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The Qikiqtaaluk Region, Qikiqtani Region (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ pronounced [qikiqtaːˈluk]) or Baffin Region is the easternmost[1] administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. Qikiqtaaluk is the traditional Inuktitut
Inuktitut
name for Baffin Island. Although the Qikiqtaaluk Region
Qikiqtaaluk Region
is the most commonly used name in official contexts, several notable public organisations, including Statistics Canada[2] prefer the older term Baffin Region. With a population of 18,988 and an area of 989,879.35 km2 (382,194.55 sq mi) it is the largest and most populated of the three regions.[2] The region consists of Baffin Island, the Belcher Islands, Akimiski Island, Mansel Island, Prince Charles Island, Bylot Island, Devon Island, Cornwallis Island, Bathurst Island, Amund Ringnes Island, Ellef Ringnes Island, Axel Heiberg Island, Ellesmere Island, the Melville Peninsula, the eastern part of Melville Island, and the northern parts of Prince of Wales Island, and Somerset Island, plus smaller islands in between. The regional seat, and territorial capital, is Iqaluit
Iqaluit
(population 7,740.[3]). The Qikiqtaaluk Region spans the northernmost, easternmost, and southernmost areas of Nunavut. Before 1999, the Qikiqtaaluk Region
Qikiqtaaluk Region
existed under slightly different boundaries as the Baffin Region, District of Keewatin, Northwest Territories. Canada
Canada
claims Hans Island
Hans Island
as part of Qikiqtaaluk, while Denmark considers it to be part of the Greenlandic municipality of Avannaata.

Contents

1 Communities 2 Iqaluit 3 Pre-contact 4 History 5 Relocation 6 Killing of the sled dogs 7 Reconciliation and truth commissions 8 Protected areas 9 Demographics 10 Surrounding census divisions 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

Communities[edit]

Arctic Bay

Cape Dorset

Clyde River

Grise Fiord

Hall Beach

Igloolik

Iqaluit

Kimmirut

Pangnirtung

Pond Inlet

Qikiqtarjuaq

Resolute

Sanikiluaq

Communities in the Qikiqtaaluk Region
Qikiqtaaluk Region
(Nunavut)

All of Qikiqtaaluk's thirteen communities are located on tidal water and just under half of its residents live in Nunavut's capital and only city, Iqaluit
Iqaluit
(7,740.[3]). The majority of the rest live in twelve hamlets— Arctic Bay
Arctic Bay
(868[4]), Cape Dorset
Cape Dorset
(1,441[5]), Clyde River (1,053[6]), Grise Fiord
Grise Fiord
(129[7]), Hall Beach
Hall Beach
(848[8]), Igloolik (1,682[9]), Kimmirut
Kimmirut
(389[10]), Pangnirtung
Pangnirtung
(1,481[11]), Pond Inlet (1,617[12]), Qikiqtarjuaq
Qikiqtarjuaq
(598[13]), Resolute (198[14]) and Sanikiluaq (882[15]). Alert (CFS Alert) and Eureka are part of the Baffin, Unorganized (62[16]) areas in Qikiqtaaluk. Formerly there was a mining town at Nanisivik. However, it and the Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Mine closed in 2002, with Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Airport closing in 2010 and all flights transferred to Arctic Bay
Arctic Bay
Airport. Like the majority of Canada's Inuit
Inuit
communities, the regions traditional country food includes seal, Arctic char, walrus, polar bear and caribou-which are abundant.[1] Iqaluit[edit]

Mount Odin, Auyuittuq National Park

Iqaluit
Iqaluit
waterfront, 2011

Iqaluit
Iqaluit
has the Astro Hill Complex, the Nunatta Sunakkutaangit Museum and the Legislative Building of Nunavut
Nunavut
and the Unikkaarvik Visitors Centre. Pre-contact[edit] According to anthropologists and historians, the Inuit
Inuit
are the descendants of the Thule people
Thule people
who displaced the Dorset culture
Dorset culture
(in Inuktitut, the Tuniit).[17][18] By 1300 the Inuit
Inuit
had trade routes with more southern cultures.[19] History[edit] About 1910 Europeans markets increased their interest in white fox pelts. The distribution and mobility of Inuit
Inuit
changed as the expanded their traditional hunting and fishing routes to participate in the white fox fur trade. Traditional food staples—such as seal and caribou—were not always found in the same regions as white fox.[1] The Hudson's Bay Company—which was chartered in 1670—had been opening fur trading posts throughout Inuit
Inuit
and First Nations territory. By 1910, the HBC was restructured into a lands sales department, retail and fur trade. The HBC dominated the fur trade under minimal supervision from the Canadian government, and some Anglican and Catholic missionaries who lived near remote northern hamlets. By 1922 most of imported goods acquired by Inuit
Inuit
were from the HBC.[1] Relocation[edit] Between 1950 and 1975 thirteen northern communities were relocated.[1] Killing of the sled dogs[edit] In the 1950s and 1960s the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(RCMP) and others in authority undertook "the widespread killing of sled dogs".[1] Reconciliation and truth commissions[edit] The Qikigtani Truth Commission—which was commissioned, conducted, and paid for by an Aboriginal organization, the Qikiqtani Inuit Association and took place from 2007 to 2010—brought together historians and Inuit
Inuit
to revisit the history of the Qikigtaaluk Region.[1] Protected areas[edit]

Sirmilik National Park

Auyuittuq National Park Bowman Bay Wildlife Sanctuary Katannilik Territorial Park Reserve Kekerten Territorial Park Mallikjuak Territorial Park Pisuktinu-Tunngavik Territorial Park Polar Bear Pass National Wildlife Area Quammaarviit Territorial Park Quttinirpaaq National Park Sirmilik National Park Sylvia Grinnell Territorial Park

Demographics[edit] Canada
Canada
2016 Census[2]

Population: 18,988 Population change (2011–2016): +12.1% Private dwellings: 6,556 Area: 989,879.35 km2 (382,194.55 sq mi) Density: 0.02/km2 (0.05/sq mi) National rank in terms of population (2011): 245th out of 293 Territorial rank in terms of population: 1st out of 3

Surrounding census divisions[edit]

Division No. 11, Newfoundland and Labrador
Division No. 11, Newfoundland and Labrador
(Nunatsiavut) Division No. 23, Manitoba Inuvik Region Kivalliq Region Kitikmeot Region

See also[edit]

Geography of Canada
Canada
portal

Akudnirmiut Inuit Netsilik Inuit Ellesmere Island
Ellesmere Island
Volcanics Strathcona Fiord

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g Philip Goldring (Winter 2015). "Historians and Inuit: learning from the Qikiqtani Truth Commission, 2007-2010". Canadian Journal of History. University of Toronto via GALE. 50 (3): 492. doi:10.3138/CJH.ACH.50.3.005. Retrieved 19 April 2016.  ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census Baffin, Region [Census division]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-02.  ^ a b "Census Profile, 2016 Census Iqaluit". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-02.  ^ Statistics Canada. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Arctic Bay". Retrieved 18 February 2016.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Cape Dorset". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Clyde River". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Grrise Fiord". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Hall Beach". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Igloolik". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Kimmirut". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Pangnirtung". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Pond Inlet". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Qikiqtarjuaq". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Resolute". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Sanikiluaq". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-03.  ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Baffin, Unorganized". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-03-04.  ^ Rigby, Bruce. "101. Qaummaarviit Historic Park, Nunavut
Nunavut
Handbook" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 29, 2006. Retrieved October 2, 2009.  ^ "The Dorsets: Depicting Culture Through Soapstone Carving" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2007. Retrieved October 5, 2009.  ^ "Innu Culture 3. Innu- Inuit
Inuit
'Warfare'". 1999, Adrian Tanner Department of Anthropology-Memorial University of Newfoundland. Retrieved October 5, 2009. 

Further reading[edit]

Kavik, Lisi, and Miriam Fleming. Qikiqtamiut Cookbook. [Sanikiluaq, Nunavut]: Municipality of Sanikiluaq, 2002. ISBN 1-896445-22-5

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Qikiqtaaluk Region.

Qikiqtaaluk Region
Qikiqtaaluk Region
information at Explore Nunavut

v t e

Subdivisions of Nunavut

Regions

Nunavut
Nunavut
(electoral district) Kitikmeot (Unorganized) Kivalliq (Unorganized) Qikiqtaaluk (Unorganized)

Communities

Arctic Bay Arviat Baker Lake Bathurst Inlet Cambridge Bay Cape Dorset Chesterfield Inlet Clyde River Coral Harbour Gjoa Haven Grise Fiord Hall Beach Igloolik Iqaluit
Iqaluit
Apex Kimmirut Kugaaruk Kugluktuk Naujaat Pangnirtung Pond Inlet Qikiqtarjuaq Rankin Inlet Resolute Sanikiluaq Taloyoak Whale Cove

Weather stations and Canadian Armed Forces
Canadian Armed Forces
bases

Alert CFS Alert Ennadai Eureka Isachsen Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Naval Facility

Mine sites

Proposed

Baffinland Iron Mine

Under construction

Boston Camp Doris North Hope Bay Meadowbank Gold Mine

Defunct

Bent Horn Mine

Cullaton Lake/Shear Lake Mine Jericho Diamond Mine Lupin Mine Nanisivik
Nanisivik
Mine Polaris mine Rankin Inlet
Rankin Inlet
Mine

DEW line and NWS sites

Bernard Harbour Bray Island Brevoort Island Broughton Island Byron Bay Cambridge Bay Cape Dyer Cape Hooper Cape Mcloughlin Cape Mercy Cape Peel West Cape Young Clifton Point Clinton Point Croker River Dewar Lakes Durban Island Edinburgh Island Ekalugad Gjoa Haven Gladman Point Hall Beach Harding River Hat Island Jenny Lind Island Kangok Fjord Keats Point Keith Bay Kivitoo Lady Franklin Point Lailor River Loks Land Longstaff Bluff Mackar Inlet Matheson Point Nudluardjuk Lake Pelly Bay Resolution Island Ross Point Rowley Island Scarpa Lake Shepherd Bay Simpson Lake Sturt Point

Former

Amadjuak Brooman Point Village Craig Harbour Dundas Harbour Iglunga Killiniq Nanisivik Native Point Nuwata Padlei Port Leopold Tavani

Hudson's Bay Company trading posts

Amadjuak Apex Arctic Bay Baker Lake Bathurst Inlet Bay Chimo Belcher Islands Blacklead Island Cambridge Bay Cape Dorset Charlton Island
Charlton Island
Depot Chesterfield Inlet Clyde River Coats Island Dundas Harbour Eskimo Point Fort Hearne Fort Ross Frobisher Bay Gjoa Haven Igloolik Kent Peninsula King William Island Kugaryuak Lake Harbour Mansel Island Nueltin House Padley Pangnirtung Pangnirtung
Pangnirtung
Fox Farm Perry River Ponds Inlet Port Burwell Port Leopold Repulse Bay Southampton Island Tavane Tree River Wager Inlet

Coordinates: 70°N 080°W / 70°N 80°W / 70; -80 (Q

.