71
3 84 66
0.4 80 57
0.5 75 50
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Ranchi has a humid subtropical climate , its location and
the forests surrounding it combine to produce the unusually pleasant
climate for which it's known. Summer temperatures range from 20 °C to
42 degrees, winter temperatures from 0 °C to 25 degrees. December and
January are the coolest months, with temperatures dipping to the
freezing point in some areas. The annual rainfall is about 1430 mm
(56.34 inches). From June to September the rainfall is about 1,100 mm.
Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cwa
"(Humid Subtropical Climate).
CLIMATE DATA FOR RANCHI
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
As of 2011
Ranchi municipal corporation has a
population of 1,120,374, making it the 46th largest urban city in
India. Males constitute 51.3% of the population and females 48.7%.
Ranchi city has an average literacy rate of 87.68% (census 2011).
The city witnessed a sudden surge in population after the declaration
of the new state of
Jharkhand in 2000. Owing to the rising employment
opportunities and opening of numerous regional and state level
offices, banks, and FMCG companies, the city witnessed a rapid influx
of employment seeking migrants. As per a study done by
Ranchi was one of the highest employment generating
Tier-III cities in
India with a share of 16.8%, followed by Mangalore
Ranchi airport new integrated terminal
Night View of Terminal at Birsa Munda Airport ,
Birsa Munda Airport (IXR) of
Ranchi has direct flights from
Bangalore . Few major airlines like Air
India, GoAir, Indigo and airasia serve this purpose. Plans are
underway to connect
Ranchi directly with cities like
Hyderabad directly. A new domestic terminal is now ready which is
spread over 19,676 square metres of land furnished with imported
equipment, and has the capacity to handle 500 domestic passengers.
In addition, a state-of-the-art domestic cargo complex at Birsa Munda
Airport was inaugurated by Chief Minister Raghubar Das with a daily
capacity of 50 MT, catering to 14 flights that operate in and out of
Ranchi junction at night
Ranchi Railway Station is well connected with direct trains from
Chennai and other major cities. It consists
of six platforms with all standard necessities. It is also well
Ranchi Airport and Bus Terminals. The
station cater to 36 halting trains, 27 originating trains and 27
* ICAR RCER RC
Ranchi ICAR Research Complex for Eastern
Region (ICAR RCER) Research Centre, Ranchi
Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums (IINRG), Namkum]
* Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Gharkhatanga
HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
List of Universities and Colleges in Ranchi
* Central University of
Jharkhand (CUJ), Ranchi.
Ranchi University (RU), Ranchi
Birla Institute of Technology (BIT), Mesra
Indian Institute of Management Ranchi , IIM-R
Institute of Management Studies, Ranchi IMS,RU
National University of Study and Research in Law ,
National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology (NIFFT)
Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS)
Xavier Institute of Social Service
Xavier Institute of Social Service (XISS)
Birsa Agricultural University
Sai Nath University , Ranchi
Amity university Ranchi
Chotanagpur Law College
Cambridge Institute of Technology , Ranchi.
* The International Library "> Hundru Fall.
Ranchi is a great place to visit due to several tourist attractions
located in and around in close proximity. Sita fall.
* Rock garden and
Kanke Dam (Gonda hills): Gonda Hill and Rock
Garden is situated at a distance of about 4 km from
Ranchi town on
Kanke Road. Rock Garden is carved out of the rocks of Gonda
Hill and resembles its design to rock garden of Jaipur. At the base of
the Hill is
Hundru Falls : It is 45 km from
Ranchi on Ranchi-Purulia Road.
Here, the Subarnarekha river falls from a height of 320 ft (98 m).
Jonha Falls :
Jonha Falls is also known as Gautamdhara, is around
40 km from Ranchi. It is approachable by both Road and train. The fall
can be admired by descending around 500 steps. There is a tourist rest
house which contains Lord
Buddha temple. The river Kanchi flows
Panchghagh Falls : Panchghagh falls is on Ranchi-Chakradharpur
Road about 6 km from Khunti. This fall consists of five streams formed
in a row due to the breaking up of the Banai river which falls from a
Dassam Falls : Dassam falls is 34 km from
Ranchi on Ranchi-Tata
Road near a village called Taimara. Here, the Kachni river falls from
an altitude of 144 ft (44 m). It is also known as Dassam Gagh.
Hirni Falls : Another waterfall amidst forests about 70 km from
Nakshatra Van :
Nakshatra Van is situated in the heart of the
city. It is divided into various sections. There is a big circle in
the centre of the park which is divided into arcs.
Jharkhand War Memorial
* Crocodile Breeding Centre, Muta , Ormajhi : About 60 km from the
Ranchi, on NH-20 near Sikidri lines this breeding place for the
Crocodiles. It has been recognized as Mini Zoo by the Zoo Authority of
* Jagannathpur Temple : It is 10 km apart from
Jagannathpur temple was built in 1691 having resemblance with
architectural style of Puri temple. Thakur Ani Nath Shahdeo, of
Barkagarh Jagannathpur built the temple.
PEOPLE FROM RANCHI
Mahendra Singh Dhoni is from
Rajesh Chauhan , former Indian cricketer, was born in
Mahendra Singh Dhoni , Most successful former Indian Cricket team
Carl Haeberlin , German physician, was born in Ranchi
Deepika Kumari , International Level Archer
* Peter Mansfield , British journalist and historian, was born in
Kariya Munda , Former Deputy Speaker of the 15th Lok Sabha and
current Member of Parliament
Vinay Pathak , actor schooled at Vikas Vidyalaya in Ranchi
Pat Reid MBE MC , escapee from
Colditz Castle , was born in Ranchi
Telesphore Toppo , Cardinal-Archbishop of
Ranchi in the Roman
Tapen Sen , Former Judge
Calcutta High Court
Calcutta High Court , Punjab
* ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF).
The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June
* ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and
above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census
Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
* ^ "
Jharkhand Movement". Country Studies. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
* ^ Cultural Configuration of Ranchi, Lalita Prasad Vidyarthi,
Rajendra Behari Lal, India. Planning Commission. Research Programmes
Committee, 1969, pg 306.
* ^ Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society Of Bengal,
Volume 4, No. 11, 1927, "The Etymology of Ranchi", pg 601.
* ^ Kaye's and Malleson's history of the Indian mutiny of 1857–8,
Volume 4, By Sir John William Kaye, George Bruce Malleson, W.H. Allen,
1889, pg 95.
* ^ "Only 98 cities instead of 100 announced: All questions
answered about the smart cities project". Firstpost. 2015-08-28.
* ^ "Sultry weather likely to continue in city, for now - Times of
India". Retrieved 2016-06-24.
* ^ "Ranchi,
Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)".
* ^ "Census of
India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including
cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
* ^ "
Ranchi District Population Census 2011,
Jharkhand literacy sex
ratio and density".
* ^ Assocham report, 2010 Archived 14 January 2012 at the Wayback
* ^ India, Press Trust of
India (February 10, 2017).
Hyderabad & Ranchi-
Chennai flight soon: Sinha". www.india.com.
* ^ "
Ranchi ready with stat