SUREMPHAA (reign 1751–1769), or SWARGADEO RAJESWAR SINGHA (Assamese
: স্বৰ্গদেউ ৰাজেশ্বৰ সিংহ),
the fourth son of
The new king was installed with the usual ceremonies. His first act
was to exile his brother Mohanmala Gohain as the Raja of Namrup.
During his installation as king there was conflict of opinion about
the location of the capital between the Deodhais (Ahom priests) and
Rajeswar Singha was a devout
Rajeswar Singha also promoted the cause of the Saiva cult by
constructing the Manikarnesvaar Temple (1755), making financial
provision for the
Sukreswar Temple (1759), and by constructing the
Siddhesvara Temple at
Sualkuchi (1764). Rajeswar Singha got the
He was a great patron of learned men and encouraged them with gifts.
Rajeswar Singha died in 1769 after being seriously ill for twenty days.
* 1 The reign * 2 Expedition to Manipur * 3 Other works * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References
The king, though a capable administrator, preferred pleasures to the affairs of the state. The administration was looked after by Bakatial Gendhela Borbarua , renamed Kirti Chandra Borbarua after the Manipur expedition (see below). Kirti Chandra was an overbearing person, disliked by the other nobles; there were attempts to assassinate him. He came to know that the Chakaripheti Buranji in Numali Borgohain 's possession attributed a low and non-Ahom origin to him. To extinguish a future challenge to his position, he had all the Buranjis collected under the Swargadeo's orders and scrutinized for this reference. Many Buranji's were destroyed during this exercise. But, the people in general enjoyed peace and prosperity. There was internal order and immunity from external aggression. But, this prosperity had also brought in lack of discipline, senior officers refused to go on active service and the overbearing Borbarua made the matter worse. The people were divided in sectarian lines influenced by priests and preachers.
During his reign, in 1758 there was conflict with the Dafla because of raids by them on the plains people near Ghiladhari. As a punishment forts were erected in the frontiers and the Daflas were prohibited from entering the plains. But later an agreement was made with the Daflas which allowed them to collect paddy and a payment of cowries from the people living in along the foot of the hills on condition of their refraining from any acts of aggression.
In July 1765, it was found necessary to take similar punitive measures against the Mikirs . The Ahom army entered the hills via Chapanala, and the Kopili and Jamuna river taking the Mikirs by surprise. The defeated Mikirs then came with tributes and begged forgiveness.
In November 1765, Rajeswar Singha sent an envoy to summon to his presence the Kachari King Sandhikari, but the latter refused to receive the messenger. On hearing this the king dispatched the army led by the Borbarua to Raha. This had the desired effect and the Kachari king came and made his submission. During this visit the Kachari king was accompanied by Raja Jai Singh of Manipur, who had taken shelter with him, owing to the invasion of Manipur by the Burmese .
EXPEDITION TO MANIPUR
Later, Jai Singh of
Manipur made a personal appeal to Rajeswar Singha
in his court to help him drive out the Burmese from his kingdom.
Rajeswar Singha consulted his ministers and sent an army consisting of
mul and dewal paiks in 1765 commanded by Haranath Senapati Phukan to
Manipur directly over the hills south of
In November, 1768 an army of ten thousand soldiers led by Kirtichandra Borbarua was dispatched this time via Raha and the Kachari kingdom accompanied by Jai Singh. The Ahom army camped near Mirap river, where it remained until Jai Singh raised a force to drive out the usurper Kelemba , who have been placed on the throne as the King of Manipur by the Burmese. Jai Singh on becoming the king in 1773 sent valuable gift to Rajeswar Singha and also gave his daughter Kuranganayani in marriage. A number of Manipuri families who accompanied the princess were settled near the confluence of Desoi river at Magalu Khat about four miles west of the Jorhat . Rajeswar Singha established the Magalus or Manipuris (Magalu was the old Assamese name for Manipuris) here after marrying the princess of Manipur at Manaimaji village in 1768. Kuranganayani became the chief queen of Rajeswar Singha.
Kuranganayani became a queen to the next Ahom king Lakshmi Singha and subsequently was forced into the seraglio of Ragh Neog, a rebel leader in the first phase of the Moamoria rebellion . She was instrumental in the conspiracy and the execution of Ragh Neog's assassination in 1770 which triggered the end of the first phase of the rebellion.
Like his father, Rajeswar Singha constructed many temples and
renovated the palaces. Notable among his contribution is the present
existing structure of the seven storied palace of
* ^ Gogoi 1968, pp519-520. * ^ Gogoi 1968, p518
* Gogoi, Padmeswar (1968) The Tai and the Tai kingdoms, Gauhati University, Guwahati. * Barpujari, H. K., The Comprehensive History of Assam, Vol-III, Publication Boa