PTOLEMY II PHILADELPHUS (Greek : Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaîos Philádelphos, 309–246 BCE) was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 to 246 BCE. He was the son of the founder of the Ptolemaic kingdom Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice , and was educated by Philitas of Cos . He had two half-brothers, Ptolemy Keraunos and Meleager , who both became kings of Macedonia (in 281 BCE and 279 BCE respectively), and who both died in the Gallic invasion of 280–279 BCE. Ptolemy was first married to Arsinoë I , daughter of Lysimachus , who was the mother of his legitimate children; after her repudiation he married his full sister Arsinoë II , the widow of Lysimachus.
During Ptolemy's reign, the material and literary splendour of the
Alexandrian court was at its height. He promoted the Museum and
* 1 Reign
* 1.1 Family * 1.2 Court
* 2 Relations with
Ptolemy II began his reign as co-regent with his father Ptolemy I
from c. 285 BCE to c. 283 BCE, and maintained a splendid court in
Egypt was involved in several wars during his reign. Magas of Cyrene
opened war on his half-brother (274 BCE), and the Seleucid king
Antiochus I Soter , desiring
In 270 BCE Ptolemy hired 4,000 Gallic mercenaries (who in 279 BCE
Bolgios killed his half-brother
Ptolemy Keraunos ). According to
Pausanias , soon after arrival the
The victory won by
Antigonus II Gonatas , king of Macedonia, over the
Egyptian fleet at Cos (between 258 BCE and 256 BCE) did not long
interrupt Ptolemy's command of the
Ptolemy was of a delicate constitution. Elias Joseph Bickermann (Chronology of the Ancient World, 2nd ed. 1980) gives the date of his death as 29 January.
Ptolemy's first wife, Arsinoë I , daughter of Lysimachus , was the mother of his legitimate children:
After her repudiation he married his full sister Arsinoë II , the widow of Lysimachus, which brought him her Aegean possessions.
He also had several concubines . With a woman named Bilistiche he had
an (illegitimate) son named Ptolemy Andromachou This granite
statue depicts Ptolemy II in the traditional canon of ancient Egyptian
Walters Art Museum ,
He had many mistresses , including Agathoclea (?), Aglais (?) daughter of Megacles, the cupbearer Cleino, Didyme, the Chian harp player Glauce, the flautist Mnesis, the actress Myrtion, the flautist Pothine and Stratonice , and his court, magnificent and dissolute, intellectual and artificial, has been compared with the Versailles of Louis XIV .
Ptolemy deified his parents and his sister-wife after their deaths.
The material and literary splendour of the Alexandrian court was at
its height under Ptolemy II. Pomp and splendor flourished. He had
exotic animals of far off lands sent to Alexandria, and staged a
The tradition preserved in the pseudepigraphical Letter of Aristeas
which connects the
RELATIONS WITH INDIA
Ptolemy is recorded by
Pliny the Elder
He is also mentioned in the Edicts of
* Library of
* ^ Clayton (2006) p. 208
* ^ "Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt".
* Mookerji, Radha Kumud (1988) , Chandragupta Maurya and his times (4th ed.), Motilal Banarsidass , ISBN 81-208-0433-3
* Clayton, Peter A. (2006). Chronicles of the Pharaohs: the
reign-by-reign record of the rulers and dynasties of ancient Egypt.
Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-28628-0 .
* Marquaille, Céline (2008). "The Foreign Policy of Ptolemy II". In
McKechnie, Paul R.; Guillaume, Philippe.
Ptolemy II Philadelphus
* O'Neil, James L. (2008). "A Re-Examination of the Chremonidean War". In McKechnie, Paul R.; Guillaume, Philippe. Ptolemy II Philadelphus and his World. Leiden and Boston: BRILL. pp. 65–90. ISBN 9789004170896 . * This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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