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Raghuvamsha (Sanskrit: रघुवंश, Raghuvaṃśa) is a Sanskrit
Sanskrit
mahakavya (epic poem) by the most celebrated Sanskrit
Sanskrit
poet Kalidasa. Though an exact date of composition is unknown, the poet is presumed to have flourished in the 5th century CE.[1] It narrates, in 19 sargas (cantos), the stories related to the Raghu dynasty, namely the family of Dilipa and his descendants up to Agnivarna, who include Raghu, Dasharatha
Dasharatha
and Rama. The earliest surviving commentary written on the work is that of the 10th-century Kashmiri scholar Vallabhadeva.[2] The most popular and widely available commentary, however, is the Sanjivani, written by Mallinatha (ca.1350-1450).

Contents

1 Geographical and historical references 2 Metres used in the epic 3 See also 4 References 5 External links to the text

Geographical and historical references[edit] The warrior Raghu leads a military expedition to Transoxiana. He defeats and subjugates local people along the way (presumably on his march through Central Asia) until he reaches the Vakshu, as the ancient Indians called the Oxus
Oxus
River. There, Raghu's army battles the Hepthalites, or White Huns, whom the Indians called Hunas
Hunas
and Mlecchas (barbarians). The Hepthalites
Hepthalites
are defeated, and the Raghuvamsha boasts of "The exploits of Raghu, whose valor expressed itself amongst the husbands of the Huna women, became manifest in the scarlet colour of their cheeks." After crossing the Oxus, Raghu and his army encountered the Kambojas, an ancient Indo-Scythian people often mentioned in Indian texts. The Kambojas
Kambojas
submitted to Raghu and offered him gifts and treasures. Evidently, the Kambojas
Kambojas
dwelt in the vicinity of the Pamirs. Kalidasa describes the preponderance of walnut trees in the Oxus
Oxus
country, this particular region is still known for the cultivation of walnuts. Metres used in the epic[edit] The epic is composed in 21 Sanskrit
Sanskrit
metres, namely Anuṣṭup, Indravajrā, Upajāti, Upendravajrā, Aupacchandasika, Toṭaka, Drutavilambita, Puṣpitāgrā, Praharṣiṇī, Mañjubhāṣiṇī, Mattamayūra, Mandākrāntā, Mālinī, Rathoddhatā, Vaṃśastha, Vasantatilakā, Vaitālīya, Śārdūlavikrīḍita, Śālinī, Svāgatā, Hariṇī.[3] See also[edit]

Indian literature Sanskrit
Sanskrit
literature Sanskrit
Sanskrit
drama Chandragupta Vikramaditya Gupta Empire

References[edit]

Basham, A.L. (2000). The Wonder that was India (3rd ed.). London: South Asia Books. ISBN 0-283-99257-3 Maenchen-Helfen, Otto (1973). The World of the Huns. Berkely: University of California Press. Jordanes, Getica.

^ http://www.britannica.com/biography/Kalidasa ^ Dominic Goodall and Harunaga Isaacson, The Raghupañcikā of Vallabhadeva, Volume 1, Groningen, Egbert Forsten, 2004. ^ Raghuvaṃśa
Raghuvaṃśa
of Kālidāsa
Kālidāsa
- Edited with extracts & Notes etc by Narayan Ram Acharya Kavyatirtha, Chaukhambha Publishers, Varanasi, 2nd ed (2002), Appendix 2

Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Raghuvaṃśa
Raghuvaṃśa
in Sanskrit

External links to the text[edit]

Transliterated Sanskrit
Sanskrit
text at GRETIL Complete translation and commentary along with word meanings by Desiraju Hanumanta Rao Summary and partial translation by Arthur W. Ryder: 113 verses are translated, the rest are summarised in prose

v t e

Works by Kālidāsa

Drama

Mālavikāgnimitram Shakuntala Vikramōrvaśīyam

Poetry

Raghuvaṃśa Kumārasambhava Ṛtusaṃhāra Meghadūta

v t e

Ramayana
Ramayana
by Valmiki

Ikshvaku dynasty

Dasharatha Kausalya Sumitra Kaikeyi Shanta Rama Bharata Lakshmana Shatrughna Sita Urmila Mandavi Shrutakirti Lava Kusha (genealogy)

Vanara

Hanuman Sugriva Vali Tara Rumā Angada Nala Nila Kesari Anjana Makardhwaja

Rakshasa

Ravana Vibhishana Kumbhakarna Indrajit Akshayakumara Atikaya Kabandha Khara Dushan Mandodari Maricha Mayasura Narantaka-Devantaka Prahasta Sarama Subahu Sulochana Sumali Surpanakha Tataka Trijata Trishira Viradha

Sages

Agastya Ahalya Arundhati Bharadwaja Kambhoja Parashurama Vasistha Vishvamitra Rishyasringa

Other characters and concepts

Lakshmana
Lakshmana
rekha Jambavan Janaka Kushadhwaja Jatayu Manthara Ashwapati Maya Sita Sampati Shabari Shravan Vedavati

Places

Ayodhya Mithila Dandakaranya Kishkindha Lanka

Seven Books (Kandas)

Bala Ayodhya Aranya Kishkindha Sundara Yuddha Uttara

Versions, adaptations, and inspired works

Adbhuta Ramayana Adhyathmaramayanam Adhyatma Ramayana Ananda Ramayana Bhaṭṭikāvya Hikayat Seri Rama Kakawin Ramayana Kamba Ramayanam Krittivasi Ramayan Maharadia Lawana Phra Lak Phra Ram Ramlila Ramayan (TV series) Raghunatha Ramayana Ramakien Ramcharitmanas Reamker Saptakanda Ramayana Sri Ramayana
Ramayana
Darshanam Vilanka Ra

.