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A Ramsar Site is a wetland site designated of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. [1] The Convention on Wetlands, known as the Ramsar Convention, is an intergovernmental environmental treaty established in 1971 by UNESCO, and coming into force in 1975. It provides for national action and international cooperation regarding the conservation of wetlands, and wise sustainable use of their resources. [1] Ramsar identifies wetlands of international importance, especially those providing waterfowl habitat. In 2016 there are 2,231 Ramsar Sites, protecting 214,936,005 hectares (531,118,440 acres). 169 national governments are currently participating. [1]

Contents

1 Site listings 2 Classification

2.1 Marine/coastal wetlands 2.2 Inland wetlands 2.3 Human-made wetlands

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Site listings[edit] Ramsar sites are recorded on the List of Ramsar wetlands of international importance, [2] The non-profit organisation Wetlands International provides access to the Ramsar database via the Ramsar Sites Information Service. [3] Classification[edit] The Ramsar Classification System for Wetland
Wetland
Type is a wetland classification developed within the Ramsar Convention
Ramsar Convention
on Wetlands intended as a means for fast identification of the main types of wetlands for the purposes of the Convention.[4] Marine/coastal wetlands[edit]

Saline water:

Permanent:

(A) Permanent shallow marine waters: Less than 6m deep at low tide; including sea bays and straits (B) Marine subtidal aquatic beds: Underwater vegetation; including kelp beds and sea grass beds, and tropical marine meadows (C) Coral Reefs

Shores:

(D) Rocky marine shores (E) Sand, shingle or pebble shores

Saline or brackish water:

Intertidal:

(G) Intertidal
Intertidal
mud, sand or salt flats (H) Intertidal
Intertidal
marshes (I) Intertidal
Intertidal
forested wetlands

Lagoons:

(J) Coastal brackish/saline lagoons

Estuarine
Estuarine
waters:

(F) Estuarine
Estuarine
waters

Saline, brackish, or fresh water:

Subterranean:

(Zk(a)) Karst
Karst
and other Subterranean hydrological systems

Fresh water:

Lagoons:

(K) Coastal freshwater lagoons

Inland wetlands[edit]

Fresh water:

Flowing water:

Permanent:

Permanent inland river deltas (L) Permanent rivers/creeks/streamss (M)

Freshwater springs, oases (Y)

Seasonal/intermittent rivers/creeks/streams (N)

Lakes/pools:

Permanent >8 ha (O) Permanent < 8 ha(Tp) Seasonal / Intermittent > 8 ha (P) Seasonal Intermittent < 8 ha(Ts)

Marshes on inorganic soils:

Permanent (herb dominated) (Tp) Permanent / Seasonal / Intermittent (shrub dominated)(W) Permanent / Seasonal / Intermittent (tree dominated) (Xf) Seasonal/intermittent (herb dominated) (Ts)

Marshes on peat soils:

Permanent (non-forested)(U) Permanent (forested)(Xp)

Marshes on inorganic or peat soils:

Marshes on inorganic or peat soils / High altitude (alpine) (Va) Marshes on inorganic or peat soils / Tundra (Vt)

Saline, brackish or alkaline waters:

Lakes

Permanent (Q) Seasonal/intermittent (R)

Marshes/pools

Permanent (Sp) Seasonal/intermittent (Ss)

Fresh, saline, brackish or alkaline waters:

Geothermal
Geothermal
(Zg) Subterranean (Zk(b))

Human-made wetlands[edit]

(1) - Aquaculture
Aquaculture
ponds (2) - Ponds (farm and stock ponds, small stock tanks, or area less than 8 ha) (3) - Irrigated land (4) - Seasonally flooded agricultural land (5) - Salt exploitation sites (6) - Water Storage areas/Reservoirs (7) - Excavations (8) - Wastewater treatment areas (9) - Canals and drainage channels or ditches (Zk(c)) - human-made karst and other subterranean hydrological systems

See also[edit]

Ramsar sites by country List of parties to the Ramsar Convention Montreux Record Wetlands conservation topics

References[edit]

^ a b c Ramsar.org homepage . accessed 03.10.2016. ^ Ramsar.org: Ramsar Sites List . accessed 03.10.2016. ^ Ramsar.org: Ramsar Sites Information Service website, by Wetlands International . accessed 03.10.2016. ^ "Ramsar Classification System for Wetland
Wetland
Type", Annex I of the Information sheet

External links[edit]

Ramsar Sites Information Service.org: Official List of all Ramsar Sites website — via Ramsar Sites Information Service. https://rsis.ramsar.org/ris-search/?f[0]=pictureAvailable_b%3Atrue&pagetab=1 Ramsar Sites Information Service.org: — images of Ramsar Sites] Ramsar.org: Ramsar Convention
Ramsar Convention
website

v t e

Wetlands

Acrotelm A Directory of Important Wetlands in Australia Aquatic ecosystem Aquatic plants Atchafalaya Basin Backswamp Bayou Beach meadow Blackwater river Blanket bog Bog Bog
Bog
garden Brackish marsh Callows Carr Cataract bog Ciénega Clean Water Act Clearwater river Coastal bog Coniferous swamp Constructed wetland Delta Waterfowl
Waterfowl
Foundation Dambo Drainage basin Ducks Unlimited Estuary Fen Flark Flood-meadow Flooded grasslands and savannas Freshwater marsh Freshwater swamp forest Grass valley Guelta Halosere Hydrosere Igapó Ings Interdunal wetland Intertidal
Intertidal
wetland Karst Kermi bog Kettle Lagg Mangrove Marsh Marsh
Marsh
gas Mere Mire Misse Moorland Muck Mudflat Muskeg Oasis Palsa bog Paludification Palustrine wetland Plateau bog Pocosin Polygonal bog Pond Peat
Peat
swamp forest Poor fen Pothole Ramsar Convention Raised bog Reed bed Rich fen Riparian zone River
River
delta Salt marsh Salt pannes and pools Shrub swamp Slough String bog Swamp Telmatology Tidal marsh Upland bog Wet meadow Wetlands International Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust Will-o'-the-wisp Várzea forest Vernal pool Whitewater river Yaéré

v t e

Aquatic ecosystem
Aquatic ecosystem
topics

Aquatic ecosystems – general and freshwater components

General

Acoustic ecology Adaptation Agent-based models Algal bloom Anoxic waters Aquatic animals (Insects Mammals) Aquatic plants Aquatic science Benthos Biodiversity research Bioluminescence Biomass Biomonitoring Cascade effect Colored dissolved organic matter Camouflage and mimicry Dead zone Ecohydrology Ecosystems Eutrophication Fisheries science Food chain Food web GIS and aquatic science Hydrobiology Hypoxia Isotope analysis Microbial ecology Microbial food web Microbial loop Nekton Neuston Particle Pelagic zone Photic zone Phytoplankton Plankton Pleuston Predation Productivity Ramsar Convention Respiration Schooling Sediment trap Siltation Spawning Substrate Thermal pollution Toxicology Trophic level Water column Zooplankton More...

Freshwater

Biology Biomes Ecosystems

freshwater lake river

Fish Hyporheic zone Limnology Lake
Lake
stratification Macrophyte Pond

Fish
Fish
pond

Rheotaxis Stream
Stream
bed Stream
Stream
pool Trophic state index Upland and lowland Water garden Wetland

brackish marsh freshwater marsh swamp bog fen

Environmental quality More...

Ecoregions

Freshwater (List) Marine (List) The Everglades Maharashtra The North Pacific Subtropical Gyre The San Francisco Estuary

Aquatic ecosystems – marine components

Marine

Marine biology Marine chemistry Deep scattering layer Diel vertical migration Ecosystems

large marine marine)

f-ratio Iron fertilization Marine snow Ocean nourishment Oceanic physical-biological process Ocean turbidity Photophore Thorson's rule Upwelling Whale fall More...

Marine life

Bacteriophages Census Fish

coastal coral reef deep sea demersal pelagic

Deep sea communities Deep sea creature Deep-water coral Invertebrates Larvae Mammals Marine life Microorganisms Paradox of the plankton Reptiles Seabirds Seashore wildlife Vertebrates Wild fisheries

Marine habitats

Bay
Bay
mud Coastal biogeomorphology Cold seeps Coral reefs Davidson Seamount Estuaries Intertidal
Intertidal
ecology Intertidal
Intertidal
wetlands Kelp forests Hydrothermal vents Lagoons Mangroves Marine biomes Marine habitats Mudflats Rocky shores Salt marshes Salt pannes and pools Seagrass
Seagrass
meadows Sponge grounds Sponge reefs Tide pools

Issues

Ecological values of mangroves Fisheries and climate change HERMIONE Marine conservation Marine conservation
Marine conservation
activism Marine pollution Mar

.