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Rafael Viñoly
Rafael Viñoly
Beceiro (born 1944) is an Uruguayan architect.[1] He is the principal of Rafael Viñoly
Rafael Viñoly
Architects, which he founded in 1983 and has offices in New York City, Palo Alto, London, Manchester, Abu Dhabi and Buenos Aires.[2]

Contents

1 Life and career 2 Honors and awards 3 Buildings 4 Criticism

4.1 Carbuncle Cup 4.2 Sun Glare

5 References 6 External links

Life and career[edit] Viñoly was born in Montevideo, Uruguay
Uruguay
to Román Viñoly Barreto
Román Viñoly Barreto
(a film and theater director) and Maria Beceiro (a mathematics teacher). He attended the University of Buenos Aires, receiving a Diploma
Diploma
in Architecture in 1968 and a Master of Architecture from the School of Architecture and Urbanism in 1969. In 1964, he formed the "Estudio de Arquitectura Manteola-Petchersky-Sánchez Gómez-Santos-Solsona-Viñoly" architectural firm with six associates. This practice would eventually become one of the largest architectural practices in South America, completing many significant commissions in a very short time. In 1978, Viñoly and his family relocated to the United States. For a brief period he served as a guest lecturer at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, settling permanently in New York City
New York City
in 1979. He founded the firm Rafael Viñoly
Rafael Viñoly
Architects PC in 1983. His first major project in New York was the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, which was completed in 1988. In 1989, he won an international competition to design the Tokyo International Forum. Completed in 1996, many people consider this building to be the most important cultural complex in Japan.[citation needed] His firm's design was one of the finalists in the World Trade Center design competition.[3] During the course of his forty-plus year career, Viñoly has practiced in the United States, Latin America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.[4] Viñoly is a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, an International Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects, and a member of the Japan Institute of Architects
Japan Institute of Architects
as well as the Sociedad Central de Arquitectos.[5] Honors and awards[edit]

Design Honor, Salvadori Center, 2007 International Fellow, The Royal Institute of British Architects, 2006 National Design Award Finalist, Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, 2004 Neutra Medal for Professional Excellence: In recognition for his contributions to the Environmental Design Profession and in honor of Modernist
Modernist
architect Richard Neutra, 2000.[6] Honorary Doctorate, University of Maryland, 1997 Medal of Honor, American Institute of Architects, New York City Chapter, 1995 National Academician, The National Academy, 1994 Fellow, American Institute of Architects, 1993 [7]

Buildings[edit] Main article: List of works by Rafael Viñoly Major works by Viñoly include 432 Park Avenue, 20 Fenchurch Street and the Curve Theatre. Criticism[edit] Carbuncle Cup[edit] The building 20 Fenchurch Street
20 Fenchurch Street
in London
London
won the 2015 Carbuncle Cup for its ugliness.[8] Sun Glare[edit]

The Sky Garden, at 20 Fenchurch Street

Two of the skyscrapers designed by Viñoly, the Vdara
Vdara
in Las Vegas and 20 Fenchurch Street
20 Fenchurch Street
in London, have experienced unusual sun reflectivity problems due to their concave curved glass exteriors acting as respectively cylindrical and spherical reflectors for sunlight. In 2010, the Las Vegas Review Journal reported that sunlight reflected off the Vdara's south-facing tower could make swimmers in the hotel pool uncomfortably warm, as well as melting plastic cups and shopping bags; employees of the hotel referred to the phenomenon as the " Vdara
Vdara
death ray".[9] In London
London
during the summer of 2013, sunlight reflecting off 20 Fenchurch Street
20 Fenchurch Street
melted parts on a parked automobile as well as scorching the carpet of a nearby barber shop.[10] References[edit] Notes

^ Gitschier, J. (2011). "The Connection between Space and Thinking: An Interview with Rafael Viñoly". PLoS Genetics. 7 (12): e1002445. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1002445. PMC 3248556 . PMID 22242010.  ^ "Rafael Vinoly Architects Locations". Vinoly Architects. Retrieved 2015-07-03.  ^ "Works". Retrieved May 8, 2015.  ^ Raphael Vinoly Architects. "Life getting hot for architect Rafael Vinoly". Retrieved May 8, 2015.  ^ e-architect (January 8, 2015). "Rafael Vinoly Architect : Practice Information". Retrieved May 8, 2015.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-19. Retrieved 2014-10-12.  ^ Rafael Viñoly
Rafael Viñoly
Architects. "Architonic". Retrieved May 2015.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ BBC News: London's Walkie Talkie judged UK's worst building ^ " Vdara
Vdara
visitor: 'Death ray' scorched hair".  ^ "'Death Ray II'? London
London
Building Reportedly Roasts Cars". 

Bibliography

Hilary Lewis and Roman Viñoly, THINK NEW YORK A Ground Zero Diary ISBN 1-920744-74-6 Rafael Viñoly, The Making of Public Space: 1997 John Dinkeloo Memorial Lecture ISBN 1-891197-00-2

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rafael Viñoly.

Rafael Viñoly
Rafael Viñoly
Architects PC Works by or about Rafael Viñoly
Rafael Viñoly
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) " Rafael Viñoly
Rafael Viñoly
collected news and commentary". The New York Times. 

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 25542313 LCCN: nr96017897 ISNI: 0000 0001 2022 670X GND: 124656986 SUDOC: 112654967 BNF: cb14614912d (data) BIBSYS: 3029056 ULAN: 500059046 RKD: 239950 SNAC: w6ks78x

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