SUREMPHAA (reign 1751–1769), or SWARGADEO RAJESWAR SINGHA (Assamese : স্বৰ্গদেউ ৰাজেশ্বৰ সিংহ), the fourth son of Rudra Singha , became the king of the Ahom kingdom after the death of his brother King Pramatta Singha . Rudra Singha's third son, Mohanmala Gohain, was considered ineligible for kingship as his face was pitted with smallpox marks. According to the norm established after Sulikphaa Lora Roja, an Ahom prince had to be free from any physical disability, defects or deformities to become a king.
The new king was installed with the usual ceremonies. His first act
was to exile his brother Mohanmala Gohain as the Raja of Namrup.
During his installation as king there was conflict of opinion about
the location of the capital between the Deodhais (Ahom priests) and
Rajeswar Singha was a devout
Rajeswar Singha also promoted the cause of the Saiva cult by
constructing the Manikarnesvaar Temple (1755), making financial
provision for the
Sukreswar Temple (1759), and by constructing the
Siddhesvara Temple at
Sualkuchi (1764). Rajeswar Singha got the
Navagraha temple built upon the Citrasala hill in
He was a great patron of learned men and encouraged them with gifts.
Rajeswar Singha died in 1769 after being seriously ill for twenty days.
* 1 The reign
* 2 Expedition to
The king, though a capable administrator, preferred pleasures to the affairs of the state. The administration was looked after by Bakatial Gendhela Borbarua , renamed Kirti Chandra Borbarua after the Manipur expedition (see below). Kirti Chandra was an overbearing person, disliked by the other nobles; there were attempts to assassinate him. He came to know that the Chakaripheti Buranji in Numali Borgohain 's possession attributed a low and non-Ahom origin to him. To extinguish a future challenge to his position, he had all the Buranjis collected under the Swargadeo's orders and scrutinized for this reference. Many Buranji's were destroyed during this exercise. But, the people in general enjoyed peace and prosperity. There was internal order and immunity from external aggression. But, this prosperity had also brought in lack of discipline, senior officers refused to go on active service and the overbearing Borbarua made the matter worse. The people were divided in sectarian lines influenced by priests and preachers.
During his reign, in 1758 there was conflict with the
In July 1765, it was found necessary to take similar punitive measures against the Mikirs . The Ahom army entered the hills via Chapanala, and the Kopili and Jamuna river taking the Mikirs by surprise. The defeated Mikirs then came with tributes and begged forgiveness.
In November 1765, Rajeswar Singha sent an envoy to summon to his
presence the Kachari King Sandhikari, but the latter refused to
receive the messenger. On hearing this the king dispatched the army
led by the
Borbarua to Raha. This had the desired effect and the
Kachari king came and made his submission. During this visit the
Kachari king was accompanied by Raja Jai Singh of Manipur, who had
taken shelter with him, owing to the invasion of
EXPEDITION TO MANIPUR
Later, Jai Singh of
In November, 1768 an army of ten thousand soldiers led by
Borbarua was dispatched this time via Raha and the
Kachari kingdom accompanied by Jai Singh. The Ahom army camped near
Mirap river, where it remained until Jai Singh raised a force to drive
out the usurper Kelemba , who have been placed on the throne as the
Kuranganayani became a queen to the next Ahom king Lakshmi Singha and subsequently was forced into the seraglio of Ragh Neog, a rebel leader in the first phase of the Moamoria rebellion . She was instrumental in the conspiracy and the execution of Ragh Neog's assassination in 1770 which triggered the end of the first phase of the rebellion.
Like his father, Rajeswar Singha constructed many temples and
renovated the palaces. Notable among his contribution is the present
existing structure of the seven storied palace of
Garhgaon which was
built around 1752. Rajeshwar Singha added three underground stories
* ^ Gogoi 1968, pp519-520. * ^ Gogoi 1968, p518
* Gogoi, Padmeswar (1968) The Tai and the Tai kingdoms, Gauhati University, Guwahati. * Barpujari, H. K., The Comprehensive History of Assam, Vol-III, Publication Board, Assam.