A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday
generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during
Sovereign nations and territories observe holidays based on events of
significance to their history, such as the National Day. For example,
Australians celebrate Australia Day.
They vary by country and may vary by year. With 36 days a year, Nepal
is the country with the highest number of public holidays but it
observes six working days a week.
India ranks second with 21 national
holidays, followed by
Colombia and the
Philippines at 18 each.
Hong Kong enjoy 17 public breaks a year. Some
countries (e.g. Cambodia) with a longer, six-day workweek, have more
holidays (28) to compensate.
The public holidays are generally days of celebration, like the
anniversary of a significant historical event, or can be a religious
celebration like Christmas. Holidays can land on a specific day of the
year, be tied to a certain day of the week in a certain month or
follow other calendar systems like the Lunar Calendar.
Journée de solidarité envers les personnes âgées (Day of
solidarity with the elderly) is a notable exception. This holiday
became a mandatory working day although the French Council of State
confirmed it remains a holiday.
A civic holiday, civil holiday, or work holiday is a day that is
legally recognized and celebrated as a holiday in a particular
sovereign state or jurisdictional subdivision of such, e.g., a state
or a province. It is usually a day that the legislature, parliament,
congress, or sovereign has declared by statute, edict, or decree as a
non-working day when the official arms of government such as the court
system are closed. In federal states there may also be different
holidays for the constituent states or provinces, as in the United
States where holidays that were established by the federal government
are called federal holidays. Such days may or may not be counted in
calculating the statute of limitations in legal actions and are
usually days when non-custodial parents are given alternating
visitation or access to their children from a prior marriage or
relationship according to a parenting schedule.
The term may also be used to distinguish between days that may be
celebrated as secular holidays rather than religious holidays such as
the celebration of New Year's Day on January 1 (Gregorian calendar)
and January 14 (Julian Calendar) in certain eastern Orthodox Christian
countries such as Russia.
List of holidays by country
Category:Lists of public holidays by country
^ Jha, Manish (7 October 2016). "Regular breaks". Nepali Times.
Retrieved 14 October 2016.
^ O'Byrne, Brendan; Hor, Kimsay (22 February 2018). "Can Cambodia stay
competitive with so many public holidays?". The Phnom Penh Post.
Retrieved 23 Fe