KEYING (21 March 1787 – 29 June 1858), also known by his Chinese
name QIYING and his
Manchu name KIYENG, was a
Manchu statesman during
* 1 Early career * 2 Opium Wars * 3 Namesakes * 4 Notes * 5 References
Keying was born on 21 March 1787. A descendant of
In 1842, the Daoguang Emperor entrusted Keying to conclude a peace treaty with the Britain following the First Opium War , and he was chiefly responsible for negotiating and signing the Treaty of Nanking . The following year, he signed the Treaty of the Bogue to supplement the Treaty of Nanking. He also concluded the Treaty of Wanghia (1844) with the United States, the Treaty of Whampoa (1844) with France , and the Treaty of Canton (1847) with Sweden-Norway . This is the first group of what the Chinese later called the unequal treaties .
In 1858, the
* Keying , the first Chinese ship to sail to Britain and America. * Keying and Marine House , became part of the Hong Kong Hotel in 1866.
* ^ Fang Chao-ying (1943). "Ch\'i-ying (Kiying)". In Hummel, Arthur William . Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period (1644-1912). Volume 1. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 131–134. * ^ Curiosities of Modern Travel: A Year-book of Adventure (1847). London: David Bogue. p. 69. * ^ Gao Zhonghua (2005). Sushun yu Xianfeng zhengju. Jinan: Qilu shushe. p. 165, n. 1. * ^ "Our History". The Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels, Limited. 2012-02-22.
* Fairbank, John King (1939). "The Manchu Appeasement Policy of 1843". Journal of the American Oriental Society 59 (4): 469–484. * The Indian mail, Issue 1.
Preceded by Niu Jian VICEROY OF LIANGJIANG 1842–1844 Succeeded by Bichang
Preceded by Qitian VICEROY OF LIANGGUANG 1844–1848 Succeeded by Xu Guangjin
* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 2023591 * LCCN : no89006795