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RAGHUVAMSHA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: रघुवंश, Raghuvaṃśa) is a Sanskrit
Sanskrit
mahakavya (epic poem) by the most celebrated Sanskrit
Sanskrit
poet Kalidasa
Kalidasa
. Though an exact date of composition is unknown, the poet is presumed to have flourished in the 5th century CE. It narrates, in 19 sargas (cantos), the stories related to the Raghu dynasty , namely the family of Dilipa and his descendants up to Agnivarna, who include Raghu , Dasharatha
Dasharatha
and Rama
Rama
. The earliest surviving commentary written on the work is that of the 10th-century Kashmiri scholar Vallabhadeva . The most popular and widely available commentary, however, is the Sanjivani, written by Mallinatha (ca.1350-1450).

CONTENTS

* 1 Geographical and historical references * 2 Metres used in the epic * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links to the text

GEOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL REFERENCES

The warrior Raghu leads a military expedition to Transoxiana
Transoxiana
. He defeats and subjugates local people along the way (presumably on his march through Central Asia) until he reaches the Vankshu , as the ancient Indians called the Oxus River. There, Raghu's army battles the Hepthalites , or White Huns, whom the Indians called Hunas and Mlecchas (barbarians). The Hepthalites are defeated, and the Raghuvamsha boasts of "The exploits of Raghu, whose valor expressed itself amongst the husbands of the Huna women, became manifest in the scarlet colour of their cheeks."

After crossing the Oxus, Raghu and his army encountered the Kambojas , an ancient Indo-Scythian people often mentioned in Indian texts. The Kambojas
Kambojas
submitted to Raghu and offered him gifts and treasures. Evidently, the Kambojas
Kambojas
dwelt in the vicinity of the Pamirs
Pamirs
. Kalidasa describes the preponderance of walnut trees in the Oxus country, this particular region is still known for the cultivation of walnuts.

METRES USED IN THE EPIC

The epic is composed in 21 Sanskrit
Sanskrit
metres, namely Anuṣṭup, Indravajrā, Upajāti, Upendravajrā, Aupacchandasika, Toṭaka, Drutavilambita, Puṣpitāgrā, Praharṣiṇī, Mañjubhāṣiṇī, Mattamayūra, Mandākrāntā, Mālinī, Rathoddhatā, Vaṃśastha, Vasantatilakā, Vaitālīya, Śārdūlavikrīḍita, Śālinī, Svāgatā, Hariṇī.

SEE ALSO

* Indian literature * Sanskrit
Sanskrit
literature * Sanskrit
Sanskrit
drama * Chandragupta Vikramaditya * Gupta Empire
Gupta Empire

REFERENCES

* Basham, A.L. (2000). The Wonder that was India (3rd ed.). London: South Asia Books. ISBN 0-283-99257-3 * Maenchen-Helfen, Otto (1973). The World of the Huns. Berkely: University of California Press. * Jordanes, Getica
Getica
.

* ^ http://www.britannica.com/biography/Kalidasa * ^ Dominic Goodall and Harunaga Isaacson, The Raghupañcikā of Vallabhadeva , Volume 1, Groningen, Egbert Forsten, 2004. * ^ Raghuvaṃśa of Kālidāsa
Kālidāsa
- Edited with extracts ">RAGHUVAṃśA IN SANSKRIT

EXTERNAL LINKS TO THE TEXT

* Transliterated Sanskrit
Sanskrit
text at GRETIL
GRETIL
*

.