The Info List - Puquina Language

Puquina (or Pukina) is an extinct language once spoken by a native ethnic group in the region surrounding Lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca
( Peru
and Bolivia) and in the north of Chile. It is often associated with the culture that built Tiwanaku. Remnants of Puquina can be found in the Quechuan and Spanish languages spoken in the south of Peru, mainly in Arequipa, Moquegua
and Tacna, as well as in Bolivia. There also seem to be remnants in the Kallawaya language, which may be a mixed language formed from Quechuan languages and Puquina. ( Terrence Kaufman (1990) finds the proposal plausible.[2]) Some theories claim that "Qhapaq Simi", the cryptic language of the nobility of the Inca Empire, was closely related to Puquina, and that Runa Simi (Quechuan languages) were spoken by commoners. Sometimes the term Puquina is used for the Uru language, which is distinctly different. References[edit]

^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Puquina". Glottolog
3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.  ^ Willem Adelaar; Simon van de Kerke. "The Puquina and Leko languages". Symposium: Advances in Native South American Historical Linguistics, July 17-18, 2006, at the 52nd International Congress of Americanists, Seville, Spain. Retrieved 2007-09-19. 

Adelaar, Willem and van de Kerke, Simon (2009). "Puquina." In: Mily Crevels and Pieter Muysken (eds.) Lenguas de Bolivia, vol. I, 125-146. La Paz: Plural editores. (in Spanish)

v t e

Languages of Bolivia

National language


Indigenous languages


Baure Iñapari Moxo Pauna Yine


Araona Cavineño Chácobo Ese Ejja Reyesano Tacana Toromona Yaminawa


Cusco–Collao Quechua North Bolivian Quechua South Bolivian Quechua



Eastern Bolivian

Guarayu Sirionó Yuki


Aymara Ayoreo Chiquitano Canichana Cayubaba Chimán Chipaya Itonama Leco Kallawaya Moré Movima Pauserna Puquina Weenhayek Yuracaré

Sign languages

Bolivian Sign Language

Italics indicate extinct languages still recognized by the Bolivian constitution.

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