Qena (Arabic: قنا, translit. Qinā , Egyptian Arabic:
[ˈʔenæ], locally: [ˈɡena]; Coptic: ⲕⲱⲛⲏ Kone) is a city
in Upper Egypt, and the capital of the
Qena Governorate. Situated on
the east bank of the Nile, it was known in antiquity as Kaine (Greek
Καινή, meaning "new (city)"; Latinized transliteration: Caene)
4 See also
6 External links
This provincial capital is located about 57 miles from
El Balyana and
39 miles north of Luxor. It is most famous for its proximity to the
ruins of Dendara. It owes its modern prosperity to the opening of the
Qena towards the Red Sea, which is a major traffic route between
Egypt and the Red Sea. Tourists traveling between
Luxor and the
Red Sea will assuredly pass through this city since there is only one
good road connection.
Qena is noted for its pottery, in particular the
In addition to its Ancient Egyptian heritage as the city of
Qena has a considerable Islamic heritage and a famous
mosque. The Maghrebi Abd el-Rahim settled in
Qena upon his return from
Mecca and founded a Sufi center here. Upon his death in 1195, the
mosque was built above his tomb and became a place of pilgrimage.
There is a huge modern mosque of Sheikh el-Qenawi in the main square
which attests to his importance.
Qena has witnessed major restorations, and came third in the UNESCO
City Beauty contest.
Qena also has one of the highest concentration of Coptic Christians in
Egypt (approximately 35% of the total population).
Qena has a hot desert climate (BWh) according to Köppen climate
classification, with very hot summers and very little precipitation
year round. Winters are warm at days, but become cool at nights. The
hottest months on average are equally July and August, while the
coolest month is January. Luxor, Minya,
Asyut have the widest
difference of temperatures between days and nights of any city in
Egypt, with almost 16 °C (29 °F) difference.
The hottest temperature recorded was on May 15, 1991 which was
50 °C (122 °F) and the coldest temperature was on January
6, 1989 which was −1 °C (30 °F).
Climate data for Qena, Egypt
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Source #1: Climate-Data.org
Source #2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures
Qena has a network of streets, roads and highways with greenery and
flowered pavements. From the city there is a road that crosses the
Eastern Desert to port
Safaga on the Red Sea.
United States Air Force
United States Air Force conducted classified operations from Wadi
Qena airfield from the 1970s to the 1990s, under the code names
Coronet Scabbard, Coronel Aspen, Coronet Drake, and Coronet
Mallard. The 4401st Combat Support Squadron (Provisional)
maintained a near-constant
CENTAF presence there. Part of these
operations probably included
Lockheed MC-130 flights during the Desert
One rescue attempts for the U.S. hostages in Tehran in the late
^ Trismegistos, "Kaine (Qena)"
^ Alan B. Lloyd (editor), A Companion to Ancient
Egypt (John Wiley
& Sons 2010), p. 459 ISBN 978-1-44432006-0
^ a b "Qena, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
Qena - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table".
Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
^ William Arkin, Code Names, 325.
^ Thigpen, Col. Jerry L. (2001). The Praetorian STARShip: The Untold
Story of the Combat Talon, Air University Press/Diane Publishing.
ISBN 1-58566-103-1, p. 196, 213-215.
Qena – a short film on Qena
Coordinates: 26°10′N 32°43′E / 26.167°N 32.717°E /
Governorates capitals of Egypt
Beni Suef (Beni Suef)
Kafr El Sheikh
Kafr El Sheikh (Kafr El Sheikh)
Matrouh (Mersa Matrouh)
New Valley (Kharga)
North Sinai (Arish)
Port Said (Port Said)
Red Sea (Hurghada)
South Sinai (El Tor)
Upper Egyptian cities
Egyptian cities and towns by population
1,000,000 and more
Shubra El Kheima
El Mahalla El Kubra
6th of October
Kafr El Dawwar
Kafr El Sheikh
New Borg El Arab
Shibin El Kom
Sharm El Sheikh