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Amaurornis

    The list maintained by Frank Gill, Pamela Rasmussen and David Donsker on behalf of the International Ornithological Committee (IOC) contains 152 species divided into 44 genera.[31] For more detail, see List of rail species.

  • Canirallusgrey-throated rail
  • Mustelirallusash-throated crake
  • Neocrex – (2 species)
  • CyanolimnasZapata rail
  • Pardirallus (3 species)
  • Amaurolimnasuniform crake
  • Aramides – wood rails (8 species)
  • Rallus – typical rails (14 species)
  • CrecopsisAfrican crake
  • RougetiusRouget's rail
  • Dryolimnas – (1 living species, 1 recently extinct)
  • Crexcorn crake
  • Aramidopsis

    Additionally, many prehistoric rails of extant genera are known only from fossil or subfossil remains, such as the Ibiza rail (Rallus eivissensis). These have not been listed here; see the genus accounts and the articles on fossil and Late Quaternary prehistoric birds for these species.

    Pieter van den Broecke's 1617 drawing of the red rail of Mauritius, Aphanapteryx bonasia

    Recently extinct genera

    1888 color lithograph of a rail
    • Genus Nesotrochis – cave-rails (3 species; extinct prehistoric)
      • Antillean cave rail, Nesotrochis debooyi (Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands, West Indies) – prehistoric
      • Haitian cave-rail, Nesotrochis steganinos (Haiti, West Indies) – prehistoric
      • Cuban cave-rail, Nesotrochis picapicensis (Cuba, West Indies) – prehistoric
    • Genus CabalusChatham rail (sometimes included in Gallirallus; extinct around 1900)

    The undescribed Fernando de Noronha rail, genus and species undetermined, survived to historic times.

    Late Quaternary prehistoric extinctions

    and see genus accounts

    Fossil record

    Fossil species of long-Late Quaternary prehistoric extinctions

    and see genus accounts

    Fossil record

    Fossil species of long-extinct prehistoric rails are richly documented from the well-researched formations of Europe[32] and North America, as well from the less comprehensively studied strata elsewhere:

    • Genus Eocrex (Wasatch Early Eocene of Steamboat Springs, USA; Late Eocene – ?Oligocene of Isfara, Tadzhikistan)
    • Genus Palaeorallus (Wasatch Early Eocene of Wyoming, USA)
    • Genus Parvirallus (Early – Middle Eocene of England)
    • Genus Aletornis (Bridger Middle Eocene of Uinta County, USA)[33] – includes Protogrus
    • Genus Fulicaletornis (Bridger Middle Eocene of Henry's Fork, USA)
    • Genus Latipons (Middle Eocene of Lee-on-Solent, England)
    • Genus Ibidopsis (Hordwell Late Eocene of Hordwell, UK)
    • Genus Quercyrallus (Late Eocene -? Late Oligocene of France)
    • Genus Belgirallus (Early Oligocene of WC Europe)
    • Genus Rallicrex (Corbula Middle/Late Oligocene of Kolzsvár, Romania)
    • Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Oligocene of Billy-Créchy, France)[34]
    • Genus Palaeoaramides (Late Oligocene/Early Miocene – Late Miocene of France)
    • Genus Rhenanorallus (Late Oligocene/Early Miocene of Mainz Basin, Germany)
    • Genus Paraortygometra (Late Oligocene/?Early Miocene -? Middle Miocene of France) – includes Microrallus
    • Genus Australlus (Late Oligocene – Middle Miocene of NW Queensland, Australia)
    • Genus Pararallus (Late Oligocene? – Late Miocene of C Europe) – possibly

      and see genus accounts

      Fossil record

      Fossil species of long-extinct prehistoric rails are richly documented from the well-researched formations of Europe

      Fossil species of long-extinct prehistoric rails are richly documented from the well-researched formations of Europe[32] and North America, as well from the less comprehensively studied strata elsewhere:

      • Genus Eocrex (Wasatch Early Eocene of Steamboat Springs, USA; Late Eocene – ?Oligocene of Isfara, Tadzhikistan)
      • Genus Palaeorallus (Wasatch Early Eocene of Wyoming, USA)
      • Genus Parvirallus (Early – Middle Eocene of England)
      • Genus Aletornis (Bridger Mi

        These taxa may or may not have been rails:

        • Genus Ludiortyx (Late Eocene) – includes "Tringa" hoffmanni, "Palaeortyx" blanchardi, "P." hoffmanni
        • Genus Telecrex (Irdin Manha Late Eocene of Chimney Butte, China)
        • Genus Amitabha (Bridger middle Eocene of Forbidden City, USA) – phasianid?
        • Genus Palaeocrex (Early Oligocene of Trigonias Quarry, USA)
        • Genus Rupelrallus (Early Oligocene of Germany)
        • Neornithes incerta sedis (Late Oligocene of Riversleigh, Australia)[42]
        • Genus Euryonotus (Pleistocene of Argentina)

        The presumed scolopacid wader Limosa gypsorum (Montmartre Late Eocene of France) is sometimes considered a rail and then placed in the genus Montirallus.[43]

        See also

        References

        1. ^ a b Horsfall & Robinson (2003): pp. 206–207
        2. ^ Reedman, R

          The presumed scolopacid wader Limosa gypsorum (Montmartre Late Eocene of France) is sometimes considered a rail and then placed in the genus Montirallus.[43]

          See also