Quinquegentiani were a Classical Age Berber tribe inhabiting the
lands between the cities of
Saldae and Rusuccuru, a region which is
now known as Kabylia. Their territory laid at the eastern border of
the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis, and although they were
officially under Roman rule, they acted very autonomously.
Quinquegentiani means "People of the Five Tribes" in
Latin. This suggests that the
Quinquegentiani were a confederation of
several different Berber tribes instead of a single tribe.
In AD 253, the Quinquegentiani, who had formed a confederation with
the Bavares and the Fraxinenses, two other Berber tribes from the
region, started attacking and pillaging Roman and Roman-aligned
settlements in Numidia. These hostilities led to a Roman intervention,
but because of more urgent troubles, such as the death of Emperor
Aemilianus and the imperial succession, the war lasted for a decade
and the Romans finally managed to restore order in AD 262. The tribal
confederation was then disbanded and the tribes were driven back to
their native lands.
Quinquegentiani once again rebelled against Roman rule in AD 289.
This time, they were once again backed by the Bavares. The rebellion
was successful at first, but in 297, the Roman forces of Maximianus
Herculius started a bloody offensive, which drove the rebels back
to their native lands in the Atlas and Grand Kabyle Mountains;
however, Maximianus wasn't satisfied with this, and in early 298 he
invaded their native lands to inflict a bigger punishment upon the
rebels; by using scorched earth tactics and by killing as many as he
could, he supposedly drove the
Quinquegentiani into the Sahara. By
spring 298, the war was concluded, and the
from Roman records.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (January 2015)
^ a b c Raven, Susan (1993). Rome in Africa. London, United Kingdom:
Routledge. ISBN 9780415081504.
^ a b c Fage, J.D.; Oliver, Roland A. (1979). The Cambridge History of
Africa. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
p. 206. ISBN 9780521215923.
Sanhajas de Srayr