RCA RECORDS is an American record label owned by
Sony Music , a
Sony Corporation of America . It is one of SME's three
flagship record labels, alongside
Columbia Records and
Epic Records .
The label has released multiple genres of music, including pop , rock
, hip hop , electronic , R"> Classic
RCA logo, first retired in
1968; revived in 1987 until 2015. Still used by
RCA in the UK.
In 1929, the
Radio Corporation of America
Radio Corporation of America (
RCA ) purchased the Victor
Talking Machine Company , then the world's largest manufacturer of
phonographs (including the famous "Victrola ") and phonograph records
British English , "gramophone records"). The company then became
RCA VICTOR but retained use of the Victor Records name on their labels
until the beginning of 1946 when the labels were finally switched over
RCA Victor. With Victor,
New World rights to the
Nipper "His Master\'s Voice " trademark ; in
Shanghai , China,
RCA Victor was the main competitor with Baak Doi (EMI). Singer Carmen
Miranda was signed to
RCA Victor brazilian branch, in 1929 to 1935 ,
when she was still only known in
RCA Victor's British affiliate the
Gramophone Company merged
Columbia Graphophone Company
Columbia Graphophone Company to form
EMI . This gave
David Sarnoff a seat on the
In September 1931,
RCA Victor introduced the first 33⅓ rpm records
sold to the public, calling them "Program Transcriptions". These used
a shallower and more closely spaced implementation of the large
"standard groove" found on contemporary 78 rpm records, rather than
the "microgroove" used for post-World War II 33⅓ rpm "LP" (long
play) records. In the depths of the
Great Depression , the format was
a commercial failure, partly because the new playback equipment they
required was expensive. After two or three years the format was
abandoned and two-speed turntables were no longer offered in consumer
products, but some Program Transcriptions lingered in the company's
record catalog throughout the decade.
During the early part of the depression,
RCA made a number of
attempts to produce a successful cheap label to compete with the "dime
store labels" (Perfect , Oriole , Banner , Melotone , etc.). The first
was the short-lived "Timely Tunes" label in 1931 sold at Montgomery
Ward. In 1932,
Bluebird Records was created as a sub-label of RCA
Victor. It was originally an 8-inch record with a dark blue label,
alongside an 8-inch Electradisk label (sold at Woolworth 's). Neither
were a success. In 1933,
RCA reintroduced Bluebird and Electradisk as
a standard 10-inch label (Bluebird's label was redesigned as it became
known as the 'buff' label). Another cheap label, Sunrise, was produced
(although nobody seems to know for whom it was produced, as Sunrise
records are exceptionally rare today). The same musical couplings were
issued on all three labels and
Bluebird Records still survives eight
decades after Electradisk and Sunrise were discontinued.
produced records for
Montgomery Ward label during the 1930s.
Besides manufacturing records for themselves,
RCA Victor operated RCA
Custom which was the leading record manufacturer for independent
record labels .
RCA Custom also pressed record compilations for The
Reader\'s Digest Association .
RCA sold its interest in
EMI in 1935, but
EMI continued to distribute
RCA recordings in the UK and its territories on the
HMV label. RCA
also manufactured and distributed
HMV classical recordings on the RCA
HMV labels in North America.
WORLD WAR II ERA
During World War II, ties between
RCA and its Japanese affiliate JVC
were severed. The Japanese record company is today called Victor
Entertainment and is still a
From 1942 to 1944,
RCA Victor was seriously impacted by the American
Federation of Musicians recording ban . Virtually all union musicians
could not make recordings during that period. One of the few
exceptions was the eventual release of recorded radio broadcast
performances by the
NBC Symphony Orchestra conducted by Arturo
Toscanini . However,
RCA lost the
Philadelphia Orchestra during this
Columbia Records settled quickly with the union, Eugene
Ormandy and the Philadelphians signed a new contract with Columbia and
began making recordings in 1944.
THE POST-WAR 1940S
RCA Victor introduced the 7-inch 45 rpm micro-grooved
vinylite record, marketed simply as a "45". The new format, which had
been under development for several years, was
RCA Victor's belatedly
unveiled alternative to the 12-inch and 10-inch 33⅓ rpm microgroove
vinyl "LP " (Long Play) discs introduced by arch-rival CBS/Columbia in
1948. In heavy promotion,
RCA sold compact, inexpensive add-on and
stand-alone units that played the 45 rpm format exclusively. At first,
RCA Victor's 45s were issued on colored vinyl according to the musical
genre: ordinary pop music on black vinyl (47-XXXX series), prestigious
Broadway musicals and operettas on "midnight blue" vinyl (52-xxxx
series), classical music on red vinyl (49-xxxx series), country and
polka on green (48-xxxx series), children's fare on yellow (also in
the 47-xxxx series), rhythm and blues on orange or cerise (50-xxxx
series), and international on light blue (51-xxxx series). This array
of colors complicated the production process and the practice was soon
discontinued, all records became black. Yellow and red held on until
about 1952. The first 45 rpm record pressed was "PeeWee the Piccolo"
RCA 47-0147 pressed Dec. 7, 1948 at the Sherman Avenue plant
Indianapolis, R.O. Price, plant manager. The use of vinyl, which was
much more expensive than the gritty shellac compound normally used for
78s, was made economically practical by the smaller diameter and
greatly reduced bulk of the new discs, which required very little raw
The 45 was marketed as a direct replacement for 10-inch and 12-inch
78 rpm records, which typically played for about three and four
minutes per side respectively.
RCA also released some "extended play "
(EP) 45s with playing times up to 7 minutes per side, primarily for
light classical selections, as typified by an
Arthur Fiedler and the
Boston Pops Orchestra
Boston Pops Orchestra disc featuring
Marche Slave and
In a Persian Market
In a Persian Market . Boxed sets of four to six 45s were
issued, each set providing about the same amount of music as one LP.
(An extreme case of these boxed sets was the opera
Carmen , consisting
of sixteen 45 rpm discs.) In the case of symphonies and other longer
classical music, there had to be an interruption every few minutes as
one disc side ended and another was started up. These disruptive "side
breaks", a nuisance familiar to classical listeners from similar sets
of 78 rpm records, were minimized by an extremely fast automatic
record-changing mechanism that was a core feature of
RCA Victor's 45
players. The 45 became the standard format for pop music singles,
overtaking U.S. sales of the same material on 78s by 1954, but the LP
prevailed as the standard format for classical music and convenient
one-disc "album" collections of eight or more pop songs.
Label of an
RCA Victor 78 rpm record from the 1950s; RCA
manufactured 78s alongside the 45 until 1958. Label of an RCA
Victor 45 rpm record from the 1950s;
RCA used this label for its 45
rpm records from 1954 to at least 1964.
In 1950, realizing that Columbia's LP format had become successful
and concerned that
RCA was losing market share,
RCA Victor began
issuing LPs itself. Among the first
RCA LPs released was a
Gaîté Parisienne by
Jacques Offenbach , played by
Arthur Fiedler and the
Boston Pops Orchestra
Boston Pops Orchestra , which had actually been
Boston 's Symphony Hall on June 20, 1947; it was given the
catalogue number LM-1001. Non-classical albums were issued with the
prefix "LPM". When
RCA Victor later issued classical stereo albums (in
1958), they used the prefix "LSC". Non-classical stereo albums were
issued with the prefix "LSP".
RCA utilized these catalog prefixes
In the 1950s,
RCA had three subsidiary or specialty labels: Groove,
Vik and "X". Label "X" was founded in 1953 and renamed Vik in 1955.
Groove was an R sometimes
RCA utilized recordings of broadcast
concerts (Toscanini had been recording for the label since the days of
acoustic recordings , and
RCA Victor had been recording the NBC
Symphony since its creation in 1937). When the NBC Symphony was
reorganized in the fall of 1954 as the
Symphony of the Air , it
continued to record for RCA, as well as other labels, usually with
Leopold Stokowski .
RCA also released a number of recordings with the
Victor Symphony Orchestra, later renamed the
RCA Victor Symphony
Orchestra , which was usually drawn from either Philadelphia or New
York musicians, as well as members of the Symphony of the Air. By the
RCA had fewer high prestige orchestras under contract than
RCA recorded the
Chicago Symphony Orchestra , the Boston
Symphony Orchestra , and the
Boston Pops, whereas Columbia had the
Cleveland Orchestra , the
Philadelphia Orchestra , and the New York
Philharmonic Orchestra .
On October 6, 1953,
RCA held experimental stereophonic sessions in
New York City's Manhattan Center with
Leopold Stokowski conducting a
New York City
New York City musicians in performances of
George Enescu 's
Roumanian Rhapsody No. 1 and the waltz from
Tchaikovsky 's opera
Eugene Onegin . There were additional stereo tests in December, again
in the Manhattan Center, this time with
Pierre Monteux conducting
members of the
Boston Symphony Orchestra. In February 1954,
its first commercial stereophonic recordings, taping the Boston
Symphony Orchestra, conducted by
Charles Münch , in a performance of
The Damnation of Faust by Hector Berlioz. This began a practice of
simultaneously recording orchestras with both stereophonic and
monaural equipment. Other early stereo recordings were made by
Guido Cantelli respectively, with the NBC Symphony
Boston Pops Orchestra
Boston Pops Orchestra under Arthur Fiedler; and the
Chicago Symphony Orchestra under
Fritz Reiner . Initially,
RT-21 quarter-inch tape recorders (which ran at 30 inches per second),
wired to mono mixers, with Neumann U-47 cardioid and M-49/50
omnidirectional microphones. Then they switched to an Ampex 300-3
one-half inch machine, running at 15 inches per second (which was
later increased to 30 inches per second). These recordings were
initially issued in 1955 on special stereophonic reel-to-reel tapes
and then, beginning in 1958, on vinyl LPs with the logo "Living
Sony Music and successor companies have continued to reissue
these recordings on CD. Another 1953 project for
RCA was converting
the acoustically superior building
Webster Hall into its East Coast
recording studio. It operated this studio venue from 1953 to 1968.
In September 1954,
RCA introduced "Gruve-Gard" where the center and
edge of a disc are thicker than the playing area, reducing scuff marks
during handling and when used on a turntable with a record changer.
RCA Victor Records' competitors quickly adopted the raised
label and edges.
RCA purchased the recording contract of
Elvis Presley from
Sun Records for the then astronomical sum of $35,000. Presley would
become RCA's biggest selling recording artist. His first gold record
was "Heartbreak Hotel", recorded in January 1956.
RCA ended its 55-year association with EMI/
HMV and signed a
distribution deal with
Decca Records , which caused
EMI to purchase
Capitol Records . Capitol then became the main distributor for EMI
recordings in North and South America, with
RCA distributing its
recordings through Decca in the United Kingdom on the
RCA label. RCA
used the lightning bolt logo instead of the His Master\'s Voice Nipper
logo (now owned by
HMV in the UK as
EMI transferred trademark
ownership in 2003) in the UK.
RCA set up its own British distribution
Also in 1957,
RCA opened a state-of-the-art recording studio in
Nashville, Tennessee , which recorded hit after hit for
RCA and other
labels for 20 years and is now open for tours as
RCA Studio B . Elvis
Presley made most of his recordings in this studio.
RCA Victor issued several spoken word albums in the 1950s and 60s,
notably the soundtracks of the films Richard III , A Man for All
Seasons and The Taming of the Shrew , as well as complete versions of
National Theatre of Great Britain stage productions of Othello
Laurence Olivier ) and
Much Ado About Nothing (starring
Maggie Smith , who also played Desdemona in the Olivier Othello). None
of these albums have appeared on compact disc, but the films of
Richard III, A Man For All Seasons, The Taming of the Shrew and the
filmed version of Olivier's
Othello have all been issued on DVD.
RCA used this label for its American 45 rpm records during the
Dynagroove era from 1965 to 1968. RCA's LP label during the
Dynagroove era was also used for 45 rpm records of the mid-to-late
1960s in countries such as Argentina, where this single was pressed.
RCA announced the Compact 33 double and singles. In January
1961, these discs hit the market. The Compact 33 discs were released
simultaneously with their 45 rpm counterparts. The long-term goal was
to phase out the 45 rpm, but by early 1962 the campaign had failed.
Dynagroove which added computer technology to
the disc cutting process, ostensibly to improve sound reproduction.
Whether it was actually an improvement or not is still debated among
In September 1965,
RCA and Lear Jet Corp. teamed up to release the
first stereo 8-track tape music Cartridges (
Stereo 8 ) which were
first used in the 1966 line of
Ford automobiles and were popular
throughout the late 1960s and 1970s. (The initial release comprised
175 titles from
RCA Victor and
RCA Camden's catalog of artists.)
In late 1968,
RCA modernized its image with a new futuristic-looking
logo (the letters
RCA in block modernized form), replacing the old
lightning bolt logo, and the virtual retirement of both the Victor and
Nipper trademarks. The color of the labels, which had always been
black for its regular series (as opposed to its Red Seal line),
switched to a bright orange or yellow (becoming tan later in the
1970s). In late 1976,
RCA Records reinstated
Nipper to most of its
record labels (as well as returning to the traditional black label
color for popular releases) in countries where
RCA had the rights to
In late 1969,
RCA introduced a very thin, lightweight vinyl LP known
as Dynaflex . This type of pressing claimed to overcome warping and
other problems in conventional thicker pressings, but it had a
controversial reputation in the industry and was abandoned in 1980.
Platinum record of album
Nilsson Schmilsson , featuring the
RCA Victor label
In April 1970
RCA announced the first quadraphonic 4-channel 8-track
tape cartridges ("Quad-8", later called just Q8).
RCA then began
releasing quadraphonic vinyl recordings in the United States in
February 1973, in the CD-4 format developed by Japan Victor
Corporation (JVC), and made commercially practical by Quadracast
Systems Inc. (QSI). RCA's trade name became "Quadradisc". The CD-4
format required a special cartridge that had a ±1 db frequency
response out to 50 kHz, a CD-4 demodulator which decoded the
difference between the front and rear channels from a 30 kHz
subcarrier, four separate amplifier channels, and four separate
speakers for the left and right front and left and right rear. Both
the CD-4 Quadradisc and Quad-8 tape cartridge systems were true
discrete 4-4-4 quadraphonic systems. Columbia introduced a
quadraphonic matrix system, SQ, which required a decoder, 4-channel
amplifier and the four speakers. The SQ system was referred to as a
4-2-4 matrix system. The
Warner Music Group
Warner Music Group labels also adopted the
Quadradisc format, but
RCA and Columbia abandoned quadraphonic
recording within a few years; some of the
RCA sessions were later
remastered for Dolby encoding (same as
Peter Scheiber 's original
matrix system) and released on CD. This included Charles Gerhardt 's
series of albums devoted to classic film scores by Erich Wolfgang
Korngold , Alfred Newman ,
Dimitri Tiomkin ,
Max Steiner , Franz
Waxman , and others, performed by the National Philharmonic Orchestra
Kingsway Hall .
Arista Records owner
Bertelsmann sold 50% of Arista to RCA.
RCA formed a joint venture called RCA/Ariola
International. The following year,
RCA Corporation was acquired by
General Electric and it sold its 50% interest in the label to its
partner Bertelsmann. The company was renamed
BMG Music for Bertelsmann
Music Group. BMG brought back the
RCA "lightning bolt" logo that was
last used in 1968 to make clear that
RCA Records was no longer
co-owned with the other
RCA entities which GE sold or closed. BMG also
revived the "
RCA Victor" label for musical genres outside of country,
pop and rock music. In 1986, Bob Buziak, formerly an artist manager,
was appointed president of the label.
During the mid-1980s,
RCA operated at a deficit, due in part to
"overpriced deals" with pop stars including
Kenny Rogers (worldwide)
Diana Ross (domestically). In 1986, they bought back $25 million
in unsold albums and lost $35 million during the fiscal year 1987. As
a partial corrective, a decentralized style of management which
RCA Records to function as a free-standing entrepreneurial
business was implemented in 1988. Buziak cut the
RCA roster from forty
acts to 11, and began to rebuild it with a focus on developing
artists, including artists acquired through marketing and distribution
Beggars Banquet and
Jive Records , whose roster
Schooly D ,
Kool Moe Dee , and DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh
By the end of the fiscal year 1988,
RCA Records had gross revenue of
$236 million in the United States, their most profitable year to date.
Bruce Hornsby\'s The Way It Is sold more than 3 million albums, and
the soundtrack for the film
Dirty Dancing , which cost
sold 15.6 million copies in less than two years. Its follow-up, "More
Dirty Dancing", composed of song tracks which had been left out of the
first album, was produced for $80,000 and went on to sell more than
5.6 million. Singer-songwriter
Grayson Hugh released his debut album
"Bind To Reason" on
RCA in 1988, to much critical acclaim and went
Gold in Australia. 11 albums by first-time artists, including Love and
Rick Astley and the
Eurythmics were certified gold, platinum
In August 1990 Buziak was replaced by
Joe Galante , who had been the
RCA Records Nashville. The roster was cut once again and
the A&R department was restructured. Along with the launch of BNA
Records and the expansion of the urban music division, these
initiatives would prove to be positive, but
RCA was unsuccessful under
Galante, ranking 10th in market share in 1995. Galante returned to
RCA Nashville and was replaced in March 1995 by the president of
RCA Canada, Bob Jamieson. Jamieson overhauled RCA, eliminating a
layer of middle management and retooling the label's marketing
department. The A&R department was again restructured and the artist
By the close of the decade,
RCA had undergone what Billboard
described as a "remarkable turnaround" with the success of artists
The Dave Matthews Band ,
Natalie Imbruglia , The Verve Pipe
Christina Aguilera ,
NSYNC , and
Foo Fighters . A
distribution deal with
Loud Records yielded hit records from urban
Big Punisher ,
Wu-Tang Clan and
Mobb Deep .
In 2002, BMG fully acquired
J Records , which it had founded in 2000
as a joint venture with
Clive Davis . Davis was then named chairman of
RCA Records and
J Records under the auspices of a new entity, the RCA
Music Group , which included
RCA Records, J, and
Arista Records . In
Sony and BMG merged their music divisions to create
Sony BMG ,
and in 2007, the
RCA Music Group was rebranded as the BMG Label Group
. In 2006,
Sony BMG merged its former Broadway music and classical
labels, including Red Seal and Gold Seal, to
Sony Masterworks . Legacy
Sony Music Entertainment's catalog division, reissues
classic albums for RCA.
In April 2008, former
Zomba Label Group president and CEO Barry Weiss
was appointed chairman of the BMG Label Group, and Davis was named
chief creative officer of
Sony BMG worldwide. In October, Sony
acquired BMG's 50% ownership and the
BMG Label Group was merged with
Jive Label Group to establish the RCA/
Jive Label Group . It
included RCA, Jive, J, Arista, Polo Grounds,
LaFace Records , Volcano
Hitz Committee , Battery Records , and the Verity
Gospel Music Group .
The decade marked a period during which
RCA Records had notable
success in the pop genre, with Christina Aguilera, NSYNC,
Kesha , Pink
Kelly Clarkson and Pitbull scoring multiple #1 hits on the Billboard
Hot 100 charts. NSYNC's No Strings Attached broke sales records,
selling more than a million singles in one day and 2.3 million albums
in one week. It was the top selling album of the decade.
In May 2011,
Doug Morris was appointed chairman of
Entertainment . Focused on A&R, Morris named J/
RCA A&R president Peter
Edge chairman and CEO of
RCA Music Group.
Tom Corson was named
president and COO. In October of that year, the Jive, Arista and J
imprints were folded into RCA, and
RCA Music Group was renamed RCA
Records, making it a standalone label under the
Sony Music umbrella.
Multiple artists from the Jive, Arista and J imprints were shifted to
Between 2010 and 2015,
RCA released platinum and multi-platinum
records by Zayn ,
Justin Timberlake ,
Alicia Keys , Miley Cyrus
Foo Fighters , Sia ,
Kelly Clarkson , Usher , D\'Angelo , A Rocky ,
Kings Of Leon
Kings Of Leon ,
Britney Spears , Pitbull ,
Chris Brown , Dave Matthews
R. Kelly ,
Jennifer Hudson ,
T-Pain , and
Mark Ronson . As of May 2015, Ronson's "
Uptown Funk " (with Bruno Mars
) was the biggest pop hit of the year.
BROADWAY AND HOLLYWOOD
RCA has produced several notable Broadway cast albums, among them the
original Broadway recordings of Brigadoon , Paint Your Wagon , the
Mary Martin Peter Pan , Damn Yankees , Hello, Dolly! ,
Oliver! , and
Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof .
RCA has also recorded and released recordings of
revival stagings of musicals. These include the musical productions
Lincoln Center , such as the 1966 revivals of
Show Boat and
Annie Get Your Gun , the 1987 revival of
Anything Goes and the 1998
Broadway revivals of Cabaret and
The Sound of Music
The Sound of Music . Call Me Madam
was recorded by
RCA Victor with all of its original cast except for
Ethel Merman , who, due to contractual obligations, could not
be released from her American
Decca Records contract. She was replaced
RCA album by
Dinah Shore .
RCA was also responsible for the
film soundtrack albums of Damn Yankees, South Pacific , Bye Bye Birdie
, Half a Sixpence , and
The Sound of Music
The Sound of Music . The album made from the
Julie Andrews film was (and is) one of the best selling
soundtracks of all time. The film soundtrack of
Oliver! , made by
Colgems Records , was distributed by RCA, which had released the
Broadway cast album.
RCA also released the original American cast
album of Hair .
RCA Victor also made several studio cast recording albums,
Lerner and Loewe series with
Jan Peerce ,
Jane Powell ,
Robert Merrill , as well as a 1963 album of excerpts from George
Porgy and Bess , with its 1952 revival leads, Leontyne
William Warfield , but a different supporting cast. They
also issued two studio cast versions of Show Boat, one with Robert
Patrice Munsel , and
Rise Stevens in 1956, and the other with
Howard Keel ,
Anne Jeffreys , and
Gogi Grant in 1958. Unfortunately,
contrary to the way the show is written, both of these Show Boat
albums featured all-white casts, reflecting the era of racial
Sony BMG merged its Broadway music labels, including RCA
Victor, to the new
Masterworks Broadway Records . All of these
recordings are now on
Masterworks Broadway Records , which has
remastered and reissued many of these albums.
CRITICISM AND CONTROVERSIES
In the summer of 2007,
Kelly Clarkson and Clive Davis, then head of
Sony BMG , feuded publicly regarding the direction of her album My
December , the follow-up to Clarkson's multi-platinum album, Breakaway
. Clarkson wrote the songs on My December, "showcasing her own
songwriting on darker, edgier rock-oriented fare," and Davis insisted
Clarkson work with hired hitmakers, as she had previously, on
"polished, radio-friendly songs." Clarkson refused to change the
album, and it was released in June 2007. It has since been certified
In November 2010, singer
Avril Lavigne stated that the long delay of
her fourth album,
Goodbye Lullaby , was due to "a bunch of
bureaucratic BS" related to RCA. The album was ultimately released in
March 2011. In October 2011, Lavigne confirmed that she had left RCA
and signed with sister label
Epic Records .
Kenny Rogers left the label, he accused
RCA of trying to
ruin his career. Rogers signed to
RCA in 1982 for an advance sum of
$20 million (the largest deal ever in country music at that time) when
Bob Summer was head of the label.
OTHER NOTABLE EVENTS
In the early 1920s, Victor was slow about getting deeply involved in
recording and marketing black jazz and vocal blues. By the mid to late
1920s, Victor had signed
Jelly Roll Morton ,
Bennie Moten , Duke
Ellington and other black bands and were becoming very competitive
with Columbia and Brunswick, even starting their own V-38000 "Hot
Dance" series that was marketed to all Victor dealers. They also had a
V-38500 "race" series, a 23000 'hot dance' continuation of the V-38000
series, as well as a 23200 'Race' series with blues, gospel and some
hard jazz. However, throughout the 1930s, Victor's involvement in jazz
and blues slowed down and by the time of the musicians' strike and the
end of the war, Victor was neglecting the
R&B (race) scene, which is
one of the reasons so many independent companies sprang up so
In the early 1960s, Victor decided to demolish their Camden
warehouse. This warehouse held four floors' worth of catalog and
vault masters (most of them were pre-tape wax and metal discs), test
pressings, lacquer discs, matrix ledgers, and rehearsal recordings. A
few days before the demolition took place, some collectors from the US
and Europe were allowed to go through the warehouse and salvage
whatever they could carry with them for their personal collections.
Soon after, collectors and
RCA Records officials watched from a nearby
bridge as the warehouse was demolished, with many studio masters still
intact in the building. The remnants were bulldozed into the Delaware
River and a pier was built on top of them. In 1973, when the company
decided to release all of
Rachmaninoff 's recordings on LPs (to
celebrate the centennial of the composer's birth),
RCA was forced to
go to record collectors for materials, as documented by Time.
RCA Records (UK): A division of
Sony Music UK , since 2006, which
acts as an import label of American and multinational
artists, and also signs UK and Irish artists, including
Paloma Faith ,
Everything Everything ,
Laura Mvula , and
RCA Red Seal Records : The
RCA Red Seal classical music label is
now part of
Sony Masterworks .
RCA Records (France): A division of
Sony Music France . Founded as
RCA Cinematre in 1978. Renamed to its current name in 2006.
RCA Records (Italy): A division of
Sony Music Italy . Founded as
RCA Italiana in 1949. It was closed in 1987 and reactivated in 2006.
RCA Victor: The former name of
RCA Records that currently
distributes electronic, rock and soundtrack albums, such as The Sound
of Music soundtrack,
Jose Feliciano 's Feliz Navidad , the European
The Fashion by
The Fashion , American releases of albums by
Imogen Heap , a handful of albums by
Elvis Presley , and other classic
RCA Records (Australia): A division of
Sony Music Australia .
Founded in 1963 for Australian artists. Renamed to
Australia and New Zealand in 1976 for Australian and New Zealand
artists. Renamed to its current name in 2006.
Bluebird Records : Launched by
RCA in 1932, Bluebird was
originally a low priced label consisting mainly of Jazz, Blues and
The current Bluebird label offers mostly Jazz releases, as well as
some reissues of historic Jazz, Swing and Pop titles originally
released on the
RCA Victor label.
RCA Victor Label Group: The
RCA Victor Label Group consisted of
RCA Victor ,
Windham Hill Records and
Bluebird Records labels.
* RCA-distributed labels: Apadding:0.4em 2em">
* Companies portal
* Music portal
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RCA (Radio Corporation of America)". EHTW.org. Engingeering
and Technology History Wiki. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
* ^ Elvis Presley: The King of Rock \'n\' Roll. epubli.
* ^ "
RCA Records - Artists". rcarecords.com. Retrieved January 17,
* ^ Jones. Andrew F. (2001). Yellow Music – CL: Media Culture
and Colonial Modernity in the Chinese Jazz Age. Duke University Press.
* ^ Sanjek, Russell (July 28, 1998). American Popular Music and Its
Business : The First Four Hundred Years ... London: Oxford University
Press. p. 118. ISBN 9780195043112 . Retrieved August 19, 2015.
* ^ Edward, David; et al. "
RCA Program Transcription Album
Discography (1931-33)". bsnpubs.com. Both Sides Now. Retrieved August
* ^ "Quality Go Together at
RCA Records". via Google. Billboard
(archived ad). October 6, 1958. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
* ^ Penndorf, Ron. "
RCA Victor Red Seal Labelography (19501976)".
RECOLLECTIONS: Fine Vintage LPs and Journal of Recorded Music.
Retrieved January 8, 2012.
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