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Coordinates : 28°37′0″N 77°12′30″E / 28.61667°N 77.20833°E / 28.61667; 77.20833

Rajya Sabha Council of States

Emblem of India
India

TYPE

TYPE Upper house of the Parliament of India
Parliament of India

TERM LIMITS 6 years

LEADERSHIP

Chairman (Vice-President ) Mohammad Hamid Ansari , Independent Since 11 August 2007

DEPUTY CHAIRMAN P. J. Kurien , INC Since 21 August 2012

LEADER OF THE HOUSE Arun Jaitley , BJP Since 2 June 2014

LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION Ghulam Nabi Azad , INC Since 8 June 2014

STRUCTURE

SEATS

245

* 233 Elected * 12 Nominated

2 Vacant (2 Elected Seats)

POLITICAL GROUPS

GOVERNMENT COALITION (86) NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC ALLIANCE (86)

* BJP (58) * JD(U) (10) * TDP (6) * SAD (3) * SS (3) * JKPDP (2) * BPF (1) * NPF (1) * RPI(A) (1) * SDF (1)

OPPOSITION PARTIES (143) UNITED PROGRESSIVE ALLIANCE (63)

* INC (57) * DMK (4) * IUML (1) * KC(M) (1)

JANATA PARIVAR PARTIES (5)

* RJD (3) * INLD (1) * JD(S) (1)

UNALIGNED PARTIES (75)

* SP (18) * AIADMK (13) * AITC (12) * BJD (8) * CPI(M) (8) * BSP (5) * NCP (5) * TRS (3) * CPI (1) * JMM (1) * YSRCP (1)

OTHERS (16)

* Nominated (8) * Independents (6) * Vacant (2)

ELECTIONS

VOTING SYSTEM Single transferable vote

LAST ELECTION 14 March and 11 June 2016

NEXT ELECTION 21 July and 08 August 2017

MEETING PLACE

Chamber of Rajya Sabha, Sansad Bhavan , Sansad Marg
Sansad Marg
, New Delhi
New Delhi
, India
India

WEBSITE

rajyasabha.nic.in

The RAJYA SABHA or COUNCIL OF STATES is the upper house of the Parliament of India
Parliament of India
. Membership of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of 250 members, and current laws have provision for 245 members. Most of the members of the House are indirectly elected by state and territorial legislatures using single transferable votes , while the President can appoint 12 members for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services. Members sit for staggered six-year terms, with one third of the members retiring every two years.

The Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
meets in continuous sessions, and unlike the Lok Sabha , the lower house of Parliament, is not subject to dissolution. However, the Rajya Sabha, like the Lok Sabha can be prorogued by the President. The Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
has equal footing in all areas of legislation with Lok Sabha, except in the area of supply , where the Lok Sabha has overriding powers. In the case of conflicting legislation, a joint sitting of the two houses can be held. However, since the Lok Sabha has twice as many members as the Rajya Sabha, the former would normally hold the greater power. Joint sittings of the Houses of Parliament of India
Parliament of India
are rare, and in the history of the Republic, only three such joint-sessions have been held; the latest one for the passage of the 2002 Prevention of Terrorism Act .

The Vice-President of India (currently, Venkaiah Naidu ) is the _ex-officio _ Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, who presides over its sessions. The Deputy Chairman , who is elected from amongst the house's members, takes care of the day-to-day matters of the house in the absence of the Chairman. The Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
held its first sitting on 13 May 1952. The salary and other benefits for a member of Rajya Sabha are same as for a member of Lok Sabha.

Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
members are elected by state legislatures rather than directly through the electorate by single transferable vote method.

CONTENTS

* 1 Qualifications

* 2 Limitations

* 2.1 Money bills * 2.2 Joint Sitting of the Parliament * 2.3 No-confidence motion

* 3 Powers

* 3.1 Union-States Relations * 3.2 Creation of All- India
India
Services

* 4 Membership and composition

* 4.1 Membership by party

* 5 Officers

* 5.1 Leader of the House * 5.2 Leader of the Opposition

* 6 Secretariat * 7 Media * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links

QUALIFICATIONS

Article 84 of the Constitution lays down the qualifications for membership of Parliament. A member of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
must:

* Must be a citizen of India. * Must make and subscribe before some person authorized in that behalf by the Election Commission an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule to the Constitution. * Must be at least 30 years old. * Must be elected by the Legislative Assembly of States and Union territories by means of Single transferable vote through Proportional representation . * Must have their name present on the voters' list. * Cannot be a proclaimed criminal. * Cannot be an insolvent , i.e. he/she should not be in debt that he/she is not capable of repaying in a current manner and should have the ability to meet his/her financial expenses. * Should not hold any other office of profit under the Government of India. * Should not be of unsound mind. * Must possess such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament.

In addition, twelve members are nominated by the President of India having special knowledge in various areas like arts and science. However, they are not entitled to vote in Presidential elections as per Article 55 of the Constitution.

LIMITATIONS

The Constitution of India
India
places some restrictions on Rajya Sabha which makes Lok Sabha more powerful in certain areas in comparison.

MONEY BILLS

Money bills, as defined in the Constitution of India
India
Act 110, can only be introduced in Lok Sabha. When Lok Sabha passes a money bill, and transmits it to Rajya Sabha, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
has only fourteen days to return the bill (with or without amendments) to Lok Sabha. If Rajya Sabha fails to return the bill in fourteen days, that bill is deemed to have passed by both the Houses. Also, if Lok Sabha rejects any (or all) of the amendments proposed by Rajya Sabha, the bill is deemed to have been passed by both Houses of Parliament in the form Lok Sabha finally passes it. Hence, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
cannot stall, or amend, a money bill without Lok Sabha's concurrence on the same.

JOINT SITTING OF THE PARLIAMENT

Article 108 provides for a joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament in certain cases. A joint sitting can be convened by the President of India
India
when one house has either rejected a bill passed by the other house, has not taken any action on a bill transmitted to it by the other house for six months, or has disagreed to the amendments proposed by the Lok Sabha on a bill passed by it. Considering that the numerical strength of Lok Sabha is more than twice that of Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha tends to have a greater influence in a joint sitting of Parliament. A joint session is chaired by the Speaker of Lok Sabha. Also, because the joint session is convened by the President on advice of the government, which already has a majority in Lok Sabha, the joint session is usually convened to get bills passed through a Rajya Sabha in which the government has a minority.

Joint sessions of Parliament are a rarity, and have been convened three times in last 69 years, for the purpose of passage of a specific legislative act, the latest time being in 2002:

* 1961: _Dowry Prohibition Act, 1958_ * 1978: _Banking Services Commission (Repeal) Act, 1977_ * 2002: _Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002_

NO-CONFIDENCE MOTION

Unlike the Lok Sabha, a member of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
cannot bring to the house a no-confidence motion against the government.

POWERS

In Indian federal structure, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
is a representative of the States in the Union legislature (Hence the name, COUNCIL OF STATES). Hence, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
is granted powers that protect the rights of States against the Union.

UNION-STATES RELATIONS

The Constitution empowers Parliament of India
Parliament of India
to make laws on the matters reserved for States (States List). However, this can only be done if Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
first passes a resolution by two-thirds special majority granting such a power to the Union Parliament. The union government cannot make a law on a matter reserved for states without any authorisation from Rajya Sabha.

CREATION OF ALL-INDIA SERVICES

Rajya Sabha, by a two-thirds super majority can pass a resolution empowering the Government of India
India
to create more All- India
India
Services common to both Union and States, including a judicial service.

MEMBERSHIP AND COMPOSITION

Seats are allotted in proportion to the population of people of each state or union territory in such a manner that smaller states have slight advantage over more populous states. In addition, smaller Union Territories, which are not States and which do not have legislatures, do not have representation in Rajya Sabha. Hence, Andaman & Nicobar Islands , Lakshadweep , Chandigarh
Chandigarh
, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli do not send any representatives to Rajya Sabha. 12 members are nominated by the President .

As per the FOURTH SCHEDULE TO THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA on 26 January 1950, the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
was to consist of 216 members of which 12 members were to be nominated by the President and the remaining 204 elected to represent the States. The present strength, however, is 245 members of whom 233 are representatives of the states and union territories and 12 are nominated by the President. The twelve nominated members of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
are persons who are eminent in particular fields, and are well known contributors in the particular field. A few examples of such nominated persons are cricketing icon Sachin Tendulkar , former RBI Governor Bimal Jalan and famous lyricist and poet Javed Akhtar
Javed Akhtar
. As of March 2014, each state or union territory specified in the first column of the following table, there shall be allotted the number of seats specified in the second column thereof opposite to that State or that union territory, as the case may be:

NAME OF STATE AND UNION TERRITORY NO. OF SEATS

Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
11

Arunachal Pradesh 1

Assam
Assam
7

Bihar
Bihar
16

Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
5

Goa
Goa
1

Gujarat
Gujarat
11

Haryana
Haryana
5

Himachal Pradesh 3

Jammu vertical-align:top;background-color:#FF9933;#663300;">NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC ALLIANCE SEATS: 86 Bharatiya Janata Party 58

Janata Dal (United) 10

Telugu Desam Party 6

Shiromani Akali Dal 3

Shiv Sena 3

Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
2

Bodoland People\'s Front 1

Naga People\'s Front 1

Republican Party of India (A)
Republican Party of India (A)
1

Sikkim Democratic Front 1

UNITED PROGRESSIVE ALLIANCE SEATS: 63 Indian National Congress 57

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 4

Indian Union Muslim League
Indian Union Muslim League
1

Kerala Congress (M) 1

JANATA PARIVAR SEATS: 5 Rashtriya Janata Dal 3

Indian National Lok Dal 1

Janata Dal (Secular) 1

Other Parties SEATS: 75 Samajwadi Party 18

All India
India
Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 13

All India Trinamool Congress 12

Biju Janata Dal 8

Communist Party of India (Marxist) 8

Bahujan Samaj Party 5

Nationalist Congress Party 5

Telangana Rashtra Samithi 3

Communist Party of India 1

Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 1

YSR Congress Party 1

Nominated

8

Independents

6

Vacant Seats

2

TOTAL

245

OFFICERS

LEADER OF THE HOUSE

Main article: Leader of the House (Rajya Sabha)

Besides the Chairman (Vice-President of India) and the Deputy Chairman, there is also a position called _Leader of the House_. This is a cabinet minister - the prime minister if he is a member of the House, or another nominated minister. The Leader has a seat next to the Chairman, in the front row.

LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION

Main article: Leader of the Opposition (India)

Besides the Leader of the House, who is leading the majority, there is also a Leader of the Opposition (LOP) – leading the minority parties. The function was only recognized in the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of the Opposition in Parliament Act 1977. This is commonly the leader of the largest minority party, and is recognized as such by the Chairman.

The following people have been the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha:

SR NO NAME PORTRAIT TERM OF OFFICE Political party (Alliance) PRIME MINISTER

1 Shyam Nandan Mishra

December 1969 March 1971

INC (O) Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi

2 M. S. Gurupadaswamy _ March 1971 April 1972

3 Kamalapati Tripathi

30 March 1977 15 February 1978

INC Morarji Desai

4 Bhola Paswan Shastri

24 February 1978 23 March 1978

INC (O)

5 Kamalapati Tripathi

23 March 1978 8 January 1980

INC

Charan Singh
Charan Singh

6 Lal Krishna Advani

21 January 1980 7 April 1980

Janata Party
Janata Party
Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi

7 P. Shiv Shankar

18 December 1989 2 January 1991

INC V. P. Singh

Chandra Shekhar

8 M. S. Gurupadaswamy

28 June 1991 21 July 1991

Janata Dal P. V. Narasimha Rao

9 S. Jaipal Reddy

22 July 1991 29 June 1992

10 Sikander Bakht

7 July 1992 23 May 1996

BJP

11 Shankarrao Chavan

23 May 1996 1 June 1996

INC Atal Bihari Vajpayee

12 Sikander Bakht

1 June 1996 19 March 1998

BJP H. D. Deve Gowda

I. K. Gujral

13 Dr. Manmohan Singh

21 March 1998 21 May 2004

INC Atal Bihari Vajpayee

14 Jaswant Singh

3 June 2004 16 May 2009

BJP Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh

15 Arun Jaitley

3 June 2009 26 May 2014

16 Ghulam Nabi Azad

8 June 2014 Incumbent_

INC Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi

SECRETARIAT

The Secretariat of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
was set up pursuant to the provisions contained in Article 98 of the Constitution. The said Article, which provides for a separate secretarial staff for each House of Parliament, reads as follows:- 98. Secretariat of Parliament - Each House of Parliament shall have a separate secretarial staff: Provided that nothing in this clause shall be construed as preventing the creation of posts common to both Houses of Parliament. (2) Parliament may by law regulate the recruitment and the conditions of service of persons appointed to the secretarial staff of either House of Parliament.

The Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Secretariat functions under the overall guidance and control of the Chairman. The main activities of the Secretariat _inter alia _ include the following :

(i) providing secretarial assistance and support to the effective functioning of the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) possible to Members of Rajya Sabha; (iv) servicing the various Parliamentary Committees; (v) preparing research and reference material and bringing out various publications; (vi) recruitment of manpower in the Sabha Secretariat and attending to personnel matters; and (vii) preparing and publishing a record of the day-to-day proceedings of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
and bringing out such other publications, as may be required concerning the functioning of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
and its Committees. In the discharge of his constitutional and statutory responsibilities, the Chairman, Rajya Sabha is assisted by the Secretary-General, who holds the rank equivalent to the Cabinet Secretary to the Government of India. The Secretary-General, in turn, is assisted by senior functionaries at the level of Secretary, Additional Secretary, Joint Secretary and other officers and staff of the Secretariat.

MEDIA

Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Television (RSTV) is a 24 hour a day, seven day a week parliamentary TV channel fully owned and operated by the Rajya Sabha. The channel is aimed at providing in-depth coverage and analysis of parliamentary affairs especially the functioning of and developments related to Rajya Sabha. During sessions of Parliament, apart from telecasting live coverage of the proceedings of Rajya Sabha, RSTV presents incisive analysis of the proceedings of the House as well as other day-to-day parliamentary events and developments.

SEE ALSO

* Lok Sabha * List of members of the Rajya Sabha

REFERENCES

* ^ "Hon\'ble Chairman, Rajya Sabha, Parliament of India". rajyasabha.nic.in. Retrieved 19 August 2011. * ^ "Deputy Chairman, Rajya Sabha, Parliament of India". Retrieved 19 August 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ "RAJYA SABHA - AN INTRODUCTION". rajyasabha.nic.in. * ^ "MEMBERS OF RAJYA SABHA (STATE WISE LIST)". Rajya Sabha. * ^ Deshmukh, Yashwant (11 June 2016). "Crucial polls today: A guide to calculus of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
for dummies". _Firstpost_. Retrieved 20 June 2016. * ^ "OUR PARLIAMENT". Indian Parliament. Retrieved 11 May 2011. * ^ "Council of States (Rajya Sabha) - rajyasabha.in". * ^ "HANDBOOK FOR RETURNING OFFICERS - FOR ELECTIONS TO THE COUNCIL OF STATES AND STATE LEGISLATIVE COUNCILS" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1992. p. 400-426. Retrieved 2 August 2017. * ^ Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part V#Article 109 .7BSpecial procedure in respect of Money Bills.7D * ^ "642 Sidharth Chauhan, Bicameralism: comparative insights and lessons". Retrieved 15 May 2015. * ^ "FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT RAJYA SABHA". Indian Parliament. Retrieved 8 December 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Composition of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
- Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
At Work" (PDF). _rajyasabha.nic.in_. Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Secretariat, New Delhi. Retrieved 20 October 2015. * ^ "Fourth Schedule" (PDF). _Ministry of Law_. Retrieved 18 May 2015. _ This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain ._ * ^ _A_ _B_ " Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
members alloted to Telangana, Andhra Pradesh". The Economic Times. May 30, 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2015.

* ^ "STRENGTHWISE PARTY POSITION IN THE RAJYA SABHA". Rajya Sabha. Retrieved 18 May 2017. * ^ "About Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
TV". Rajya Sabha. Retrieved 19 May 2014.

FURTHER READING

* The Nominated Members of India\'s Council of States: A Study of Role-Definition J. H. Proctor, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 1, Feb 1985, pp. 53–70. * Alistair, McMillan. "Constitution 91st Amendment Bill: A Constitutional Fraud?". nuff.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 19 May 2014.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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