QOPH or QOP (Phoenician Qōp ) is the nineteenth letter of the
Semitic abjads . Aramaic Qop is derived from the Phoenician letter,
and derivations from Aramaic include Hebrew Qof ק, Syriac Qōp̄
Its original sound value was a West Semitic emphatic stop , presumably or . In Hebrew gematria , it has the numerical value of 100.
* 1 Origins
* 2.1 Pronunciation * 2.2 Maghrebi variant
* 3 Hebrew Qof
* 3.1 Pronunciation * 3.2 Gematria
* 4 Unicode * 5 References * 6 External links
The origin of the glyph shape of qōp ( ) is uncertain. It is usually
suggested to have originally depicted either a sewing needle ,
specifically the eye of a needle (the Hebrew קוף means "hole"), or
the back of a head and neck (qāf in
The main Pronunciations of written in
POSITION IN WORD: ISOLATED FINAL MEDIAL INITIAL
GLYPH FORM: ق ـق ـقـ قـ
It is usually transliterated into Latin script as q, though some scholarly works use ḳ.
* : In
Druze dialects, most of the variants of Maghrebi , Northern
Mesopotamian Arabic , a number of Yemeni accents, and partially in
Gulf Arabic .
* : In
Hejazi Arabic ,
Najdi Arabic ,
Gulf Arabic ,
Note, however, that most dialects of
The Maghrebi style of writing qāf is different: having only a single point (dot) above; when the letter is isolated or word-final, it may sometimes become unpointed.
The Maghrebi qāf Position in word: ISOLATED FINAL MEDIAL INITIAL
Form of letter: ڧ ٯ ـڧ ـٯ ـڧـ ڧـ
Within Maghribi texts, there is no possibility of confusing it with the letter fāʼ , as it is instead written with a dot underneath (ڢ) in the Maghribi script.
The Oxford Hebrew-English Dictionary transliterates the letter Qoph (קוֹף) a transliteration as q or k; and, when word-final, it may be transliterated as ck. The English spellings of Biblical names (as derived from Latin via Biblical Greek ) containing this letter may represent it as c or k, e.g. Cain for Hebrew Qayin, or Kenan for Qenan (Genesis 4:1, 5:9).
VARIOUS PRINT FONTS Cursive Hebrew Rashi script
SERIF SANS-SERIF MONOSPACED
ק ק ק
In modern Israeli Hebrew the letter is also called KUF. The letter represents /k/; i.e., no distinction is made between Qof and Kaph .
However, many historical groups have made that distinction, with Qof
being pronounced by
Iraqi Jews and other Mizrahim , or even as by
Qof in gematria represents the number 100.
CHARACTER ק ق ܩ ࠒ
UNICODE NAME HEBREW LETTER QOF ARABIC LETTER QAF SYRIAC LETTER QAPH SAMARITAN LETTER QUF
ENCODINGS DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX
Unicode 1511 U+05E7 1602 U+0642 1833 U+0729 2066 U+0812
UTF-8 215 167 D7 A7 217 130 D9 82 220 169 DC A9 224 160 146 E0 A0 92
CHARACTER 𐎖 𐡒 𐤒
UNICODE NAME UGARITIC LETTER QOPA IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER QOPH PHOENICIAN LETTER QOF
ENCODINGS DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX DECIMAL HEX
Unicode 66454 U+10396 67666 U+10852 67858 U+10912
UTF-8 240 144 142 150 F0 90 8E 96 240 144 161 146 F0 90 A1 92 240 144 164 146 F0 90 A4 92
UTF-16 55296 57238 D800 DF96 55298 56402 D802 DC52 55298 56594 D802 DD12
* ^ Travers Wood, Henry Craven Ord Lanchester, A Hebrew Grammar,
1913, p. 7. A. B. Davidson, Hebrew Primer and Grammar, 2000, p. 4. The
meaning is doubtful. "Eye of a needle" has been suggested, and also
"knot" Harvard Studies in Classical Philology vol. 45.
* ^ Isaac Taylor, History of the Alphabet: Semitic Alphabets, Part
1, 2003: "The old explanation, which has again been revived by
Halévy, is that it denotes an 'ape,' the character Q being taken to
represent an ape with its tail hanging down. It may also be referred
to a Talmudic root which would signify an 'aperture' of some kind, as
the 'eye of a needle,' ... Lenormant adopts the more usual explanation
that the word means a 'knot'.
* ^ Qop may have been assigned the sound value /kʷʰ/ in early
Greek ; as this was allophonic with /pʰ/ in certain contexts and
certain dialects, the letter qoppa continued as the letter phi. C.
Brixhe, "History of the Alpbabet", in Christidēs, Arapopoulou, &
Chritē, eds., 2007, A History of Ancient Greek.
* ^ e.g., The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition
Kees Versteegh , The
Wikimedia Commons has media related to ק .
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