Rajamahendravaram, whose earlier name was Rajahmundry, is a city in
Indian state of
Andhra Pradesh located on the banks of the holy
Godavari River in East
Godavari district. It is a municipal
corporation and also the headquarters of both
Rajahmundry Rural and
Rajahmundry Urban mandals, administered under
division. As of 2011[update] census, it is the seventh most
populous city in the state, with a population of 341,831.
The city is known for its historic traditional, cultural, agricultural
and economic backgrounds and hence, it is known as the Cultural
Capital of Andhra Pradesh. One of the longest road cum rail bridges
Godavari River, connects the city with the town of Kovvur.
The Kotilingeswar Ghat temple on the banks of
Godavari river is one of
2.1 Fort of the Dutch
5 Government and politics
10 See also
12 External links
In its earlier days, it was called Rajamahendravaram which is a
localized version of the
Sanskrit name, Rajamahendrapuram (The city of
King Mahendra). During the British colonial era it was referred to
On 10 October 2015, the state government officially renamed the city
with its original name, Rajamahendravaram.
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Portrait of Nannayya
Painting representing historical significance of
Rajahmundry city at a
Rajahmundry railway station
The city can be traced back to the rule of the Eastern Chalukya
king Raja Raja Narendra, who reigned around 1022 AD, after whom
it is named – Rajamahendri or Rajamahendravaram. Remains of
11th-century palaces and forts still exist. However, new
archaeological evidence suggests that the town may have existed long
before the Chalukyas.
Rajahmundry was established by Ammaraja Vishnuvardhana the First
(919–934 AD). Some people[who?] believe in this theory as
Vishnuvardhana had the title "Rajamahendra". His predecessor Ammaraja
Vijayaditya the Second (945–970 AD) also had the same title,
Raja Raja Narendra (1020–1061 AD)
Kakatiya Rule (1323 AD)
Reddy and Gajapathi (1353–1448 AD)
Anglo – French (1758 AD)
In the Madras Presidency, the district of
Rajahmundry was created in
Rajahmundry district was reorganised in 1859, bifurcated
Godavari and Krishna districts. During British rule,
Rajahmundry was the headquarters of
Godavari district. Godavari
district was further bifurcated into East and West
in 1925. Rajamahendravaram was renamed
Rajahmundry during the rule of
the British, for whom the city was the headquarters of the Godavari
district. When the district was split into East and West, Kakinada
became the headquarters of East Godavari.
Rajahmundry is acclaimed as the birthplace of the
Telugu language –
its grammar and script evolved from the pen of the city-born poet
Nannayya. Also known as 'Adi Kavi' (the first poet) of Telugu,
Nannayya, along with
Tikkana and Yerrana, translated the Sanskrit
Mahabharata into Telugu.
Kandukuri Veeresalingam – a
social reformer and the author of Rajashekhara Charithra, the first
Telugu novel – was also from Rajahmundry.
Rajahmundry was one of the biggest cities in South
India in the 19th
century. It was the hotbed of several movements during India's freedom
struggle and acted as a base for many key leaders. When the Indian
National Congress had its first meeting in Bombay (Mumbai), two
leaders from Rajahmundry, Nyapathi Subba Rao and Kandukuri
Veeresalingam, participated in it. Subba Rao, founder of
in Rajahmundry, was also one of the six founders of India's noted
English daily, The Hindu.
The rebirth of culture in
Andhra Pradesh started in Rajahmundry.
Kandukuri Veeresalingam Pantulu is known as the father of reforms in
Andhra Pradesh. He started a monthly magazine, Vivekavardhini, a
school for girls at Dowleswaram in 1874. The first widow remarriage
took place on 11 December 1881. A society with 16 members was started
on 22 June 1884, which used to look after widow remarriages in
Rajahmundry. The town hall in
Rajahmundry was established in 1890 by
Annie Besant visited
Rajahmundry twice. First, she came when the
foundation of a branch of the Divya Gyan Samaj building at Alcot
Gardens was being laid. She came again during the opening ceremony of
Ramakrishna Mission was established in 1950–51 near Kambal tank. The
place is now the Ayakar Bhavan (Income Tax Office).
Independence movement and Rajahmundry: (1885–1905 AD)
Vande Mataram Movement was started in 1905 against the partition of
Bengal. Bipin Chandra Paul visited
Rajahmundry in April 1905 for the
same. During his visits to Rajahmundry, he used to address the public
in "Paul Chowk" (the present-day Kotipalli Bus Stand).
Fort of the Dutch
Rajahmundry was under Dutch rule for some time. In 1602, the Dutch
constructed a fort here. In 1857, the British conquered the Dutch.
They converted it into a jail in 1864 and, then, elevated it to a
central jail in 1870. The jail is spread over 196 acres (79 ha)
out of which the buildings occupy 37.24 acres (15.07 ha).
See also: List of cities in Andhra Pradesh
Rajahmundry is located at 16°59′N 81°47′E / 16.98°N
81.78°E / 16.98; 81.78. with an average elevation of 14 metres
(46 ft). There is paddy and sugarcane cultivation in the area.
River Godavari flows through the west of Rajahmundry.
Rajahmundry traps, part of the Deccan Traps, are located on the
Godavari river and are of particular interest to geologists.
The weather is hot and humid, with a tropical climate and, thereby, no
distinct seasons. The mean maximum temperature is 32 °C. The
hottest season is from April to June, with temperature ranging from
34 °C to 48 °C with maximum of 51 °C recorded in May
2002 and May 2007. The coolest months are December and January, when
it is pleasant at 27 °C to 30 °C. There is heavy monsoon
rain at the end of summer, with depressions in the Bay of Bengal.
Climate data for Rajahmundry
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
As of 2011[update] Census of India, the city had a population of
341,831. The total population constitute 169,786 males and 174,117
females — a sex ratio of 1026 females per 1000 males, higher than
the national average of 940 per 1000. 29,883 children are in
the age group of 0–6 years, of which 15,152 are boys and 14,731 are
girls—a ratio of 972 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at
84.28% (male 88.14%; female 80.54%) with 264,653 literates,
significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
The urban agglomeration had a population of 478,199, of which males
constitute 236,489, females constitute 241,710 —a sex ratio of 1022
females per 1000 males and 42,968 children are in the age group of
0–6 years. There are a total of 359,051 literates with an average
literacy rate of 82.50%.
Government and politics
Rajahmundry Municipal Corporation is spread over an area of
44.50 km2 (17.18 sq mi) with 50 wards. The Mayor
of the corporation is Pantam Rajini Sesha Sai and the commissioner is
Vijay Rama Raju.V. Government is planning to construct an
Under Ground Drianage system in the city.
Rajahmundry is a commercial hub for east and west Godavari
districts. It is one of the largest bullion markets in
consists hundreds of gold, silver and platinum shops throughout the
Durga Cinetone was the first south Indian film studio, to be built in
Rajahmundry in the year 1936 by Nidamarthi Surayya.
Art and crafts
Damerla Rama Rao Art Gallery of the city has various paintings such
as, Krishna Leela,
Godavari of Eastern Ghats and Milkmaids of
Nannayya was the earliest known Telugu author, and the author of the
first third of the Andhra Mahabharatam, a Telugu retelling of the
Kandukuri Veeresalingam (1848–1919), a renowned
social reformer, is widely considered as the man who first brought
about a renaissance in the
Telugu people and Telugu literature; he is
also known to have helped women come out of their closets. General
Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton, (15 May 1803 – 24 July 1899) was a British
general and irrigation engineer. Sri Adurthi Subba Rao, Prominent
Old-time Director & Producer of Telugu Films. Julia Maitland, a
campaigner for "native" education, founded a multilingual school and
reading room in the town in 1837.
Music and films
There are many artists from the city in the
Telugu film industry
Telugu film industry such
as S.v.Ranga Rao, Ali, Raja Babu, Jaya Prada, Sameera Reddy, Sriman,
Meghna Reddy, Thotakura Venkata Raju, Uma Pemmaraju, Ramesh, and J. D.
Dowleswaram Barrage near
Rajahmundry on River Godavari
Godavari and its bridges and the Sir Arthur Cotton
Museum are some of the attractions in the city.
Rajahmundry is a
Hindu pilgrimage site with a number of temples and hosts holy
Pushkaram held once every 12 years —with the
last in July 2015, when around 100 millions took bath. The Sir
Arthur Cotton Museum in Dowleswaram (beside the barrage) is the only
museum for civil engineering in the state.
Godavari Rail Bridges view from PushkharGhat
Rajahmundry Railway station Entrance
The bridges across
Godavari River are an important transport
infrastructure for connectivity such as, the
which is the second longest railroad bridge in Asia; and the
Godavari Arch Bridge, commissioned on 14 March 1997 for
Howrah–Chennai main line. While, the Old
Godavari Bridge (The
Havelock Bridge) was the earliest of all, built in 1897 and was
decommissioned in 1997.
Rajahmundry railway station is classified as an A category station in
Vijayawada railway division. It is located on the Howrah-Chennai
main line of South Central Railway zone.
National Waterway 4 was declared on 24 November 2008, which connects
the Indian states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and the
union territory of Puducherry. It passes through Kakinada, Eluru,
Buckingham Canal and also part of Krishna and Godavari
rivers rivers. It is being developed by Inland Waterways Authority
of India, and is scheduled for completion in 2013.
Rajahmundry Airport, situated near Madhurapudi 18 km away from
the heart of the city. Jet Airways, Spicejet,
IndiGo and TruJet
are major airliners. The airport has direct services to Hyderabad,
Chennai and Bangalore. A new terminal building was inaugurated on 16
May 2012. Runway is being expanded from the 1,749 m to
3,000 m to facilitate the landing and takeoff of bigger
aircraft. The state government is very keen in developing the
airport as a national airport and alternative for Visakhapatnam
airport during bad climatic conditions.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government,
aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of
the state. As per the school information report for the
academic year 2016–17, the city has 55,501 students enrolled in
244 schools. The medium of instruction followed by schools are
English, Telugu. The Railway High School in the city is more
than a hundred-year-old school, established in the year 1909.
The city has one of the thirteen regional offices of the Board of
Intermediate Education, which administers Intermediate education
(10+2) education. The Government Junior College is the only
government run junior college, established in 1974 and there are four
private-aided, twenty private-unaided colleges in the city.
The Government Arts College was founded more than 150 years ago by the
Kandukuri Veeresalingam Panthulu. The BEd Training
Institute is one of the oldest in India. Adikavi Nannaya University
was established in March 2006, named after an 11th-century poet,
Nannayya. Other major universities in the city include Sri Potti
Sri Ramulu Telugu University, Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural
University, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Open University Study Center.the
city contains nannya university as new era
List of cities in Andhra Pradesh
List of municipal corporations in Andhra Pradesh
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rajahmundry.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Rajahmundry.
Rajahmundry corporation website
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