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RAIN (also: Rain (Lech)) is a municipality in the Donau-Ries district, in Bavaria
Bavaria
, Germany
Germany
. It is situated on the river Lech , close to its confluence with the Danube
Danube
, 11 km east of Donauwörth
Donauwörth
.

Rain is on the B16 road and served by the Danube
Danube
Valley Railway (Donautalbahn), both of which run between Ulm
Ulm
and Regensburg
Regensburg
.

The earliest reference to Rain is in a document of the Niederschönenfeld monastery dated 4 July 1257, wherein it is described as a "civitas nostra" or ducal town. It is most probable that Rain was founded during the reign of Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
Bavaria
(1248–1253) or at the latest in the reign of Louis II, Duke of Bavaria
Bavaria
(1253–1294) before 1257.

Rain was founded for economic and strategic reasons. The town protected Bavaria
Bavaria
from the northwest and collected customs from its bridge over the river Lech.

On 15 April 1632 during the Thirty Years War
Thirty Years War
the Battle of Rain
Battle of Rain
took place. The Protestant
Protestant
army of Gustavus Adolphus
Gustavus Adolphus
of Sweden
Sweden
defeated the army of the Catholic League commanded by Johann Tserclaes von Tilly . Tilly withdrew his troops to Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
, where he died from tetanus from an infected gunshot wound in his thigh.

In 1914 a monument commemorating Tilly was erected in front of Rain's Rococo
Rococo
town hall . Rain's architectural heritage also includes the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
parish church of St John the Baptist
St John the Baptist
, which features late Gothic frescoes dating from about 1480. There is also the Schwabian Gate, the historic Spital with its All Saints\' chapel and the former Castle
Castle
.

Rain has three museums: the Lachner Brothers Museum, Homeland Museum and Jean-Duprai-Museum. The four Lachner brothers, Theodor, Franz , Ignaz and Vinzenz , were nineteenth-century German composers , all of whom were born in the town.

Other historic figures from Rain include lawyer and astronomer Johann Bayer (1562–1625), humanist Georg Tannstetter
Georg Tannstetter
(1482–1535) and pianist Michael Raucheisen (1889–1984).

Rain is the headquarters of the Dehner chain of garden centres, which employs 1,100 people in the town. Rain's other industries include a sugar refinery employing 240-280 people.

Rain is twinned with Tougan , capital of the province of Sourou in Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
.

MAYORS

* Otto Spreitler, temporary (1945) * Josef Müller (1945–1948) * Carl Faig (1948–1966) * Karl Würmseher, PWG (1966–1990) * Gerhard Martin, SPD (since 1990)

OTHER PEOPLE

Franz Lachner
Franz Lachner
around 1835

* Georg Tannstetter
Georg Tannstetter
, called Collimitius (1482-1535), Scholar and Humanist * Johannes Bayer (1572-1625), jurist and creator of the Uranometria
Uranometria
* Franz Lachner
Franz Lachner
(1803-1890), musician * Ignaz Lachner (1807-1895), musician * Vinzenz Lachner (1811-1893), musician * Michael Raucheisen (1889-1984), pianist and composer * Georg Weber (1910-1986), entrepreneur * Dieter Reiter
Dieter Reiter
(born 1958), politician (SPD), Mayor of Munich since May 2014

REFERENCES

* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018.

* v * t * e

Towns and municipalities in Donau-Ries

* Alerheim * Amerdingen * Asbach-Bäumenheim * Auhausen
Auhausen
* Buchdorf
Buchdorf
* Daiting * Deiningen
Deiningen
* Donauwörth
Donauwörth
* Ederheim * Ehingen am Ries
Ehingen am Ries
* Forheim * Fremdingen
Fremdingen
* Fünfstetten
Fünfstetten
* Genderkingen
Genderkingen
* Hainsfarth
Hainsfarth
* Harburg * Hohenaltheim * Holzheim * Huisheim * Kaisheim * Maihingen * Marktoffingen * Marxheim
Marxheim
* Megesheim * Mertingen * Mönchsdeggingen
Mönchsdeggingen
* Monheim * Möttingen * Munningen * Münster * Niederschönenfeld * Nördlingen * Oberndorf am Lech
Oberndorf am Lech
* Oettingen in Bayern * Otting * Rain * Reimlingen * Rögling * Tagmersheim * Tapfheim * Wallerstein * Wechingen * Wemding * Wolferstadt

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