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Putian
Putian
(Chinese: 莆田) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Fujian province, China. It borders Fuzhou
Fuzhou
City to the north, Quanzhou
Quanzhou
City to the south, and the Taiwan Strait's Xinghai Bay to the east.[2] The Mulan River flows through the southern part of the city.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Imperial era 1.2 Contemporary era

2 Administration 3 Languages and ethnic groups 4 Economy 5 Tourism 6 College and universities 7 Climate 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Imperial era[edit] Putian
Putian
was first founded as an administrative area in the year of 568 as a county during the Liang Dynasty. Putian
Putian
was later re-established as a military administrative division during the Song Dynasty
Song Dynasty
with the migration of Han Chinese
Han Chinese
military families and soldiers into the area from Northern China
China
during the period. The city greatly prospered during the Ming Dynasty. Contemporary era[edit] Administration[edit] Putian's municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Chengxiang District
Chengxiang District
(城厢区), together with the CPC and Public Security bureaux. The municipal region comprises three other districts and one county:

Hanjiang District (涵江区) Licheng District (荔城区) Xiuyu District
Xiuyu District
(秀屿区) Xianyou County
Xianyou County
(仙游县)

Map

Chengxiang Hanjiang Licheng Xiuyu Xianyou County PRC claims, but has never controlled, Wuqiu Islands (as part of Xiuyu).

Languages and ethnic groups[edit] The Han Chinese
Han Chinese
are the majority ethnic group. Puxian Min
Puxian Min
is the largest dialect spoken in Putian. It is a dialect of Min, a Chinese language. Economy[edit] Putian
Putian
has become an export base for Fujian
Fujian
products. The main industries are shoe-making, brewing, electronics, garments, fruits, vegetables, and machinery, electrical goods.[3] In particular, the area is known for high-quality counterfeits of shoes[4] and the domination of Chinese private healthcare.[5][6] Tourism[edit] Meizhou Island, most famous for being the legendary birthplace of the goddess Matsu, is located closely offshore of Putian. College and universities[edit]

Putian
Putian
University

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Putian
Putian
(1981−2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 27.0 (80.6) 31.1 (88) 30.3 (86.5) 32.0 (89.6) 33.8 (92.8) 35.6 (96.1) 36.9 (98.4) 36.7 (98.1) 36.4 (97.5) 33.5 (92.3) 31.1 (88) 28.4 (83.1) 36.9 (98.4)

Average high °C (°F) 16.5 (61.7) 17.2 (63) 19.7 (67.5) 23.3 (73.9) 27.2 (81) 29.7 (85.5) 33.1 (91.6) 32.5 (90.5) 30.8 (87.4) 27.0 (80.6) 23.0 (73.4) 18.7 (65.7) 24.89 (76.82)

Daily mean °C (°F) 12.5 (54.5) 13.2 (55.8) 15.2 (59.4) 19.3 (66.7) 23.4 (74.1) 26.2 (79.2) 28.9 (84) 28.6 (83.5) 27.1 (80.8) 23.4 (74.1) 19.3 (66.7) 14.8 (58.6) 20.99 (69.78)

Average low °C (°F) 10.0 (50) 10.7 (51.3) 12.3 (54.1) 16.4 (61.5) 20.6 (69.1) 23.6 (74.5) 25.8 (78.4) 25.6 (78.1) 24.6 (76.3) 21.1 (70) 16.9 (62.4) 12.2 (54) 18.32 (64.97)

Record low °C (°F) 1.5 (34.7) 4.1 (39.4) 2.8 (37) 9.1 (48.4) 15.0 (59) 16.2 (61.2) 22.0 (71.6) 21.5 (70.7) 19.8 (67.6) 13.2 (55.8) 6.3 (43.3) 1.8 (35.2) 1.5 (34.7)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.0 (1.457) 81.1 (3.193) 130.0 (5.118) 138.4 (5.449) 199.3 (7.846) 252.5 (9.941) 158.1 (6.224) 215.6 (8.488) 155.9 (6.138) 49.1 (1.933) 34.1 (1.343) 25.8 (1.016) 1,476.9 (58.146)

Average relative humidity (%) 70 74 74 76 76 81 76 77 71 65 65 67 72.7

Source: China
China
Meteorological Data Service Center

References[edit]

^ a b 莆田市2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). Putian
Putian
Municipal Statistic Bureau. 2010-02-20. Retrieved 2010-05-03.  ^ Litchi City Putian
Putian
Archived 2011-05-22 at the Wayback Machine. ^ China
China
today Archived 2007-09-07 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Schmidle, Nicholas (2010-08-19). "Inside the Knockoff-Tennis-Shoe Factory". New York Times. Retrieved 8 September 2010.  ^ "The Putian
Putian
phenomenon". Week in China. HSBC. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 5 May 2016.  ^ "Baidu's "moral dilemma" – How a Cancer Case aroused National Attention". China
China
Spoon. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Putian.

Putian
Putian
Government Website

v t e

Fujian
Fujian
topics

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(PRC capital) Jincheng (ROC capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Jiulong River Min River Wuyi Mountains East China
China
Sea South China
China
Sea Taiwan Strait Haitan Island Jin River

Education

Huaqiao University Xiamen
Xiamen
University Jimei University Xiamen University
Xiamen University
of Technology Longyan
Longyan
University Putian
Putian
University

Culture

Hokkien
Hokkien
culture Hoklo people Min Chinese
Min Chinese
language Written Hokkien Hokkien
Hokkien
architecture Hokkien
Hokkien
earthen buildings Dehua porcelain Jian ware Shoushan stone carvings Music Glove puppetry Koa-á books Tale of the Lychee Mirror Gongfu tea ceremony Fujian
Fujian
White Crane Dog Kung Fu Mazu Baosheng Dadi Hui'an maidens Narcissus Turtle-back tombs Hakka people Hakka architecture

Cuisine

Fujian
Fujian
cuisine Hokkien
Hokkien
mee Bak kut teh Banmian Buddha jumps over the wall Oolong tea

Visitor attractions

Anping Bridge Fujian
Fujian
Tulou Guanghua Temple Nanshan Temple Matsu pilgrimage Kaiyuan Temple South Putuo Temple

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Fujian
Fujian
Province

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Xiamen

Siming District Haicang District

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Huli District

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Jimei District Tong'an District Xiang'an District

Prefecture-level cities

Fuzhou

Gulou District Taijiang District Cangshan District Mawei District

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Jin'an District Changle District Fuqing
Fuqing
City Minhou County Lianjiang County Luoyuan County Minqing County Yongtai County Pingtan County

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Putian

Chengxiang District Hanjiang District Licheng District Xiuyu District Xianyou County

Sanming

Meilie District Sanyuan District Yong'an
Yong'an
City Mingxi County Qingliu County Ninghua County Datian County Youxi County Sha County Jiangle County Taining County Jianning County

Quanzhou

Licheng District Fengze District Luojiang District Quangang District Shishi City Jinjiang City Nan'an City Hui'an County Anxi County Yongchun County Dehua County Jinmen County¹

Zhangzhou

Xiangcheng District Longwen District Longhai City Yunxiao County Zhangpu County Zhao'an County Changtai County Dongshan County Nanjing County Pinghe County Hua'an County

Nanping

Jianyang District Yanping District Shaowu
Shaowu
City Wuyishan City Jian'ou
Jian'ou
City Shunchang County Pucheng County Guangze County Songxi County Zhenghe County

Longyan

Xinluo District Yongding District Zhangping
Zhangping
City Changting County Shanghang County Wuping County Liancheng County

Ningde

Jiaocheng District Fu'an
Fu'an
City Fuding
Fuding
City Shouning County Xiapu County Zherong County Pingnan County Gutian County Zhouning County

¹ — Jinmen (Kinmen/Quemoy) is administered as a county by the Republic of China, but c

.