United States victory;
Stores seized and government depot burned
Commanders and leaders
110 regular infantry and militia
About 100 militia
St. Lawrence/Lake Champlain frontier
1st Sacket's Harbor
1st Lacolle Mills
2nd Sacket's Harbor
2nd Lacolle Mills
Big Sandy Creek
The Raid on
Gananoque was an action conducted by the United States
Army on September 21, 1812 against Gananoque,
Upper Canada during the
War of 1812. The Americans sought to plunder ammunition and stores to
resupply their own forces.
Gananoque was a key point in the supply
Montreal and Kingston, the main base of the Provincial
Marine on the Great Lakes. Under the command of Captain Benjamin
Forsyth, the Americans departed
Ogdensburg, New York
Ogdensburg, New York and sailed to
Gananoque, where they encountered resistance from the 2nd Regiment of
Leeds Militia. The British militia was forced to retreat and the
Americans successfully destroyed the storehouse and returned to the
United States with captured supplies. As a result of the raid, the
British strengthened their defences along the St. Lawrence River.
4 Historic plaque
7 External links
Gananoque is located roughly 20 miles (32 km) from Kingston, the
principal base of the British
Provincial Marine on the
Great Lakes and
a key transshipment point.
Gananoque served as a depot for
ammunition, stores, foodstuffs along the
St. Lawrence River
St. Lawrence River route
between Kingston and Montreal. Furthermore, it was the last
convoy-staging point between
Montreal and Kingston and a key point for
communications between the two cities. The town had been settled in
1789 by Joel Stone, an American Loyalist who had arrived in Upper
Canada following the American Revolutionary War. On 9 August 1812,
General Sir George Prévost, commander of British forces in Canada and
Henry Dearborn commander of the
United States forces in
the north agree to a cessation of hostilities. President James
Madison repudiated Dearborn's agreement on 15 August.
The American garrison at
Sackets Harbor, New York
Sackets Harbor, New York under the command of
Jacob Brown of the
New York Militia
New York Militia was suffering
from lack of supply. Brown himself had purchased blankets for his men.
The garrison was reinforced by a company of the US Regiment of
Riflemen on September 14, but the reinforcements lacked ammunition.
Finding no support from his superiors, Brown authorized a raid on
Canadian territory to acquire supplies and ammunition following the
termination of the armistice. Based on the intelligence that
Gananoque was lightly defended.
Brown ordered the attack on
Gananoque to be led by Captain Benjamin
Forsyth of the Regiment of Riflemen. He was to take his company of 90
men and 20 members of the
New York Militia
New York Militia under Captain Samuel McNitt
and seize stores and ammunition. The force departed from
Ogdensburg, New York
Ogdensburg, New York on September 18 in boats and sailed to Gananoque,
arriving on September 21, 1813. Forsyth landed his men 2 miles
(3.2 km) west of
Gananoque at Sheriff's Point and moved towards
the town. The Americans surprised the 2nd Regiment of the Leeds
Militia under the command of Colonel Joel Stone. The American force
was spotted by two British dragoons approaching the town and upon
their arrival were met by 100 Leeds Militia under the command of
Lieutenant Levi Soper which began firing. Forsyth moved his
force to within 100 yards (91 m) of the Leeds Militia, and opened
fire. He then ordered a charge, which drove the British militia back
over a bridge. Forsyth's troops entered
Gananoque and commandeered
3,000 ball cartridges and 41 muskets, while destroying 150 barrels of
provisions, ransacking the storehouse and destroying the home of
Colonel Stone. The Americans had one killed and ten wounded,
while the British suffered eight killed, eight taken as prisoners of
war and others wounded, including Colonel Stone's wife. Thirty
minutes after landing, the Americans returned to their boats with
their plunder and set off for Ogdensburg.
A British party was sent to intercept Forsyth but failed to locate his
force. The British party then landed at Burton's Point and burned a
blockhouse and several boats before returning to Canada. Forsyth's
Gananoque was celebrated by the Americans after a series of
defeats. Forsyth relocated his command to Ogdensburg and on February
7, 1813, raided again across the border, this time at Elizabethtown.
The British replied with their own raid on Ogdensburg. The British
acknowledged the threat to their supply lines and began transporting
their equipment and troops in escorted convoys. Construction of a
blockhouse began at Ganonoque in January 1813 and was finished later
in the year.
To mark the site, a Ontario provincial plaque was installed on the
grounds of the
Gananoque Power Company.
On September 21, 1812, during the War of 1812, a
United States force
of some 200 regulars and militia under Captain Benjamin Forsyth
attacked Gananoque, Ontario. The village was an important forwarding
point for supplies moving up the
St. Lawrence River
St. Lawrence River from
Kingston and was garrisoned by a detachment of the 2nd Leeds Militia
under Colonel Joel Stone. After a spirited resistance, Colonel Stone
withdrew his force comprising two subalterns and about forty soldiers,
and the Americans seized the stores and burned the government depot.
As a result of this raid, a blockhouse was begun in
following month and completed in 1813.
— Raid on
^ Tucker 2012, pp. 389–390.
^ a b c d e f g h Tucker 2012, p. 293.
^ Stanley 1983, p. 87.
^ Berton 1980, pp. 156–158.
^ Taylor 2010, p. 182.
^ Stanley 1983, p. 86.
^ a b c d e f Collins 2006, p. 181.
^ Malcomson 2009, p. 203.
^ Elting 1990, p. 52.
^ a b c Malcomson 2009, p. 204.
^ Tucker 2012, p. 247.
^ Young 2006.
^ Ontario Historical Plaques.
Berton, Pierre (1980). The Invasion of Canada 1812–1813. Toronto:
McClelland and Stewart. ISBN 0-7710-1235-7.
Collins, Gilbert (2006) . Guidebook to the Historic Sites of the
War of 1812
War of 1812 (Second ed.). Toronto: The Dundurn Group.
Elting, John R. (1990). Amateurs to Arms! A Military History of the
War of 1812
War of 1812 (1st ed.). Chapel Hill, North Carolina: Algonquin Books of
Chapel Hill. ISBN 0-945575-08-4.
Malcomson, Robert (2009). The A to Z of the War of 1812. Plymouth,
United Kingdom: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6838-0.
"Ontario's Historical Plaques". ontarioplaques.com. Archived from the
original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
Stanley, George F. G. (1983). The
War of 1812
War of 1812 Land Operations.
Toronto: Macmillan of Canada in collaboration with the National Museum
of Man, National Museums of Canada. ISBN 0-7715-9859-9.
Taylor, Alan (2010). The Civil War of 1812: American Citizens, British
Subjects, Irish Rebels & Indian Allies. New York: Vintage Books.
Tucker, Spencer C., ed. (2012). The Encyclopedia of the War of 1812: A
Political, Social and Military History. Santa Barbara, California:
ABC-Clio. ISBN 978-1-85109-956-6.
Young, Richard J. (15 September 2006). "Blockhouses in Canada,
1749–1841: A Comparative Report and Catalogue". Canadian Historic
Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 23. Parks
Canada. Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 24
1000 Islands Life
Conflicts of the War of 1812
Battles of the War of 1812
Burning of Washington
Battle of Fort Peter
Battle of New Orleans
Siege of Fort St. Philip
Battle of Baltimore
Battle of Bladensburg
Battle of Caulk's Field
Battle of North Point
Battle of St. Michaels
Raid on Havre de Grace
Battle of Hampden
Battle of Big Sandy Creek
Battle of Buffalo
Battle of Ogdensburg
Battle of Plattsburgh
Capture of Fort Niagara
Raid on Black Rock
Second Battle of Sacket's Harbor
Battle of Fort Stephenson
Siege of Fort Meigs
Battle of Craney Island
Raid on Alexandria
Skirmish at Farnham Church
Battle of Rappahannock River
Battles of Fort Bowyer
Battle of Fort Dearborn
Battle of Rock Island Rapids
Siege of Prairie du Chien
Battle of the Mississinewa
Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle of Wild Cat Creek
Siege of Fort Harrison
Siege of Fort Wayne
Battle of Brownstown
Battle of Frenchtown
Battle of Mackinac Island
Battle of Maguaga
Siege of Detroit
Siege of Fort Mackinac
Battle of Burnt Corn
Battle of Callabee Creek
Battle of Holy Ground
Battle of Horseshoe Bend
Battle of Talladega
Battle of Tallushatchee
Battles of Emuckfaw and Enotachopo Creek
Fort Mims massacre
Battle of Credit Island
Battle of the Sink Hole
British North America
Battle of the Chateauguay
First Battle of Lacolle Mills
Second Battle of Lacolle Mills
Battle of Beaver Dams
Battle of Chippawa
Battle of Cook's Mills
Battle of Crysler's Farm
Battle of Fort George
Battle of Frenchman's Creek
Battle of Longwoods
Battle of Lundy's Lane
Battle of Malcolm's Mills
Battle of Queenston Heights
Battle of Stoney Creek
Battle of the Thames
Battle of York
Capture of Fort Erie
Raid on Elizabethtown
Raid on Port Dover
Raid on Gananoque
Siege of Fort Erie
Battle of Pensacola
Capture of HMS Boxer
Capture of HMS Cyane
Capture of HMS Epervier
Capture of HMS Frolic
Capture of HMS Penguin
Capture of HMS Dominica
Capture of USS Argus
Capture of USS Chesapeake
Capture of USS President
Chesapeake Bay Flotilla
USS Constitution vs HMS Java
Sinking of HMS Avon
Battle of Fayal
Sinking of HMS Peacock
Sinking of HMS Reindeer
USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere
United States vs HMS Macedonian
Battle of La Guaira
Battle of Lake Erie
Battle of Fort Oswego
Engagements on Lake Huron
Engagements on Lake Ontario
First Battle of Sacket's Harbor
Action of 13 December 1814
Battle of Lake Borgne
Action off James Island
Action off Charles Island
Nuku Hiva Campaign
Battle of Valparaiso (Capture of USS Essex)
See also: American Indian Wars, Creek War, Napoleonic Wars, and