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ACHARYA PUJYAPADA or PūJYAPāDA (464 - 524 CE) was a renowned grammarian and _acharya _ (philosopher monk) belonging to the Digambara tradition of Jains . Since it was believed that he was worshiped by demigods on account of his vast scholarship and deep piety, he was named Pujyapada. He was said to be the guru of King Durvinita of the Western Ganga dynasty .

CONTENTS

* 1 Life * 2 Works * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links

LIFE

Pujyapada
Pujyapada
flourished in fifth or sixth century CE. He is said to have lived from 510 CE to 600 CE. Before initiation as a Digambara monk , he was known as _Devanandin_. He was heavily influenced by the writings of his predecessors like _Acharya_ Kundakunda and _Acharya_ Samantabhadra . He is rated as being the greatest of the early masters of Jain literature . He was prominent preceptor, with impeccable pontifical pedigree and spiritual lineage. He was a great yogi, sublime mystic, brilliant poet, noted scholar, eminent author and master of several branches of learning. He wrote in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
, in prose as well as verse form. He was pontiff of the _Nandi sangha_, which was a part of the lineage of _Acharya_ Kundakunda. He was the tenth guru of the pontifical lineage of the _Nandi Sangha_. He was born in a Brahmin family of Karnataka
Karnataka
. His parents were Madhava Bhatta and Shridevi.

It is likely that he was the first Jain saint to write not only on religion but also on secular subjects, such as ayurveda and Sanskrit grammar . _Acharya_ Pujyapada, besides being a profound scholar of the Jainism
Jainism
and a mendicant walking in the footsteps of the Jinas, was a grammarian, master of Sanskrit
Sanskrit
poetics and of ayurveda.

WORKS

_ Book cover of one of the English translation of Iṣṭopadeśa

* Iṣṭopadeśa_ (Divine Sermons) – It is a concise work of 51 verses. It deals with the real and ethical aspects of life using examples from our day to day lives. Acharya
Acharya
Pujyapada
Pujyapada
adumbrates the spiritual requirements that would transform our mundane lives into the sublime. Pujyapada
Pujyapada
differentiates between the important and the trivial, the essential and the non-essential and explains how the soul is different from its mortal coil. He goes a step further and explains that without realizing the essential difference between the eternal, i.e. the soul and the mutable, i.e. the body, all the devotion and all the meritorious deeds one performs shall not lead to liberation. * _Sarvārthasiddhi_ (Attainment of Higher Goals) - _ Sarvārthasiddhi
Sarvārthasiddhi
_ is a commentary on the Tattvārthasūtra , marked by precision and conciseness. It serves as the definitive _mula patha_ for all _ Digambara _ works on the _Tattvārthasūtra_. _Sarvārthasiddhi_ is the earliest surviving commentary on the _Tattvārthasūtra_, since an even earlier commentary, the _Gandhahastī Mahābhāṣya_ of _Acharya_ Samantabhadra , is no longer available. Not even the famed Jain manuscript libraries, known as _Grantha Bhandara_, have a copy of the _Gandhahastī Mahābhāṣya_. * _Jainendra Vyākaraṇa_ (Jainendra Grammar) - _Jainendra Vyākaraṇa_ deals with Sanskrit
Sanskrit
grammar and is considered as one of the finest early works on Sanskrit
Sanskrit
grammar. * _Samādhitantra_ (Method of Self-Contemplation) – It is a treatise on yoga and adhyatma , outlining the path to liberation through differentiating the soul from the body. This is a short work, succinctly written, with 106 verses. * _Daśabhaktyādisangraha_ (Collection of Ten Adorations) - a collection of the adoration of the essentials that help the soul in acquiring merit. The essentials include the Supreme Beings, the Scripture, the Perfect Conduct, and the sacred places like the Nandīśvara Dvīpa. * _Śāntyāṣṭaka_ (Hymn in Praise of Śāntinātha) - A poem of 8 verses in adoration of Bhagavān Śāntinātha, the 16th Tīrthankara. * _Śabdāvatāranyāsa_ (Arrangement of Words and their Forms) - A work on Sanskrit