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The Info List - Qutb Al-Din Aibak


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Quṭb al-Dīn Aibak[2] also spelt Quṭb ud-Dīn Aibak or Qutub ud-Din Aybak, (1150–1210), was the founder of the Mamluk dynasty and the first sultan of the Delhi
Delhi
Sultanate.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Works 1.2 Death and successor

2 References

History[edit] Quṭb al-Din Aibak was born to Turkic parents in Turkistan. In his childhood, Aibak was sold as a slave and raised at Nishapur, Persia, where he was purchased by the local Qazi.[1] After the death of his master, he was sold by his master's son and eventually became a slave of Muhammad of Ghor
Muhammad of Ghor
who made him the Amir-i-Akhur, the Master of Slave.[1] Eventually, Aibak was appointed to military command and became an able general of Muhammad of Ghor. In 1193 and after conquering Delhi,[1] his master returned to Khorāsān and left the consolidation of the Ghūrid conquests in northwest India to him. With his headquarters at Delhi, Aibak subjugated areas between the Ganges
Ganges
(Ganga) and Yamuna (Jumna) rivers. He then turned his attention to the Rajputs
Rajputs
who were still resisting Ghūrid domination. In 1195–1203, he mounted campaigns against their strongholds, while his lieutenant Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji conquered Bihar
Bihar
and Bengal.[citation needed] When Muhammad of Ghor
Muhammad of Ghor
was assassinated in 1206, Aibak was his logical successor. He was still technically a slave, but he quickly obtained manumission. He married the daughter of Taj al-Din Yildiz
Taj al-Din Yildiz
of Ghazna, one of the other principal claimants to succeed Muhammad of Ghor, and, by other judiciously arranged marriages, consolidated his rule.[citation needed]He could only rule for 4years. Works[edit] He built the Quwwat-ul- Islam
Islam
mosque in Delhi
Delhi
and the Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra in Ajmer. He started the construction of Qutb Minar
Qutb Minar
in memory of sufi saint Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki,[1] which was completed by his successor, Iltutmish
Iltutmish
after Aibak's death. Surviving inscriptions describe Aibak as Malik
Malik
(“King”), and the Quṭb Mīnār in Delhi
Delhi
still stands to commemorate his victories. Death and successor[edit] Aibak died of injuries received during an accidental fall from a horse in 1210 AD. He was buried in Lahore
Lahore
near Anarkali Bazaar. His successor, Shams ud-Din Iltutmish
Iltutmish
(r. 1211–36),[1] basing his power on the conquests of Aibak, was able to establish the independence of the Delhi Sultanate
Delhi Sultanate
under the Mamluk dynasty.[2] References[edit]

^ a b c d e f Kutb al-Din Aybek, P. Jackson, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. V, ed. C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, B. Lewis, and C. Pellat, (Brill, 1986), 546. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica

Preceded by Mamluk Dynasty (Delhi)
Mamluk Dynasty (Delhi)
(1206–1290) 1210 Succeeded by Iltutmish

Preceded by Sultan of Delhi 1210 Succeeded

.