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The Info List - Pyrrhura


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Maroon-tailed parakeet
Maroon-tailed parakeet
(in front), and black-capped parakeet (behind); illustration by Keulemans, 1891

Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
is a genus of parrots in the Arini tribe. They occur in tropical and subtropical South America
South America
and southern Central America ( Panama
Panama
and Costa Rica). Most are restricted to humid forest and adjacent habitats, but one species, the blaze-winged parakeet, prefers deciduous or gallery woodland, and another, the Pfrimer's parakeet, is restricted to dry regions. Some species are highly endangered. Depending on the species, the total length range from 22 to 30 cm (8½-12 in). All have long, pointed tails, a mainly green plumage, and a relatively narrow, dark greyish to white eye-ring. Many have scaly or barred chest-patterns and a whitish, pale grey, buff or reddish ear-patch. They typically move around in small, noisy flocks, flying swiftly at or below canopy level. Once settled in a tree they tend to be silent (especially if aware of danger) and difficult to spot. They nest in a tree-crevice. Some species are popular in aviculture, where they are commonly referred to conures instead of parakeets. The taxonomy of some groups, in particular the Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
picta and the P. leucotis complexes, has changed significantly in recent years. In late 2008 it was proposed that the members of the P. picta complex from north-eastern Peru
Peru
(the so-called "group 6" in Joseph, 2002) should be considered a new species, the Amazon red-fronted parakeet, P. parvifrons. This has yet to receive widespread recognition (e.g., by SACC), and consequently it is not included in the below list. Species[edit]

Ochre-marked parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
cruentata. Maroon-bellied parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
frontalis. Blaze-winged parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
devillei – traditionally a subspecies of P. frontalis. Crimson-bellied parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
perlata – formerly P. rhodogaster. Pearly parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
lepida – formerly P. perlata. Green-cheeked parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
molinae. Painted parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
picta.

Sinú parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
(picta) subandina – possibly extinct. Todd's (Perijá) parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
(picta) caeruleiceps. Azuero parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
(picta) eisenmanni.

Venezuelan parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
emma – Formally considered a subspecies of P. leucotis. Santarém (Hellmayr's) parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
amazonum – traditionally a subspecies of P. picta. Madeira parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
snethlageae Bonaparte's (Deville's) parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
lucianii – traditionally a subspecies of P. picta. Rose-fronted parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
roseifrons – traditionally a subspecies of P. picta.

Wavy-breasted parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
(roseifrons) peruviana.

White-eared (maroon-faced) parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
leucotis. Grey-breasted parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
griseipectus. Pfrimer's parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
pfrimeri – traditionally a subspecies of P. leucotis. Fiery-shouldered parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
egregia. Santa Marta parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
viridicata. Maroon-tailed parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
melanura. El Oro parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
orcesi. Black-capped (rock) parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
rupicola. White-necked parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
albipectus. Flame-winged (brown-breasted) parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
calliptera. Red-eared parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
hoematotis. Rose-headed (rose-crowned) parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
rhodocephala. Sulphur-winged parakeet, Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
hoffmanni.

Species photographs[edit]

Blue-throated parakeet
Blue-throated parakeet
( Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
cruentata)

Maroon-bellied parakeet ( Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
frontalis)

Green-cheeked parakeet ( Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
molinae)

Crimson-bellied parakeet ( Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
perlata)

Pearly parakeet ( Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
lepida)

Red-eared parakeet ( Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
hoematotis)

Sulphur-winged parakeet ( Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
hoffmanni)

Black-capped parakeet ( Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
rupicola)

References[edit]

Arndt, T. (2008). Anmerkungen zu einigen Pyrrhura-Formen mit der Beschreibung einer neuen Art und zweier neuer Unterarten. Papageien 8/2008. Joseph, L. (2002). Geographic variation, taxonomy and distribution of some Amazonian Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
parakeets. Ornitologia Neotropical 13 (4): 337-363. Juniper, T., and M. Parr (1998). A Guide to the Parrots of the World. Pica Press, East Sussex. ISBN 1-873403-40-2 Remsen, J. V., Jr., C. D. Cadena, A. Jaramillo, M. Nores, J. F. Pacheco, M. B. Robbins, T. S. Schulenberg, F. G. Stiles, D. F. Stotz, and K. J. Zimmer. Version 28 Jun. 2007. A classification of the bird species of South America. American Ornithologists' Union. Restall, R., C. Rodner, and M. Lentino. (2006). Birds of Northern South America
South America
- An Identification Guide.. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-7242-0 Ribas, C., L. Joseph, and C. Miyaki (2006). Molecular systematics and patterns of diversification in Pyrrhura
Pyrrhura
(Psittacidae), with special reference to the picta-leucotis complex. Auk 123 (3): 660-680.

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q568111 EoL: 18528 GBIF: 2479799 iNaturalist: 19143 ITIS: 177700

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