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Ptolemais Hermiou
Ptolemais Hermiou
or Ptolemais in the Thebaid
Thebaid
was a city and Metropolitan Archbishopric in Greco-Roman Egypt
Egypt
and remains a Catholic titular see. Today, the city of El Mansha[1] in the Sohag Governorate
Sohag Governorate
is located where the ancient city used to be.

Contents

1 History 2 Titular see 3 Notes 4 Source and External links

History[edit] Ptolemais Hermiou
Ptolemais Hermiou
was established on the west bank of the Nile
Nile
at the site of the Egyptian village of Psoï in the Thinis
Thinis
nome by Ptolemy I Soter sometime after 312 BCE[2] to be the capital of Upper Egypt.[3] According to Strabo, it was the largest city in the Thebaid, equal to Memphis in size. It also had its own constitution, an assembly with elected magistrates and judges not unlike a traditional Greek polis. Greek settlers to the city were brought over from the Peloponnese
Peloponnese
and northern Greece.[4] The city housed temples to Greek and Egyptian gods (Zeus, Dionysus, Isis) as well as a cult for the worship of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. There was also a theater and actor's guild present in the city.[5] Titular see[edit] The provincial capital and hence Metropolitan archdiocese of the Late Roman province
Roman province
of Thebais Secunda, which had faded, was nominally restored as a Latin Metropolitan titular archbishopric in the late 19th century as Ptolemais antea Syis, renamed simply Ptolemais in 1025, Ptolemais in Thebaide in 1933. It has been vacant for decades, having had the following incumbents of the highest rank :

Lorenzo Passerini (1892.07.11 – 1901.04.18), later Titular Latin Patriarch of Antioch
Antioch
(1901.04.18 – 1915.12.13) Luigi Canali, Franciscans
Franciscans
(O.F.M. Obs.) (1901.08.03 – 1905.04.22) José Marcondes Homem de Melo (1906.12.06 – 1908.08.09) Raffaele Virili (1915.01.14 – 1925.03.09) Paolo Giobbe
Paolo Giobbe
(1925.03.30 – 1958.12.15) (later Cardinal) Pietro Parente (1959.10.23 – 1965.12.07) (later Cardinal)

Notes[edit]

^ "Al Manshah, Egypt" Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. ^ Mckechnie, Paul; Outsiders in the Greek Cities in the Fourth Century BC. ^ Chauveau, Michel (2000) Egypt
Egypt
in the Age of Cleopatra: History and Society Under the Ptolemies Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, page 68 ISBN 0-8014-3597-8 ^ Cohen, Getzel M. The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa, pp. 350 ^ OGIS 51 - Greek inscription in English translation

Source and External links[edit]

GCatholic, with titular incumbent bio links

Coordinates: 26°29′N 31°48′E / 26.483°N 31.800°E / 26.483; 31.800

v t e

Sohag Governorate
Sohag Governorate
Regions

Regions

Akhmim El Balyana Dar El Salam Girga El Mansha El Maragha Sakulta Sohag Tahta Tima El Usayrat

Important sites

Abydos Beit Khallaf El Hawawish Hut-Repyt Aphrodito El Salamuni Tjebu

Monasteries and Mosques: Monastery of the Martyrs Red Monastery White Monastery Sidi Arif Mosque

v t e

Hellenistic/Macedonian colonies

Africa

Alexandria Ptolemais Hermiou

Asia

Alexandretta Antioch Apamea Alexandria
Alexandria
Arachosia Alexandria
Alexandria
Eschate Alexandria
Alexandria
on the Caucasus Alexandria
Alexandria
on the Indus Alexandria
Alexandria
on the Oxus Attalia Edessa Laodicea Paralos Nicaea Philadelphia Seleucia Seleucia
Seleucia
Pieria Serraepolis

Europe

Antigonia (Paeonia)

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Egypt
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