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Ralph Jose P. Burns (29 June 1922 – 21 November 2001) was an American jazz pianist, composer, and arranger.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Filmography

4.1 Composer 4.2 Other 4.3 Soundtracks

5 Awards and nominations 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] Burns was born in Newton, Massachusetts
Newton, Massachusetts
where he began playing the piano as a child. In 1938, he attended the New England Conservatory of Music. He admitted that he learned the most about jazz by transcribing the works of Count Basie, Benny Goodman
Benny Goodman
and Duke Ellington. While a student, Burns lived in Frances Wayne's home. Wayne was already a well-known big band singer and her brother Nick Jerret was a bandleader who began working with Burns. He found himself in the company of such famous performers as Nat King Cole
Nat King Cole
and Art Tatum. Career[edit] After Burns moved to New York in the early 1940s, he met Charlie Barnet and the two began working together. In 1944, he joined the Woody Herman
Woody Herman
band with members Neal Hefti, Bill Harris, Flip Phillips, Chubby Jackson
Chubby Jackson
and Dave Tough. Together, the group developed a powerful and distinctive sound. For 15 years, Burns wrote or arranged many of the band's major hits including "Bijou", "Northwest Passage" and "Apple Honey", and on the longer work "Lady McGowan's Dream" and the three-part Summer Sequence. Burns worked with numerous other musicians. Stan Getz
Stan Getz
was featured as a tenor saxophone soloist on "Early Autumn", a huge hit for the band and the launching platform for Getz's solo career. Burns also worked in a small band with soloists including Bill Harris and Charlie Ventura. The success of the Herman band provided Burns the ability to record under his own name in the 1950s. In the 1950s Burns played nightly from 5pm -9pm in The Baroque Room at Oscar's Delmonico restaurant in Downtown Manhattan. He collaborated with Billy Strayhorn, Lee Konitz and Ben Webster
Ben Webster
to create both jazz and classical recordings. He wrote compositions for Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
and Johnny Mathis
Johnny Mathis
and later Aretha Franklin and Natalie Cole. Burns was responsible for the arrangement and introduction of a string orchestra on two of Ray Charles's biggest hits, "Come Rain or Come Shine" and "Georgia on My Mind". In the 1960s, Burns was freed from touring as a band pianist, and began arranging/orchestrating for Broadway including the major show Chicago, Funny Girl, No, No, Nanette, and Sweet Charity. In 1971, Burns first film assignment was for Woody Allen's Bananas. Burns worked with film-director Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
and in 1972 won the Academy Award as music supervisor for Cabaret. He composed the film scores for Lenny (1974) and Martin Scorsese's jazz-themed New York, New York
New York, New York
(1977). Fosse
Fosse
again employed Burns to create the soundtrack for All That Jazz for which he also won an Academy Award in 1979. He then worked on Urban Cowboy
Urban Cowboy
(1980) and in 1982, Burns received another Academy Award nomination for his work in Annie. His work for the stage was also notable. Baryshnikov on Broadway in 1980 earned Burns an Emmy Award for his work. In the 1990s, Burns arranged music for Mel Tormé, John Pizzarelli
John Pizzarelli
and Michael Feinstein. Burns won the Tony Award for Best Orchestrations in 1999 for Fosse
Fosse
and posthumously in 2002 for Thoroughly Modern Millie, which also garnered him the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Orchestrations. The latter were won with Doug Besterman. From 1996 until his death, Burns restored many orchestrations for New York City Center's Encores! series—revivals of both his own shows and shows originally orchestrated by others.[1] Burns was inducted into the New England Jazz
Jazz
Hall of Fame in 2004. Personal life[edit] Burns carefully hid his homosexuality throughout his life.[2] In 2001, Burns died from complications of a recent stroke and pneumonia in Los Angeles, California
California
and was buried on April 13, 2002 in Newton.[3] He was survived by one sister, Nancy Lane (Burns), and three brothers, Leo, Joe, and Gael. Filmography[edit] Composer[edit]

Lenny (1974) Piaf (1974) Lucky Lady
Lucky Lady
(1975) Movie Movie
Movie Movie
(1978) All That Jazz
Jazz
(1979) Make Me an Offer
Make Me an Offer
(1980) (TV)            Urban Cowboy
Urban Cowboy
(1980) Golden Gate (1981) (TV) Pennies from Heaven (1981) Side Show (1981) (TV)

Kiss Me Goodbye (1982) Lights, Camera, Annie! (1982) (TV) My Favorite Year
My Favorite Year
(1982) The Phantom of the Opera (1983) (TV) Star 80
Star 80
(1983) National Lampoon's Vacation
National Lampoon's Vacation
(1983) Ernie Kovacs: Between the Laughter (1984) (TV)            The Muppets Take Manhattan
The Muppets Take Manhattan
(1984) Moving Violations
Moving Violations
(1985) Perfect (1985)

The Christmas Star (1986) (TV) Penalty Phase (1986) (TV) Amazing Stories (2 episodes, 1986–1987)

"Magic Saturday" (1986) TV Episode "The 21-Inch Sun" (1987) TV Episode

After the Promise (1987) (TV) In the Mood (1987) All Dogs Go to Heaven
All Dogs Go to Heaven
(1989) Sweet Bird of Youth (1989) (TV) Bert Rigby, You're a Fool
Bert Rigby, You're a Fool
(1989)

Other[edit]

Something More! (1964) (orchestrator) Sweet Charity
Sweet Charity
(1969) (orchestrator) Move (1970) (orchestrator) Bananas (1971) (orchestrator) Pippin (musical)
Pippin (musical)
(1971) (orchestrator) Cabaret (1972) (conductor, arranger, supervisor) Lenny (1974) (music supervisor) Mame (1974) (musical director) (orchestrator) New York, New York
New York, New York
(1977) (conductor, supervisor) The World's Greatest Lover
The World's Greatest Lover
(1977) (orchestrator)

High Anxiety
High Anxiety
(1977) (orchestrator) All That Jazz
Jazz
(1979) (conductor, arranger, supervisor) (uncredited) Baryshnikov on Broadway (1980) (TV) (music arranger) Urban Cowboy
Urban Cowboy
(1980) (music adaptor) First Family (1980) (composer: additional music, uncredited, conductor, adaptor) Bring Back Birdie
Bring Back Birdie
(1981) (orchestrator supervisor) Pippin: His Life and Times (1981) (TV) (music arranger) History of the World: Part I (1981) (orchestrator: "The Spanish Inquisition") Annie (1982) (conductor, arranger)

Jinxed!
Jinxed!
(1982) (reunion scene arranger and orchestrator) To Be or Not to Be (1983) (orchestrator) A Chorus Line (1985) (conductor, arranger) In the Mood (1987) (conductor, orchestrator) The Josephine Baker Story (1991) (TV) Life Stinks
Life Stinks
(1991) (dance orchestrator) The Addams Family (1991) (additional orchestrator) Fosse
Fosse
(2001) (TV) (orchestrator)

Soundtracks[edit]

Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil (1997) (writer: "Early Autumn") Star 80
Star 80
(1983) (music: "Overkill", "Off Ramp", "Improvise", "Funky") (lyrics: "Overkill", "Funky")

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Work Result

1973 Academy Awards Best Adapted Score Cabaret Won

1979 Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Film Critics Association Best Film Movie Movie 3rd place

1980 Academy Awards Best Adapted Score All That Jazz Won

Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Achievement in Music Direction Baryshnikov on Broadway Won

David di Donatello Best Foreign Music Movie Movie Won

Stinkers Bad Movie Awards Most Intrusive Musical Score First Family Nominated

1983 Academy Awards Best Adapted Score Annie Nominated

1985 Saturn Award Best Music The Muppets Take Manhattan Nominated

1986 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Orchestrations Sweet Charity Nominated

1987 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Achievement on Music Direction Liberty Weekend Nominated

1991 The Josephine Baker Story Nominated

1999 Tony Award Best Orchestrations Fosse Won

2002 Thoroughly Modern Millie Won

Drama Desk Award Outstanding Orchestrations Won

See also[edit]

List of jazz arrangers

References[edit] Notes

^ Fisher, Rob (May 9, 2008) "Keeping Score" Playbill. Archived 2012-10-21 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Homophobia in Jazz". Jazz
Jazz
Times. 2001.  ^ " Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
Obituary". Legacy.com. Retrieved April 10, 2017. 

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Bibliography

" Arranger
Arranger
Famed from Herman to Hollywood". The Scotsman. 2001. Retrieved 2008-08-17.  The ASCAP Biographical Dictionary, Third edition, New York: American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (1966) ASCAP Biographical Dictionary. Fourth edition, compiled for the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers
American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers
by Jaques Cattell Press. New York: R.R. Bowker (1980) Contemporary Musicians. Profiles of the people in music. Volume 37. Detroit: Gale Group
Gale Group
(2002) (biography contains portrait) Contemporary Theatre, Film, and Television, Volume 12, Detroit: Gale Research (1994) OCLC 31752068 Contemporary Theatre, Film, and Television, Volume 24, Detroit: Gale Group (1999) OCLC 48867915 International Motion Picture Almanac, 1992 edition, New York: Quigley Publishing Co. (1992) OCLC 25170797 International Motion Picture Almanac, 1994 edition, New York: Quigley Publishing Co. (1994) OCLC 29859214 International Motion Picture Almanac, 1996 edition, New York: Quigley Publishing Co. (1996) OCLC 34264014 The New York Times Biographical Service; A compilation of current biographical information of general interest; Volume 32, Numbers 1–12, Ann Arbor, MI: Bell & Howell Information & Learning Co. (2001) " Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
on MSN Music". MSN. 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-17.  Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris and Erlewine, Stephen Thomas All Music Guide to Jazz; The definitive guide to jazz music, Fourth edition,, San Francisco: Backbeat Books (2002) Bowman, John S. The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press
(1995) Claghorn, Charles Eugene. Biographical Dictionary of American Music, West Nyack, NY: Parker Publishing Co. (1973) Claghorn, Charles Eugene. Biographical Dictionary of Jazz, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall
Prentice Hall
(1982) Hitchcock, H. Wiley and Sadie, Stanley (eds.) The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, four volumes, edited by, London: Macmillan Press (1986) OCLC 13184437 Kernfeld, Barry The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz; First edition, two volumes, London: Macmillan Press
Macmillan Press
(1988) OCLC 16804283 Kernfeld, Barry The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, New York: St. Martin's Press (1994) Kernfeld, Barry The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz; Second edition, three volumes, edited by Barry Kernfeld, London: Macmillan Publishers (2002) Kinkle, Roger D. The Complete Encyclopedia of Popular Music and Jazz, 1900–1950, Three volumes, New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House Publishers (1974); biographies are located in Volumes 2 and 3 Larkin, Colin (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Popular Music; Third edition, eight volumes, London: Muze (1998); Grove's Dictionaries, New York (1998) OCLC 39837948 Rigdon, Walter. The Biographical Encyclopaedia and Who's Who of the American Theatre, edited by Walter Rigdon, New York: James H. Heineman (1966) Simmonds, Ron (2008). "Ralph Burns". Jazz
Jazz
Professional. Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 

External links[edit]

Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
on IMDb Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
at AllMusic

v t e

Academy Award for Best Original Score

1930s

Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)

1940s

Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)

1950s

Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)

1960s

Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)

1970s

Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1979)

1980s

Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)

2000s

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Orchestrations

Michael Gibson / Hans Spialek (1983) Michael Starobin (1984) Steven Margoshes and Danny Troob (1985) Rupert Holmes (1986) John Cameron (1987) David Cullen and Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
(1988) Billy Byers (1990) William David Brohn (1991) Luther Henderson (1992) Jose Libertella and Luis Stazo (1993) Jonathan Tunick (1994) Steve Skinner (1996) Jonathan Tunick (1997) William David Brohn (1998) Don Sebesky (1999) Don Sebesky (2000) Doug Besterman (2001) Doug Besterman and Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(2002) Harold Wheeler (2003) William David Brohn (2004) Bruce Coughlin, Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
and Ted Sperling (2005) Sarah Travis (2006) Mary Mitchell Campbell/ Jonathan Tunick (2007) Jason Carr (2008) Martin Koch (2009) Daryl Waters and David Bryan
David Bryan
(2010) Larry Hochman and Stephen Oremus
Stephen Oremus
(2011) Martin Lowe (2012) Danny Troob (2013) Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2014) Christopher Austin
Christopher Austin
(2015) Larry Hochman (2016) Bill Elliott and Greg Anthony Rassen (2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Orchestrations

Jonathan Tunick (1997) William David Brohn (1998) Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
and Doug Besterman (1999) Don Sebesky (2000) Doug Besterman (2001) Doug Besterman and Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(2002) Billy Joel
Billy Joel
and Stuart Malina (2003) Michael Starobin (2004) Ted Sperling, Adam Guettel
Adam Guettel
and Bruce Coughlin (2005) Sarah Travis (2006) Duncan Sheik
Duncan Sheik
(2007) Alex Lacamoire and Bill Sherman (2008) Martin Koch / Michael Starobin and Tom Kitt (2009) Daryl Waters and David Bryan
David Bryan
(2010) Larry Hochman and Stephen Oremus
Stephen Oremus
(2011) Martin Lowe (2012) Stephen Oremus
Stephen Oremus
(2013) Jason Robert Brown
Jason Robert Brown
(2014) Christopher Austin, Don Sebesky and Bill Elliot (2015) Alex Lacamoire (2016) Alex Lacamoire (2017)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 29717395 LCCN: n82101496 ISNI: 0000 0001 0883 9060 GND: 134340914 SUDOC: 070690855 BNF: cb13891994q (data) MusicBrainz: dc76d878-a09e-404a-9721-0846d7bbda2c BNE: XX857

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