Quṭb al-Dīn Aibak also spelt Quṭb ud-Dīn Aibak or Qutub
ud-Din Aybak, (1150–1210), was the founder of the Mamluk dynasty and
the first sultan of the
1.2 Death and successor
Quṭb al-Din Aibak was born to Turkic parents in Turkistan. In his
childhood, Aibak was sold as a slave and raised at Nishapur, Persia,
where he was purchased by the local Qazi. After the death of his
master, he was sold by his master's son and eventually became a slave
Muhammad of Ghor
Muhammad of Ghor who made him the Amir-i-Akhur, the Master of
Eventually, Aibak was appointed to military command and became an able
general of Muhammad of Ghor. In 1193 and after conquering Delhi,
his master returned to Khorāsān and left the consolidation of the
Ghūrid conquests in northwest India to him. With his headquarters at
Delhi, Aibak subjugated areas between the
Ganges (Ganga) and Yamuna
(Jumna) rivers. He then turned his attention to the
Rajputs who were
still resisting Ghūrid domination. In 1195–1203, he mounted
campaigns against their strongholds, while his lieutenant Muhammad bin
Bakhtiyar Khilji conquered
Bihar and Bengal.
Muhammad of Ghor
Muhammad of Ghor was assassinated in 1206, Aibak was his logical
successor. He was still technically a slave, but he quickly obtained
manumission. He married the daughter of
Taj al-Din Yildiz
Taj al-Din Yildiz of Ghazna,
one of the other principal claimants to succeed Muhammad of Ghor, and,
by other judiciously arranged marriages, consolidated his
rule.He could only rule for 4years.
He built the Quwwat-ul-
Islam mosque in
Delhi and the Adhai Din Ka
Jhonpra in Ajmer. He started the construction of
Qutb Minar in memory
of sufi saint Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, which was completed by his
Iltutmish after Aibak's death.
Surviving inscriptions describe Aibak as
Malik (“King”), and the
Quṭb Mīnār in
Delhi still stands to commemorate his victories.
Death and successor
Aibak died of injuries received during an accidental fall from a horse
in 1210 AD. He was buried in
Lahore near Anarkali Bazaar. His
successor, Shams ud-Din
Iltutmish (r. 1211–36), basing his
power on the conquests of Aibak, was able to establish the
independence of the
Delhi Sultanate under the Mamluk dynasty.
^ a b c d e f Kutb al-Din Aybek, P. Jackson, The Encyclopaedia of
Islam, Vol. V, ed. C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, B. Lewis, and C.
Pellat, (Brill, 1986), 546.
^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica
Mamluk Dynasty (Delhi)
Mamluk Dynasty (Delhi) (1206–1290)
Sultan of Delhi