HOME
The Info List - Pumsavana



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i)

RITES OF PASSAGE

* Garbhadhana
Garbhadhana
* Pumsavana * Simantonayana * Jatakarma
Jatakarma
* Namakarana
Namakarana
* Nishkramana * Annaprashana
Annaprashana
* Chudakarana * Karnavedha * Vidyarambha * Upanayana
Upanayana
* Keshanta
Keshanta
* Ritushuddhi * Samavartana * Vivaha * Antyeshti
Antyeshti

ASHRAMA DHARMA

* Ashrama : Brahmacharya * Grihastha
Grihastha
* Vanaprastha
Vanaprastha
* Sannyasa
Sannyasa

FESTIVALS

* Diwali
Diwali
* Holi
Holi
* Shivaratri

* Navaratri

* Durga
Durga
Puja * Ramlila
Ramlila
* Vijayadashami-Dussehra

* Raksha Bandhan
Raksha Bandhan
* Ganesh Chaturthi * Vasant Panchami * Rama
Rama
Navami * Janmashtami * Onam
Onam
* Makar Sankranti
Makar Sankranti
* Kumbha Mela * Pongal * Ugadi
Ugadi

* Vaisakhi
Vaisakhi

* Bihu * Puthandu
Puthandu
* Vishu
Vishu

* Ratha Yatra

Gurus, saints, philosophers ANCIENT

* Agastya
Agastya
* Angiras * Aruni
Aruni
* Ashtavakra * Atri
Atri
* Bharadwaja
Bharadwaja
* Gotama * Jamadagni
Jamadagni
* Jaimini
Jaimini
* Kanada * Kapila
Kapila
* Kashyapa
Kashyapa
* Pāṇini
Pāṇini
* Patanjali
Patanjali
* Raikva
Raikva
* Satyakama Jabala * Valmiki * Vashistha * Vishvamitra * Vyasa
Vyasa
* Yajnavalkya

MEDIEVAL

* Nayanars
Nayanars
* Alvars * Adi Shankara
Adi Shankara
* Basava
Basava
* Akka Mahadevi * Allama Prabhu
Allama Prabhu
* Siddheshwar
Siddheshwar
* Jñāneśvar * Chaitanya * Gangesha Upadhyaya * Gaudapada * Gorakshanath
Gorakshanath
* Jayanta Bhatta * Kabir
Kabir
* Kumarila Bhatta * Matsyendranath
Matsyendranath
* Mahavatar Babaji * Madhusudana * Madhva * Haridasa Thakur
Haridasa Thakur
* Namdeva * Nimbarka * Prabhakara * Raghunatha Siromani * Ramanuja
Ramanuja
* Sankardev
Sankardev
* Purandara Dasa
Purandara Dasa
* Kanaka Dasa
Kanaka Dasa
* Ramprasad Sen
Ramprasad Sen
* Jagannatha Dasa * Vyasaraya * Sripadaraya
Sripadaraya
* Raghavendra Swami
Raghavendra Swami
* Gopala Dasa
Gopala Dasa
* Śyāma Śastri * Vedanta Desika * Tyagaraja
Tyagaraja
* Tukaram
Tukaram
* Tulsidas * Vachaspati Mishra * Vallabha * Vidyaranya

MODERN

* Aurobindo * Bhaktivinoda Thakur
Bhaktivinoda Thakur
* Chinmayananda
Chinmayananda
* Dayananda Saraswati
Saraswati
* Mahesh Yogi
Yogi
* Jaggi Vasudev
Jaggi Vasudev
* Krishnananda Saraswati
Saraswati
* Narayana Guru
Narayana Guru
* Prabhupada * Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
* Ramana Maharshi * Radhakrishnan * Sarasvati * Sivananda * U. G. Krishnamurti * Sai Baba * Vivekananda * Nigamananda * Yogananda * Ramachandra Dattatrya Ranade * Tibbetibaba
Tibbetibaba
* Trailanga

Society

* VARNA

*

* Brahmin
Brahmin
* Kshatriya
Kshatriya
* Vaishya
Vaishya
* Shudra

* Dalit * Jati

* Denominations * Persecution * Nationalism * Hindutva
Hindutva

Other topics

* HINDUISM BY COUNTRY

* Balinese Hinduism * Criticism * Calendar * Iconography * Mythology * PILGRIMAGE SITES

* Hinduism and Jainism / and Buddhism / and Sikhism / and Judaism / and Christianity / and Islam

* Glossary of Hinduism terms * Hinduism portal

* v * t * e

PUMSAVANA (Sanskrit : पुंसवन, Puṁsavana) (literally: quickening the fetus, or engendering a male issue) is the second of the 16 saṃskāras (sacraments , rite of passage) in ancient texts of Hinduism . The rite of passage is celebrated in the third or fourth month of pregnancy, typically after the pregnancy begins to show but before the baby begins to move in the womb.

CONTENTS

* 1 Background

* 2 Description

* 2.1 Literature

* 3 Ceremony * 4 References

BACKGROUND

Pumsavana
Pumsavana
is one of the 16 sanskara in Hinduism, which are rites of passage that begin with one's birth, celebrates certain early steps in a baby's growth and his or her welcome into the world in the presence of friends and family, then various stages of life ( Ashrama (stage) ) such as first learning day, graduation from school, wedding and honeymoon, pregnancy, raising a family, as well as those related to final rites associated with cremation. These rites of passage are not uniform, and vary within the diverse traditions of Hinduism. Some may involve formal ceremonies, yajna (fire) ceremonies with the chanting of Vedic hymns. Others are simple, private affairs.

These rites of passage in Hinduism are found in the numerous Dharmasutras and Grhyasutras dated from the 1st millennium BCE.

DESCRIPTION

Pumsavana
Pumsavana
(Sanskrit: पुंसवन) is a composite word of Pums + savana. Pums mean "to grind, move", and "a man, a human being, a soul or spirit", while savana means "ceremony, rite, oblation, festival". Pumsavana
Pumsavana
thus literally means "quickening a being, soul or man", and it is usually translated as "quickening a male fetus, bringing forth a male baby".

Pumsavana
Pumsavana
is a rite of passage observed when the pregnancy begins to show, typically in or after the third month of pregnancy and usually before the fetus starts moving in the womb. The ceremony celebrates the rite of passage of the developing fetus, marking the stage where the baby begins to kick as a milestone in a baby's development.

LITERATURE

The roots of the pumsavana ritual are found in section 4.3.23 and 4.6.2 of the Atharva Veda , wherein charms are recited for a baby boy. The Atharva Veda also contains charms to be recited for the birth of a child of either gender and the prevention of miscarriages, such as in section 4.6.17.

The Atharva Veda, includes thousands of chapters, with diverse scope and prayers. In many verses, the prayer or charm is aimed to have a child, of either sex. For example, in verse 14.2.2, the Atharva Veda states a ritual invitation to the wife, by her husband to mount the bed for conception, "being happy in mind, here mount the bed; give birth to children for me, your husband". Texts, such as the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
Upanishad
, in the last chapter detailing the education of a student, include lessons for his Grihastha
Grihastha
stage of life. There, the student is taught, that as a husband, he should cook rice for the wife, and they together eat the food in certain way depending on whether they wish for the birth of a daughter or a son, as follows,

And if a man wishes that a learned daughter should be born to him, and that she should live to her full age, then after having prepared boiled rice with sesamum and butter, they should both eat, being fit to have offspring.

And if a man wishes that a learned son should be born to him, and that he should live his full age, then after having prepared boiled rice with meat and butter, they should both eat, being fit to have offspring. — Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
Upanishad
6.4.17 - 6.4.18, Translated by Max Muller
Max Muller

CEREMONY

The ritual is performed in diverse ways, but all involve the husband serving something to the expectant wife. In one version, she is fed a paste mixture of yoghurt, milk and ghee (clarified butter) by him. In another version, the pumsavana ritual is more elaborate, done in the presence of yajna fire and vedic chants, where the husband places a drop of Banyan leaf extract in the wife's right nostril for a son, and her left nostril for a daughter, followed by a feast for all present.

REFERENCES

* ^ Pandey, R.B. (1962, reprint 2003). The Hindu
Hindu
Sacraments (Saṁskāra) in S. Radhakrishnan (ed.) The Cultural Heritage of India, Vol.II, Kolkata:The Ramakrishna
Ramakrishna
Mission Institute of Culture, ISBN 81-85843-03-1 , p.392 * ^ A B Jörg Gengnagel and Ute Hüsken (2005), Words and Deeds: Hindu
Hindu
and Buddhist Rituals in South Asia, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, ISBN 978-3447051521 , see Preface Chapter * ^ Joyce Flueckiger, Everyday Hinduism, John Wiley ">

* v * t * e

16 Hindu
Hindu
Saṃskāras (rites of passage)

PRE-NATAL

* Garbhādhāna * Puṁsavana * Sīmantonnayana

CHILDHOOD

* Jātakarman * Nāmakaraṇa * Niṣkramaṇa * Annaprāśana * Cūḍākaraṇa * Karṇavedha

EDUCATIONAL

* Vidyārambha * Upanayana
Upanayana
* Vedārāmbha * Keśānta * Samāvartana

MARRIAGE

* Vivāha
Vivāha

LAST

* Antyeṣṭi

RELATED TOPICS

* Nishekam * Pumsavana
Pumsavana
Simantonayana * Seemantham

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Pumsavana