A puisne judge or puisne justice (/ˈpjuːni/; French: puisné or
puîné, "junior") is a regular member of a court other than the
court's chief judge or chief justice, or any ex officio member of the
court (e.g. the
Chancellor of the High Court
Chancellor of the High Court with respect to the Court
of Appeal of England and Wales).
2 See also
4 External links
The term is used almost exclusively in common law jurisdictions such
as the jurisdiction of
England and Wales
England and Wales within the United Kingdom;
Australia, including its states and territories; Canada, including its
provinces and territories;
India and its constituent states; the
British possession of Gibraltar; Kenya; Sri Lanka; and Hong Kong.
In Australia, the most senior judge after a chief justice in superior
State courts is referred to as the "senior puisne judge". 
The term puisne judge/justice is not used by the United States,
notwithstanding its being a common law jurisdiction; nor by any of its
56 constituent states, territories or federal district - 51 of which
are common law jurisdictions, and three of which are quasi-common law
jurisdictions. Instead, the term associate justice is used by the
United States Supreme Court, the DC Court of Appeal, and by most
state and territorial high courts. The term associate judge is also
used throughout the United States, but this frequently means something
different from puisne or associate justice.
This is in keeping with standard American legal practice of utilizing
uniquely American legal terminologies within the American transition
of its primarily English Common Law-based system, but which includes
and respects the U.S. system's Scottish, Spanish and French
influences, within the context of, and subsequent to, the American
^ Hong Kong remains a common law jurisdiction under the principle of
"One Country, Two Systems" enacted prior to the repatriation of the
former British Crown Colony in 1997.
^ "Rules of the Supreme Court of Western
Australia 1971". Australian
Legal Information Institute. Archived from the original on 2018-01-07.
Retrieved July 13, 2017.
Puerto Rico are civil law jurisdictions; American
Samoa and the
Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands use a mix of local customary
law and common law; and under 1 VIC Sec. 4, the basic law of the U.S.
Virgin Islands is "The rules of the common law, as expressed in the
Law approved by American
Law Institute, and to the
extent not so expressed, as generally understood and applied in the
United States ... in the absence of local laws to the contrary."
^ 28 U.S. Code § 1.
Puisne Judge’s Office
Puisne judges of the Bombay High Court
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