Puerto Princesa, officially the City of Puerto Princesa, (Cuyonon:
Siyudad i'ang Puerto Princesa; Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa sang Puerto
Princesa; Filipino: Lungsod ng Puerto Princesa; Spanish: Ciudad de
Puerto Princesa), and often referred to as
Puerto Princesa City, is a
1st class Highly Urbanized City in the Philippines. According to the
2015 census, it has a population of 255,116 people.
It is a city located in the western province of Palawan, and
westernmost city in the Philippines. Though the seat of government and
capital for the province, the city itself is one of 38 independent
cities within the
Philippines not controlled by the province in which
it is geographically located and is therefore an independent area
located within Palawan.
It the least densely populated city in the Philippines. In terms of
land area, the city is the second largest geographically after Davao
City with an area of 2,381.02 square kilometres
(919.32 sq mi).
Puerto Princesa is the location of the
Philippines' Western Command headquarters.
Puerto Princesa is a popular tourist city with many beach
resorts and seafood restaurants. It has been acclaimed several times
as the cleanest and greenest city in the Philippines.
2.1 Spanish period
2.2 American period
2.3 Post World War II
8 Local government
9 Twin towns and sister cities
11 External links
Historically, the place was named after Maria Cristina, one of the
princesses born to
Isabella II of Spain
Isabella II of Spain and her consort, Francis, Duke
of Cádiz. When the princess suffered an untimely death, the Queen
changed the name to Puerto de la Princesa. Eventually, the name was
shortened to Puerto Princesa.
A 1904 map of Puerto Princesa
Spanish Colonizers founded the settlement on 4 March 1872 in the
course of their exploration of the province. As they scanned the
Palawan shoreline for a capital site, they came upon a hill with steep
declivity. Rowing to shore, they surveyed the hill and discovered an
extensive plateau which they decided as ideal for settlement.
Soon after, Fr. Antonio Muro levelled a portion of the hill to make
way for a chapel. (That section is now occupied by the Catholic
Cathedral, the P.C. Barracks and the
Rizal Park. The Old Municipal
Building used to be there, as well as an Elementary School). The first
mass celebrated in
Puerto Princesa took place at a site where a marker
In May 1872, the
Port of Puerto Princesa
Port of Puerto Princesa became the center of Spanish
Naval Operations in the area because the Bay met all the Navy’s
requirements. Royal Decrees later provided incentives to settlers, and
by 1883 the settlement had flourished into a town of twelve roads, a
hospital and well-built port.
Puerto Princesa was recognized by government authorities as
one of the most beautiful towns in the country by virtue of the
orderly distribution of streets, buildings and houses as well as the
cleanliness of the community.
In 1911, the New American Administration made
Puerto Princesa the seat
Palawan Provincial Government with Major John Brown as
In the year 1936, Governor Heginio Mendoza made a directive on the
transfer of the
Palawan High School (currently
School) from the island municipality of Cuyo to the central place of
the province, which was the Municipality of Puerto Princesa.
In 1951, the barrios of Tinitian, Caramay, Rizal, Del Pilar, Malcampo,
Tumarbong, Taradungan, Ilian, and Capayas were separated to form the
town of Roxas.
Post World War II
In 1955, the sitios of Materingen, Tandayag, Nasedoc, and Panlawagan
were separated from the barrio of Maroyogon and elevated into a
In 1956, the sitios of Calagbenguen, Tarabanan, Bendoyan, Talabigan,
Tagbuan, and Langogan were constituted into the barrio of
In 1957, the barrio of Tapul was renamed to Salvacion.
The town was converted into a city on 1 January 1970 under R.A. 5906
as amended by P.D. 437, through the effort of then Congressman Ramon
Mitra, Jr. Feliberto R. Oliveros, Jr. became the first City Mayor.
In May 2001,
Abu Sayyaf gunmen entered the luxury Dos Palmas Resort in
Honda Bay just off the coast of
Puerto Princesa and kidnapped 20
people from the resort, including four resort staff and three
Since its foundation,
Puerto Princesa has been the nerve center of
activities in Palawan. Aside from being the seat of public
administration, it is the heart of trade, commerce, service, and
industry in the province.
Puerto Princesa is located in the midsection of
Palawan Island. It is
bound to the east by the
Sulu Sea, to the west iby the South China
Sea, to the north by the municipalities of San Vicente and Roxas, and
to the south by the municipality of Aborlan. It is approximately 306
nautical miles (567 km) from the Philippine capital of Manila,
205 nautical miles (380 km) from Panay Island, and 250 nautical
miles (460 km) from
Zamboanga City on the southern Philippine
island of Mindanao.
66 areas (or districts) known throughout the
Philippines as barangays,
35 of which are classified as urban barangays and 31 as rural.
Puerto Princesa Underground River.
Administratively and politically,
Puerto Princesa is divided into 66
barangay or 1st to 2nd district s, 35 of which are classified as urban
barangays and 31 as rural.
Bagong Bayan (Rural)
Bagong Pag-Asa (Urban)
Bagong Sikat (Urban)
Bagong Silang (Urban)
Inagawan Sub-Colony (Rural)
Barangay ng mga Mangingisda (Rural)
New Panggangan (Rural)
San Jose (Urban)
San Manuel (Urban)
San Miguel (Urban)
San Pedro (Urban )
San Rafael (Rural)
Santa Cruz (Rural)
Santa Lourdes (Urban)
Santa Lucia (Rural)
Santa Monica (Urban)
San Isidro (Urban)
Puerto Princesa features a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen
climate classification Aw). It is usually wet from May to December and
with very little rain from January to April. Average temperature is
27.43 °C (81.37 °F) while the annual average rainfall is
1,563.8 millimetres (61.57 in) per year. It is warm and humid all
Climate data for
Puerto Princesa City
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.10 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
View of the Immaculate Conception Cathedral and
Population census of Puerto Princesa
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
In the 2015 census, the population of
Puerto Princesa was 255,116
people, with a density of 110 inhabitants per square kilometre or
280 inhabitants per square mile.
Waves of migrants from other Philippine provinces, and even other
countries, have turned
Puerto Princesa into a melting pot of various
cultures. Among the original inhabitants are the Cuyonons who have a
rich legacy of folklore and traditions. Indigenous groups include the
Tagbanwas, Palawanos, Molbogs and Bataks, each group with its distinct
culture and system of beliefs.
Total inhabitants number 255,116 (as of 2015), of which three-quarter
of the population resides in the city proper, an urban settlement on
the shores of
Puerto Princesa Bay. Although the predominant language
is Tagalog, Cuyonon is widely spoken and used throughout the whole
city, as well as Hiligaynon, other Visayan languages, and English.
Puerto Princesa is known as the Eco-Tourism Center of the Philippines.
In recent years, the city has seen a remarkable increase in the number
of tourists bringing with them trade and businesses for the city. Many
hotels ranging from basic to five-star luxury accommodations have been
developed since the 1990s to cater to a growing number of foreign and
local tourists in the city. There are also a large selection of
restaurants, bars and shopping malls, including the Robinsons Place
Palawan, NCCC Mall Palawan, Unitop Mall Puerto Princesa, as well as
the recently opened SM City Puerto Princesa.
Most tourists come to
Puerto Princesa to visit the Puerto Princesa
Subterranean River National Park located 50 km north of the city.
It was named one of the New7Wonders of Nature. The city is also the
jump-off point for exploring the Tubbataha Reef.
Puerto Princesa International Airport
Puerto Princesa International Airport
Puerto Princesa International Airport is within the city proper.
Puerto Princesa is accessible by direct flights to and from the major
cities of the Philippines, such as Manila, Cebu, Davao,
Clark, as well as other parts of Palawan, such as Cuyo, Busuanga, San
Vicente and El Nido.
The city is served by domestic passenger ferries to Cuyo, Manila,
Iloilo at the Port of Puerto Princesa.
The main modes of transport are via tricycles, jeepneys and
vans-for-hire (or PUVs/public utility vehicles).
operating since April 2015, plying through the city center and nearby
tourist destinations. Provincial buses and jeepneys operate from the
San Jose terminal located 7 km north of the city center off the
Puerto Princesa then
Edward S. Hagedorn
Edward S. Hagedorn unveiled the
environment-friendly and economical electric-powered “Trikebayan”
(which does not emit any noise or carbon monoxide) at the Kapihan sa
Sulo forum, Sulo Hotel,
Quezon City. The Trikebayan costs only P48 or
$1.20 per day to operate, while a gasoline-powered tricycle operation
would cost P200. Rolly Concepcion, who conceptualized the Trikebayan,
said that converting a tricycle engine to electric costs P68,000. The
rechargeable battery under the passenger seat can run for 12
hours. Mr. Conception died before the project was completed.
This did not discourage the previous mayor Hagedorn from pursuing a
dream of seeing all electric vehicles, especially replacing the gas
tricycles in the city. There was a dealership for these trikes on the
north highway but it closed down in 2011.
Puerto Princesa has this bold plan for electric vehicles, the
municipal government and tourist office has stated (when asked by a
tourist in August 2011), that it has no published or announced plan
for providing for the current and future needs and safety of
pedestrians or bicycle riders. Spaces for walking and bicycling from
one place to another are not being considered.
Hospitals in the city include the MMG-PPC Cooperative Hospital,
Ospital ng Palawan,
Palawan Adventist Hospital,
Palawan Medical City,
and PuertoGen Clinics & Infirmary
Elected and appointed public officials have governed Puerto Princesa,
with a strong mayor-council government. The city political government
is composed of the mayor, vice mayor, ten councilors, one Sangguniang
Kabataan (SK) Federation representative and an Association of Barangay
Captains (ABC) representative. Each official is elected publicly to a
The following are the current city officials of Puerto Princesa:
House of Representatives Congressman: Gil P. Acosta (NPC)
Mayor: Lucilo R. Bayron (NPC)
Vice Mayor: Luis Marcaida III
Maria Nancy M. Socrates
Modesto "Jonjie" Rodriguez II
Gregorio Roy Ventura
Twin towns and sister cities
Santiago City, Philippines
Quezon City, Philippines
Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia
Maui County, Hawaii, USA
^ Puerto Princesa: The Philippines' Cleanest and Greenest City
September 12, 2012
^ "Province: Palawan". PSGC Interactive.
Quezon City, Philippines:
Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total
Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA.
Retrieved 20 June 2016.
^ Sea Tensions Deepen With China's Rise June 7, 2012
^ Tourist city venue for PNRC event.(Tourism), highbeam.com
^ "R.A. No. 615, An act creating the municipality of Roxas, province
of Palawan". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
^ "R.A. No. 1234, An Act Creating the Barrio of Manalo, Municipality
of Puerto Princesa, Province of Palawan". LawPH.com. Retrieved
^ "R.A. No. 1527, An Act Constituting the Sitios of Calagbenguen,
Tarabanan, Bendoyan, Talabigan, Tagbuan and Langogan, Municipality of
Puerto Princesa, Province of Palawan, into a Barrio to Be Known As
Concepcion". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
^ "R.A. No. 2024, An Act Changing the Name of Barrio Tapul,
Municipality of Puerto Princesa, Province of Palawan, to Barrio
Salvacion". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
^ "Filipino rebel group claim kidnappings". BBC News. 28 May 2001.
Retrieved 27 November 2012.
^ Municipality/City: PUERTO PRINCESA CITY (Capital), National
Statistical Coordination Board.
^ "Climatological Normals of the
Philippines (1951-1985) (PAGASA
1987)" (PDF). PAGASA. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)".
Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO.
Retrieved 29 June 2016.
^ Censuses of Population (1903 – 2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)".
Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly
Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
^ "Province of Palawan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water
Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December
^ Inquirer.net, Finally, a tricycle we could all love Archived
2008-01-20 at the Wayback Machine.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Puerto Princesa.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Puerto Princesa.
Puerto Princesa website
Places adjacent to Puerto Princesa
South China Sea
Puerto Princesa City
Honda Bay (
Sulu Sea) / Cagayancillo
Articles Related to Puerto Princesa
Province of Palawan
Puerto Princesa (capital)
Highly urbanized city
Puerto Princesa (Administratively independent from the province but
Palawan by the Philippine Statistics Authority.)
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Luzon, Republic of the Philippines
Cities of the Philippines
Cagayan de Oro
San Carlos, Negros Occidental
San Carlos, Pangasinan
San Fernando, La Union
San Fernando, Pampanga
San Jose del Monte
Talisay, Negros Occidental
Provincial capital cities and municipalities of the Philippines
Apayao: Kabugao / Luna1
Benguet: La Trinidad
Camarines Norte: Daet
Camarines Sur: Pili
Imus / Trece Martires1
Ilocos Norte: Laoag
Ilocos Sur: Vigan
La Union: San Fernando
Laguna: Santa Cruz
Mountain Province: Bontoc
Nueva Ecija: Palayan
Nueva Vizcaya: Bayombong
Occidental Mindoro: Mamburao
Oriental Mindoro: Calapan
Palawan: Puerto Princesa
Pampanga: San Fernando
Antique: San Jose de Buenavista
Eastern Samar: Borongan
Negros Occidental: Bacolod
Negros Oriental: Dumaguete
Northern Samar: Catarman
Southern Leyte: Maasin
Agusan del Norte:
Cabadbaran / Butuan1
Agusan del Sur: Prosperidad
Compostela Valley: Nabunturan
Davao del Norte: Tagum
Davao del Sur: Digos
Davao Occidental: Malita
Davao Oriental: Mati
Dinagat Islands: San Jose
Lanao del Norte: Tubod
Lanao del Sur: Marawi
Maguindanao: Buluan / Sultan Kudarat2
Misamis Occidental: Oroquieta
Cagayan de Oro
South Cotabato: Koronadal
Sultan Kudarat: Isulan
Surigao del Norte: Surigao City
Surigao del Sur: Tandag
Zamboanga del Norte: Dipolog
Zamboanga del Sur: Pagadian
Zamboanga Sibugay: Ipil
1 de facto seat of provincial government · 2 seat of legislative
branch of pro