The Info List - Ragusa, Italy

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Ragusa (Italian: [raˈɡuːza],  listen (help·info); Sicilian: Rausa; Latin: Ragusia) is a city and comune in southern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Ragusa, on the island of Sicily, with 73,288 inhabitants in 2016.[1] It is built on a wide limestone hill between two deep valleys, Cava San Leonardo and Cava Santa Domenica. Together with seven other cities in the Val di Noto, it is part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


1 History 2 Geography 3 Main sights

3.1 Upper Town 3.2 Ragusa Ibla

4 Transport 5 Gallery 6 International relations

6.1 Twin towns — sister cities 6.2 Montalbano

7 Notable residents 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] The origins of Ragusa can be traced back to the 2nd millennium BC, when there were several Sicel
settlements in the area. The current district of Ragusa Ibla
Ragusa Ibla
has been identified as Hybla Heraea. The ancient city, located on a 300-metre (980 ft)-high hill, came into contact with nearby Greek colonies, and grew thanks to the nearby port of Camerina. Following a short period of Carthaginian rule, it fell into the hands of the ancient Romans and the Byzantines, who fortified the city and built a large castle. Ragusa was occupied by the Arabs in 848 AD, remaining under their rule until the 11th century, when the Normans
conquered it. Selected as County seat, its first Count was Geoffrey, son of Count Ruggero of Sicily. Thereafter Ragusa's history followed the events of the Kingdom of Sicily, created in the first half of the twelfth century. A Chiaramonte
family fief, it remained the county capital after it was unified with Modica
in 1296, a status it lost in the 15th century after a popular revolt. In 1693 Ragusa was devastated by a huge earthquake, which killed some 5,000 inhabitants. Following this catastrophe the city was largely rebuilt, and many Baroque buildings from this time remain in the city. Most of the population moved to a new settlement in the former district of Patro, calling this new municipality "Ragusa Superiore" (Upper Ragusa) and the ancient city "Ragusa Inferiore" (Lower Ragusa). The two cities remained separated until 1926, when they were fused together to become a provincial capital in 1927 at the expense of Modica, the former capital and the most populous and important city in the region since 1296. In 1838 an asphalt deposit was discovered, which is still being worked. Geography[edit] Ragusa is a hilltown that lies below the Hyblaean Mountains, and is historically divided into Ragusa Ibla
Ragusa Ibla
and Ragusa Superiore. The municipality borders with Chiaramonte
Gulfi, Comiso, Giarratana, Modica, Monterosso Almo, Rosolini
(SR), Santa Croce Camerina, Scicli and Vittoria.[2] It counts the hamlets (frazioni) of Marina di Ragusa, located by the sea, and San Giacomo Bellocozzo. Main sights[edit] The city has two distinct areas, the lower and older town of Ragusa Ibla, and the higher Ragusa Superiore (Upper Town). The two halves are separated by the Valle dei Ponti, a deep ravine crossed by four bridges, The most noteworthy of which is the eighteenth-century Ponte dei Cappuccini. Upper Town[edit] Ragusa Cathedral, dedicated to Saint John the Baptist
John the Baptist
(San Giovanni Battista), is the biggest attraction in Ragusa Superiore. The church was originally located in the western part of ancient Ragusa, under the walls of the Mediaeval castle, where the small church of St. Agnese is today. A smaller building was quickly built on the site after the 1693 earthquake, which soon proved inadequate. The current edifice was built between 1718 and 1778, with a façade in typical southern Sicilian Baroque style, with three portals and sculptures representing the Madonna, St. John the Baptist
St. John the Baptist
and St. John the Evangelist. The upper columns have two clocks showing the time in Italian and French fashions respectively. The high bell tower, on the left side, is also in Baroque style. The ornate Baroque interior has a Latin
cross plan, with a nave and two aisles separated by three colonnades embellished with gold. Charts showing Bible verses referring to St. John the Baptist
St. John the Baptist
are over every column. The dome was built in 1783, and covered with copper sheets during the 20th century. The side chapels, characterized by altars decorated with polychrome marbles, date from the 19th century. Also noteworthy is the Hyblean Archaeological Museum, with different sections devoted to archaeological finds from the Prehistoric to the Late Roman era. Ragusa Ibla[edit] Ragusa Ibla
Ragusa Ibla
is home to a wide array of Baroque architecture, including several stunning palaces and churches. The Cathedral of San Giorgio started in 1738 by architect Rosario Gagliardi, in place of the temple destroyed by the 1693 earthquake, and of which is the only place in the city a Catalan-Gothic style portal can still be seen. The façade contains a flight of 250 steps and massive ornate columns, as well as statues of saints and decorated portals. The interior has a Latin
cross plan, with a nave and two aisles ending in half-circular apses. It is topped by a large Neoclassical dome built in 1820. On a narrow winding street connecting Ragusa Ibla
Ragusa Ibla
with Ragusa Superiore lies the church of Santa Maria delle Scale
Santa Maria delle Scale
("Saint Mary of the Steps", built between the fifteenth and the sixteenth centuries). This church is particularly interesting: badly damaged in the earthquake of 1693, half of this church was rebuilt in Baroque style, while the surviving half was kept in the original Gothic style (including the three Catalan-style portals in the right aisle). The last chapel of the latter has a Renaissance portal. The chapels are adorned with canvases by Sicilian painters of the 18th century.

Church of the Souls of the Purgatory has a Baroque portal. Church of Santa Maria dell'Itria, built by the Knights of Malta
in the seventeenth century, has a campanile with ceramics from Caltagirone and a canvas attributed to Mattia Preti. San Filippo Neri

The church of San Giorgio, designed by Rosario Gagliardi
Rosario Gagliardi
and built between 1739–1775, has a façade with tiers of juxtaposed columns. The Treasury contains silver items. Similar though smaller is the nearby church of St. Joseph, with an elliptic interior housing a seventeenth-century statue. The church of Sant'Antonino is an example of Norman architecture, characterized by a Gothic portal, while the Church of Immacolata boasts a fine fourteenth-century portal. San Giorgio Vecchio boasts a façade with a notable Gothic-Catalan portal, with a high lunette portraying St. George
St. George
Killing the Dragon, and Aragonese eagles. The Hyblean Garden offers a good view to the three churches of the Cappuccini Vecchi, St. James (fourteenth century) and San Domenico. The Zacco Palace, a Baroque building, has Corinthian columns support balconies of wrought iron work, caryatids and grotesques. The Villa Zinna country estate. Transport[edit] Ragusa has two railway stations, Ragusa and Ragusa Ibla, on the Canicattì-Gela-Syracuse line. Two other stations serve the localities of Donnafugata and Genisi. The town will be served by the planned extension, from Rosolini
to Gela, of the A18 motorway. The new exit of Ragusa will be located between the town and Marina di Ragusa. Gallery[edit]

The 18th-century interior of the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist.

Ragusa Ibla

Cathedral of San Giorgio in Ragusa Ibla.

The Church of the Souls of Purgatory, one of the Baroque edifices built after the 1693 earthquake.

Decorative Baroque façade of San Giuseppe church in Ragusa Ibla.

Cathedral of San Giorgio in Ragusa Ibla.

Interior of San Giorgio.

International relations[edit] Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Dubrovnik, Croatia Mosta, Malta Little Rock, USA Asunción, Paraguay Oise
(department), France Milan, Italy

Montalbano[edit] Much of the filming of the Inspector Montalbano series is done in Ragusa, which has contributed to the rise of tourism in recent years.[3] Notable residents[edit]

Princess Maria Paternò Arezzo
Maria Paternò Arezzo
(1869–1908), noblewoman and philanthropist Loredana Cannata
Loredana Cannata
(1975–), actress Maria Occhipinti (1921–1996), anarcha-feminist.


^ a b (in Italian) Source: Istat 2016 ^ 39162 (x a j h) Ragusa on OpenStreetMap ^ www.italyheaven.co.uk/sicily/ragusa.html

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Ragusa (category)

Ragusa travel guide from Wikivoyage Official city website (in Italian) Photos of Ragusa on Wondersofsicily.com

v t e

· Comuni of the Province of Ragusa

Acate Chiaramonte
Gulfi Comiso Giarratana Ispica Modica Monterosso Almo Pozzallo Ragusa Santa Croce Camerina Scicli Vittoria

v t e

World Heritage Sites in Italy


Crespi d'Adda Genoa Mantua
and Sabbioneta Monte San Giorgio1 Porto Venere, Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto, Cinque Terre

Corniglia Manarola Monterosso al Mare Riomaggiore Vernazza

Residences of the Royal House of Savoy

Castle of Moncalieri Castle of Racconigi Castle of Rivoli Castello del Valentino Royal Palace of Turin Palazzo Carignano Palazzo Madama, Turin Palace of Venaria Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi Villa della Regina

Rhaetian Railway
Rhaetian Railway
in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes1 Rock Drawings in Valcamonica Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe- Roero
and Monferrato


Aquileia The Dolomites Ferrara Modena Cathedral, Torre della Ghirlandina
Torre della Ghirlandina
and Piazza Grande, Modena Orto botanico di Padova Ravenna Venice Verona City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto


Assisi Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri
and Tarquinia Florence Hadrian's Villa Medici villas Piazza del Duomo, Pisa Pienza Rome2 San Gimignano Siena Urbino Val d'Orcia Villa d'Este


Alberobello Amalfi Coast Castel del Monte, Apulia Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
National Park, Paestum
and Velia, Certosa di Padula Herculaneum Oplontis
and Villa Poppaea Naples Palace of Caserta, Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
and San Leucio
San Leucio
Complex Pompeii Sassi di Matera


Aeolian Islands Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale Archaeological Area of Agrigento Barumini nuraghes Mount Etna Syracuse and Necropolis of Pantalica Val di Noto

Caltagirone Catania Militello in Val di Catania Modica Noto Palazzolo Acreide Ragusa Scicli

Villa Romana del Casale


Longobards in Italy, Places of Power (568–774 A.D.)

Brescia Cividale del Friuli Castelseprio Spoleto Temple of Clitumnus
Temple of Clitumnus
located at Campello sul Clitunno Santa Sofia located at Benevento Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
located at Monte Sant'Angelo

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3 Primeval Beech Forests of Europe4 Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries5

Bergamo Palmanova Peschiera del Garda

1 Shared with Switzerland 2 Shared with the Holy See 3 Shared with Austria, France, Germany, Slovenia, and Switzerland 4 Shared with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain
and Ukraine 5 Shared with Croatia
and Montenegro

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 148923662 GN