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The Info List - Rafael Viñoly



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RAFAEL VIñOLY BECEIRO (born 1944) is an Uruguayan architect . He is the principal of Rafael Viñoly
Rafael Viñoly
Architects, which he founded in 1983 and has offices in New York City
New York City
, Palo Alto , London
London
, Manchester
Manchester
, Abu Dhabi and Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Life and career * 2 Honors and awards * 3 Buildings

* 4 Criticism

* 4.1 Carbuncle Cup
Carbuncle Cup
* 4.2 Sun Glare

* 5 References * 6 External links

LIFE AND CAREER

Viñoly was born in Montevideo , Uruguay
Uruguay
to Román Viñoly Barreto (a film and theater director) and Maria Beceiro (a mathematics teacher). He attended the University of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
, receiving a Diploma
Diploma
in Architecture in 1968 and a Master of Architecture from the School of Architecture and Urbanism in 1969.

In 1964, he formed the "Estudio de Arquitectura Manteola-Petchersky-Sánchez Gómez-Santos-Solsona-Viñoly" architectural firm with six associates. This practice would eventually become one of the largest architectural practices in South America, completing many significant commissions in a very short time.

In 1978, Viñoly and his family relocated to the United States. For a brief period he served as a guest lecturer at the Harvard Graduate School of Design , settling permanently in New York City
New York City
in 1979. He founded the firm Rafael Viñoly
Rafael Viñoly
Architects PC in 1983. His first major project in New York was the John Jay College of Criminal Justice
John Jay College of Criminal Justice
, which was completed in 1988. In 1989, he won an international competition to design the Tokyo International Forum
Tokyo International Forum
. Completed in 1996, many people consider this building to be the most important cultural complex in Japan. His firm's design was one of the finalists in the World Trade Center design competition.

During the course of his forty-plus year career, Viñoly has practiced in the United States, Latin America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.

Viñoly is a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects , an International Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects
Royal Institute of British Architects
, and a member of the Japan Institute of Architects as well as the Sociedad Central de Arquitectos.

HONORS AND AWARDS

* Design Honor, Salvadori Center, 2007 * International Fellow, The Royal Institute of British Architects, 2006 * National Design Award Finalist, Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, 2004 * Neutra Medal for Professional Excellence : In recognition for his contributions to the Environmental Design Profession and in honor of Modernist architect Richard Neutra , 2000. * Honorary Doctorate, University of Maryland, 1997 * Medal of Honor, American Institute of Architects, New York City Chapter, 1995 * National Academician, The National Academy, 1994 * Fellow, American Institute of Architects, 1993

BUILDINGS

Main article: List of works by Rafael Viñoly

Major works by Viñoly include 432 Park Avenue , 20 Fenchurch Street and the Curve Theatre .

CRITICISM

CARBUNCLE CUP

The building 20 Fenchurch Street in London
London
won the 2015 Carbuncle Cup for its ugliness.

SUN GLARE

The Sky Garden, at 20 Fenchurch Street

Two of the skyscrapers designed by Viñoly, the Vdara
Vdara
in Las Vegas and 20 Fenchurch Street in London, have experienced unusual sun reflectivity problems due to their concave curved glass exteriors acting as respectively cylindrical and spherical reflectors for sunlight. In 2010, the Las Vegas Review Journal reported that sunlight reflected off the Vdara's south-facing tower could make swimmers in the hotel pool uncomfortably warm, as well as melting plastic cups and shopping bags; employees of the hotel referred to the phenomenon as the " Vdara
Vdara