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The is an
industry trade group A trade association, also known as an industry trade group, business association, sector association or industry body, is an organization founded and funded by businesses that operate in a specific industry Industry may refer to: Economics * ...
composed of
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an in ...

Japan
ese corporations involved in the
music industry The music industry consists of the individuals and organizations that earn money by writing Writing is a medium of human communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic lan ...
. It was founded in 1942 as the Japan Phonogram Record Cultural Association, and adopted its current name in 1969. The RIAJ's activities include promotion of music sales, enforcement of
copyright law Copyright is a type of intellectual property that gives its owner the exclusive right to copy and distribute a creative work, usually for a limited time. The creative work may be in a literary, artistic, educational, or musical form. Copyrig ...
, and research related to the Japanese music industry. It publishes the annual ''RIAJ Year Book'', a statistical summary of each year's music sales, as well as distributing a variety of other data. Headquartered in Minato,
Tokyo Tokyo (Japanese language, Japanese: , ''Tōkyō'' ), historically known in the west as Tokio and officially the Tokyo Metropolis (, ''Tōkyō-to''), is capital of Japan, the capital and most populous Prefectures of Japan, prefecture of Japan ...

Tokyo
, the RIAJ has twenty member companies and a smaller number of associate and supporting members; some member companies are the Japanese branches of
multinational corporation A multinational company (MNC) is a corporate A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whethe ...
s headquartered elsewhere. The association is responsible for certifying gold and platinum albums and singles in Japan.


RIAJ Certification

In 1989, the Recording Industry Association of Japan introduced the
music recording certification Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music Sound recording, recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units. The threshold quantity varies by type (such as album, single (music), single, music video) ...
systems. It is awarded based on shipment figures of compact disc or cassette tape which was reported by record labels. In principle, the criteria are limitedly applied to the materials released after January 21, 1989.


Certification awards

Currently, all music sales including singles, albums, digital download singles are on the same criteria. Unlike many countries, the highest certification is called "Million".


Old criteria (until June 2003)

Before the unification of criteria and introduction of music videos category in July 2003, a separate scale had been used for certification awards.


Digital certifications

Certifications for songs and albums released digitally began on September 20, 2006, using download data collected since the early 2000s. From 2006 until 2013, there were three categories for certifications: , (i.e. a download to a cellphone) and for songs purchased on services such as
iTunes iTunes () is a media player, media library, Internet radio Internet radio (also web radio, net radio, streaming radio, e-radio, IP radio, online radio) is a digital audio Digital audio is a representation of sound recorded in, or ...

iTunes
. On February 28, 2014, the Chaku-uta Full and PC categories were merged to create the category. While digital album certifications are possible, only certain album have rarely received this certification since the beginning of digital certifications, including the 2011 ''
Songs for Japan ''Songs for Japan'' is a Charity record, charity compilation album created to benefit relief efforts for the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. A collaborative project between the music industry's Music industry#Sales statistics, "big four" reco ...
'' charity album. and
Hikaru Utada , who is also known as Hikaru Utada and the mononym Utada, is a Japanese-American are Americans of Japanese people, Japanese ancestry. Japanese Americans were among the three largest Asian American ethnic communities during the 20th century; ...
's sixth studio album '' Fantôme'' among others.


Streaming only

As of April 2020, RIAJ has begun to certify songs for streaming, just how it does for physical shipments and digital download sales. Unlike physical shipments and digital download sales, the streaming certifications have their own levels, due to the higher amount of streams compared to the other formats.


Members


Main members

*
Avex Group Avex Group Holdings Inc. () is a Japanese entertainment conglomerate led by founder Max Matsuura , better known by his stage name , is a Japanese record producer and businessman. He is the founder and CEO of the one of the largest music labels ...
¹ **
Avex Entertainment Avex Group Holdings Inc. () is a Japanese entertainment conglomerate led by founder Max Matsuura and headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. Founded in 1988, the company manages J-pop talents like Ayumi Hamasaki and internet sensation PikoTaro. It has al ...
** Avex Digital (supporting member) *
Being Inc. Being Incorporated, d.b.a. Being Giza Group, is a Japanese private entertainment conglomerate based in Tokyo's Roppongi district, founded on November 1, 1978 by musician Daiko Nagato. Being Inc. and its subsidiaries are the main supplier of theme ...
*
Dreamusic Incorporated is a Japanese record label also working as a subsidiary of TY Limited Incorporated. Its chairman is Tom Yoda, ex-chairman of Avex Group. Labels * Dreamusic Overseas * Teenage Symphony Label * Feel Mee (from assets acquired from Interchannel in 2 ...
*
For Life Music is a Japanese record label founded in 1975.Official site
of FLME Inc.'


Sub-divisions

*Güt Records *Anri *Gla ...
*
Geneon Universal Entertainment (abbreviated as NBCUEJ) is a Japanese music, anime, and home entertainment production and distribution enterprise headquartered in Akasaka, Tokyo, Akasaka, Minato, Tokyo, Minato, Tokyo. It is primarily involved in the production and distributi ...
¹ *
King RecordsKing Records may refer to: *King Records (Japan), a Japanese record label founded in 1931 *King Records (United States), an American record label active 1943–1975 *Lizard King Records, a New York and London-based independent label founded in 2002 ...
¹ **
Bellwood RecordsBellwood may refer to: People with the surname * Bessie Bellwood, a popular music hall performer of the Victorian era * James Charles Bellwood, a New Zealand labourer, physical education instructor and sports coach * Pamela Bellwood, an American ...
(supporting member) ** King Records International (supporting member) *
Nippon Columbia , often pronounced ''Korombia'', operating internationally as , is a Japanese record label A record label, or record company, is a brand A brand is a name, term, design, symbol or any other feature that identifies one seller's good or ...
** Columbia Marketing (supporting member) *
Nippon Crown is a Japanese record label A record label, or record company, is a brand A brand is a name, term, design, symbol or any other feature that identifies one seller's good or service as distinct from those of other sellers. Brands are used ...
¹ *
Pony Canyon , also known by the shorthand form , is a Japanese company, established on October 1, 1966, which publishes music, DVD and VHS videos, movies, and video games. It is affiliated with the Japanese media group Fujisankei Communications Group , abb ...
¹ **
Exit Tunes is a Japanese media company that acts primarily as a Music publisher (popular music), music publisher. The company was founded as a printer (publishing), printing company in 2001, however later became a music company known as Quake Records in 2003 ...
(associate member) *
Sony Music Entertainment Japan , often abbreviated as SMEJ or simply SME, and also known as Sony Music Japan for short (stylized as ''SonyMusic''), is a Japanese music arm for Sony. SMEJ is directly owned by Sony, Sony Group Corporation and is operating independently from ...

Sony Music Entertainment Japan
¹ **
Ariola Japan , is a Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as th ...
(supporting member) **
DefStar Records was a Japanese record label A record label, or record company, is a brand A brand is a name, term, design, symbol or any other feature that identifies one seller's good or service as distinct from those of other sellers. Brands are use ...
(supporting member) **
Epic Records Japan Epic/Sony Records is a Japanese record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment Japan. Its founder was Shigeo Maruyama. Between 1978 and 1988 the label operated as a wholly owned subsidiary: Epic/Sony Inc. () was established in August 1978
(supporting member) **
Ki/oon Records is a Japanese record label, a subsidiary of Sony Music Entertainment Japan. Artists Their artists include L'Arc-en-Ciel, Asian Kung-Fu Generation, Home Made Kazoku, Puffy AmiYumi, Polysics, Supercar (band), Supercar, Pushim, Chatmonchy, Denki ...
(supporting member) **
SME Records , often abbreviated as SMEJ or simply SME, and also known as Sony Music Japan for short (stylized as ''SonyMusic''), is a Japanese music arm for Sony. SMEJ is directly owned by Sony, Sony Group Corporation and is operating independently from ...
(supporting member) **
Sony Music Artists
Sony Music Artists
(supporting member) **
Sony Music Associated Records
Sony Music Associated Records
(supporting member) **
Sony Music Direct
Sony Music Direct
(supporting member) **
Sony Music Distribution
Sony Music Distribution
(supporting member) ** Sony Music Japan International (supporting member) **
Sony Music Records , often abbreviated as SMEJ or simply SME, and also known as Sony Music Japan for short (stylized as ''SonyMusic''), is a Japanese music arm for Sony , commonly known as Sony and stylized as SONY, is a Japanese multinational Multi ...
(supporting member) * Teichiku Entertainment¹ *
Tokuma Japan Communications is a publisher in Japan, headquartered in Shinagawa, Tokyo. The company was established in 1954 by Yasuyoshi Tokuma in Minato, Tokyo. The company’s product portfolio includes music publishing, video game publishing, movies, anime, magazines, m ...
¹ *
Universal Music Group Universal Music Group N.V. (often abbreviated as UMG and referred to as just Universal Music) is a Dutch–American multinational Music industry, music corporation. UMG's corporate headquarters are located in Hilversum, Netherlands and its op ...
¹ **
EMI Music Japan , formerly , was one of Japan's leading music companies. It became a wholly owned subsidiary of British music company EMI, EMI Group Ltd. on June 30, 2007, after Toshiba sold off its previous 45% stake. Its Chief executive officer, CEO and presid ...
¹ * VAP Inc.¹ *
Victor Entertainment , also known as in Japan, is a subsidiary A subsidiary, subsidiary company or daughter company is a company (law), company owned or controlled by another company, which is called the parent company or holding company. Two subsidiaries that be ...
¹ *
Warner Music Group Warner Music Group Corp. (commonly abbreviated as WMG and simply referred to as Warner Music) is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Mult ...
¹ *
Yamaha Music Communications is a Japanese multinational corporation and Conglomerate (company), conglomerate with a very wide range of products and services. It is one of the constituents of Nikkei 225 and is the world's largest piano manufacturing company. The former mot ...

Yamaha Music Communications
* Yoshimoto R&C


Associate members

* Amuse Soft Entertainment * HATS Unlimited *
Johnny and Associates is a Japanese talent agency, formed by Johnny Kitagawa in 1962, which trains and promotes groups of male Japanese idol, entertainers known as . History 1962–1989 In 1962, Kitagawa launched his first group, Johnnys. In its early days, Kitagawa ...
**
J Storm is a Japanese music and film company owned by Johnny & Associates is a Japanese talent agency, formed by Johnny Kitagawa in 1962, which trains and promotes groups of male Japanese idol, entertainers known as . History 1962–1989 In 1962, ...
**
Johnny's Entertainment is a Japanese talent agency, formed by Johnny Kitagawa in 1962, which trains and promotes groups of male Japanese idol, entertainers known as . History 1962–1989 In 1962, Kitagawa launched his first group, Johnnys. In its early days, Kitagawa ...
*
Konami Digital Entertainment , is a Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territo ...

Konami Digital Entertainment
*
Bandai Visual was a Japanese anime is hand-drawn and computer animation " technique Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animated images. The more general term computer-generated imagery Computer-generated imagery (CG ...

Bandai Visual
** Lantis (main member) * LD&K Records *
Naxos Records Naxos comprises numerous companies, divisions, imprints, and labels specializing in classical music Classical music generally refers to the formal musical tradition of the Western world The Western world, also known as the West, r ...
* Pryaid Records¹ * Stardust Records * Space Shower Networks * Spiritual Beast * Venus Records * Village Again Association * NBC Universal Entertainment Japan * KISS Entertainment * Rambling Records * Gambit * Croix


Supporting members

*
Aniplex is a Japanese anime is hand-drawn and computer animation " technique Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animated images. The more general term computer-generated imagery Computer-generated imagery (CGI) ...
(subsidiary of
Sony Music Entertainment Japan , often abbreviated as SMEJ or simply SME, and also known as Sony Music Japan for short (stylized as ''SonyMusic''), is a Japanese music arm for Sony. SMEJ is directly owned by Sony, Sony Group Corporation and is operating independently from ...

Sony Music Entertainment Japan
) * Crown-Tokuma Music (joint venture of
Nippon Crown is a Japanese record label A record label, or record company, is a brand A brand is a name, term, design, symbol or any other feature that identifies one seller's good or service as distinct from those of other sellers. Brands are used ...
and
Tokuma Japan Communications is a publisher in Japan, headquartered in Shinagawa, Tokyo. The company was established in 1954 by Yasuyoshi Tokuma in Minato, Tokyo. The company’s product portfolio includes music publishing, video game publishing, movies, anime, magazines, m ...
) * Free Board * Holiday Japan * Jei One * NPPDevelop * T-Toc Records *
TV Asahi Music
TV Asahi Music
* Ward Records * Toys Factory * Aceforce Entertainment * Kino Music ¹Member,
International Federation of the Phonographic Industry The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) is the organisation that represents the interests of the recording industry The music industry consists of the companies and independent artists that earn money by creating ne ...
.


See also

*
List of best-selling albums in Japan Japan is the Global music industry market share data, second-largest music market in the world and the following lists cover the top-selling albums in the country of Japan, based on information provided by the Recording Industry Association of Jap ...
*
List of best-selling singles in Japan Japan has the second largest music market in the world. In 1962, Tokushin music reports was founded and became the leading provider of music sales in Japan. However their reports and charts are only available to industry insiders and are not availab ...
*
List of best-selling music artists in Japan The best-selling music artists in Japan include Japanese artists with claims of 15 million or more record sales. Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country ...
*
Recording Industry Association of America The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a trade organization A trade association, also known as an industry trade group, business association, sector association or industry body, is an organization founded and funded by busin ...
*
Australian Recording Industry Association The Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) is a trade group A trade association, also known as an industry trade group, business association, sector association or industry body, is an organization founded and funded by businesses ...
*
List of music recording sales certifications Music recording certifications are typically awarded by the worldwide music industry The music industry consists of the individuals and organizations that earn money by writing Writing is a medium of human communication Communicat ...
*
RIAJ Digital Track Chart The was a record chart that ranks the best selling digital singles in Japan, with data provided by the Recording Industry Association of Japan from April 2009. The chart measures cellphone downloads (着うたフル ''Chaku-Uta Full'') (not downloa ...
*
Global music industry market share data The world's largest recorded music Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion Image:Leaving Yongsan Station.jpg, 300px, Motion involves a c ...


References


External links


Recording Industry Association of Japan
- in English {{Authority control