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Rabīʿ al-ʾawwal (ربيع الأوّل) is the third month in the Islamic calendar. During this month, many Muslims
Muslims
celebrate Mawlid
Mawlid
- the birthday of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Although the exact date is unknown,[1][2] Sunni Muslims
Sunni Muslims
believe the date of birth of Muhammad to have been on the twelfth of this month, whereas Shi'a Muslims believe him to have been born on the dawn of the seventeenth day. The Prophet himself never celebrated the mawlid, instead encouraged Muslims
Muslims
to fast Monday’s of every week due to his birthday being “on a Monday”. The name Rabī‘ al-awwal means the first [month] or beginning of spring, referring to its position in the pre-Islamic Arabian calendar. Hence this is considered to be a very blessed month.

Contents

1 Meaning 2 Celebrations 3 Timing 4 Islamic events 5 Hadith 6 References 7 External links

Meaning[edit] The word "Rabi" means "spring" and Al-awwal means "the first" in Arabic language, so "Rabi' al-awwal" means "the first spring" in Arabic language. The names seems to have to do with the celebration events in the month as "spring" is the end to winter (symbol of sadness) and consequently the start of happiness. The Arabic calendar being lunar calendar, the month is naturally rotating over years and Rabī‘ al-awwal can be in spring or any other season every now and then, so the meaning can not be related to the actual season.[3] Celebrations[edit] Main article: Mawlid

Indian Muslims
Muslims
with green flags for Mawlid

Although historians and scholars disagree on the exact date of Muhammad's birth,[4] it is commonly celebrated on 12th or 17th of Rabi' al-awwal. The celebration of the Mawlid
Mawlid
is done differently depending on the country. In some areas celebrations begin as early as the first of the month and can continue till the end of the month. Muslims
Muslims
generally put coloured lights on roads, streets, and their homes and put green flags as well to celebrate. In many countries a procession is also conducted on 12th or 17th of Rabi' al-awwal
Rabi' al-awwal
night and day. On these occasions sweets and drinks are also distributed widely from home to home and to the general public. In some areas Muslims
Muslims
also exchange gifts. It is the month of blessings. Timing[edit] The Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Rabī‘ al-Awwal migrates throughout the seasons. The estimated start and end dates for Rabī‘ al-Awwal are as follows (based on the Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia[5]):

AH First day (CE / AD) Last day (CE / AD)

1437 12 December 2015 10 January 2016

1438 30 November 2016 29 December 2016

1439 19 November 2017 18 December 2017

1440 09 November 2018 07 December 2018

1441 29 October 2019 27 November 2019

1442 18 October 2020 15 November 2020

Rabī‘ al-Awwal dates between 2015 and 2020

Islamic events[edit]

Masjid al-Quba, the first mosque, was built in this month.

01 Rabī‘ al-Awwal 897 AH, the fall of the Emirate of Granada, the final Muslim kingdom of al-Andalus 08 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, death of Imam Hassan Al-Askari Twelver Imām, Hasan al-‘Askarī (see: Chup Tazia) 09 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, Eid e shuja 12 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, Sunni Muslims
Sunni Muslims
observe Mawlid
Mawlid
in commemoration of Muhammad's birthday 13 Rabi al-Awwal, Death of Bibi Rubab ( Beloved Wife of Hazrat Imam Hussain alahaysalam) 17 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, Muslims
Muslims
celebrate the birthday of the Imām Ja‘far al-Sādiq. 18 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, birth of Umm Kulthum bint Ali 26 Rabī‘ al-Awwal, death of Abu Talib ibn Abdul Muttalib 26 Rabī‘ al-Awwal 1333 AH, death of Khwaja Sirajuddin Naqshbandi, a Naqshbandi
Naqshbandi
Sufi shaykh

Other events:

The Hijra (migration) took place in this month Eid-e-Zahra (a.k.a. Eid e shuja), a celebration of Shi‘ah Muslims Marriage of Muhammad
Muhammad
to Khadijah bint Khuwaylid Building of the Quba Mosque
Quba Mosque
(first mosque in Islam) The week including 12th and 17th is called Islamic Unity Week in Iran to address both Sunni and Shia
Shia
views on the birth date of Prophet Mohammad.[6]

Hadith[edit] In Islamic eschatology:

Abu Hurairah
Abu Hurairah
said that the Prophet said:

There will be an Ayah
Ayah
(sign) in (the month of) Ramadan. Then, there will 'isabah (splitting into groups) in Shawwal. Then, there will be fighting in (the month of) Dhu al-Qi'dah. Then, the pilgrim will be robbed in (the month of) Dhu al-Hijjah. Then, the prohibitions will be violated in (the month of) al-Muharram. Then, there will be sound in (the month of) Safar, then the tribes will conflict with each other in the two months of Rabi' al-awwal
Rabi' al-awwal
& Rabi' al-thani. Then, the most amazing thing will happen between (the months of) Jumada and Rajab. Then, a well-fed she-camel will be better than a fortress (castle) sheltering a thousand (people).[7]

References[edit]

^ Annemarie Schimmel
Annemarie Schimmel
(1994). Deciphering the signs of God: a phenomenological approach to Islam (illustrated ed.). Edinburgh University Press. p. 69.  ^ Eliade, Mircea, ed. (1987). The Encyclopedia of religion, Volume 9 (illustrated ed.). Macmillan. p. 292. ISBN 9780029098004.  ^ َAl-Monjed dictionary and encyclopedia - the word Rabi' al-awwal ^ What is the Authentic Date of Birth and Death of Prophet Muhammad? ^ Umm Al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia ^ Iranian Revolutionary Guards, Institute of Islamic Studies. Days on viewpoint of Imam Khomeini. Tehran: Islamic research center. p. 176.  ^ Al-Haakim, Naim ibn Hammad, Kitab Al-Fitan

External links[edit]

Rabi Ul Awal Naats Islamic-Western Calendar Converter (Based on the Arithmetical or Tabular Calendar)

v t e

Months of the Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
(AH)

Muharram Safar Rabi' I Rabi' II Jumada I Jumada II Rajab Sha`ban Ramadan Shawwal Dhu al-Q

.