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PULAAR is a Fula language spoken primarily as a first language by the Fula and Toucouleur peoples in the Senegal
Senegal
River valley area traditionally known as Futa Tooro and further south and east. Pulaar speakers, known as Haalpulaar\'en live in Senegal
Senegal
, Mauritania , the Gambia , and western Mali
Mali
.

According to Ethnologue there are several dialect differences, but all are mutually intelligible.

Pulaar is not to be confused with Pular , another variety of Fula spoken in Guinea
Guinea
(including the Fouta Djallon
Fouta Djallon
region). The Pulaar and Pular varieties of Fula are to some extent mutually intelligible, but require a separate literature.

Pulaar is written in a Latin script , but historically was written in an Arabic script
Arabic script
known as " Ajami script " (see Fula alphabets ).

LINGUISTIC FEATURES

Main article: Fula language

The negative accomplished verb form ends in -aani. (This is slightly different from Maasina Fulfulde and Pular .)

REFERENCES

* ^ Pulaar at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Pulaar". Glottolog 2.7 . Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

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Languages of the Gambia

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

* English

INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES

* Balanta * Cangin * Dyula * Fula * Karon * Kassonke * Mandinka * Mandjak * Pulaar * Serer * Soninke * Wolof

SIGN LANGUAGES

* Gambian Sign Language

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Languages of Mauritania

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

* Arabic

NATIONAL LANGUAGES

* Pulaar * Soninké * Wolof

UNRECOGNIZED LANGUAGES

* Bambara

* Berber

* Zenaga * Tamasheq

* French * Hassaniyya Arabic

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Languages of Mali
Mali

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

* French

NATIONAL LANGUAGES

* Bambara * Bomu * Tieyaxo Bozo * Toro So Dogon * Maasina Fulfulde * Hassaniya Arabic * Mamara Senoufo * Kita Maninkakan * Soninke * Koyraboro Senni Songhay * Syenara Senoufo * Tamasheq * Xaasongaxango

Indigenous languages

NIGER–CONGO

DOGON

* Ampari * Ana * Bankan Tey * Ben Tey * Bondum * Budu * Duleri * Jamsai * Mombo * Nanga * Penange * Tebul * Western Plains * Yanda

OTHER

* Dyula * Fula * Maninka * Mossi * Pulaar * Siamou * Soninke * Supyire * Yalunka

NILO-SAHARAN

* Humburi Senni * Koyra Chiini * Koyraboro Senni * Tadaksahak * Tondi Songway Kiini
Tondi Songway Kiini

OTHER

* Bangime

SIGN LANGUAGES

* Bamako Sign Language * Dogon Sign Language * Tebul Sign Language

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Languages of Senegal
Senegal

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

* French

NATIONAL LANGUAGES

* Balanta-Ganja * Hassaniyya * Jola-Fonyi * Mandinka * Mandjak * Mankanya * Noon * Pulaar * Serer * Soninke * Wolof

INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES

* Bambara * Bandial * Bapeng * Bassari * Bayot * Bedik * Dyula * Fula * Gusilay * Jola-Felupe * Karon * Kasa * Kassonke * Kobiana * Laalaa * Maninka * Ndut * Palor * Safen * Wamey * Yalunka * Zenaga

This Senegal
Senegal
-related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

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This Mauritania -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

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This Gambia -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

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This Mali
Mali
-related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

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This Niger–Congo language
Niger–Congo language
-related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

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