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Puerto Princesa, officially the City of Puerto Princesa, (Cuyonon: Siyudad i'ang Puerto Princesa; Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa sang Puerto Princesa; Filipino: Lungsod ng Puerto Princesa; Spanish: Ciudad de Puerto Princesa), and often referred to as Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
City, is a 1st class Highly Urbanized City in the Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 255,116 people.[4] It is a city located in the western province of Palawan, and westernmost city in the Philippines. Though the seat of government and capital for the province, the city itself is one of 38 independent cities within the Philippines
Philippines
not controlled by the province in which it is geographically located and is therefore an independent area located within Palawan. It the least densely populated city in the Philippines. In terms of land area, the city is the second largest geographically after Davao City with an area of 2,381.02 square kilometres (919.32 sq mi). Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
is the location of the Philippines' Western Command headquarters.[5] Today, Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
is a popular tourist city with many beach resorts and seafood restaurants. It has been acclaimed several times as the cleanest and greenest city in the Philippines.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Spanish period 2.2 American period 2.3 Post World War II

3 Geography

3.1 Barangays 3.2 Climate

4 Demographics 5 Economy 6 Transportation

6.1 Air 6.2 Sea 6.3 Land

6.3.1 E-tricycle

7 Health 8 Local government 9 Twin towns and sister cities

9.1 Local 9.2 International

10 References 11 External links

Etymology[edit] Historically, the place was named after Maria Cristina, one of the princesses born to Isabella II of Spain
Isabella II of Spain
and her consort, Francis, Duke of Cádiz. When the princess suffered an untimely death, the Queen changed the name to Puerto de la Princesa. Eventually, the name was shortened to Puerto Princesa.[6] History[edit] Spanish period[edit]

A 1904 map of Puerto Princesa

Spanish Colonizers founded the settlement on 4 March 1872 in the course of their exploration of the province. As they scanned the Palawan
Palawan
shoreline for a capital site, they came upon a hill with steep declivity. Rowing to shore, they surveyed the hill and discovered an extensive plateau which they decided as ideal for settlement. Soon after, Fr. Antonio Muro levelled a portion of the hill to make way for a chapel. (That section is now occupied by the Catholic Cathedral, the P.C. Barracks and the Rizal
Rizal
Park. The Old Municipal Building used to be there, as well as an Elementary School). The first mass celebrated in Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
took place at a site where a marker now stands. In May 1872, the Port of Puerto Princesa
Port of Puerto Princesa
became the center of Spanish Naval Operations in the area because the Bay met all the Navy’s requirements. Royal Decrees later provided incentives to settlers, and by 1883 the settlement had flourished into a town of twelve roads, a hospital and well-built port. In 1894, Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
was recognized by government authorities as one of the most beautiful towns in the country by virtue of the orderly distribution of streets, buildings and houses as well as the cleanliness of the community. American period[edit] In 1911, the New American Administration made Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
the seat of the Palawan
Palawan
Provincial Government with Major John Brown as Lieutenant Governor. In the year 1936, Governor Heginio Mendoza made a directive on the transfer of the Palawan
Palawan
High School (currently Palawan
Palawan
National School) from the island municipality of Cuyo to the central place of the province, which was the Municipality of Puerto Princesa.[7] In 1951, the barrios of Tinitian, Caramay, Rizal, Del Pilar, Malcampo, Tumarbong, Taradungan, Ilian, and Capayas were separated to form the town of Roxas.[8] Post World War II[edit] In 1955, the sitios of Materingen, Tandayag, Nasedoc, and Panlawagan were separated from the barrio of Maroyogon and elevated into a barrio.[9] In 1956, the sitios of Calagbenguen, Tarabanan, Bendoyan, Talabigan, Tagbuan, and Langogan were constituted into the barrio of Concepcion.[10] In 1957, the barrio of Tapul was renamed to Salvacion.[11] The town was converted into a city on 1 January 1970 under R.A. 5906 as amended by P.D. 437, through the effort of then Congressman Ramon Mitra, Jr. Feliberto R. Oliveros, Jr. became the first City Mayor. In May 2001, Abu Sayyaf
Abu Sayyaf
gunmen entered the luxury Dos Palmas Resort in Honda Bay
Honda Bay
just off the coast of Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
and kidnapped 20 people from the resort, including four resort staff and three Americans.[12] Since its foundation, Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
has been the nerve center of activities in Palawan. Aside from being the seat of public administration, it is the heart of trade, commerce, service, and industry in the province. Geography[edit] Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
is located in the midsection of Palawan
Palawan
Island. It is bound to the east by the Sulu
Sulu
Sea, to the west iby the South China Sea, to the north by the municipalities of San Vicente and Roxas, and to the south by the municipality of Aborlan. It is approximately 306 nautical miles (567 km) from the Philippine capital of Manila, 205 nautical miles (380 km) from Panay Island, and 250 nautical miles (460 km) from Zamboanga City
Zamboanga City
on the southern Philippine island of Mindanao. 66 areas (or districts) known throughout the Philippines
Philippines
as barangays, 35 of which are classified as urban barangays and 31 as rural.

The Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
Underground River.

Barangays[edit] Administratively and politically, Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
is divided into 66 barangay or 1st to 2nd district s, 35 of which are classified as urban barangays and 31 as rural.[13]

Babuyan (Rural) Bacungan (Rural) Bagong Bayan (Rural) Bagong Pag-Asa (Urban) Bagong Sikat (Urban) Bagong Silang (Urban) Bahile (Rural) Bancao-bancao (Urban) Binduyan (Rural) Buenavista (Rural) Cabayugan (Rural) Concepcion (Rural) Inagawan (Rural) Inagawan Sub-Colony (Rural) Irawan (Urban) Iwahig (Rural) Kalipay (Urban) Kamuning (Rural) Langogan (Rural) Liwanag (Rural) Lucbuan (Rural) Luzviminda (Rural) Mabuhay (Urban) Macarascas (Rural) Magkakaibigan (Urban) Maligaya (Urban) Manalo (Rural) Mandaragat (Urban) Manggahan (Urban) Barangay
Barangay
ng mga Mangingisda (Rural) Maningning (Urban) Maoyon (Rural) Marufinas (Rural) Maruyogon (Rural) Masigla (Urban) Masikap (Urban) Masipag (Urban) Matahimik (Urban) Matiyaga (Urban) Maunlad (Urban) Milagrosa (Urban) Model (Urban) Montible (Rural) Napsan (Rural) New Panggangan (Rural) Pagkakaisa (Urban) Princesa (Urban) Salvacion (Rural) San Jose (Urban) San Manuel (Urban) San Miguel (Urban) San Pedro (Urban ) San Rafael (Rural) Santa Cruz (Rural) Santa Lourdes (Urban) Santa Lucia (Rural) Santa Monica (Urban) San Isidro (Urban) Sicsican (Urban) Simpocan (Rural) Tagabinit (Rural) Tagburos (Urban) Tagumpay (Urban) Tanabag (Rural) Tanglaw (Urban) Tiniguiban (Urban)

Climate[edit] Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
features a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). It is usually wet from May to December and with very little rain from January to April. Average temperature is 27.43 °C (81.37 °F) while the annual average rainfall is 1,563.8 millimetres (61.57 in) per year. It is warm and humid all year round.

Climate data for Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
City

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 30.7 (87.3) 31.2 (88.2) 32.0 (89.6) 32.9 (91.2) 32.5 (90.5) 31.3 (88.3) 30.9 (87.6) 30.9 (87.6) 30.9 (87.6) 31.0 (87.8) 30.9 (87.6) 30.7 (87.3) 31.33 (88.38)

Daily mean °C (°F) 26.8 (80.2) 26.9 (80.4) 27.7 (81.9) 28.6 (83.5) 28.5 (83.3) 27.6 (81.7) 27.2 (81) 27.2 (81) 27.2 (81) 27.2 (81) 27.2 (81) 27.1 (80.8) 27.43 (81.4)

Average low °C (°F) 22.7 (72.9) 22.6 (72.7) 23.2 (73.8) 24.2 (75.6) 24.5 (76.1) 23.9 (75) 23.4 (74.1) 23.4 (74.1) 23.4 (74.1) 23.4 (74.1) 23.4 (74.1) 23.3 (73.9) 23.45 (74.21)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 30.7 (1.209) 16.7 (0.657) 37.2 (1.465) 42.4 (1.669) 142.4 (5.606) 184.2 (7.252) 177.6 (6.992) 183.6 (7.228) 196.4 (7.732) 210.0 (8.268) 205.2 (8.079) 137.4 (5.409) 1,563.8 (61.566)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.10 mm) 4 2 4 5 12 15 16 17 16 16 14 9 130

Average relative humidity (%) 83 81 79 80 82 85 86 86 86 87 86 86 83.9

Source: PAGASA[14]

Demographics[edit]

View of the Immaculate Conception Cathedral and Rizal
Rizal
Park

Population census of Puerto Princesa

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 1,208 —    

1918 6,427 +11.79%

1939 10,887 +2.54%

1948 15,177 +3.76%

1960 23,125 +3.57%

1970 37,774 +5.02%

1975 45,709 +3.90%

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1980 60,234 +5.67%

1990 92,147 +4.34%

1995 129,577 +6.60%

2000 161,912 +4.89%

2007 210,508 +3.69%

2010 222,673 +2.07%

2015 255,116 +2.62%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][15][16][17]

In the 2015 census, the population of Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
was 255,116 people,[4] with a density of 110 inhabitants per square kilometre or 280 inhabitants per square mile. Waves of migrants from other Philippine provinces, and even other countries, have turned Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
into a melting pot of various cultures. Among the original inhabitants are the Cuyonons who have a rich legacy of folklore and traditions. Indigenous groups include the Tagbanwas, Palawanos, Molbogs and Bataks, each group with its distinct culture and system of beliefs. Total inhabitants number 255,116 (as of 2015), of which three-quarter of the population resides in the city proper, an urban settlement on the shores of Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
Bay. Although the predominant language is Tagalog, Cuyonon is widely spoken and used throughout the whole city, as well as Hiligaynon, other Visayan languages, and English. Economy[edit] Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
is known as the Eco-Tourism Center of the Philippines. In recent years, the city has seen a remarkable increase in the number of tourists bringing with them trade and businesses for the city. Many hotels ranging from basic to five-star luxury accommodations have been developed since the 1990s to cater to a growing number of foreign and local tourists in the city. There are also a large selection of restaurants, bars and shopping malls, including the Robinsons Place Palawan, NCCC Mall Palawan, Unitop Mall Puerto Princesa, as well as the recently opened SM City Puerto Princesa. Most tourists come to Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
to visit the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park located 50 km north of the city. It was named one of the New7Wonders of Nature. The city is also the jump-off point for exploring the Tubbataha Reef. Transportation[edit]

The Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
International Airport

Air[edit] The Puerto Princesa International Airport
Puerto Princesa International Airport
is within the city proper. Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
is accessible by direct flights to and from the major cities of the Philippines, such as Manila, Cebu, Davao, Iloilo
Iloilo
& Clark, as well as other parts of Palawan, such as Cuyo, Busuanga, San Vicente and El Nido. Sea[edit] The city is served by domestic passenger ferries to Cuyo, Manila, Coron and Iloilo
Iloilo
at the Port of Puerto Princesa. Land[edit] The main modes of transport are via tricycles, jeepneys and vans-for-hire (or PUVs/public utility vehicles). Taxis started operating since April 2015, plying through the city center and nearby tourist destinations. Provincial buses and jeepneys operate from the San Jose terminal located 7 km north of the city center off the National Highway. E-tricycle[edit] Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
then Mayor
Mayor
Edward S. Hagedorn
Edward S. Hagedorn
unveiled the environment-friendly and economical electric-powered “Trikebayan” (which does not emit any noise or carbon monoxide) at the Kapihan sa Sulo forum, Sulo Hotel, Quezon
Quezon
City. The Trikebayan costs only P48 or $1.20 per day to operate, while a gasoline-powered tricycle operation would cost P200. Rolly Concepcion, who conceptualized the Trikebayan, said that converting a tricycle engine to electric costs P68,000. The rechargeable battery under the passenger seat can run for 12 hours.[18] Mr. Conception died before the project was completed. This did not discourage the previous mayor Hagedorn from pursuing a dream of seeing all electric vehicles, especially replacing the gas tricycles in the city. There was a dealership for these trikes on the north highway but it closed down in 2011. Although Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
has this bold plan for electric vehicles, the municipal government and tourist office has stated (when asked by a tourist in August 2011), that it has no published or announced plan for providing for the current and future needs and safety of pedestrians or bicycle riders. Spaces for walking and bicycling from one place to another are not being considered. Health[edit] Hospitals in the city include the MMG-PPC Cooperative Hospital, Ospital ng Palawan, Palawan
Palawan
Adventist Hospital, Palawan
Palawan
Medical City, and PuertoGen Clinics & Infirmary Local government[edit] Elected and appointed public officials have governed Puerto Princesa, with a strong mayor-council government. The city political government is composed of the mayor, vice mayor, ten councilors, one Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Federation representative and an Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) representative. Each official is elected publicly to a three-year terms. The following are the current city officials of Puerto Princesa:

House of Representatives Congressman: Gil P. Acosta (NPC) Mayor: Lucilo R. Bayron (NPC) Vice Mayor: Luis Marcaida III Councilors: (NPC)

Maria Nancy M. Socrates Rolando Amurao Nesario Awat Jimmy Carbonell Henry Gadiano Peter Maristela Matthew Mendoza Victor Oliveros Modesto "Jonjie" Rodriguez II Gregorio Roy Ventura

Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Local[edit]

Santiago City, Philippines Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines

International[edit]

Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia Hsinchu, Taiwan Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia Maui County, Hawaii, USA

References[edit]

^ Puerto Princesa: The Philippines' Cleanest and Greenest City September 12, 2012 ^ ^ "Province: Palawan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ Sea Tensions Deepen With China's Rise June 7, 2012 ^ Tourist city venue for PNRC event.(Tourism), highbeam.com ^ http://pns.smartschools.ph/ ^ "R.A. No. 615, An act creating the municipality of Roxas, province of Palawan". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.  ^ "R.A. No. 1234, An Act Creating the Barrio of Manalo, Municipality of Puerto Princesa, Province of Palawan". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11.  ^ "R.A. No. 1527, An Act Constituting the Sitios of Calagbenguen, Tarabanan, Bendoyan, Talabigan, Tagbuan and Langogan, Municipality of Puerto Princesa, Province of Palawan, into a Barrio to Be Known As Concepcion". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.  ^ "R.A. No. 2024, An Act Changing the Name of Barrio Tapul, Municipality of Puerto Princesa, Province of Palawan, to Barrio Salvacion". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-13.  ^ "Filipino rebel group claim kidnappings". BBC News. 28 May 2001. Retrieved 27 November 2012.  ^ Municipality/City: PUERTO PRINCESA CITY (Capital), National Statistical Coordination Board. ^ "Climatological Normals of the Philippines
Philippines
(1951-1985) (PAGASA 1987)" (PDF). PAGASA. Retrieved 18 April 2015.  ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Censuses of Population (1903 – 2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.  ^ "Province of Palawan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.  ^ Inquirer.net, Finally, a tricycle we could all love Archived 2008-01-20 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Puerto Princesa.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Puerto Princesa.

Official City Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
website

Places adjacent to Puerto Princesa

South China Sea

San Vicente Roxas

Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
City

Honda Bay
Honda Bay
( Sulu
Sulu
Sea) / Cagayancillo

Aborlan

Sulu
Sulu
Sea

Articles Related to Puerto Princesa

v t e

Province of Palawan

Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
(capital)

Municipalities

Aborlan Agutaya Araceli Balabac Bataraza Brooke's Point Busuanga Cagayancillo Coron Culion Cuyo Dumaran El Nido Kalayaan Linapacan Magsaysay Narra Quezon Rizal Roxas San Vicente Sofronio Española Taytay

Highly urbanized city

Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
(Administratively independent from the province but grouped under Palawan
Palawan
by the Philippine Statistics Authority.)

v t e

Southwestern Tagalog Region (MIMAROPA Region)

MIndoro, MArinduque, ROmblon, PAlawan

Regional Center

Calapan

Provinces

Marinduque Occidental Mindoro Oriental Mindoro Palawan Romblon

Highly Urbanized City

Puerto Princesa

Component City

Calapan

Provincial Capitals

Boac Calapan Mamburao Puerto Princesa Romblon

Municipalities

Aborlan Abra de Ilog Agutaya Alcantara Araceli Baco Balabac Bansud Banton Bataraza Boac Bongabong Brooke's Point Buenavista Bulalacao Busuanga Cagayancillo Cajidiocan Calatrava Calintaan Concepcion Corcuera Coron Cuyo Dumaran El Nido Ferrol Gasan Gloria Kalayaan Linapacan Looc (Occidental Mindoro) Looc (Romblon) Lubang Magdiwang Magsaysay (Occidental Mindoro) Magsaysay (Palawan) Mamburao Mansalay Mogpog Narra Naujan Odiongan Paluan Pinamalayan Pola Puerto Galera Quezon Rizal
Rizal
(Occidental Mindoro) Rizal
Rizal
(Palawan) Romblon Roxas (Oriental Mindoro) Roxas (Palawan) Sablayan San Agustin San Andres San Fernando San Jose (Occidental Mindoro) San Jose (Romblon) San Teodoro San Vicente Santa Cruz (Marinduque) Santa Cruz (Occidental Mindoro) Santa Fe Santa Maria Socorro Sofronio Española Taytay Torrijos Victoria

Luzon, Republic of the Philippines

v t e

Cities of the Philippines

Highly Urbanized Cities

Angeles Bacolod Baguio Butuan Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Caloocan Cebu
Cebu
City Davao City General Santos Iligan Iloilo
Iloilo
City Lapu-Lapu Las Piñas Lucena Makati Malabon Mandaluyong Mandaue Manila Marikina Muntinlupa Navotas Olongapo Parañaque Pasay Pasig Puerto Princesa Quezon
Quezon
City San Juan Tacloban Taguig Valenzuela Zamboanga City

Independent Component Cities

Cotabato
Cotabato
City Dagupan Naga Ormoc Santiago

Component Cities

Alaminos Antipolo Bacoor Bago Bais Balanga Batac Batangas
Batangas
City Bayawan Baybay Bayugan Biñan Bislig Bogo Borongan Cabadbaran Cabanatuan Cabuyao Cadiz Calamba Calapan Calbayog Candon Canlaon Carcar Catbalogan Cauayan Cavite
Cavite
City Danao Dapitan Dasmariñas Digos Dipolog Dumaguete El Salvador Escalante Gapan General Trias Gingoog Guihulngan Himamaylan Ilagan Imus Iriga Isabela Kabankalan Kidapawan Koronadal La Carlota Lamitan Laoag Legazpi Ligao Lipa Maasin Mabalacat Malaybalay Malolos Marawi Masbate
Masbate
City Mati Meycauayan Muñoz Naga, Cebu Oroquieta Ozamiz Pagadian Palayan Panabo Passi Roxas Sagay Samal San Carlos, Negros Occidental San Carlos, Pangasinan San Fernando, La Union San Fernando, Pampanga San Jose San Jose del Monte San Pablo San Pedro Santa Rosa Silay Sipalay Sorsogon
Sorsogon
City Surigao City Tabaco Tabuk Tacurong Tagaytay Tagbilaran Tagum Talisay, Cebu Talisay, Negros Occidental Tanauan Tandag Tangub Tanjay Tarlac
Tarlac
City Tayabas Toledo Trece Martires Tuguegarao Urdaneta Valencia Victorias Vigan

v t e

Provincial capital cities and municipalities of the Philippines

Luzon

Abra: Bangued Albay: Legazpi Apayao: Kabugao / Luna1 Aurora: Baler Bataan: Balanga Batanes: Basco Batangas: Batangas
Batangas
City Benguet: La Trinidad Bulacan: Malolos Cagayan: Tuguegarao Camarines Norte: Daet Camarines Sur: Pili Catanduanes: Virac Cavite: Imus
Imus
/ Trece Martires1 Ifugao: Lagawe Ilocos Norte: Laoag Ilocos Sur: Vigan Isabela: Ilagan Kalinga: Tabuk La Union: San Fernando Laguna: Santa Cruz Marinduque: Boac Masbate: Masbate
Masbate
City Mountain Province: Bontoc Nueva Ecija: Palayan Nueva Vizcaya: Bayombong Occidental Mindoro: Mamburao Oriental Mindoro: Calapan Palawan: Puerto Princesa Pampanga: San Fernando Pangasinan: Lingayen Quezon: Lucena Quirino: Cabarroguis Rizal: Antipolo Romblon: Romblon Sorsogon: Sorsogon
Sorsogon
City Tarlac: Tarlac
Tarlac
City Zambales: Iba

Visayas

Aklan: Kalibo Antique: San Jose de Buenavista Biliran: Naval Bohol: Tagbilaran Capiz: Roxas Cebu: Cebu
Cebu
City Eastern Samar: Borongan Guimaras: Jordan Iloilo: Iloilo
Iloilo
City Leyte: Tacloban Negros Occidental: Bacolod Negros Oriental: Dumaguete Northern Samar: Catarman Samar: Catbalogan Siquijor: Siquijor Southern Leyte: Maasin

Mindanao

Agusan del Norte: Cabadbaran
Cabadbaran
/ Butuan1 Agusan del Sur: Prosperidad Basilan: Lamitan Bukidnon: Malaybalay Camiguin: Mambajao Compostela Valley: Nabunturan Cotabato: Kidapawan Davao del Norte: Tagum Davao del Sur: Digos Davao Occidental: Malita Davao Oriental: Mati Dinagat Islands: San Jose Lanao del Norte: Tubod Lanao del Sur: Marawi Maguindanao: Buluan / Sultan Kudarat2 Misamis Occidental: Oroquieta Misamis Oriental: Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro Sarangani: Alabel South Cotabato: Koronadal Sultan Kudarat: Isulan Sulu: Jolo Surigao del Norte: Surigao City Surigao del Sur: Tandag Tawi-Tawi: Bongao Zamboanga del Norte: Dipolog Zamboanga del Sur: Pagadian Zamboanga Sibugay: Ipil

1 de facto seat of provincial government · 2 seat of legislative branch of pro

.