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Qena
Qena
(Arabic: قنا‎, translit. Qinā , Egyptian Arabic: [ˈʔenæ], locally: [ˈɡena]; Coptic: ⲕⲱⲛⲏ Kone) is a city in Upper Egypt, and the capital of the Qena
Qena
Governorate. Situated on the east bank of the Nile, it was known in antiquity as Kaine (Greek Καινή, meaning "new (city)"; Latinized transliteration: Caene) and Maximianopolis.[1][2]

Contents

1 Overview 2 Climate 3 Transportation 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Overview[edit]

Qena
Qena
Mosque

This provincial capital is located about 57 miles from El Balyana
El Balyana
and 39 miles north of Luxor. It is most famous for its proximity to the ruins of Dendara. It owes its modern prosperity to the opening of the Wadi Qena
Qena
towards the Red Sea, which is a major traffic route between Upper Egypt
Egypt
and the Red Sea. Tourists traveling between Luxor
Luxor
and the Red Sea
Red Sea
will assuredly pass through this city since there is only one good road connection. Qena
Qena
is noted for its pottery, in particular the porous water. In addition to its Ancient Egyptian heritage as the city of Cainepolis. Qena
Qena
has a considerable Islamic heritage and a famous mosque. The Maghrebi Abd el-Rahim settled in Qena
Qena
upon his return from Mecca and founded a Sufi center here. Upon his death in 1195, the mosque was built above his tomb and became a place of pilgrimage. There is a huge modern mosque of Sheikh el-Qenawi in the main square which attests to his importance. Qena
Qena
has witnessed major restorations, and came third in the UNESCO City Beauty contest. Qena
Qena
also has one of the highest concentration of Coptic Christians in Egypt
Egypt
(approximately 35% of the total population). Climate[edit] Qena
Qena
has a hot desert climate (BWh) according to Köppen climate classification, with very hot summers and very little precipitation year round. Winters are warm at days, but become cool at nights. The hottest months on average are equally July and August, while the coolest month is January. Luxor, Minya, Qena
Qena
and Asyut
Asyut
have the widest difference of temperatures between days and nights of any city in Egypt, with almost 16 °C (29 °F) difference. The hottest temperature recorded was on May 15, 1991 which was 50 °C (122 °F) and the coldest temperature was on January 6, 1989 which was −1 °C (30 °F).[3]

Climate data for Qena, Egypt

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 33 (91) 37 (99) 43 (109) 46 (115) 50 (122) 50 (122) 49 (120) 49 (120) 46 (115) 44 (111) 40 (104) 37 (99) 50 (122)

Average high °C (°F) 21.4 (70.5) 23.7 (74.7) 28.1 (82.6) 33.6 (92.5) 38.4 (101.1) 39.8 (103.6) 39.8 (103.6) 39.8 (103.6) 36.6 (97.9) 33.7 (92.7) 28.4 (83.1) 23.2 (73.8) 32.21 (89.98)

Daily mean °C (°F) 13.4 (56.1) 15.2 (59.4) 19.5 (67.1) 24.8 (76.6) 29.8 (85.6) 31.4 (88.5) 31.8 (89.2) 32 (90) 29.1 (84.4) 26.1 (79) 20.4 (68.7) 15.2 (59.4) 24.06 (75.33)

Average low °C (°F) 5.4 (41.7) 6.7 (44.1) 10.9 (51.6) 16 (61) 21.2 (70.2) 23.1 (73.6) 23.8 (74.8) 24.2 (75.6) 21.7 (71.1) 18.5 (65.3) 12.4 (54.3) 7.3 (45.1) 15.93 (60.7)

Record low °C (°F) −1 (30) −1 (30) 1 (34) 6 (43) 12 (54) 12 (54) 15 (59) 13 (55) 13 (55) 10 (50) 1 (34) 0 (32) −1 (30)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)

Source #1: Climate-Data.org[4]

Source #2: Voodoo Skies[3] for record temperatures

Transportation[edit]

A street

Qena
Qena
has a network of streets, roads and highways with greenery and flowered pavements. From the city there is a road that crosses the Eastern Desert to port Safaga
Safaga
on the Red Sea. The United States Air Force
United States Air Force
conducted classified operations from Wadi Qena
Qena
airfield from the 1970s to the 1990s, under the code names Coronet Scabbard, Coronel Aspen, Coronet Drake, and Coronet Mallard.[5] The 4401st Combat Support Squadron (Provisional) maintained a near-constant CENTAF
CENTAF
presence there. Part of these operations probably included Lockheed MC-130
Lockheed MC-130
flights during the Desert One rescue attempts for the U.S. hostages in Tehran in the late 1970s.[6] See also[edit]

Dendera Luxor Maximianopolis (other)

References[edit]

^ Trismegistos, "Kaine (Qena)" ^ Alan B. Lloyd (editor), A Companion to Ancient Egypt
Egypt
(John Wiley & Sons 2010), p. 459 ISBN 978-1-44432006-0 ^ a b "Qena, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 22 June 2013.  ^ "Climate: Qena
Qena
- Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 14 August 2013.  ^ William Arkin, Code Names, 325. ^ Thigpen, Col. Jerry L. (2001). The Praetorian STARShip: The Untold Story of the Combat Talon, Air University Press/Diane Publishing. ISBN 1-58566-103-1, p. 196, 213-215.

External links[edit]

Early Morning Qena
Qena
– a short film on Qena

Coordinates: 26°10′N 32°43′E / 26.167°N 32.717°E / 26.167; 32.717

v t e

Governorates capitals of Egypt

Governorate (capital)

Alexandria
Alexandria
(Alexandria) Aswan
Aswan
(Aswan) Asyut
Asyut
(Asyut) Beheira (Damanhur) Beni Suef
Beni Suef
(Beni Suef) Cairo
Cairo
(Cairo) Dakahlia (Mansoura) Damietta
Damietta
(Damietta) Faiyum
Faiyum
(Faiyum) Gharbia (Tanta) Giza
Giza
(Giza) Ismailia
Ismailia
(Ismailia) Kafr El Sheikh
Kafr El Sheikh
(Kafr El Sheikh) Luxor
Luxor
(Luxor) Matrouh (Mersa Matrouh) Minya (Minya) New Valley (Kharga) North Sinai (Arish) Port Said
Port Said
(Port Said) Qalyubia (Benha) Qena
Qena
(Qena) Red Sea
Red Sea
(Hurghada) Sharqia (Zagazig) Sohag
Sohag
(Sohag) South Sinai (El Tor) Suez
Suez
(Suez)

v t e

Upper Egyptian cities

Akhmim Aswan Asyut Beni Suef Faiyum Hurghada Luxor Mallawi Minya Safaga Qena Sohag

v t e

Egyptian cities and towns by population

1,000,000 and more

Alexandria Cairo Giza Shubra El Kheima

300,000-999,999

Asyut Bilbeis Damietta Faiyum Imbaba Ismailia El Mahalla El Kubra Kom Ombo Mansoura Luxor Port Fuad Port Said Suez Tanta Zagazig

100,000-299,999

6th of October Arish Aswan Banha Beni Suef Damanhur Desouk Edfu Hurghada Kafr El Dawwar Kafr El Sheikh Mallawi Minya New Borg El Arab New Cairo Obour Qena Shibin El Kom Sohag

<99,999

Abydos Ain Sokhna Akhmim Dahab Dakhla Dendera Dekernes El Alamein El Gouna Esna Hamrah Dom Hala'ib Kharga Marsa Alam Marsa Matruh Nag Hammadi New Nubariya Nuweiba Rosetta Sadat Safaga Saint Catherine Siwa Sharm El Sheikh

.