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Coordinates: 28°37′0″N 77°12′30″E / 28.61667°N 77.20833°E / 28.61667; 77.20833

Rajya Sabha Council of States

Emblem of India

Type

Type

Upper house
Upper house
of the Parliament of India

Term limits

6 years

Leadership

Chairman (Vice-President)

Venkaiah Naidu[1] Since 11 August 2017

Deputy Chairman

P. J. Kurien, INC Since 21 August 2012[2]

Leader of the House

Arun Jaitley, BJP Since 2 June 2014[3]

Leader of the Opposition

Ghulam Nabi Azad, INC Since 8 June 2014[3]

Structure

Seats

245

233 Elected 12 Nominated

1 Vacant (1 Elected Seat)[4]

Political groups

Government coalition (87) National Democratic Alliance (87)

     BJP (69)      JD(U) (6)      SAD (3)      SS (3)      JKPDP (2)      BPF (1)      NPF (1)      RPI(A) (1)      SDF (1)

Opposition Parties (158) United Progressive Alliance
United Progressive Alliance
(57)

     INC (51)      DMK (4)      IUML (1)      KC(M) (1)

Janata Parivar Parties (7)

     RJD (5)      INLD (1)      JD(S) (1)

Unaligned Parties (79)

     AIADMK (13)      AITC (13)      SP (13)      BJD (9)      TDP (6)      TRS (6)      CPI(M) (5)      BSP (4)      NCP (4)      AAP (3)      YSRCP (2)      CPI (1)

Others (15)

     Nominated (8)      Independents (6)      Vacant (1)

Elections

Voting system

Single transferable vote

Last election

21 July and 08 August 2017

Next election

16 January and 23 March 2018

Meeting place

Chamber of Rajya Sabha, Sansad Bhavan, Sansad Marg, New Delhi, India

Website

rajyasabha.nic.in

The Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India. Membership of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of 250 members, and current laws have provision for 245 members. Most of the members of the House are indirectly elected by state and territorial legislatures using single transferable votes, while the President can appoint 12 members for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services. Members sit for staggered six-year terms, with one third of the members retiring every two years.[5] The Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
meets in continuous sessions, and unlike the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament, is not subject to dissolution. However, the Rajya Sabha, like the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
can be prorogued by the President. The Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
has equal footing in all areas of legislation with Lok Sabha, except in the area of supply, where the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
has overriding powers. In the case of conflicting legislation, a joint sitting of the two houses can be held. However, since the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
has twice as many members as the Rajya Sabha, the former would normally hold the greater power. Joint sittings of the Houses of Parliament of India
Parliament of India
are rare, and in the history of the Republic, only three such joint-sessions have been held; the latest one for the passage of the 2002 Prevention of Terrorism Act. The Vice President of India
India
(currently, Venkaiah Naidu) is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, who presides over its sessions. The Deputy Chairman, who is elected from amongst the house's members, takes care of the day-to-day matters of the house in the absence of the Chairman. The Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
held its first sitting on 13 May 1952.[6] The salary and other benefits for a member of Rajya Sabha are same as for a member of Lok Sabha. Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
members are elected by state legislatures rather than directly through the electorate by single transferable vote method.

Contents

1 Qualifications 2 Limitations

2.1 Money bills 2.2 Joint Sitting of the Parliament 2.3 No-confidence motion

3 Powers

3.1 Union-States Relations 3.2 Creation of All- India
India
Services

4 Membership and Composition

4.1 Membership by party

5 Officers

5.1 Leader of the House 5.2 Leader of the Opposition

6 Secretariat 7 Media 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Qualifications[edit] Article 84 of the Constitution lays down the qualifications for membership of Parliament. A member of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
must:[7]

Must be a citizen of India. Must make and subscribe before some person authorized in that behalf by the Election Commission an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule to the Constitution. Must be at least 30 years old. Must be elected by the Legislative Assembly of States and Union territories by means of Single transferable vote
Single transferable vote
through Proportional representation.[8] Cannot be a proclaimed criminal. Cannot be an insolvent, i.e. he/she should not be in debt that he/she is not capable of repaying in a current manner and should have the ability to meet his/her financial expenses. Should not hold any other office of profit under the Government of India. Should not be of unsound mind. Must possess such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament.

In addition, twelve members are nominated by the President of India having special knowledge in various areas like arts and science. However, they are not entitled to vote in Presidential elections as per Article 55 of the Constitution. Limitations[edit] The Constitution of India
India
places some restrictions on Rajya Sabha which makes Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
more powerful in certain areas in comparison. Money bills[edit] Definition of money bill is given in article 110 of constitution of India. Money bill as defined in article 110 of Constitution of India, Money bill can be introduced only in Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
by a minister and only on recommendation of President of India. When Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
passes a money bill then Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
sends money bill to Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
council of states for 14 days for giving recommendations only, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
has only 14 days to return the bill to Lok Sabha. Even if Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
fails to return the money bill in 14 days to Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
that bill is deemed to have passed by both the Houses. Also, if Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
rejects any (or all) of the amendments proposed by Rajya Sabha, the bill is deemed to have been passed by both Houses of Parliament of India
Parliament of India
in the form Lok Sabha finally passes it because Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
has largest number of representatives of peoples of India
India
and so Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
lower house also called house of the peoples is more powerful in comparison with Rajya Sabha council of states upper house. Hence, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
can only give recommendations for a money bill but Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
cannot amend a money bill this is to ensure that Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
must not add any non money matters in money bill. Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
can reject all the recommendations of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
or can accept all recommendations or can accept only few recommendations of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
for a money bill. Decision of speaker of Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
is final. There is no dispute. There is no joint sitting of both houses because all final decisions are taken by Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
only in case of money bill.[9] Joint Sitting of the Parliament[edit] Article 108 provides for a joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament in certain cases. A joint sitting can be convened by the President of India
India
when one house has either rejected a bill passed by the other house, has not taken any action on a bill transmitted to it by the other house for six months, or has disagreed to the amendments proposed by the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
on a bill passed by it. Considering that the numerical strength of Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
is more than twice that of Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
tends to have a greater influence in a joint sitting of Parliament. A joint session is chaired by the Speaker of Lok Sabha. Also, because the joint session is convened by the President on advice of the government, which already has a majority in Lok Sabha, the joint session is usually convened to get bills passed through a Rajya Sabha in which the government has a minority. Joint sessions of Parliament are a rarity, and have been convened three times in last 69 years, for the purpose of passage of a specific legislative act, the latest time being in 2002:

1961: Dowry Prohibition Act, 1958 1978: Banking Services Commission (Repeal) Act, 1977 2002: Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002

No-confidence motion[edit] Unlike the Lok Sabha, a member of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
cannot bring to the house a no-confidence motion against the government. Powers[edit] In Indian federal structure, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
is a representative of the States in the Union legislature (Hence the name, Council of States). Hence, Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
is granted powers that protect the rights of States against the Union. Union-States Relations[edit] The Constitution empowers Parliament of India
Parliament of India
to make laws on the matters reserved for States (States List). However, this can only be done if Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
first passes a resolution by two-thirds special majority granting such a power to the Union Parliament. The union government cannot make a law on a matter reserved for states without any authorisation from Rajya Sabha. Creation of All- India
India
Services[edit] Rajya Sabha, by a two-thirds super majority can pass a resolution empowering the Government of India
India
to create more All- India
India
Services common to both Union and States, including a judicial service. Membership and Composition[edit] Seats are allotted in proportion to the population of people of each state or union territory in such a manner that smaller states have slight advantage over more populous states.[10] As the members are elected by the state legislature, smaller Union Territories which are not States and do not have legislatures cannot have representation in Rajya Sabha. Hence, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Chandigarh, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli do not send any representatives to Rajya Sabha. 12 members are nominated by the President.[11][12] As per the Fourth Schedule to the Constitution of India
India
on 26 January 1950, the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
was to consist of 216 members of which 12 members were to be nominated by the President and the remaining 204 elected to represent the States.[12] The present strength, however, is 245 members of whom 233 are representatives of the states and union territories and 12 are nominated by the President.[12] The twelve nominated members of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
are persons who are eminent in particular fields, and are well known contributors in the particular field. A few examples of such nominated persons are cricketing icon Sachin Tendulkar, former RBI Governor Bimal Jalan and famous lyricist and poet Javed Akhtar. As of March 2014, each state or union territory specified in the first column of the following table, there shall be allotted the number of seats specified in the second column thereof opposite to that State or that union territory, as the case may be:[13]

Name of state and union territory No. of Seats

Andhra Pradesh[14] 11

Arunachal Pradesh 1

Assam 7

Bihar 16

Chhattisgarh 5

Goa 1

Gujarat 11

Haryana 5

Himachal Pradesh 3

Jammu & Kashmir 4

Jharkhand 6

Karnataka 12

Kerala 9

Madhya Pradesh 11

Maharashtra 19

Manipur 1

Meghalaya 1

Mizoram 1

Nagaland 1

National Capital Territory of Delhi 3

Nominated 12

Odisha 10

Puducherry 1

Punjab 7

Rajasthan 10

Sikkim 1

Tamil Nadu 18

Telangana[14] 7

Tripura 1

Uttar Pradesh 31

Uttarakhand 3

West Bengal 16

Total 245

Membership by party[edit] Main article: List of current members of the Rajya Sabha Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Secretariat (As of 6 April 2018):[15]

Alliances Party MP

National Democratic Alliance Seats: 87 Bharatiya Janata Party 69

Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) 6

Shiromani Akali Dal 3

Shiv Sena 3

Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party 2

Bodoland People's Front 1

Naga People's Front 1

Republican Party of India
India
(A) 1

Sikkim
Sikkim
Democratic Front 1

United Progressive Alliance Seats: 57 Indian National Congress 51

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 4

Indian Union Muslim League 1

Kerala
Kerala
Congress (M) 1

Janata Parivar Seats: 7 Rashtriya Janata Dal 5

Indian National Lok Dal 1

Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Secular) 1

Other Parties Seats: 79 All India
India
Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 13

All India
India
Trinamool Congress 13

Samajwadi Party 13

Biju Janata Dal 9

Telugu Desam Party 6

Telangana
Telangana
Rashtra Samithi 6

Communist Party of India
Communist Party of India
(Marxist) 5

Bahujan Samaj Party 4

Nationalist Congress Party 4

Aam Aadmi Party 3

YSR Congress Party 2

Communist Party of India 1

Nominated

8

Independents

6

Vacant Seats

1

Total

245

Officers[edit] Leader of the House[edit] Main article: Leader of the House (Rajya Sabha) Besides the Chairman (Vice-President of India) and the Deputy Chairman, there is also a position called Leader of the House. This is a cabinet minister – the prime minister if he is a member of the House, or another nominated minister. The Leader has a seat next to the Chairman, in the front row. Leader of the Opposition[edit] Main article: Leader of the Opposition (India) Besides the Leader of the House, who is leading the majority, there is also a Leader of the Opposition (LOP) – leading the opposition parties. The function was only recognized in the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of the Opposition in Parliament Act 1977. This is commonly the leader of the largest non-government party, and is recognized as such by the Chairman. The following people have been the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha:

Sr No Name Portrait Term of office Political party (Alliance) Prime Minister

1 Shyam Nandan Mishra

December 1969 March 1971

INC (O) Indira Gandhi

2 M. S. Gurupadaswamy

March 1971 April 1972

3 Kamalapati Tripathi

30 March 1977 15 February 1978

INC Morarji Desai

4 Bhola Paswan Shastri

24 February 1978 23 March 1978

INC (O)

5 Kamalapati Tripathi

23 March 1978 8 January 1980

INC

Charan Singh

6 Lal Krishna Advani

21 January 1980 7 April 1980

Janata Party Indira Gandhi

7 P. Shiv Shankar

18 December 1989 2 January 1991

INC V. P. Singh

Chandra Shekhar

8 M. S. Gurupadaswamy

28 June 1991 21 July 1991

Janata Dal P. V. Narasimha Rao

9 S. Jaipal Reddy

22 July 1991 29 June 1992

10 Sikander Bakht

7 July 1992 23 May 1996

BJP

11 Shankarrao Chavan

23 May 1996 1 June 1996

INC Atal Bihari Vajpayee

12 Sikander Bakht

1 June 1996 19 March 1998

BJP H. D. Deve Gowda

I. K. Gujral

13 Manmohan Singh

21 March 1998 21 May 2004

INC Atal Bihari Vajpayee

14 Jaswant Singh

3 June 2004 16 May 2009

BJP Manmohan Singh

15 Arun Jaitley

3 June 2009 26 May 2014

16 Ghulam Nabi Azad

8 June 2014 Incumbent

INC Narendra Modi

Secretariat[edit] The Secretariat of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
was set up pursuant to the provisions contained in Article 98 of the Constitution. The said Article, which provides for a separate secretarial staff for each House of Parliament, reads as follows:- 98. Secretariat of Parliament – Each House of Parliament shall have a separate secretarial staff: Provided that nothing in this clause shall be construed as preventing the creation of posts common to both Houses of Parliament. (2) Parliament may by law regulate the recruitment and the conditions of service of persons appointed to the secretarial staff of either House of Parliament. The Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Secretariat functions under the overall guidance and control of the Chairman. The main activities of the Secretariat inter alia include the following : (i) providing secretarial assistance and support to the effective functioning of the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) possible to Members of Rajya Sabha; (iv) servicing the various Parliamentary Committees; (v) preparing research and reference material and bringing out various publications; (vi) recruitment of manpower in the Sabha Secretariat and attending to personnel matters; and (vii) preparing and publishing a record of the day-to-day proceedings of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
and bringing out such other publications, as may be required concerning the functioning of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
and its Committees. In the discharge of his constitutional and statutory responsibilities, the Chairman, Rajya Sabha is assisted by the Secretary-General, who holds the rank equivalent[16] to the Cabinet Secretary to the Government of India. The Secretary-General, in turn, is assisted by senior functionaries at the level of Secretary, Additional Secretary, Joint Secretary and other officers and staff of the Secretariat. Media[edit] Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Television (RSTV) is a 24-hour a day, seven day a week parliamentary TV channel fully owned and operated by the Rajya Sabha. The channel is aimed at providing in-depth coverage and analysis of parliamentary affairs especially the functioning of and developments related to Rajya Sabha. During sessions of Parliament, apart from telecasting live coverage of the proceedings of Rajya Sabha, RSTV presents incisive analysis of the proceedings of the House as well as other day-to-day parliamentary events and developments.[16] See also[edit]

Lok Sabha List of members of the Rajya Sabha

References[edit]

^ " Venkaiah Naidu
Venkaiah Naidu
sworn in as Vice-President". The Hindu. New Delhi, India. 11 August 2017. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014.  ^ "Deputy Chairman, Rajya Sabha, Parliament of India". Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2011.  ^ a b "RAJYA SABHA – AN INTRODUCTION". rajyasabha.nic.in. Archived from the original on 16 August 2011.  ^ "MEMBERS OF RAJYA SABHA (STATE WISE LIST)". Rajya Sabha. Archived from the original on 5 February 2014.  ^ Deshmukh, Yashwant (11 June 2016). "Crucial polls today: A guide to calculus of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
for dummies". Firstpost. Archived from the original on 19 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ "OUR PARLIAMENT". Indian Parliament. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2011.  ^ "Council of States (Rajya Sabha) – rajyasabha.in". Archived from the original on 18 June 2012.  ^ "HANDBOOK FOR RETURNING OFFICERS – FOR ELECTIONS TO THE COUNCIL OF STATES AND STATE LEGISLATIVE COUNCILS" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 1992. pp. 400–426. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 January 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.  ^ "Website of the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
– Legislation".  ^ "642 Sidharth Chauhan, Bicameralism: comparative insights and lessons". Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015.  ^ "FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT RAJYA SABHA". Indian Parliament. Archived from the original on 24 July 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2012.  ^ a b c "Composition of Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
At Work" (PDF). rajyasabha.nic.in. Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Secretariat, New Delhi. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2015.  ^ "Fourth Schedule" (PDF). Ministry of Law. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 July 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. ^ a b " Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
members alloted [sic] to Telangana, Andhra Pradesh". The Economic Times. 30 May 2014. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2015.  ^ "STRENGTHWISE PARTY POSITION IN THE RAJYA SABHA". Rajya Sabha. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2017.  ^ "About Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
TV". Rajya Sabha. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

The Nominated Members of India's Council of States: A Study of Role-Definition J. H. Proctor, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 1, Feb 1985, pp. 53–70. Alistair, McMillan. "Constitution 91st Amendment Bill: A Constitutional Fraud?". nuff.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 

External links[edit]

Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
homepage hosted by the Indian government Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
FAQ page hosted by the Indian government 37 Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
members have criminal background: Study – analysis by the Association for Democratic Reforms and National Election Watch Nominated members list State wise list Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
Television MEMBERS OF RAJYA SABHA (STATE WISE LIST) TN

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Current members

List of current members of the Rajya Sabha See also: List of current members of the Lok Sabha

Members by state, territory or nomination

Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Puducherry Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Nominated

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Non-UN states

Somaliland

Defunct

Austria British Raj Burma Ceylon Dominican Republic East Germany Fiji Greece Iran Irish Free State Japan Kingdom of Serbia Malta Mauritania Nepal New Zealand Northern Ireland Portugal Prussia Russian Empire Senegal South Africa South Korea Soviet Union Sweden Thailand Turkey Venezuela Weimar Germany

Related

Bicameralism Unicameralism List of abolished upper houses List of legislatures by country

National lower houses National bicameral legislatures National unica

.