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Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math is a religious monastic order, considered part of the Hindu reform movements. It was set up by Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
pramhansa himself in Kolkata, India. The headquarters of Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math and its twin organisation, Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Mission
is at Belur Math
Belur Math
(in West Bengal, India). Although Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math and Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Mission
are legally and financially separate, they are closely inter-related in several other ways and are to be regarded as twin organizations. All branch centres of Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math come under the administrative control of the Board of Trustees, whereas all branch centres of Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Mission
come under the administrative control of the Governing Body of Ramakrishna Mission.[1] As of 2016, the Math and Mission have 181 centres all over the world: 136 in India, 13 in USA, 13 in Bangladesh, 2 in Russia, and one each in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Fiji, France, Germany, Japan, Malaysia, Mauritius, Nepal, Netherlands, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, and United Kingdom. Besides, there are 33 sub-centres attached to some of these centres. Besides these branch centres, there are about one thousand unaffiliated centres (popularly called ‘private centres’) all over the world started by the devotees and followers of Sri Ramakrishna
Sri Ramakrishna
and Swami Vivekananda.

Contents

1 Monastic
Monastic
order

1.1 Mother of the Order

2 Genesis

2.1 Baranagar
Baranagar
Math 2.2 Alambazar Math 2.3 Nilambar Mukherjee Garden

3 Belur Math 4 Motto and emblem 5 Bifurcation 6 Characteristics

6.1 Non-sectarianism 6.2 Group life and work ethic 6.3 Attitude toward social reform 6.4 Attitude toward politics

7 Administration 8 Vedanta 9 Further reading 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Monastic
Monastic
order[edit]

Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math, at Bagbazar, Kolkata

Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math consists of monks ( Sannyasins
Sannyasins
and Brahmacharins) belonging to a monastic order for men. After the passing away of their Master Sri Ramakrishna
Sri Ramakrishna
in 1886 the young disciples under the leadership of Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
organized themselves into a new monastic order. The original monastery at Baranagar
Baranagar
called Baranagar Math was shifted in January 1899 to a newly acquired plot of land at Belur in the district of Howrah. Mother of the Order[edit] Sri Sarada Devi, popularly called as Holy Mother and Sangha Janani (Mother of the Order), played a key role in the establishment of the Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Order. During the early days, when the young monks were roaming about penniless, it was the Holy Mother who gave them encouragement, inspiration, and her prayers. Genesis[edit] Baranagar
Baranagar
Math[edit] During his lifetime, Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
gathered and trained his young disciples with Narendranath (future Vivekananda) as their anointed leader. It is these disciples - some of whom were also blessed with monastic robes by Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
himself, that formed the core of a new monastic order that bears his name now. Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
and fifteen[2] others were the founders of this order. After taking formal monastic vows through appropriate rituals (12 at first and the rest at different times later) they assumed new names as follows (based on seniority in age):[3][4]

Gopal - Swami Advaitananda
Swami Advaitananda
(1828-1909) Taraknath - Swami Sivananda (1854-1934) Baburam - Swami Premananda (1861-1918) Yogindra - Swami Yogananda
Swami Yogananda
(1861-1899) Harinath - Swami Turiyananda
Swami Turiyananda
(1863-1922) Narendranath - Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
(1863-1902) Rakhal - Swami Brahmananda
Swami Brahmananda
(1863-1922) Sasibhusan - Swami Ramakrishnananda
Swami Ramakrishnananda
(1863-1911) Gangadhar - Swami Akhandananda
Swami Akhandananda
(1864-1937) Kaliprasad - Swami Abhedananda
Swami Abhedananda
(1866-1939) Saratchandra - Swami Saradananda
Saradananda
(1865-1927) Saradaprasanna - Swami Trigunatitananda
Swami Trigunatitananda
(1865-1914) Subodhachandra - Swami Subhodananda (1867-1932) Hariprasanna - Swami Vijnanananda
Swami Vijnanananda
(1868-1938) Latu - Swami Adbhutananda
Swami Adbhutananda
(died 1920) Nityaniranjan - Swami Niranjanananda (died 1904)

Alambazar Math[edit] From February 1892 to February 1898, the Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math was located at Alambazar, half a mile from Dakshineshwar Temple. The house which housed the Alambazar Math, as it is popularly known today, was visited by Sri Ramakrishna. Nilambar Mukherjee Garden[edit] For a short period, the math was temporarily moved to the Nilambar Mukherjee Garden, below the final settlement at Belur Math. Belur Math[edit] Main article: Belur Math This monastery, known as Belur Math, serves as the Mother House for all the monks of Ramakrishna Order who live in the various branch centres of Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math and/or the related Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Mission
in different parts of India
India
and the world. Motto and emblem[edit]

Emblem of the Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Order

Any organisation, especially the one that bears the name of an epoch-making person, needs a motto to guide it and an emblem that constantly reminds and inspires. Realising this, Vivekananda
Vivekananda
placed before it the motto: आत्मनो मोक्षार्थम् जगद्धिताय च - Atmano Mokshartham jagaddhitaya ca ('For the liberation of the Self and service to the society'). He also designed a charming but distinctive emblem that effectively reflected this motto. It consists of an elegant swan against the backdrop of the rising sun, surrounded by wavy waters from which has arisen a beautiful lotus flower along with a couple of leaves. This whole picture is encircled by a hooded serpent. Whereas the motto adds a social dimension to the hitherto, purely personal, aspect of a self-centred sadhana, the emblem - which graphically describes a balanced combination or harmony of all the four yogas - enriches that sadhana by making it more comprehensive.[5] Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
explained the imagery in the following terms: "The wavy waters in the picture are symbolic of Karma; the lotus, of Bhakti; and the rising-sun, of Jnana. The encircling serpent is indicative of Yoga and the awakened Kundalini Shakti, while the swan in the picture stands for Paramatman (Supreme Self). Therefore, the idea of the picture is that by the union of Karma, Jnana, Bhakti
Bhakti
and Yoga, the vision of Paramatman is obtained."[6] Bifurcation[edit] The basic philosophy of life put before the Ramakrishna Order by Vivekananda
Vivekananda
automatically led to a bifurcation of its activities into two important, but parallel, areas. The atmamoksha aspect resulted in the establishment of the Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math, an organisation catering predominantly to the spiritual needs of the monks of the order as also its votaries. The jagaddhita aspect on the other hand, gave rise to another, a sister organisation, concentrating solely on public service activities.[7] Characteristics[edit] Unlike the old monastic traditions prevalent at the time, the Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
movement has certain unique features. They may be listed as follows: Non-sectarianism[edit] The Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
movement does not identify itself with any particular sect or group or even tradition. It embraces the whole gamut of religio-spiritual development of the entire Hindu race over the last five thousand years or more. It also has room for other religions and faiths. Therefore, Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math allows people even outside the Hindu faith to embrace monastic life following the basic monastic disciplines as exemplified in the lives of Ramakrishna-Vivekananda. Group life and work ethic[edit] Since its cradle years, the Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
monks have chosen to live in a group. Though from time to time, the monks went into solitude or wandering alone, the sense of brotherhood among them was too strong to keep anyone away from the monastery for too long. Since Sri Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
himself insisted on Sadhu Sangha (holy company) it is but natural for his disciples to seek the company of the each other The greatest advantage of a Sangha (organisation of monks) is strengthening of one another's spiritual vibrations and the rounding off one's angularities.[8] The philosophy of service of this Sangha is serving the Jiva as Siva (God). Thus, what is usually a mere act of social service is elevated to a spiritual practice. "No work is secular" is a popular dictum in the Ramakrishna- Vivekananda
Vivekananda
circle. Moreover, its members practice the teachings of Karma Yoga of 'perfection in action', therefore, any work taken up has to be carried out with efficiency as a spiritual discipline. The fact that the Movement lays great stress on selfless service as a means of God-realization also attracts many people. The service it gives is open to all, irrespective of caste or creed or language.[9] Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
monks also are not averse to modern technologies, but on the other hand, actively canvass the use of technologies for the progress and well-being of the society. Attitude toward social reform[edit] Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
urged for a 'root and branch reform' and not merely superficial progress or development. Real reformation starts with reforming and refining one's own character. Character building and personality development are some of the activities taken up by the Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
centres to bring real lasting changes in the society. Therefore, the Ramakrishna Order do not directly involve itself in any social reformation. Attitude toward politics[edit] Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
with an uncanny vision of the future forbade his organization strictly from taking part in any political movement or activity. Why? Because the monk is a world-citizen, nay, a man of God! (And, world-citizens do not dabble in politics, whereas Godmen have no politics at all.)[10] Even though in the early years, many do not agree with this, later history has proved that Vivekananda
Vivekananda
was absolutely right. Administration[edit] The Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math was registered as a Trust in 1901. The management of the Math is vested in a Board of Trustees who are only monks. The Math with its branches is a distinct legal entity. It has well-defined rules of procedure. It lays emphasis on religious practices and preaching of Dharma. The Math has its own separate funds and keeps detailed accounts which are annually audited by qualified chartered accountants. In consultation with the senior monks of the Order, the Trustees elect from among themselves a President, one to three Vice Presidents, a General Secretary and four Assistant Secretaries. The President, also called the 'Sanghaguru' is the supreme Head of the whole organisation and the sole authority to confer Samnyasa or administering the monastic vow. The Presidents, Vice Presidents (or the Head of a foreign centre) are also empowered to give initiation or Mantra Diksha to devotees aspiring for it.[11] The General Secretary is the administrative head of the organisation. However, his power is limited to implementing the decisions taken by the Trustees/Members of the Governing Body, though he has the freedom to act in matters of day-to-day administration. The Assistant Secretaries work under his guidance.[12] The individual centres of the Math are managed by the Adhyaksha and of the Mission, by the secretaries, duly appointed by the Trustees/Members of the Governing Body. These again, are expected to carry on their work with the assistance of the monastic members allotted to their centres as also volunteers and paid-workers.[13] As on 31 March 2014, there were 409 monastic members, 254 lay members, and 181 lay associates.[14] Vedanta[edit]

Sri Ramakrishna
Sri Ramakrishna
Math, Chennai
Chennai
Universal Temple in Mylapore, Chennai, India

The fundamental truth as taught by all religions is that man has to transform his base human nature into the divine that is within him. In other words, he must reach the deeper strata of his being, wherein lies his unity with all mankind. And Vedanta
Vedanta
can help us to contact and live that truth which unfolds our real nature — the divinity lying hidden in man.[citation needed] Vedanta
Vedanta
is not a particular religion but a philosophy which includes the basic truths of all religions. It teaches that man's real nature is divine; that it is the aim of man's life on earth to unfold and manifest the hidden Godhead within him; and that truth is universal.[citation needed] Thus Vedanta
Vedanta
preaches a universal message, the message of harmony. In its insistence on personal experience of the truth of God, on the divinity of man, and the universality of truth it has kept the spirit of religion alive since the age of the Vedas (ancient scriptures). Even in our time there have been Ramakrishna, Vivekananda, and men like Gandhi. The modern apostle of Vedanta, Vivekananda, describes the ideal religion of tomorrow as follows:[citation needed] Further reading[edit]

Harshananda, Swami, "A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism", Ramakrishna Math, Bangalore (2008). Vol.3, ISBN 978-81-7907-057-4 Gahanananda, Swami, " Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Mission
for All", Sri Ramakrishna Math, Chennai, ISBN 81-7120-375-2 Prabhananda, Swami, "The Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Movement," The Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture, Calcutta, (1991), ISBN 81-87332-38-7 Budhananda, Swami, "The Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Movement, Its Meaning for Mankind," Advaita Ashrama, Kolkata (1980), ISBN 81-85301-56-5 Prabhananda, Swami, "The Early History of the Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Movement," Sri Ramakrishna
Sri Ramakrishna
Math, Chennai
Chennai
(2005), ISBN 81-7823-226-X Shraddhananda, Swami, "The Story of An Epoch," Sri Ramakrishna
Sri Ramakrishna
Math, Chennai, (1980), ISBN 81-7120-517-8 "Monasticism: Ideals and Traditions," Sri Ramakrishna
Sri Ramakrishna
Math, Chennai (1991) ISBN 81-7120-359-0 Report of Governing Body for 2013-2014

See also[edit]

Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Mission Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Sarada Mission Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Sarada Math

References[edit]

^ http://www.belurmath.org/ ^ http://belurmath.org/monasticdisciples.htm ^ http://belurmath.org/monasticdisciples.htm ^ Swami Harshananda, A Concise Encyclopaedia of Hinduism, Ramakrishna Math, Bangalore (2008) Vol.3, p.21 ^ Swami Harshananda, The Concise Encyclopaedia of Hinduism, Vol.3 p.21 ^ Vivekananda, Swami. "Conversations And Dialogues - XVI". The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda. 7. Advaita Ashrama.  ^ Swami Harshananda, p.21 ^ Swami Harshananda, Vol.3 p.23 ^ Lokeswarananda, Swami, "The Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Movement, Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture, Kolkata, (1991) p.40-41 ^ Swami Harshananda, Vol.3 p.23 ^ Swami Harshananda, p.24 ^ Swami Harshananda, p.24-25 ^ Swami Harshananda, p.25 ^ http://www.belurmath.org/news_archives/wpimages/2014/12/AGM-2013-14-to-Centre.pdf

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Mission.

Official Website

v t e

Ramakrishna

Life

Family

Sarada Devi

Places

Dakshineswar Kali
Kali
Temple Kamarpukur Jayrambati

Events

Kalpataru Day Ramakrishna's samadhi Relationship between Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
and Vivekananda

Philosophy

Philosophy

Bhakti Gita Kali Tantra Vedanta

Teachings

Teachings of Ramakrishna Sri Sri Ramakrishna
Sri Ramakrishna
Kathamrita The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna Ramakrishna's influence

Disciples

Monastic disciples

Vivekananda Abhedananda Adbhutananda Advaitananda Akhandananda Brahmananda Niranjanananda Nirmalananda Premananda Ramakrishnananda Saradananda Shivananda Subodhananda Trigunatitananda Turiyananda Vijnanananda Yogananda

Lay disciples

Adhar Sen Akshay Kumar Sen Balaram Bose Devendra Nath Majumdar Durga Charan Nag Girish Chandra Ghosh Gopaler Ma Keshab Chandra Sen Mahendranath Gupta Ram Chandra Datta Surendra Nath Mitra

Memorials

Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Mission Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Mission
Institute of Culture

Studies

Bibliography of Ramakrishna Sri Ramakrishna, the Great Master Kali's Child Views on Ramakrishna

Commons Wikiquote Wikisource texts

v t e

Swami Vivekananda

Biography

Birthplace Prayer to Kali
Kali
at Dakshineswar Baranagar
Baranagar
Math Swami Vivekananda's travels in India
India
(1888–1893) Teachers

Ramakrishna Sarada Devi Relationship with Ramakrishna

at the Parliament of the World's Religions (1893) in California

Works and philosophy

Teachings and philosophy

Teachings and philosophy Vivekananda
Vivekananda
and meditation Influence and legacy of Vivekananda Neo-Vedanta

Books

Bibliography Sangeet Kalpataru Bartaman Bharat Inspired Talks Jnana Yoga Karma Yoga Lectures from Colombo to Almora My Master Raja Yoga The East and the West

Poems/Songs

" Kali
Kali
the Mother" Khandana Bhava–Bandhana "My Play is Done" The Hymn of Samadhi The Song of the Sannyasin To the Fourth of July Nachuk Tahate Shyama

Lectures

"Buddhism, the Fulfilment of Hinduism" Christ, the Messenger Religion not the crying need of India Vedanta
Vedanta
Philosophy

Miscellaneous

Arise, awake, and stop not till the goal is reached Atmano mokshartham jagat hitaya cha Bahujana sukhaya bahujana hitaya cha

Foundations

Advaita Ashrama Belur Math Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Math Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Mission Udbodhan Vedanta
Vedanta
Society (New York)

Disciples and friends

Monastic
Monastic
disciples

Shuddhananda Virajananda Swarupananda Paramananda

Other disciples and friends

Ajit Singh of Khetri Alasinga Perumal Emma Calvé J. J. Goodwin John Henry Wright Josephine MacLeod Sara Chapman Bull Sister Christine Sister Nivedita Abhayananda William Hastie

Memorials

Vivekananda
Vivekananda
Rock Memorial National Youth Day (India) Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
Airport Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
Road metro station Swami Vivekanand Nagar Vivekanandar Illam Vivekananda
Vivekananda
Setu Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
statue (Golpark, Kolkata) 150th birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
Youth Employment Week Vivek Express

Artistic depictions

Films

Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
(1955) Bireswar
Bireswar
Vivekananda
Vivekananda
(1964) Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
(1998) Swamiji
Swamiji
(2012) The Light: Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
(2013)

Dramas

Biley Bireswar

Educational institutions named after Vivekananda

Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Mission
Vivekananda
Vivekananda
University Ramakrishna Mission
Ramakrishna Mission
Vivekananda
Vivekananda
Centenary College Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
Subharti University Swami Vivekanand University, Madhya Pradesh Vivekanda Degree College, Kukatpally Vivekananda
Vivekananda
Degree College, Puttur Vivekananda
Vivekananda
Global University Vivekananda
Vivekananda
Institution Vivekananda
Vivekananda
Kendra Vidyalaya Vivekananda
Vivekananda
Vidya Mandir

Books on Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
on Himself Life and Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda Notes of some wanderings with the Swami Vivekananda Swami Vivekananda: Messiah of Resurgent India Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
in the West: New Discoveries Pransakha Vivekananda Rousing Call to Hindu Nation The Master as I Saw Him

Researchers

Sankari Prasad Basu Mani Shankar Mukherjee

WikiProject Commons Wikiquote Wikisource texts

v t e

Hindu reform movements

Ayyavazhi Arya Samaj Brahma Kumaris BAPS Chinmaya Mission Divine Life Society ISKCON Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Mission Sri Aurobindo
Sri Aurobindo
Ashram Swadhyay Parivar Swaminarayan
Swaminarayan
Sampraday YSS

Topics

Bhakti Brahmacharya Caste Persecution of Hindus Shuddhi Women in Hinduism

Reformers and revivalist writers

Arumuka Navalar Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay Dayananda Saraswati Debendranath Tagore Keshub Chandra Sen Mahatma Gandhi Mirra Alfassa Narasimha Chintaman Kelkar Pandurang Shastri Athavale Ram Mohan Roy Ramakrishna Sister Nivedita Sivananda Saraswati Sri Aurobindo Swami Shraddhanand Swami Vipulananda Swaminaraya

.