A PUPPET is an object, often resembling a human, animal or mythical
figure, that is animated or manipulated by a person called a puppeteer
. The puppeteer uses movements of their hands, arms, or control
devices such as rods or strings to move the body, head, limbs, and in
some cases the mouth and eyes of the puppet. The puppeteer often
speaks in the voice of the character of the puppet, and then
synchronizes the movements of the puppet's mouth with this spoken
part. The actions, gestures and spoken parts acted out by the
puppeteer with the puppet are typically used in storytelling .
Two simple types of puppets are the finger puppet , which is a tiny
puppet that fits onto a single finger, and the sock puppet , which is
formed and operated by inserting one's hand inside a sock, with the
opening and closing of the hand simulating the movement of the
puppet's "mouth." The sock puppet is a type of hand puppet , which is
controlled using one hand that occupies the interior of the puppet and
moves the puppet around. A "live-hand puppet" is similar to a hand
puppet but is larger and requires two puppeteers for each puppet. A
A rod puppet is constructed around a central rod secured to the head. A shadow puppet is a cut-out figure held between a source of light and a translucent screen. Bunraku puppets are a type of Japanese wood-carved puppet. A ventriloquist\'s dummy is a human-shaped puppet operated by a ventriloquist performer's hand; the performer produces the puppets voice with little or no movement of her mouth, which creates the illusion that the puppet is alive. Carnival puppets are large puppets, typically bigger than a human, designed to be part of a large spectacle or parade .
* 1 Origins
* 2 Types of Puppets and
* 2.1 Black light puppet
* 2.3 Cantastoria
* 2.4 Carnival or body puppet
Hand puppet or glove puppet
* 2.7 Human-arm puppet
* 2.8 Light curtain puppet
* 3 Idioms and cultural expressions * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Books and articles
The movements of animals may be compared with those of automatic puppets, which are set going on the occasion of a tiny movement; the levers are released, and strike the twisted strings against one another.
In India, puppetry was practiced from ancient times and is known by different names in different parts of the country. Excavation of clay dolls from Indus valley sites serve as an indication. The art of puppetry called Bommalattam is mentioned in Tamil literature Silappadikaram , which is written around 2nd century B.C.
TYPES OF PUPPETS AND PUPPETRY
BLACK LIGHT PUPPET
A black light puppet
The BLACK LIGHT PUPPET is a form of puppetry where the puppets are operated on a stage lit only with ultraviolet lighting , which hides the puppeteer and accentuates the colours of the puppets, which are normally designed using colours that respond to UV light by glowing brightly. The puppeteers perform dressed in black against a black background, with the background and puppeteer's costume normally made of black velvet . The puppeteers manipulate the puppets under the light, while they position themselves unseen against the black unlit background. Puppets of many sizes and types may be used. The original concept of this form of puppetry can be traced to Bunraku puppetry.
BUNRAKU PUPPETS are a type of wood-carved puppet originally made to
stand out through torch illumination. Developed in
CANTASTORIA is a form of visual storytelling in which a puppet, illustration, painting, or other visual medium is accompanied by rhythmical speech or song that describes or reenacts events to tell a story.
CARNIVAL OR BODY PUPPET
CARNIVAL PUPPETS (also known as BODY PUPPETS) are usually designed to
be part of a large spectacle. These are often used in parades (such as
the Mayday parade in
The Jim Henson Company also has their version of these puppets called FULL-BODIED PUPPETS.
Man wearing body puppet of
The FINGER PUPPET is a simple puppet variant which fits onto a single finger. Finger puppets normally have no moving parts, and consist primarily of a hollow cylinder shape to cover the finger. Finger puppets are often decorated with eyes and mouths made out of fabric or other materials. This form of puppet has limited application, and is used mainly in pre-schools or kindergartens for storytelling with young children.
Finger puppets *
HAND PUPPET OR GLOVE PUPPET
A HAND PUPPET (or GLOVE PUPPET ) is a puppet controlled by one hand, which occupies the interior of the puppet. The Punch and Judy puppets are familiar examples of hand puppets. Larger varieties of hand puppets place the puppeteer's hand in just the puppet's head, controlling the mouth and head, and the puppet's body then hangs over the entire arm. Other parts of the puppet (mainly arms) are usually not much larger than the hand itself. Often the mouth can also open and close, and special variants exist with eyelids that can be manipulated. A sock puppet is a particularly simple type of hand puppet made from a sock.
Painting of hand puppets by Sheryl Humphrey *
British traditional hand or glove puppets, Punch and Judy *
Simple sock puppets *
Hand or glove puppet dog *
A bespoke hand puppet and
Also called a "two-man puppet" or a "live-hand puppet", the human-arm puppet is similar to a hand puppet but is larger and requires two puppeteers. One puppeteer places a hand inside the puppet's head and operates its head and mouth while putting her other arm into a glove and special sleeve attached to the puppet (the right arm if they are left handed and left arm if they are right handed). The second puppeteer puts her arm into a glove and special sleeve attached to the puppet in order to operate the other arm. This way, the puppet can perform hand gestures. This is a form of glove or hand puppetry and rod puppetry.
"Briegel der Busch" puppet and puppeteer Jan Mixsa, autographing at "Erstes Fantreffen von Bernd das Brot " *
"Chili das Schaf" puppet and creators Tommy Krappweis and Erik Haffner, taken at "Erstes Fantreffen von Bernd das Brot" *
Three "Two-hand Puppets" are very popular in Russia even after the end of The Cold War.
LIGHT CURTAIN PUPPET
LIGHT CURTAIN PUPPET presentations use light to highlight small portions of a performance area, allowing the puppet to be seen while the manipulators remain invisible. The puppets stand on a stage divided into an unlit background and a well-lit foreground, meeting to form a "curtain" of light. The puppeteer dresses in black and remains hidden in the unlit background of the stage while the puppet is held across the light curtain in the lit foreground of the stage. "Light curtain puppet" is an umbrella term, and any puppet which is extended into a well-lit area where its handler remains separated from the puppet by a division of light may be called a light curtain puppet.
MARIONETTES , or "string puppets," are suspended and controlled by a
number of strings, plus sometimes a central rod attached to a control
bar held from above by the puppeteer. The control bar can be either
horizontal or vertical. Basic strings for operation are usually
attached to the head, back, hands (to control the arms) and just above
the knee (to control the legs). This form of puppetry is complex and
sophisticated to operate, requiring greater manipulative control than
a finger, glove or rod puppet. The puppet play performed by the Von
Trapp children with Maria in
The Sound of Music
A puppeteer manipulating a marionette *
"The Giglet Sisters" posed on puppet theatre stage *
"Uncle Rastus" an elderly man playing a banjo *
"Mrs Garbage" and " Mrs Guppy", charwomen
The MAROTTE is a simplified rod puppet that is just a head and/or body on a stick. It was used by jesters in renaissance times. In a marotte à main prenante, the puppeteer's other arm emerges from the body (which is just a cloth drape) to act as the puppet's arm. Some marottes have a small string running through the stick attached to a handle at the bottom. When the handle is squeezed, the mouth opens.
MOTEKAR or wayang motekar is a kind of shadow puppet theater known in Sundanese, Javanese, and Indonesian as 'wayang (kulit)', that is, (leather) shadow puppet. While most shadow puppets cast black silhouettes from behind a screen, motekar shadow puppets can be in full color. They use plastic materials, transparent dyes, a special light system, and a special type of screen to make this happen. Motekar puppet shows can be performed by one or several puppeteers and usually feature music, singing, and a series of dances.
Not all forms of puppetry need specially created items to puppet.
OBJECT PUPPETS can be created with found everyday objects either
assembled in advance or during performance.
Señor Wences was a
Spanish ventriloquist who became popular through his appearances on
the American program
The Ed Sullivan Show
PULL STRING PUPPET
A PULL STRING PUPPET is a puppet consisting of a cloth body where in the puppeteer puts his/her arm into a slot in the back and pulls rings on strings to make certain movements such as waving the arms or moving the mouth.
A PUSH PUPPET consists of a segmented character on a base which is kept under tension until the button on the bottom is pressed. The puppet wiggles, slumps and then collapses. Push puppets are usually intended as novelty toys , rather than as part of professional puppet theatre.
A ROD PUPPET is a puppet constructed around a central rod secured to the head. A large glove covers the rod and is attached to the neck of the puppet. A rod puppet is controlled by the puppeteer moving the metal rods attached to the hands of the puppet (or any other limbs) and by turning the central rod secured to the head.
Rod puppets from the Horse and Bamboo
Rod puppet "Bleeckie", meeting an owl, 2011.
A SHADOW PUPPET is a cut-out figure held between a source of light
and a translucent screen. Shadow puppets can form solid silhouettes or
be decorated with various amounts of cut-out details. Colour can be
introduced into the cut-out shapes to provide a different dimension
and different effects can be achieved by moving the puppet (or light
source) out of focus. Javanese shadow puppets known as Wayang Kulit
are the classic example of this. In China, it became popular from
Sock puppet from the Web series Totally Socks
A SOCK PUPPET is a puppet formed and operated by inserting a hand inside a sock. The hand is opened and closed to simulate the movement of the puppet's "mouth" and give the impression of speaking. Sometimes eyes and other facial features are added to the sock in order to make the puppet more realistic. Sock puppets are popular in many puppet performances, as they are simple to make and easy to use. They are mostly used in satirical or children's works.
SUPERMARIONATION is a method of puppetry invented by
TABLE TOP PUPPET
A TABLE TOP PUPPET is a puppet usually operated by rod or direct contact from behind, on a surface similar to a table top (hence the name). Shares many characteristics with Bunraku.
A TICKLEBUG is a type of hand puppet created from a human hand to have four legs, where the puppet features are drawn on the hand itself. The middle finger is lifted as a head, and the thumb and forefinger serve as a first set of two legs on one side, while the ring finger and little finger serve as a second set of two legs on the opposite side.
The TOY THEATRE is a puppet cut out of paper and stuck onto card. It is fixed at its base to a stick and operated by pushing it in from the side of the puppet theatre. Sheets of puppets and scenery were produced from the 19th century for children's use.
The VENTRILOQUIST\\'S DUMMY is a puppet shaped like a small human
which is operated by a ventriloquist performer to focus the audience's
attention away from the performer's activities and heighten the
illusion that the dummy is speaking. They are called dummies because
they do not speak on their own. The ventriloquist dummy is controlled
by one hand of the ventriloquist.
Edgar Bergen , seen with Charlie McCarthy, is one of America's best known puppeteers. *
After popular American performer Shari Lewis died, daughter Mallory continued performing Lamb Chop . *
German Jörg Jará's puppet, Olga.
Vietnamese water puppets
A WATER PUPPET is a Vietnamese puppet form, the "Múa rối nước". Múa rối nước literally means "puppets that dance on water", an ancient tradition that dates back to the 10th century. The puppets are built out of wood and the shows are performed in a waist-deep pool. A large rod supports the puppet under the water and is used by the puppeteers to control them. The appearance is of the puppets moving over the water. When the rice fields would flood, the villagers would entertain each other using this puppet form.
The water also provides the setting for traditional stories depicting day-to-day village life. Water puppets bring wry humor to scenes of farming, fishing, festival events such as buffalo fights, and children's games of marbles and coin-toss. Fishing turns into a game of wits between the fisherman and his prey, with the fisherman getting the short end (often capturing his surprised neighbor by mistake). Besides village life, scenes include legends and national history. Lion dogs romp like puppies while dragons exhale smoke and shoot sprays of water at the audience. Performances of up to 18 short scenes are usually introduced by a pig-tailed bumpkin known as Teu, and accompanied by a small folk orchestra.
IDIOMS AND CULTURAL EXPRESSIONS
See also: Puppet (other)
The word puppet can mean a political leader installed, supported and
controlled by powerful external forces, without legitimacy in the
country itself. In modern times, this usually implies no democratic
mandate from the country's electorate; in earlier times, it could have
meant a monarch imposed from outside, who was not a member of a
country's established ruling dynasty, and/or unrecognised by its
In a more general sense, a puppet is any person who is controlled by
another by reasons of (for instance) undue influence, intellectual
deficiency, or lack of character or charisma. Science fiction writer
Robert A. Heinlein
Poppet , a word that sounds similar, is sometimes a term of endearment, similar to "love", "pet", "doll" or "dear". It alludes to folk-magic and witchcraft , where a poppet is a special doll created to represent a person for the purpose of casting healing, fertility, or binding spells .
Library resources about PUPPET -------------------------
* Resources in your library * Resources in other libraries
Look up PUPPET in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Main article: Puppetoon
Karakuri ningyō - Mechanized puppets or automata from
* ^ Herodotus, The Histories , 2.48, on Perseus
* ^ Xenophon, Symposium , 4.55, on Perseus
* ^ νευρόσπαστος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A
Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
* ^ νεῦρον, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A
Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
* ^ σπάω, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English
Lexicon, on Perseus
* ^ List of Ancient Greek words related to puppetry, Henry George
Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
* ^ Aristotle, On the Motion of Animals, 350 BC.
* ^ "Pulling the strings to resuscitate a dying art". The Hindu.
Thanjavur, India. 17 August 2012.
* ^ "
* Ghosh, S. and Banerjee, Utpal Kumar, Indian Puppets, Abhinav
Publications, 2006. ISBN 81-7017-435-X .
* Bell, John, Strings, Hands, Shadows: A Modern
BOOKS AND ARTICLES
Wikimedia Commons has media related to PUPPETS .
* Baird, Bil (1966). The Art of the Puppet. Plays. ISBN
* Beaton, Mabel ; Les Beaton (1948). Marionettes: A Hobby for
Everyone. New York.
* Bell, John (2000). Strings, Hands, Shadows: A Modern Puppet
History. Detroit, USA:
Detroit Institute of Art
* Binyon, Helen (1966).