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Pulaar is a Fula language spoken primarily as a first language by the Fula and Toucouleur peoples in the Senegal River valley area traditionally known as Futa Tooro and further south and east. Pulaar speakers, known as Haalpulaar'en live in Senegal, Mauritania, the Gambia, and western Mali. According to Ethnologue there are several dialect differences, but all are mutually intelligible. Pulaar is not to be confused with Pular, another variety of Fula spoken in Guinea (including the Fouta Djallon region). The Pulaar and Pular varieties of Fula are to some extent mutually intelligible, but require a separate literature. Pulaar is written in a Latin script, but historically was written in an Arabic script known as "Ajami script" (see Fula alphabets). Linguistic features[edit] Main article: Fula language The negative accomplished verb form ends in -aani. (This is slightly different from Maasina Fulfulde and Pular.) References[edit]

^ Pulaar at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Pulaar". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

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Languages of the Gambia

Official language

English

Indigenous languages

Balanta Cangin Dyula Fula Karon Kassonke Mandinka Mandjak Pulaar Serer Soninke Wolof

Sign languages

Gambian Sign Language

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Languages of Mauritania

Official language

Arabic

National languages

Pulaar Soninké Wolof

Unrecognized languages

Bambara Berber

Zenaga Tamasheq

French Hassaniyya Arabic

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Languages of Mali

Official language

French

National languages

Bambara Bomu Tieyaxo Bozo Toro So Dogon Maasina Fulfulde Hassaniya Arabic Mamara Senoufo Kita Maninkakan Soninke Koyraboro Senni Songhay Syenara Senoufo Tamasheq Xaasongaxango

Indigenous languages

Niger–Congo

Dogon

Ampari Ana Bankan Tey Ben Tey Bondum Budu Duleri Jamsai Mombo Nanga Penange Tebul Western Plains Yanda

Other

Dyula Fula Maninka Mossi Pulaar Siamou Soninke Supyire Yalunka

Nilo-Saharan

Humburi Senni Koyra Chiini Koyraboro Senni Tadaksahak Tondi Songway Kiini

Other

Bangime

Sign languages

Bamako Sign Language Dogon Sign Language Tebul Sign Language

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Languages of Senegal

Official language

French

National languages

Balanta-Ganja Hassaniyya Jola-Fonyi Mandinka Mandjak Mankanya Noon Pulaar Serer Soninke Wolof

Indigenous languages

Bambara Bandial Bapeng Bassari Bayot Bedik Dyula Fula Gusilay Jola-Felupe Karon Kasa Kassonke Kobiana Laalaa Maninka Ndut Palor Safen Wamey Yalunka Zenaga

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